To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Fulk Paynel (d. c. 1182)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fulk Paynel (sometimes Fulk Paganel[1] or Fulk Painell;[2] died c. 1182) was an Anglo-Norman nobleman and landowner.

Fulk Paynel was the son of William Paynel and his wife, a daughter of William fitzWimund. Fulk had three full brothers, including Hugh Paynel, and a half sister.[3][a]

William Paynel died between 1145 and 1147 and at first his lands were given to his sons-in-law.[3] King Stephen of England disinherited William Paynel's sons because they supported Stephen's rival, the Empress Matilda. In 1154, however, Stephen besieged Drax Castle, took it from Robert de Gant, and restored William Paynel's lands to his sons. Stephen's change probably owed much to the influence of Matilda's son, Henry fitzEmpress,[4] who Stephen had just named as his successor after the death of Stephen's heir.[5] In this settlement William's lands were divided between Hugh, Fulk, and Robert de Gant. Fulk received Drax in England and Hambye in Normandy in this settlement.[3]

Fulk Paynel was not very involved in English affairs but was active in Norman government. He attested over thirty charters of King Henry II of England when Henry was in Normandy. In 1166 Fulk took part in Henry's campaigns in Brittany. The king made Paynel one of the guarantors of an agreement between the king and the count of Maurienne in 1173. Paynel was placed in charge of Alençon and La Roche-Mabille in 1180.[3] Paynel never held a royal or governmental office, but his frequent attestation of charters shows that he was prominent in the royal service.[2]

Paynel endowed Drax Priory and Holy Trinity, York in England. In Normandy he gave gifts to Hambye Abbey and Mont Saint-Michel.[3]

Paynel married Lescelina de Suligny, daughter of Hasculf de Suligny. They had five sons, William, Fulk, Hasculf, John, and William.[1][b] Paynel died around 1182 or 1183, and his heir was his eldest son William.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ There may have been another full sister also.[3]
  2. ^ Yes, there were two sons named William.[1]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c Keats-Rohan Domesday Descendants p. 1056
  2. ^ a b Warren Henry II p. 309
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Dalton "Paynel family" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  4. ^ Crouch Reign of King Stephen p. 287
  5. ^ Huscroft Ruling England p. 75

References

  • Crouch, David (2000). The Reign of King Stephen: 1135–1154. New York: Longman. ISBN 0-582-22657-0.
  • Dalton, Paul (2004). "Paynel family (per. c.1086–1244)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online edition January 2008 ed.). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  • Huscroft, Richard (2005). Ruling England 1042–1217. London: Pearson/Longman. ISBN 0-582-84882-2.
  • Keats-Rohan, K. S. B. (1999). Domesday Descendants: A Prosopography of Persons Occurring in English Documents, 1066–1166: Pipe Rolls to Cartae Baronum. Ipswich, UK: Boydell Press. ISBN 0-85115-863-3.
  • Warren, W. L. (1973). Henry II. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-03494-5.

This page was last edited on 9 September 2019, at 13:12
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.