To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Galenica AG
TypeCorporation
ISINCH0360674466 Edit this on Wikidata
IndustryPharmacy, Healthcare, Logistics, Computer science (NACE 63), Retail
Founded1927
Headquarters,
Key people
Daniela Bosshardt
(Chairwoman of the board of directors), Marc Werner
(CEO)
RevenueCHF 3'301 million (2019)[1]
Number of employees
7'071 (2019)[1]
Websitewww.galenica.com/en

Galenica AG, headquartered in Bern, is an internationally active Swiss pharmaceutical and logistics company group, named after the ancient physician Galenus. It dates back to the 1927 Collaboration Pharmaceutique SA, a purchasing center for pharmaceutical products founded by 16 pharmacists in Clarens. This was renamed to Galenica AG in 1932 and moved from Vaud's Le Châtelard to Bern. The Galenica shares are listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange and are a component of the SMI MID index.

History

Galenica was founded in 1927 by 16 West Swiss pharmacists. Their goal was to build a joint purchasing center. In 1938, Galenica laid the foundation for today's information management with the establishment of the scientific documentation service, Documentation Galenica. Starting in 1957, the company diversified in its core business through acquisitions and formation of subsidiaries. In the same year, Galenica also laid the first cornerstone in the pharma business with the acquisition of Panpharma AG and the diversification into the sales promotion of parapharmaceutical articles for pharmacies. During the 1970s, other pharmaceutical acquisitions followed, contributing to the development and production of prescription-free drugs (OTC). In 1977, the Codex Galenica, the first complete list of medicines in Switzerland, was published in book form. In 1983, Galenica acquired the Hausmann AG laboratories, which also produced products for the treatment of iron deficiency, which were later marketed under the brand names Venofer and Maltofer.[2]

In 1999, they entered into a strategic partnership with the British-Swiss health group Alliance Boots, which took over 25% of Galenica shares.[3][4]

In 2000, the founding of GaleniCare laid the cornerstone for the pharma chain and,[5] in 2001, all activities in the area of information processing were transferred to the newly founded company e-mediat. At the beginning of 2008, the acquisition of the Canadian pharmaceutical company Aspreva Pharmaceuticals formed the globally active, fully integrated and specialized Vifor Pharma.

Ownership changed in 2007 for the first time, when a consortium of private equity investor KKR and Stefano Pessina, took over Alliance Boots; the Galenica shares were then held by Alliance Boots Investments 2 GmbH. The second change took place in August 2014 through the acquisition of Alliance Boots by Walgreens, and with the merger to Walgreens Boots Alliance; the Galenica shares remained with KKR and Pessina, and were held by Sprint Investments 2 GmbH. The announced exit of financial investors began in May 2016 with the reduction of the shareholding to a good 20%, and the further complete reduction to be completed by 9 January 2017.[6]

Also in August 2014, Galenica was divided into the Vifor Pharma and Galenica Santé divisions.[7] The long-term objective was the split into two independent companies.[8] Galenica Santé's public offerings (IPO), which will be targeted by the end of 2017, are the main focus here.[9]

Since 7 April 2017, Galenica has been listed on the Swiss stock exchange as an independent company. To confirm the separation of the group into two independent companies, Galenica acquired the US biotech firm Relypsa for over $1.5 billion.[10][11] Galenica's shares raised $1.9 billion during their debut on the stock market.[12]

In 2019 Galenica purchased the Berner-Bichsel-Group acquiring a majority stake. The group specializes in the manufacture of personalized medicines and homecare of patients.[13]

Subsidiary company

The Swiss pharmacy chains Amavita and Sun Store, among others, are also part of Galenica, which work together with Coop in the joint venture Coop Vitality Pharmacy. In drug production, it is present with its subsidiary Vifor Consumer Health and in logistics with Galexis AG and Alloga AG.[14]

Documed

Logo
Logo

Galenica also owns the publishing house Documed, founded in 1976. In 1978 this company started publishing the "Arzneimittelkompendiums", the drug compendium of Switzerland. Swissmedic required every pharmaceutical company to publish their drug information in Documed's compendium, giving Documed a monopoly that they defended with dubious means according to the "Tages-Anzeiger". After repeated criticism about this model, Swissmedic approved in 2008 the creation of the website oddb.org that would publish this information under an open data license. In response, Documed filed a lawsuit to prevent the operation of this site, which was decided by the Federal Administrative Court (Switzerland) in favour of the open source database.[15] As a result, Swissmedic was obliged to offer a way to access drug information free of charge on an Internet platform called AIPS. The tender for the construction and operation of this platform was won by an offer from Documed, which according to the "Tages-Anzeiger" was noticeably below that of the competitors.

e-mediat

Founded in 2001, the company is headquartered in Bern and offers services and databases for Swiss healthcare.[16]

Investigation of the Competition Commission

The Swiss Competition Commission (Weko) opened proceedings against the Galenica subsidiaries Documed, E-Mediat and HCI Solutions,[17] in 2012, since they were accused of abusing their market position.[18] Instead of publishing the drug information, Documed supposedly demanded money from E-Mediat, for the first time the release of the drug stem data in a database that they managed, which is used by hospitals to manage their medicine and settle accounts. Smaller pharmaceutical companies, in particular, were also asked to pay too much money. Several small businesses were threatened to remove their drugs from this database, which would have caused fatal consequences for these companies. After a group of 16 pharmaceutical companies decided to create a platform in cooperation with Just-medical and Ywesee, the companies offered discounts of up to 80 percent, when they signed two to four-year contracts. After the competition commission had initiated an investigation, Documed stopped their threats of removing drugs from the databases.[15]

References

  1. ^ a b "Annual report 2019" (PDF). Galenica. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  2. ^ Christoph Zürcher (24 October 2006). "Galenica". Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Sprint Investments 2 nicht mehr an der Galenica Gruppe beteiligt". lifePR. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Galenica-Grossaktionär Sprint hat Beteiligung vollständig abgestossen". Market Screener. 9 January 2017. Retrieved 24 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Geschäftsbericht 2012" (PDF). Galenica. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  6. ^ "Galenica:Grossaktionär plant Ausstieg". Handelszeitung. 9 August 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  7. ^ Juliane Lutz (13 August 2014). "Galenica verschreibt sich eine Aufspaltung". Berner Zeitung. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  8. ^ "Eine Gruppe, zwei Strategien und die Vision, zwei unabhängige an der Börse kotierte Unternehmen zu schaffen" (PDF). Galenica. 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Galenica:Grossaktionär plant Ausstieg". Handelszeitung. 9 August 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  10. ^ "All change at Galenica with split, IPO and name change". www.thepharmaletter.com. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  11. ^ "Galenica Group focuses on pharmaceuticals as it becomes Vifor Pharma Group". News-Medical.net. 2017-04-07. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  12. ^ "Galenica Sante raises $1.9 billion in Europe's biggest IPO this year". Reuters. 2017-04-07. Retrieved 2020-04-29.
  13. ^ "Galenica kauft die Berner Bichsel-Gruppe". Ringier Axel Springer Schweiz. 30 April 2019. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  14. ^ "Umsatz der Vifor Consumer Health AG". Statista. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  15. ^ a b Andreas Möckli (13 December 2012). "Die zweifelhaften Methoden der Galenica-Tochter Documed". Tages Anzeiger. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  16. ^ "Galenica". Die Chemie Schule. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  17. ^ "HCI Solutions". HCI Solutions. Retrieved 30 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Die WEKO eröffnet eine Untersuchung betreffend die Kommerzialisierung von Medikamenteninformationen" (PDF). Medienmitteilung der WEKO. 12 December 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2017.

External links


This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 14:55
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.