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General Assault Badge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

General Assault Badge
Allgemeines Sturmabzeichen
General Assault Badge.jpg
design by Wilhelm Ernst Peekhaus
TypeBadge
Awarded forparticipation/support in infantry attacks that did not qualify for the Infantry Assault Badge
Presented byNazi Germany
EligibilityMilitary personnel
Campaign(s)World War II
StatusObsolete
Established1 June 1940
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-219-0597-10, Josef Niemitz.jpg
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Hauptfeldwebel Josef Niemitz, a Wehrmacht Knight's Cross Recipient and non-commissioned officer wearing the General Assault Badge.

The General Assault Badge (German: Allgemeines Sturmabzeichen) was a military decoration awarded during World War II to personnel of the German Army, Waffen-SS and Ordnungspolizei (order police) who supported an infantry attack but were not part of specific infantry units and therefore did not qualify for the Infantry Assault Badge. It was instituted by General Walther von Brauchitsch on 1 June 1940.[1]

Design

The decoration, designed by the Berlin-based firm of Wilhelm Ernst Peekhaus, was an oval disk that measured 5.3 cm (2 in) by 4.2 cm (2 in) by .6 cm (0 in) wide. A wreath of five oak leaves runs around the circumference on each side of the medal with a pair of acorns at the base. Inside the wreath is a large Wehrmacht-style eagle with folded wings grasping a swastika which itself surmounts a crossed bayonet and stick grenade. The medal was held in place on the uniform with a pin and catch.[2]

From 22 June 1943, the medal was adapted with a small plate at the base with either 25, 50, 75 or 100 to recognise those soldiers that had taken part in numerous attacks. These were known as grades II through V, accordingly. On the Class IV and Class V badges the oak leaves which run around the circumference on each side of the medal, along with the bayonet and hand grenade, were larger in size. Further the wreath was gold in color.[2]

Criteria for award

The medal was originally designed for presentation to combat engineers, as well as members of the artillery, anti-aircraft and anti-tank who supported infantry units in combat. It could also be awarded to medical personnel attending to battlefield casualties in "close combat conditions".[1] Prior to the introduction of the Tank Destruction Badge, the General Assault Badge could be conferred for the single-handed destruction of tanks or armoured vehicles.[3]

Other determining factors for award:[1]

  • Ineligibility for the Infantry Assault Badge
  • Participation in three infantry or armored attacks on three different days; or
  • Participation in three infantry or armored indirect assaults on three different days.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Angolia 1987, p. 92.
  2. ^ a b Angolia 1987, pp. 92–93.
  3. ^ Angolia 1987, p. 96.

References

  • Angolia, John (1987). For Führer and Fatherland: Military Awards of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 0912138149.
This page was last edited on 11 April 2021, at 16:10
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