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General Confederation of the Kingdom of Poland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The General Confederation of the Kingdom of Poland (Polish Konfederacja Generalna Królestwa Polskiego) was a Polish confederation established by emperor Napoleon Bonaparte on the eve of his campaign in Russia.

It was formally founded by the Sejm of the Duchy of Warsaw on 28 June 1812.[1] It re-established a form of government very similar to the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Marshal of the General Council of Confederation was named Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski.

The main goal of its activity was to introduce Polish administration in the territories of Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine liberated by Napoleon's Grande Armée from Russian occupation. The confederation ceased to exist on 30 April 1813.

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Transcription

## Script This is not the confederate national flag: When the United States split in twain during the civil war this was the first flag her rebel half used: The Bonnie Blue which she copied from the Republic of West Florida. No really. This country existed: a border disagreement between Spain and the US over the Louisiana purchase gave some local rebels an opportunity take over a fort in 1810, declare independence, as required with a flag, and run a government -- for 78 days until The United States put an end to that. *Anyway*, fast forward to the Civil War and when Mississippi seceded from the Union she adopted the flag of the tiny country that had been within her borders. And it became the unofficial flag of the rebellion but not for long. Blue wouldn't do. That's a Yankee color. The new confederate government asked for deigns submission and got several. Including one from a German/Prussian artist in Alabama who possibly took design cues from the Austrian Empire. And Betsy Ross. (Side note: while we are talking about misnamed flags, Betsy Ross probably didn't design this flag -- there's no evidence to support that she did, only stories from long after she died -- Lady Godivia style. But we're getting off track here.) The confederate government selected this as her official flag and named it the "Stars and Bars" -- so calling this the stars and bars is wrong on two counts: that's not it's name, this is a cross. These are bars. New flag adopted off to war, but on the battlefield, the flag's similarity with the Union's was confusing what with all the terror and smoke. Nonetheless the Confederacy stuck with her flag, but her Army wanted to avoid friendly fire and so took one of the rejected designs and squarified it into a battle flag. The navy too, liked this design and eventually switched, though using a brighter, presumably non-yankee blue. The popularity of the official flag decreased in the confederacy as time went on (even as they kept increasing the stars) while the popularity of the battle flag grew. So in 1863 the Confederate Government tried again, and went with white sticking the battle flag in the corner. This was *better* in sense that the flag looked less like the Yankee's, but *worse* in that the international symbol of surrender was now in the background. The army stuck with theirs. Two years later, the confederate government *again* changed the flag, adding a red bar and a new, tough name. Also, the design *slightly* rectangularlified the battle flag. This could no longer be mistaken for surrender and was the last flag as 36 days later the confederacy surrendered. So this design was never technically the flag of the confederate government -- but... close enough.

References

  1. ^ Jacek Jędruch (1998). Constitutions, elections, and legislatures of Poland, 1493–1977: a guide to their history. EJJ Books. pp. 206–207. ISBN 978-0-7818-0637-4. Retrieved 13 August 2011.

Bibliography

  • Diariusz Sejmowy z roku 1812, "Teki Archiwalne", t. 21, 1989, pp. 146–152
  • A. Rembowski, Konfederacja Generalna i pospolite ruszenie w roku 1812, "Biblioteka Warszawska", t. 1, 1896, z. 3, pp. 478–514, t. 2, 1896, z. 1, pp. 67–86
  • Marian Kukiel, Wojna 1812 roku, Kraków 1937


This page was last edited on 29 May 2021, at 04:28
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