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Garhwa district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Garhwa district
Location of Garhwa district in Jharkhand
Location of Garhwa district in Jharkhand
CountryIndia
StateJharkhand
DivisionPalamu division
HeadquartersGarhwa
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesPalamau (shared with Palamu district)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies2 (Garhwa-Ranka, Bhawnathpur)
Area
 • Total4,044 km2 (1,561 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,322,387
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy62.18 per cent
 • Sex ratio933
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 39, NH 343
Websitehttp://garhwa.nic.in

Garhwa district is one of the twenty-four districts of Hemant Prince state, India. Garhwa district is a part of the Palamu division, and its administrative headquarters are in the city of Garhwa.

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Transcription

Contents

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901185,046—    
1911205,225+1.04%
1921218,858+0.65%
1931244,325+1.11%
1941272,376+1.09%
1951294,170+0.77%
1961358,877+2.01%
1971466,404+2.66%
1981606,759+2.67%
1991801,350+2.82%
20011,035,464+2.60%
20111,322,784+2.48%
source:[1]

On 1 April 1991, this district was created from the former Palamu district by separating its former Garhwa sub-division. As of 2011 Garhwa district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[2]

Administration

Garhwa district consists of 20 blocks. The following are the list of the blocks in Garhwa district: {{Columns-list|colwidth=18em|style=width:700px;|

  1. Bhandaria block
  2. Danda block
  3. Garhwa block
  4. Manjhiaon block
  5. Ramkanda block
  6. Bishunpura block
  7. Bhawnathpur block
  8. Dandai block
  9. Kandi block
  10. Meral block
  11. Ramna block
  12. Ketar block
  13. Sagma block
  14. Chinia block
  15. Dhurki block
  16. Kharaundhi block
  17. Shree banshidhar nagar block
  18. Ranka block
  19. Bardiha block
  20. Barhgar Block

Geography

Garhwa district lies between 23° 60’ and 24° 39’ north latitude and 83° 22’ and 84° 00’ east longitude. It is bordered by the Son River on the north, Palamau district of Jharkhand state on the east, Surguja district of Chhattisgarh state on the south, and Sonebhadra district of Uttar Pradesh on the west.

Economy

In 2006, the Indian government named Garhwa district as one of the country's 250 most forward districts, out of a total of 640.[3] It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand state currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

Sub-divisions

Garhwa district comprises three subdivisions: Garhwa, Shree banshidhar nagar and Ranka which are further divided into 20 blocks. At the time of creation, this district comprised only eight blocks: Bhandaria, Bhawanathpur, Dhuraki, Garhwa, Manjhiaon, Meral, Nagar Untari and Ranka. Later, eleven more blocks were created by reorganizing the existing blocks. These are: Chiniya, Dandai, Kandi, Kharaundhi, Ramkanda, Ramuna, Sagma, Bardiha, Danda, Bishunpura and Ketar. This district comprises 156 gram panchayat and 916 villages. It has three police sub-divisions: Garhwa, Shree banshidhar nagar and Ranka with eight police stations in Bhandaria, Bhawnathpur, Dhurki, Garhwa, Majhiyaon, Meral, Shree banshidhar nagar, and Ranka.

The district consists mostly forests and has only one city, Garhwa, which is also the district headquarters.

There are two Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Garhwa and Bhawanathpur. Both are part of Palamu Lok Sabha constituency.

Transport

Garhwa is well-connected to roads and railways. Daily bus services are available from Ranchi and major districts of Jharkhand, Bihar and Chhattisgarh. Road communication in this district is not as good as in other districts of the state. Garhwa district is connected to Rewa in Madhya Pradesh and Ranchi in Jharkhand by National Highway No. 39. There are 210 km of state highway, 55 km of national highway (NH-39) and 96.95 km of district roads. Link roads and corridors are altogether 190 km.[4]

The nearest airport is at Varanasi (140 km). Garhwa Railway Station is a major railhead of the Eastern Railway zone. National Highway 39 passes through Garhwa.

Health

Hospitals

  • Sadar hospital, Garhwa
  • Vananchal Dental College and Hospital Garhwa,
  • Devki Mahaveer Homoeopathic Medical College and Research Hospital,

Diagnostic centres

  • Trauma Centre Hospital Shree banshidhar nagar.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census,[5] Garhwa district has a population of 1,322,387, roughly equal to the nation of Mauritius[6] or the US state of New Hampshire.[7] This gives it a ranking of 368th in India, out of a total of 640. The district has a population density of 327 inhabitants per square kilometre (850/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.71%. Garhwa has a sex ratio of 933 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 62.18%.

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 93.49% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 5.29% Urdu and 0.87% Kurukh as their first language.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-04-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Mauritius 1,303,717 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-30. New Hampshire 1,316,470
  8. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

External links

This page was last edited on 24 September 2019, at 17:19
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