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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Francis Jayne

Bishop of Chester
Bp Francis Jayne by Bassano.jpg
DioceseDiocese of Chester
In office1889–1919
PredecessorWilliam Stubbs
SuccessorLuke Paget
Personal details
Born(1845-01-01)1 January 1845
Pant-y-beiliau, Llanelli
Died23 August 1921(1921-08-23) (aged 76)
Oswestry, Shropshire
BuriedBowdon, Cheshire
NationalityBritish
DenominationAnglican
SpouseEmily Garland
EducationRugby School
Alma materWadham College, Oxford

Francis John Jayne (1 January 1845 – 23 August 1921) was a British bishop and academic.

Born in Pant-y-beiliau, Llanelli, Jayne was the eldest son of John Jayne, a colliery owner and his second wife, Elisabeth Haines.[1] He was educated at Rugby School and Wadham College, Oxford. He took his B.A. in 1868 and M.A. in 1870. He was awarded first class honours in classical moderations, literate humaniores, jurisprudence and modern history, making him distinguished academically. [2] He was elected Fellow of Jesus College, Oxford in 1868 and tutor of Keble College in 1871.[1][3] He was ordained deacon and priest in 1870.[3]

From 1879 to 1886, Jayne was Principal of St David's College, a university institution in the small Welsh town of Lampeter.[4] During his time there, he steered the institution through the difficult years following the 1880 Aberdare report on intermediate and higher education in Wales. The report recommended that the Colleges at Aberystwyth and Lampeter be united to form one institution, but Jayne fought the plan and retained St. David's College's independence. Jayne reformed the college in many ways; new statutes were issued and affiliation to Oxford and Cambridge was achieved. A new hall of residence was constructed and the college chapel was rebuilt.[1] The number of students doubled.[5] The college school opened in 1884, with the aim of providing a sound education for future entrants to the college.[1] Jayne is remembered as the 'second founder' of the college.[1]

A devoutly religious man, Jayne left Lampeter to become an Anglican vicar in Leeds. He became Bishop of Chester in 1889, a position he held for the next thirty years. At the time of his appointment, he was the youngest English bishop.[6] Under his rule, his diocese was said to be 'perhaps the most peaceful and orderly in England.'[6]

Jayne was concerned about excessive drinking and the misuse of alcohol. He published an article called Successful Public-House Reform[7] discussing the virtues of the Scandinavian Gothenburg system for managing pubs etc. He also founded the People's Refreshment House Association Limited which at its peak owned 130 inns and hotels.[1]Although Jayne was in poor health for lengthy periods during the First World War, and Edward Mercer, a retired Bishop of Tasmania, carried out many of his duties, [8] Jayne left no one in any doubt about his support for British participation in the War against Germany and her allies. He said ‘The sword which God gave to earthly rulers to wield was given, we ventured to think, to England as the peacemaker of the world, as the guardian of the seas against the perils which would otherwise assail not only ourselves ... but all the nations of Europe and the world’.[9] He followed up two months later clarifying what he regarded as Britain‘s duty ‘We are fighting, not only for ourselves and the safety of our Empire, but for the very life of Christian civilisation, for the cause of righteousness, honour and liberty, for the independence of smaller states ... and ultimately for the peace of the world.’[10]

He instigated a Roll of Honour with names of his clergy and their families who had volunteered for the Forces. He promoted the work of the Church Army and the YMCA, their need for volunteers and fund-raising.[11] His increased workload led his staff to compel him to ‘abstain from all duties’ and to rest[12] but his health remained fragile until and after his retirement.

He resigned his bishopric in April 1919 owing to ill health caused by over work.[6] He died at his home at The Quarry, Oswestry, and was buried at Bowdon, Cheshire.[13]

He and his wife Emily (née Garland) had six sons and three daughters,[1] one of whom was the Norwegian-to-English translator Edith M. G. Jayne.[14]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Price, D. T. W (January 2007). "Jayne, Francis John (1845–1921)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online edition, subscription access). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 11 February 2008.
  2. ^ Article by DTW Price in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, OUP 2004
  3. ^ a b "JAYNE, FRANCIS JOHN (1845 - 1921), bishop | Dictionary of Welsh Biography". biography.wales. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  4. ^ Malden Richard (ed) (1920). Crockford's Clerical Directory for 1920 (51st edn). London: The Field Press. p. 792.
  5. ^ "Death of Bishop Jayne". Times. 25 August 1921.
  6. ^ a b c "Bishop Jayne". The Telegraph. 25 August 1921.
  7. ^ Francis John Jayne, 'Successful Public-House Reform' in The North American Review 158, no. 450 (1894): 520-28
  8. ^ Chester Diocesan Gazette, February, 1917
  9. ^ Chester Diocesan Gazette, September, 1914
  10. ^ Chester Diocesan Gazette, November, 1914
  11. ^ Chester Diocesan Gazette was a monthly publication with details of Great War activities
  12. ^ Chester Diocesan Gazette, February, 1917
  13. ^ "The Right Rev. Francis John Jayne". Aberdeen Journal. British Newspaper Archive. 25 August 1921.
  14. ^ 'The Late Miss Jayne' in the Chester Chronicle, 20 January 1945, p8
Academic offices
Preceded by
Llewelyn Lewellin
Principal of St David's College
1879–1886
Succeeded by
Herbert Ryle
Church of England titles
Preceded by
William Stubbs
Bishop of Chester
1889–1919
Succeeded by
Luke Paget
Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
William Stubbs
President of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire
1889–1903
Succeeded by
Frederick, 16th Earl of Derby
This page was last edited on 6 April 2021, at 09:41
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