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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gadhdhoo
Gadhdhoo is located in Maldives
Gadhdhoo
Gadhdhoo
Location in Maldives
Coordinates: 00°17′25″N 73°27′25″E / 0.29028°N 73.45694°E / 0.29028; 73.45694
CountryMaldives
Administrative atollGaafu Dhaalu Atoll
Distance to Malé429.63 km (266.96 mi)
Dimensions
 • Length1.850 km (1.150 mi)
 • Width0.580 km (0.360 mi)
Population
 (2014)[1]
 • Total1,502 (including foreigners)
Time zoneUTC+05:00 (MST)

Gadhdhoo (Dhivehi: ގައްދޫ), is the second most populated island in Gaafu Dhaalu Atoll. It has its own dialect of Dhivehi which is considerably different from northern and mid-Maldivian speech.

Aerial View of Gadhdhoo
Aerial View of Gadhdhoo

History

Secession of the Suvadive Islands

In January 1959, the three southern atolls: Huvadhu, Fuvahmulah and Addu, were involved in setting up the breakaway United Suvadive Republic which survived in Addu until September 1963. The name of the secessionist state was taken from the ancient name of this atoll.[2] In some islands, like Gadhdhoo, there was opposition to the secession, and by means of threats and arson, the groups of people opposing the Suvadive state were forced to agree. The capital of Havaru Thinadhoo was burnt down by soldiers sent by then Prime Minister Ibrahim Nasir from Malé during the secession in 1962, after which it was left uninhabited for four whole years and the atoll served its capital at Gadhdhoo more than ten(10)years.

Geography

The island is 429.63 km (267 mi; 232 nmi) south of the country's capital, Malé.[3]

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2006 1,439—    
2014 1,395−3.1%
2006-2014: Census populations
Source: [4]

Economy

Gadhdhoo Kunaa

Good quality Gadhdhoo mat
Good quality Gadhdhoo mat

The local women of Gadhdhoo Island weave beautiful mats with patterns in three colors, off-white, yellow and black. These mats are woven using the strands of the bark of Hibiscus tiliaceus (the same tree which is used for making tapa cloth in Polynesia and a kind of local grass called 'hau', which may be dyed in yellow or black. There are two qualities, thinner mats woven with simple knot, or thicker, good-quality mats woven bu means of more complex knots.

Traditionally the best Gadhdhoo mats were used by the Maldive Royal House in Malé. Part of the annual tribute from the Huvadu Atoll Chief to the royal court, used to be in the form of Gadhdhoo mats.

Nils-Finn Munch Petersen and Annegrethe Ottovar, two Danish anthropologists visited this island in the 1970s and made extensive research about its mat production and the patterns used on them.

The production of these mats has suffered much from the reckless activity of intermediaries. While a great price is fetched from the tourists, the women who wove them in Gadhdhoo Island received just a small fraction of the amount. Consequently, production and quality declined during the 1980s and have not recovered since. Young girls refused to go through the difficult and long period of apprenticeship because of the low revenue that could be expected in the future.

Transport

The island is served by the Maavaarulaa Airport (IATA: RUL).

References

  1. ^ "Table PP5: Resident Population by sex, nationality and locality (administrative islands), 2014" (PDF). Population and Households Census 2014. National Bureau of Statistics. p. 36. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  2. ^ Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, a Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom. Nova Ethnographia Indica. 1999.
  3. ^ "Coordinate Distance Calculator". Boulter.com. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Table 3.3: Total Maldivian Population by Islands" (PDF). National Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  • Ottovar, Annagrethe & Munch Petersen, Nils Finn. Maldiverne; Et Øsamfund I Det Indiske Ocean. Kunstindustriemuseet. Copenhagen 1980.
This page was last edited on 11 March 2020, at 19:54
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