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Genealogy of Khadijah's daughters

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, the first wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, had six children. Some Shi'ites dispute whether all of the children were born in her marriage to Muhammad, or if three of the four daughters were actually the daughters of Hala Bint Khuwaylid, her sister.[1]

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Transcription

Assalamu Alaikum Walaikum Assalam! Which story are you going to tell me today uncle? Inshallah, I will tell you the story of the Prophet’s wife- Khadija (Rali Allahu Anha) Mashallah, that is amazing! Please tell me the story uncle! Yes Abu, I will start now The Story of Khadija(Rali Allahu Anha) Bismillahirrahmanirrahim Khadija al-Kubra,daughter of Khuwaylid ibn Asad ibn Qusayy belonged to the clan of Banu Hashim of the tribe Banu Asad. According to many sources, Khadija was born in 565 AD. And died eleven years after the Hijra which took place in 623 AD. Khadija grew up in Makkah and she got married to a merchant called Abu Hala ibn Zururah. They had two sons called Hind and Hala. Her husband didn’t live long, and he died after she gave birth to their sons. After the death of her husband, she got married to another merchant named Atiq ibn Ayidh. They had a daughter and named her Hind. But this marriage too didn’t last for long. Her second husband passed away soon. Khadija(Rali Allahu Anha) belonged to a rich family, and she inherited the wealth of her husbands as well. She performed good deeds with her wealth. She was not only wise, but she was very good in conducting business. She started handling their families trading business herself. She would buy goods and do business with traders in Yemen and Syria. Since she was a woman, she couldn’t travel to these distant lands. She hired people to do this job for her. People from faraway lands travelled to Yemen through Makkah. Many of these travellers took halt in Makkah for food and rest. They use to set up temporary shops in the market and trade their goods with other merchants. One day Abu Talib, the uncle of Prophet Muhammad(Sallallaho Alaihe Wassalam) was sitting in the market. He overheard two men discussing about Khadija. They talked to each other about the news of Khadija (Rali Allahu Anha) looking for a new man to assist her in business. It was a well known fact that Khadija paid her men more than anyone else. Abu Talib who overheard this, thought about his nephew. He wanted the young Prophet to learn business so that he could look after himself. Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had grown into a young man by now. He was liked by everyone for his good character and wisdom that he received the title ‘Al Ameen’ which meant the faithful. Abu Talib met the Prophet and asked him to meet Khadija for the job. The Prophet didn’t want to be burden on his uncle’s family who were already struggling. So he agreed to meet Khadija for the Job. Abu Talib really wanted his nephew to get the job, so he decided to meet Khadija himself first. He went to her house, introduced himself and said “My nephew is called Al Ameen by people in Makkah. He is looking for a job. I heard you are hiring someone for your caravan. It would be great if you can hire him” Khadija knew Abu Talib and she had heard good things about the young prophet. “I have heard about your nephew. I would be happy to hire him. Ask him to come and meet me tomorrow.” The Prophet met Khadija(Rali Allahu Anha) and she immediately hired him. She made him in charge of her trade caravan to Syria. Prophet was very happy to work for her. He was only twenty five years old, and full of energy. He was confident of doing good business for his master. This was not the first time that the prophet was travelling to Syria, He had been there once with his uncle Abu Talib. He was just twelve years old then, and he had been their to sell some of his uncle’s merchandise. But things were different now. He was made in charge of the whole team. He knew that he had to take good care of the merchandise, and use his skills to make good profit. Khadija knew that Prophet was young, and there were chances that people would take advantage of his inexperience. To aid him, she sent her trusted servant Maysarah along with him The journey from Makkah to Syria took several days to complete, and tested the strongest men. At first they travelled under the scorching sun through the desert. Once they crossed the desert, they now had to travel throught forests for many days. And after many days of travel, they finally reached Syria. The market in Syria was much bigger than the one in Makkah. There were traders everywhere. The place had changed much since the Prophets last visit. Maysarah soon found a spot for their camels under a tree. They tied their camels, unpacked their goods and put them up for display. Soon they were surrounded by curious merchants who came to see what they are selling. Prophet and Maysarah sold all their goods in no time! The prophet had bargained for the best price for all his merchandise. Once they had enough money with them, Prophet decided to take a walk in the market. He was amazed at the quality of goods they were selling in the market. People came from all over Turkey, China, India and many other places to sell their goods. He knew that these goods would get excellent price if taken back to Makkah. The Prophet talked to the traders and got excellent price for the goods they sold. They loaded their caravans with goods and left from Syria. They had made good profits, and they also had many goods. that would get excellent profit in the markets of Makkah The people of Makkah were amazed to see the caravan loaded with goods. They wondered what were in those bags. The prophet handed over all the money he had made by selling her goods in Syria He also handed over all the goods he had brought from there. Khadija was surprised. Prophet had made double the profits than anyone before him! He had also brought many merchandise as well! She knew that this was all because of his excellent character. When the Prophet left, she called Maysarah . and asked him how the Prophet behaved He praised the Prophet. “I have never seen anybody more honest or more trustworthy than Muhammad (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) Khadija gave prophet additional responsibilities and he performed those much to her satisfaction. As days went by she was more and more impressed by the Prophet’s character One day,Khadija(Rali Allahu Anha) was talking to Her friend "I have never met such a good man. This is for the first time that I have mad so much profits, and its all because of Him. I think I am very lucky to have hired the nephew of Abu Talib”. Her friend agreed with Her “Yes, you are very lucky!” “I think you should marry Him. He is good man, and you are a widow. You like Him so much too!” It was then that Khadija (Rali Allahu Anha) thought about this. “Yes you are right. It is a good idea. Can you ask Him if He is willing to marry me?” The next day, Khadija’s friend met the Prophet. “Why are you not yet married?” she asked Him straight away! “I don’t have the means for supporting a family” the Prophet replied truthfully. “What if you are let off from taking that responsibility?” she asked Him. “How is that possible?” asked the Prophet “What do you think of Khadija?” she asked “I hold her in great esteem. She is a wise, pious and a kind woman.” He replied “What if she would like to marry you?” she asked Him. The prophet was surprised! He respected Khadija a lot for giving Him work, but the thought of marriage never occurred to him. “I will give you an answer after talking to my uncle.” He said. When the Prophet told his uncle about the proposal, Abu Talib was very happy! He knew that Khadija was a good woman, and he was so happy for his nephew. The Prophet informed his uncle’s approval to Khadija(Rali Allahu Anha) and they got married to each other very soon! For the first few days,Prophet and Khadija(Rali Allahu Anha) lived at Abu Talib’s house. Soon they shifted to a very large house. The Prophet and Khadija lived together in their new house happily. Khadija handed over all her business to her husband. Prophet used her wealth wisely, and soon he became one of the richest man in Makkah. Khadija(Rali Allahu Anha) gave birth to six children two boys and four girls. However both the boys died when they were still infants. They named the daughters- Zaynab,Ruqayya, Umm Kulthum and Fatima. They grew up into young and beautiful girls. Years went by. But there were many questions that kept arising in His mind every now and then. He often went on top of Mount Hira,from where He could see the whole Makkah. Most of his doubts were the same as what Prophet Ibrahim(Alaihissalam). He wondered who created this world, and how the humans were created. He thought about his purpose in this world. He wondered what would happen once He died. He gazed at the stars and kept thinking about these questions. He loved spending more and more time alone at Mount Hira. Khadija would often send Fatima, their youngest daughter with food and water to him. It was during one of these nights when no one was near him, that an angel appeared before Him!! Prophet was amazed by the sight of this angel! He couldn’t believe His eyes!! The Angel then asked the Prophet to read! But how could the Prophet read, when He had never gone to a school? “I am not a reader” He said to the angel. Then suddenly, the angel took hold of Him, and squeezed Him tightly! The angel said again “Read” “I am not a reader" The Prophet cried again! The angel then squeezed the Prophet so hard, that He thought that He would faint! And he said “Read! In the Name of Your Lord and cherisher, who created man,out of a clot of congealed blood. Read! And your Lord who is the most Generous, Who has taught writing by the pen- taught man which he knew not” The Prophet repeated the words with a trembling heart! Perplexed by His experience, Prophet made His way to home. As soon as He entered His house, He said to His wife “Wrap me up! Wrap me up!” He was trembling as He was He said this, and She wrapped Him up in a towel, until His fear was gone. He explained to his wife what had happened. When He finished,He asked Her if She She thought He had gone mad! “Allah forbid!” She replied “He will surely not let such a thing happen, for you speak the truth, you are faithful in trust, you assist your fellow men” Then She went to Her cousin Warawa Ibn Naufal, who was old and blind. But He knew the scriptures quite well, he had translated them into Arabic. When She told him about what happened to Her Husband,he cried out. “Holy! Holy! This is the Holy Spirit that came to Musa! He will be the Prophet for His people! Tell Him this and ask Him to be brave at heart! The Prophet continued to receive revelations for the remainder of His life. It was memorized and written down by His companions on sheepskins Slowly Prophet started understanding the meanings of revelations. He realized that He was now responsible for spreading the message of Quran. Prophet Muhammad (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had been married to Khadija (Rali Allahu Anha) for 15 long years by now. She was the first person to accept Islam. She knew that her husband would speak only the truth, and she trusted him. One day angel Jibril(Alaihissalam) taught the Prophet how to perform the wudu. The he taught the prophet how to say the salah. When the Prophet learned this, he taught this to Khadija(Rali Allahu Anha) as well. From that day, they started to pray in their own house. Ali Ibn Abu Talib, the cousin of Prophet Muhammad (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam) was staying at their house and he saw them praying together. He was only 10 years old, and he was curious to know what they were doing When he asked, the Prophet told him that they were offering their prayers, or salah. The prophet Muhammad (Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam) told the boy that Allah (Subhanahu wa ta'aala) had made him a Prophet and revealed the Quran to him. The next day, Ali met the prophet and said "‘I want to accept islam and follow its teachings” Prophet accepted this request gladly. Thus Ali became the second follower of Islam after Khadija. They continued to pray together from that day onwards. The Prophet led the prayers and Ali would stand next to Him. Khadija stood behind them Many days passed by, and one day the angel appeared again to the Prophet. The angel informed that it was now time to call the people to Islam. He asked the prophet to preach the message of Islam to the people. It was the dawn of a new era. The Prophet started calling people to Islam. He gave his full time attention in preaching people about Islam. Preaching Islam was not an easy job. But Khadija (Rali Allahu Anha) supported her husband whole heartedly. She gave up her entire fortune for the good cause of Islam. She got quite involved in her husband's work as well. She met people and talked to them about Islam. Slowly and steadily people realized that the Prophet was speaking the truth. They started joining Islam one by one. But not everyone liked what they were hearing, especially the Quraysh men. The Quraysh tribe were mainly the leaders of Makkah. Most of the rich men in Makkah belonged to the Quraysh tribe. They were scared that if people started following Islam, then would no longer be feared and respected. They started treating the prophet and his followers very cruelly. They threw garbage at the prophet whenever he passed by, started beating those who was following the prophet, and even chased some of them out of Makkah. Several kinds of ban were imposed on the Muslims. They were not allowed to take part in their gatherings, and refused to do business with them. One day the prophet was sitting on top of Hira mountain. He had been sitting there for a long time now. When he did not reach home at his usual time, Khadija started to worry about him. She asked one of the men to go and look for him in Makkah But after a while, the man returned. He couldn’t find the prophet anywhere in Makkah. Khadija waited for some more time, but the prophet didn’t return. She decided to go and search for the prophet herself. She carried some food and water with her. The Prophet had been in the company of Angel Jibril(Alaihissalam) The angel said to the prophet “Your wife is on her way here. She has got food and water for you. When she arrives, tell her that there will be a house made of pearls for her in paradise.” Like the Angel said, Khadija soon reached the cave. The prophet saw that she was carrying food and water with her! Then the prophet told her about the angel’s message Khadija calmly replied “May Gods peace and blessings be upon you, Rasulullah” The Prophet had started gaining many more followers. When the Quraysh leaders saw this, they were very angry. They imposed social boycott on the Prophet and his family. Abu Lahab, the uncle of the Prophet, was also the leader of Quraysh in Makkah. He was a very evil man, and the worst enemy of Muslims. He ordered a complete ban on the Prophet’s family and their followers. No one in Makkah was allowed to buy or sell anything to them. They were not even allowed to talk to them. It was very difficult in those days for someone to live without the support of their tribe. For three long years, the Prophet labored quietly to deliver the message of God. Idol worship was deeply rooted among the people, and the Prophet tried to convince as much as He could After three years of struggle, He was only able to secure thirty followers! Even His companions had now started questioning His sanity! By now His enemies had started plotting against the Prophet The Prophet preached that everyone were equal in front of God, and this challenged the authority of local priests! One day, they gathered together and decided to suppress the movement of Prophet. They decided that each family should take upon themselves the task of stamping out the followers of Islam. Each household started torturing its own members, relatives and slaves who were following the Prophet. The people were beaten, flogged and then thrown into the prison The hill of Ramada and the place called Bata had now become scenes of cruel torture. Only the Prophet was left out, because He had the protection of Abu Talib and Abu Bakr (Rali Allahu Anhu) Then the priests tried to tempt the Prophet into joining their religion. For this, they sent Utba Ibn Rabi’a to meet the Prophet “O son of my brother” said the messenger “You are distinguished by your qualities. Yet, you have denounced our Gods. I am here to make a proposition to you” “I am listening to you, O son of Walid” said the Prophet. “If you are willing to acquire riches, honors, dignity, then we are willing to offer you a fortune larger than what we have among ourselves. We shall make you our chief, and we will consult everything with you. If you desire dominion, then we shall make you our king” said Utba When Utba had finished, the Prophet said “Now listen to me Son of Walid” “I’m listening” replied Utba The Prophet recited the first thirteen verses of Surah Fussilat He praised Allah (Subhanahu wa ta'ala), and explained about the glad tidings of paradise to anyone who believed in the one true god. The Prophet then reminded him about what had happened to the people of ‘Ad and Thamud When the Prophet had finished His recitation, he said to Utba “This is my reply to your proposition. Now take what course you find the best” When their plan to tempt the Prophet failed, they approached His uncle- Abu Talib The Prophet’s uncle tried persuading the Prophet to stop preaching to the people But the Prophet said “O uncle! if they were to put the sun in my right hand, and the moon in my left hand and to stop me from preaching Islam, I would never stop!” The Prophet, overcome by the thought that His uncle was willing to desert Him, turned to depart from His home. But Abu Talib called out to the Prophet loudly. He asked Him to come back. When the Prophet came back, Abu Talib told Him “Say whatever you please. By the Lord, I shall not desert you forever! The Priests from different tribes started publicly prosecuting the supporters of the Prophet. It was during this time that a Christian king named Al Najashi was ruling Abyssinia. The prophet had heard about the righteousness, tolerance and hospitality of this kind ruler. When the persecution became unbearable for the people, the Prophet advised them to emigrate to Abyssinia. Some 15 families emigrated to this country, in small groups to avoid detection. This is called the first Hijrah in the history of Islam. This happened during the fifth year of the Prophet’s mission. The emigrants received a kind reception from the king and his people. They were soon followed by many others, who suffered at the hands of the evil Priests in Makkah. The number of people who emigrated soon reached hundred. When the priests heard about this, they were furious! They decided not to leave the emigrants in peace. They immediately sent two envoys to the King, for bringing back all of them. When the envoys met the King, he summoned the poor fugitives and asked them what they had to say Ja’far the son of Abu Talib, and brother of Ali then spoke for the exiles “O king! We were plunged in the depth of barbarism, we adored idols, we disregarded everything, and we had no law. Then Allah raised a man among us, who was pure and honest. He taught us to worship Allah, and forbade us from worshipping the idols. He taught us to speak the truth, and to be faithful. We believe in Him, and we have accepted His teachings. His followers were persecuted, forcing us to back into worship the idols again! When we found no safety in among them, we came to your kingdom trusting us to save us from them". When the King heard his speech, He asked the envoy to return to their land, and not to interfere with the emigrants. While His followers sought refuge in foreign lands, the Prophet continued his preaching against strict opposition. Some of them mocked at Him, and they asked for a sign. Then the Prophet would say “Allah has not sent me to work wonders, He has sent me to preach to you” But the Priests persisted didn’t agree with Him. They insisted that unless they saw sign, they would not believe in His Lord. The disbelievers used to ask “Why is He not showing any miracles like the previous Prophets?” “Because miracles had proved inadequate to convince” answered the prophet. “Noah was sent with signs, then what happened? Where was the lost tribe of Thamud? They refused to believe in Prophet Salih(Alaihissalam) unless they showed a sign. Then the Prophet caused the rocks to break and brought forth a living camel. He did what they asked for. Then what happened? In anger, the people cut the camel’s feet and again dared the Prophet to fulfill his threat of judgement. Eventually they all lay dead in their beds the next morning. There are some seventeen places in Quran, in which the Prophet is challenged to show a sign. But He gave all of them the same answer After sometime, the priests approached Abu Talib again, and asked him to abandon his nephew. But the honorable man declared his intention to protect the Prophet against any harm. Certain events forced the Quraysh to lift the ban on the Muslims. The Prophet and his followers were allowed to return to Makkah after three long years! In the following year, His uncle Abu Talib passed away. He was a great supporter of the prophet for many years. He had grown very sick and weak, and he died soon after returning to Makkah. Khadija’s health was not in great shape either. She had suffered great hardships. The food was scarce, and instead of eating herself, she used to give all the food to her children and husband. Once the richest woman in Makkah spent her last few days as a poor. She passed away a few days after Abu Talib’s death Prophet had lost his most loyal supporters. He was heart broken. He could hardly manage to keep his mind strong. He called that year the year of sorrow. Whenever he spoke of Khadija, he spoke of her with great love and fondness. Khadija’slife is a source of great inspiration to believers, especially women. Her story is a reminder to live a purposeful life. We should remember Khadija and the whole family of Prophet in our prayers for their sacrifice and dedication. May Allah be pleased with them all! Thats all Abu. Next time I will tell you another story. Thanks,Massalam Yusuf uncle! May Allah bless you! Massalam Abu!! I will see you soon. Next time when I come here, I will tell you more stories. Sure Uncle, It was a really nice story Thanks a lot uncle! You are welcome my son. May Allah bless you! Massalama! Maassalama Uncle Yusuf!

Contents

Introduction

The dispute extends to Zainab, Umm Kulthum and Ruqayyah. Shi'ites believe Fatimah was the only daughter of Khadija whereas Zainab, Ruqayya and Umm Kulthum were the daughters of Khadija's sister, Hala, who had strained relations with her husband and the two girls were brought up by Khadija after the death of Hala[citation needed]. It is notable that before the revelation of the Quran, Muhammad also had an adopted son, that is Zayd ibn Harithah, whose name was changed back from Zayd bin Muhammad to Zayd bin Harithah, after the prohibition of conferring the non-biological father's name to the adopted.[2]

This debate becomes significant and contentious[citation needed] since two of the children, Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum were consecutively married to Uthman, one after the death of the other, and was thus called Dhul-Nūrayn (Arabic: ذو النورين‎, "He of the Two Lights").[3]

Views

The Quran refers to Muhammad's daughters as his banāṫ (Arabic: بَـنَـات‎, 'daughters').[4][5] There is another argument regarding the explanation of word "Banat" that it does not refer to the immediate daughters, but the female descendants from the line of Fatimah till the Day of Judgment.[citation needed]

Sunni

Sunnis reject the notion of them being born anywhere but in Muhammad's marriage. Sunnis believe that Ruqayyah was born three years after the birth of Zainab, when Muhammad was 33.[3]

Shi'i

Shi'ites believe that Fatimah was Muhammad's only biological daughter.[1] Shia argue it improbable for Khadija to have given birth to so many children at such an advanced age, while having had no children in both her previous marriages. A third version also exists which views the two daughters as being the children of Khadijah's deceased sister, Halah bint Khuwailid.A third version of shia also exist which consider zaynab,ruqqya,umm kalthoom were daughters of prophet.[clarification needed]

Shi'ites justify their belief that Fatimah was Muhammad's only biological daughter by referring to the event of Mubahila, (though all three elder daughters had died by that time). Concerning this event, the Quran says: "But whoever disputes with you in this matter after what has come to you of knowledge, then say: Come let us call abnā’anā (Arabic: أَبـنـاءنـا‎, our sons) and abnā’akum (Arabic: أَبـنـاءكـم‎, your sons) and nisā’anā (Arabic: نِـسـاءنـا‎, our women) and nisā’kum (Arabic: نِـسـاءكـم‎, your women) and anfusanā (Arabic: أَنـفـسـنـا‎, ourselves) and anfusakum (Arabic: أَنـفـسـكـم‎, yourselves), then let us be earnest in prayer, and pray for the curse of Allah on the liars."[Quran 3:61 (Translated by Shakir)] According to a hadith in Bihar al-Anwar, no woman other than Fatimah was present at the Mubahilah. For this reason, Shi'ites believe that the phrase "our women" in the Quran refers only to Fatimah.[6][7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Al-Tijani in his The Shi'ah are (the real) Ahl al-Sunnah on Al-Islam.org note 274
  2. ^ Quran 33:04
  3. ^ a b anwary-islam.com Archived 2006-06-15 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ The Arabic language has three persons - singular, dual, and plural, with the latter referring to more than two. For further explanation, refer to Arabic grammar.
  5. ^ Quran 33:59
  6. ^ @ Al-Islam.ORG
  7. ^ Mubahala (Imprecation) @ ezsoftech.com

Further reading

For Sunni view see:

For Shi'a sources that mention other daughters of Muhammad, see:

For views from Western scholarship see:

This page was last edited on 18 June 2019, at 15:02
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