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Franconian Circle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Franconian Circle
Fränkischer Reichskreis
1500–1806
Flag
Locator Franconian Circle.svg

The Franconian Circle as at the beginning of the 16th century within the Holy Roman Empire
Historical eraEarly modern period
• Established
1500
• Disestablished
1806
Today part ofGermany Germany
The Franconian Circle as at 1789, before the French Revolutionary Wars and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire
The Franconian Circle as at 1789, before the French Revolutionary Wars and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire

The Franconian Circle (German: Fränkischer Reichskreis) was an Imperial Circle established in 1500 in the centre of the Holy Roman Empire. It comprised the eastern part of the former Franconian stem duchy—roughly corresponding with the present-day Bavarian Regierungsbezirke of Upper, Middle and Lower Franconia—while western Rhenish Franconia belonged to the Upper Rhenish Circle. The title of a "Duke of Franconia" was claimed by the Würzburg bishops.

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Transcription

Composition

The circle was made up of the following states:

Name Type of entity Comments
Wappen Landkreis Ansbach.png
Ansbach
Margraviate Established in 1398, held by the House of Hohenzollern, acquired by Prussia in 1791
Wappen Bistum bamberg.svg
Bamberg
Prince-Bishopric Diocese established in 1007 by King Henry II, Prince-Bishopric since about 1245
Wappen von Bayreuth.svg
Bayreuth
Margraviate Established in 1398 at Kulmbach, held by the House of Hohenzollern, personal union with Ansbach from 1769, acquired by Prussia in 1791
Wappen Nellingen auf den Fildern.svg
Castell
County Imperial counts since 1202
Wappen Bistum Eichstätt.gif
Eichstätt
Prince-Bishopric Established in 741 by Saint Boniface
Wappen Grafschaft Erbach.svg
Erbach
County Imperial counts from 1532
Den tyske ordens skjold.svg
Franconia
Teutonic bailiwick Seated in Bad Mergentheim
Wappen von Hausen.png
Hausen
Lordship Held by Bamberg since 1007, condominium with Bayreuth and Nuremberg from 1538
Wappen-Ufeld.gif
Henneberg
Princely County Principality since 1310, line extinct in 1583, acquired by Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Gotha in 1660
Wappen Grafschaft Hohenlohe.png
Hohenlohe
County Immediate counts since 1450, raised to principality in 1744
Limpurg2.PNG
Limpurg
Lordship Territory around Limpurg Castle near Schwäbisch Hall, held by the Schenken von Limpurg, hereditary cup-bearers of the Empire for the Bohemian kings
Löwenstein-Wertheim-count.PNG
Löwenstein
County Imperial immediacy since 1494, Löwenstein-Wertheim from 1574, raised to principality in 1711
Wappen von Nürnberg.svg
Nuremberg
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Frederick II of Hohenstaufen in 1219
CoA Reichelsberg Lordship, Franconia.svg
Reichelsberg
Lordship Territory around Reichelsberg Castle near Aub, originally a fiefdom granted by Bamberg to Hohenlohe, since 1401 a fief of Würzburg
RieneckGrafen.jpg
Rieneck
County Territory around Rieneck Castle, established in 1168, claimed as a fief by Mainz from 1366, line extinct in 1559, acquired by the Imperial counts of Nostitz in 1673
Wappen von Rothenburg ob der Tauber.png
Rothenburg ob der Tauber
Imperial City Reichsfreiheit granted by Rudolph of Habsburg 1274
Blason fam de Schwarzenberg 2.svg
Schwarzenberg
Lordship Established in 1429 by the Lords of Seinsheim, territory around Schwarzenberg Castle near Scheinfeld, Imperial county from 1599, principality from 1670
DEU Schweinfurt COA.svg
Schweinfurt
Imperial City Since 1254
Wappen Seinsheim.png
Seinsheim
Lordship Held by the Counts of Schwarzenberg from 1655
DEU Weißenburg COA.svg
Weißenburg
Imperial City Since 1296
Wappen Welzheim.svg
Welzheim
Lordship Fiefdom of Württemberg, from 1379 to 1713 in possession of the Schenken von Limburg
Wappen Wertheim.png
Wertheim
County Established in 1132, acquired by Löwenstein in 1574
DEU Wiesentheid COA.svg
Wiesentheid
Lordship Imperial county from 1678, acquired by the Counts of Schönborn in 1701
Wappen Bad Windsheim.png
Windsheim
Imperial City Since 1248
Wurzburg-stift.PNG
Würzburg
Prince-Bishopric Established in 741 by Saint Boniface, prince-bishopric since 1168, titular "Duke in Franconia"

Sources

External links

This page was last edited on 4 March 2021, at 01:21
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