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Friendship Cemetery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Friendship Cemetery
Friendship Cemetery 281-001.JPG
View within Friendship Cemetery
Location1300 4th Street South, Columbus, Mississippi
Coordinates33°28′51″N 88°25′50″W / 33.48083°N 88.43056°W / 33.48083; -88.43056
Area70 acres
Built1849
NRHP reference No.80002287
USMS No.087-CBS-1601-NR-ML
Significant dates
Added to NRHPJuly 23, 1980[2]
Designated USMSDecember 14, 1989[1]

Friendship Cemetery is a cemetery located in Columbus, Mississippi. In 1849, the cemetery was established on 5 acres by the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.[3] The original layout consisted of three interlocking circles, signifying the Odd Fellows emblem.[4] By 1957, Friendship Cemetery had increased in size to 35 acres, and was acquired by the City of Columbus. The cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980 and was designated a Mississippi Landmark in 1989. As of 2015, the cemetery contained some 22,000 graves within an area of 70 acres and was still in use.[5]

Memorial Day connection

During the American Civil War, Columbus served as a military hospital center for the wounded, particularly after the Battle of Shiloh.[6] More than 2,000 Confederate soldiers were interred in Friendship Cemetery,[7] along with 40 to 150 Union soldiers.[8]:127

On April 25, 1866, the graves of these fallen soldiers, both Confederate and Union, were decorated with flowers by a large group of ladies from Columbus. The women's tribute – treating the soldiers as equals – inspired poet Francis Miles Finch to write the poem, The Blue and the Gray, which was published in an 1867 edition of The Atlantic Monthly.[7][9] In 1867, the remains of all Union soldiers were exhumed and reinterred in Corinth National Cemetery.[3] Over time, these grave decoration days – honoring those who died in military service – eventually morphed into Memorial Day.[10]

Monuments

The cemetery contains two Confederate monuments:[3]

Notable interments

References

  1. ^ "Mississippi Landmarks (Lowndes County)". Mississippi Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  2. ^ National Park Service, Digital Asset Management System (Friendship Cemetery) Retrieved 2018-01-02
  3. ^ a b c d "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Friendship Cemetery". National Park Service. April 28, 1980. Retrieved 2018-01-01. With 9 photos from 1980.
  4. ^ Inc., Advanced Solutions International. "Welcome to IOOF". www.ioof.org. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  5. ^ "Historic Friendship Cemetery is still open for business". The Commercial Dispatch. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  6. ^ "Lowndes County, Mississippi History". lowndes.msghn.org. Archived from the original on 2018-01-21. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Brown, Alan (2016-09-26). Ghosts of Mississippi's Golden Triangle. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781439657591.
  8. ^ Lipscomb, William Lowndes (1909). A History of Columbus, Mississippi, During the 19th Century. Press of Dispatch printing Company.
  9. ^ Fallows, James. "A Famous Civil War Poem Comes to Life in Contemporary Mississippi". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  10. ^ "Memorial Day". www.usmemorialday.org. Retrieved 2018-01-02.
  11. ^ William Barksdale biography Archived 2013-09-16 at the Wayback Machine, Sons of Confederate Veterans.
  12. ^ Wilson, Sarah (October 18, 2009). "Son of Disney animator speaks on father's legacy". Dispatch. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
  13. ^ Swopes, Bryan (2018-12-08). "8 December 1945". This Day in Aviation. Retrieved 2019-08-29.

External links

Media related to Friendship Cemetery (Columbus, Mississippi) at Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 29 March 2021, at 18:55
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