To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Frances Simson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Frances Helen Simson (1854–1938) was a Scottish suffragist, campaigner for women's higher education and one of the first of eight women graduates from the University of Edinburgh in 1893.[1]

Early life

Simpson was born in Edinburgh 2 April 1854.[2] She was the daughter of William Simson (1811–1858), secretary of the Bank of Scotland, and Jane Christiana Aberdein (b. 1820) and was one of nine children. She lived with her family in Eton Terrace, New Town, for much of her life.[1]


Frances Simson was the eldest, at 38 years of age, of the all the women who graduated in Masters of Arts, made possible by the Universities (Scotland) Act of 1889.[3] Simson had enrolled in 1867 to degree classes delivered by the Edinburgh Association for the University Education of Women (EAUEW; formerly the Edinburgh Ladies' Educational Association, ELEA, founded in 1867).[1]

Women's Rights

Together with Margaret Nairn, Elsie Inglis, Frances Melville and Chrystal Macmillan, Simson petitioned the right for five women graduates to vote for the university MP at the general election of 1906 to no avail.[2] They also failed an appeal November 1907, so rallied to raise £1000 to support mounting their case to the House of Lords in November 1908 where Macmillan opened and performed as senior counsel, with Simson making general argument and closing the case on November 12.[1][3]

Simson was warden of Masson Hall of Residence for Women Students in Edinburgh between the years of 1897-1917.[2]

Later life

In October 1933, the year University of Edinburgh celebrated its 350th anniversary, Simson was awarded an honorary degree of LLD, as the only woman graduand, recognising her responsibility in the university education of women.[4] Later that year, at the time she was president of the Edinburgh Equal Citizenship Society she was honoured in a luncheon held at the site of the former Caledonian Hotel on Princes Street, Edinburgh.[4] Lady Alexandra Watson, Dame Sarah Siddons, Dr. Frances Melville, Professor E.T. Whittaker, and Dr Marion Gilchrist where among, hundred-plus guests that attended the event in honour of her work campaigning for women's education.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography". Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  2. ^ a b c Leneman, Leah (1995). A guid cause: The women's suffrage movement in Scotland. Mercat. p. 270. ISBN 1873644485.
  3. ^ a b Edinburgh Association for the University Education of Women, 1867-1967. William Bishop, Market Street. Edinburgh. p. 17.
  4. ^ a b c "DR FRANCES H. SIMSON: Woman Pioneer Honoured EDINBURGH LUNCHEON". The Scotsman. 2 November 1933. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
This page was last edited on 24 August 2018, at 10:15
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.