To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

GEO Imaging Satellite

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Geo Imaging Satellite
GISAT-1 spacecraft in the cleanroom before encapsulation.jpg
GISAT-1 spacecraft in the cleanroom before encapsulation.
Country of originIndia
ApplicationsEarth observation
BusI-2K [1]
Launch mass2268 kg [3][4]
Power2280 watts[1]
EquipmentRitchey-Chrétien telescope[2]
Multispectral array detectors
Steerable antenna
RegimeGeostationary orbit
Design life7 years (planned)
Maiden launch12 August 2021, 00:13 UTC[5][6][7][8]

Geo Imaging Satellite or GISAT is an Indian imaging satellite class for geostationary orbit with a high temporal resolution, meant for providing near real time imaging with fast revisit capability and real time monitoring.[9] Two identical satellites will provide resolution in the range of 42 to 318 m.[1][10] It will carry multi-spectral (Visible and Near-InfraRed, and Short Wave-InfraRed), multi-resolution (42 to 318 m) imaging instruments.[11] The first satellite; EOS-03 (GISAT-1) was launched on 12 August 2021 but failed to reach orbit as cryogenic upper stage of GSLV could not ignite.

Imaging capabilities

The GISAT-1 in deployed configuration.
The GISAT-1 in deployed configuration.

GISATs will image in multi-spectral and hyper-spectral bands to provide near real-time pictures of large areas of the country, under cloud-free conditions, at frequent intervals which is, selected field image in every 5 minutes and entire Indian landmass image every 30 minutes at 42 m spatial resolution.[1]

Features of GISAT-1 are:

Imaging capabilities of GISAT-1 [1]
Band Channels Ground Resolution(m) Range(μm)
Multispectral (VNIR) 6 42 0.45 – 0.875
Hyperspectral (VNIR) 158 318 0.375 – 1.0
Hyperspectral (SWIR) 256 191 0.9 – 2.5

Launch schedule

The first launch of GISAT failed to orbit due to an issue with its GSLV Mk II's third stage. The second launch is planned for 2022.

Designation COSPAR ID NORAD ID Power Launch Orbital parameters Remarks
Launch date, Time (UTC) Launch mass Launch vehicle Launch site Orbit Longitude
Failed to orbit[12] 2280 watts 12 August 2021,
00:13 UTC
2268 kg GSLV-F10 SDSC GTO 85.5° East (planned) [13][14][15][16][17][18][4][19][20][8]
TBD TBD 2280 watts 2022 (planned) 2268 kg GSLV-F12 SDSC GTO [21][22][20]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "GSLV F10/GISAT-1 Brochure". Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Gisat 1, 2 (Eos 03, 05)".
  3. ^ "Annual Report 2015-2016". Indian Space Research Organisation. December 2015. p. 35. Archived from the original on 5 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b "GSLV Planned launch". VSSC. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  5. ^ "Launch of India's new-age Earth imaging satellite by May 15: K. Sivan". Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  6. ^ "ISRO revises launch schedule of GISAT-1 after "minor issue" with satellite". Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  7. ^ April 9, Chethan Kumar / TNN; 2021; IST, 22:46. "Voltage issue further delays launch of Gisat-1". The Times of India. Retrieved 9 April 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ a b "ISRO plans to launch geo imaging satellite on August 12". The Hindu. PTI. 10 July 2021. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 10 July 2021.CS1 maint: others (link)
  9. ^
  10. ^ Srivastava, Alok (3 January 2016). "User Interface Meet 2016: "New Indian eye in GEO"". Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 August 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Untitled Page".
  12. ^ "যান্ত্রিক ত্রুটি, পুরোপুরি সফল হল না উপগ্রহ 'GISAT-1'-এর উৎক্ষেপণ" (in Bengali). Zee News. Zee News. 12 August 2021. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  13. ^ "অতিমারির অন্ধকার ফুঁড়ে ফের উৎক্ষেপণে নামছে ইসরো, বৃহস্পতিবার কক্ষপথে যাবে জিস্যাট-১" (in Bengali). Kolkata: Anandabazar. 10 August 2021. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  14. ^ "भारत का सबसे ताकतवर टेलीस्कोप, अब PAK पर हर पल नजर" (in Hindi). Aaj Tak. 20 December 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  15. ^ "દર 30 મીનિટે આકાશમાંથી ભારતને મળશે એક તસવીર, ઈસરો રચવા જઈ રહ્યું છે નવો ઇતિહાસ" (in Gujarati). GSTV. 21 December 2019. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  16. ^ "ఫిబ్రవరిలో జీఎస్‌ఎల్‌వీ ప్రయోగం". (in Telugu). EENADU. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
  17. ^ "इसरो जाकर सैटेलाइट लांचिग देखेंगी रांची की मृदुला". (in Hindi). Retrieved 14 February 2020.
  18. ^ "Status report on the current and future satellite systems by ISRO". Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  19. ^ "The launch of GISAT-1 onboard GSLV-F10, planned for 5 March 2020, is postponed". ISRO. Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  20. ^ a b "ANNUAL REPORT 2020-2021" (PDF). ISRO. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  21. ^ "GSLV Project: Planned launches of GSLV". Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  22. ^ "HAL hands over 50th set of L-40 stage of GSLV-MKII to ISRO". 28 February 2020. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
This page was last edited on 2 October 2021, at 18:25
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.