To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Franklin Buchanan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Franklin Buchanan
Captain Franklin Buchanan, CSN.jpg
Photographed in Confederate Navy uniform during the Civil War.
Born(1800-09-17)17 September 1800
Baltimore, Maryland
Died11 May 1874(1874-05-11) (aged 73)
Talbot County, Maryland
Burial
Wye House family plot outside Easton, Maryland
Allegiance United States
 Confederate States
Service/branch United States Navy
 Confederate States Navy
Years of serviceUSN 1815–1861
CSN 1861–1865
Rank
U.S. Navy captain rank insignia (1864-1866).png
Captain (USN)
Csn strap flag.png
Admiral (CSN)
Commands heldUSS Vincennes
USS Germantown
USS Susquehanna
James River Squadron
CSS Virginia
CSS Tennessee
Battles/warsMexican–American War
American Civil War
Other workCollege president and businessman

Franklin Buchanan (September 17, 1800 – May 11, 1874) was an officer in the United States Navy who became the only full admiral in the Confederate Navy during the American Civil War. He also commanded the ironclad CSS Virginia.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    2 748
    326
    7 760
    904
    310
  • ✪ The Monitor and Merrimack | Civil War Journal
  • ✪ The Battle of Mobile Bay Commemoration - Director's Notes No 6 'Franklin Buchanan'
  • ✪ USS BUCHANAN GUIDED MISSILE DESTROYER DDG-14 U.S. NAVY FILM 22004
  • ✪ The Battle of Mobile Bay - 154th Anniversary Campfire Talk with Ranger Karlton Smith
  • ✪ USS Buchanan (DD-484)

Transcription

Contents

Early life

Franklin Buchanan was born in Baltimore, Maryland on September 13, 1800. He was the fifth child and third son of a physician, George Buchanan and Laetitia McKean Buchanan.[1] The Buchanan side of his family arrived in the United States from Scotland. His paternal grandfather was a general with the Maryland Militia during the Revolutionary War while his maternal grandfather Thomas McKean was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.

He joined the U.S. Navy on January 28, 1815 and became a midshipman; he was promoted to lieutenant on January 13, 1825, commander on September 8, 1841 and then captain on September 14, 1855.[1]

On February 19, 1835, at Annapolis, Maryland, he married Ann Catherine Lloyd. They had nine children: eight daughters and a son.

U.S. Navy

During the 45 years he served in the U.S. Navy, Buchanan had extensive and worldwide sea duty. He commanded the sloops of war Vincennes and Germantown during the 1840s and the steam frigate Susquehanna in the Perry Expedition to Japan from 1852–1854.[1] In 1845, at the request of the U.S. Secretary of the Navy, he submitted plans to his superiors proposing a naval school which would lead to the creation of the United States Naval Academy that very year; for his efforts, he was appointed the first Superintendent of the Naval School—its first name—where he served in 1845–1847. This assignment was followed by notable Mexican–American War service in 1847–1848. From 1859–1861, Buchanan was the Commandant of the Washington Navy Yard.

With the Civil War upon him, he resigned his commission on April 22, 1861, expecting his home State of Maryland to eventually secede. When that didn't happen, he tried to recall his resignation, but U.S. Secretary of the Navy, Gideon Welles said he did not want traitors or half-hearted patriots in his navy and refused to reinstate him.[1] Thus in May, 1861 he was out of the U.S. Navy.

Civil War

Pennant of Admiral Buchanan used at Mobile Bay (variation of naval jack)
Pennant of Admiral Buchanan used at Mobile Bay (variation of naval jack)

On September 5, 1861, Franklin Buchanan joined the Confederate Navy and was given a captain's commission. On February 24, 1862, the Confederate States Secretary of the Navy, Stephen Mallory appointed Buchanan to the office of Confederate Navy James River Squadron Flag Officer and he then selected the newly built ironclad CSS Virginia to be his flag ship.

Buchanan was the captain of the CSS Virginia (formerly the USS Merrimack) during the Battle of Hampton Roads in Virginia.[2] He climbed to the top deck of Virginia and began furiously firing toward shore with a carbine as the USS Congress was shelled.[3] He soon was brought down by a sharpshooter's minie ball to the thigh. He would eventually recover from his leg wound. He never did get to command Virginia against the USS Monitor. That honor went to Catesby ap Roger Jones. But Buchanan had handed the United States Navy the worst defeat it would take until the Attack on Pearl Harbor.[4]

Captain Franklin Buchanan & Josiah Tattnall.
Captain Franklin Buchanan & Josiah Tattnall.

In August 1862, Buchanan was promoted to the rank of Full Admiral – the only officer so honored in the Confederate Navy – and was sent to take command of Confederate naval forces stationed at Mobile Bay, Alabama.[5] He oversaw the construction of the ironclad CSS Tennessee whose keel was laid in October, 1862 and was on board her during the Battle of Mobile Bay with Rear Admiral David Glasgow Farragut's Union fleet on August 5, 1864.[6] Wounded and taken prisoner, Buchanan was not exchanged until February 1865.[6] He was on convalescent leave until the Civil War ended a few months later.

Later life

Following the conflict, Buchanan lived in Maryland and in Mobile, Alabama until 1870, when he again took up residence in Maryland. He died there on May 11, 1874. He is buried at the Wye House family plot outside Easton, Maryland.

Legacy

Three U.S. Navy destroyers have been named Buchanan in honor of Admiral Franklin Buchanan: DD-131 (Wickes-class), DD-484 (Gleaves-class), and DDG-14 (Charles F. Adams class). The Superintendent's quarters at the United States Naval Academy is also named the Buchanan House.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Quarstein, "Franklin Buchanan"
  2. ^ Symonds, p. 152.
  3. ^ Jones, Terry L., Historical dictionary of the Civil War, Lanham, Scarecrow Press, 2011, p . 638.
  4. ^ United States Naval Institute Proceedings, Volume 88, U.S. Naval Institute, 1962, p. 68.
  5. ^ Tucker, Spencer, Almanac of American military history, Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2013, p. 668.
  6. ^ a b Symonds, p. 254.

Bibliography

  • Quarstein, John V., The CSS Virginia: Sink before surrender, Charleston, History Press, 2012, ISBN 9781609495800.
  • Symonds, Craig L., Confederate Admiral: The Life and Wars of Franklin Buchanan, Naval Institute Press, 1999, ISBN 978-1-59114-846-3.

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
None
Superintendent of United States Naval Academy
1845–1847
Succeeded by
George P. Upshur
Preceded by
French Forrest
Commander of the James River Squadron
February 27, 1862 – March 29, 1862
Succeeded by
Josiah Tattnall
Academic offices
Preceded by
Charles Minor
President of the Maryland Agricultural College
1868–1869
Succeeded by
Samuel Register
This page was last edited on 18 April 2019, at 13:50
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.