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Frederick Henry, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Friedrich Heinrich
Duke of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt
Frederick Henry, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt.jpg
Born(1668-07-21)21 July 1668
Moritzburg
Died18 December 1713(1713-12-18) (aged 45)
Neustadt an der Orla
SpouseSophie Angelika of Württemberg-Oels
Anna Fredericka Philippine of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg
IssueMaurice Adolf Karl
Dorothea Charlotte
Full name
German: Friedrich Heinrich
HouseHouse of Wettin
FatherMaurice, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz
MotherDorothea Maria of Saxe-Weimar

Frederick Heinrich of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt (b. Moritzburg, 21 July 1668 - d. Neustadt an der Orla, 18 December 1713), was a German prince of the House of Wettin.

He was the fourth (but third surviving) son of Maurice, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz, and his second wife, Dorothea Maria of Saxe-Weimar.

Life

In Öls on 23 April 1699, Frederick Henry married Sophie Angelika of Württemberg-Oels. Shortly after, his older brother, Duke Moritz Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz, gave him the towns of Pegau and Neustadt as appanage. From then on, he assumed the title duke of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt (Herzog von Sachsen-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt). His wife Sophie died after only nineteen months of marriage on 11 November 1700.

In Moritzburg on 27 February 1702, Frederick married for a second time to Anna Fredericka Philippine of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Wiesenburg. They had two children:

  1. Maurice Adolph Charles (b. Moritzburg, 1 December 1702 - d. Pöltenberg, 20 June 1759), Duke of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt (1713–18), Bishop of Hradec Králové (Königrgrätz) (1732) and Litoměřice (Leitmeritz) (1733–52),
  2. Dorothea Charlotte (b. Moritzburg, 20 May 1708 - d. Moritzburg, 8 November 1708).

The death of his nephew, the Hereditary Duke Frederick August, on 17 February 1710, made him the heir apparent of the duchy of Saxe-Zeitz, because his immediate older brother Christian August was a priest.

Nevertheless, he died three years later, five before his brother Maurice Wilhelm. His only son, Maurice Adolf Karl, succeeded him in Pegau-Neustadt, but, still a minor, he was placed under the custody of his uncle Maurice Wilhelm and became the new heir apparent of Saxe-Zeitz. However, soon afterwards (1718) the young Maurice Adolf himself became a priest and renounced his claims to the duchy, which made the extinction of the Saxe-Zeitz line inevitable.

Without other male heirs, Zeitz was finally merged into the Electorate of Saxony after the death of Maurice Wilhelm.

External links

Preceded by
new creation
Duke of Saxe-Zeitz-Pegau-Neustadt
1699 – 1713
Succeeded by
duchy merged into the duchy of Saxe-Zeitz under Maurice Wilhelm
This page was last edited on 9 October 2016, at 06:57
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