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Frances Goodrich

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Frances Goodrich
Goodrich with her husband Albert Hackett
Born(1890-12-21)December 21, 1890
DiedJanuary 29, 1984(1984-01-29) (aged 93)
New York City, U.S.
Alma materVassar College
New York School of Social Work
OccupationScreenwriter
Spouses
(m. 1917; div. 1923)
(m. 1927; div. 1930)
(m. 1931)
RelativesHenry Demarest Lloyd (uncle)

Frances Goodrich (December 21, 1890 – January 29, 1984) was an American actress, dramatist, and screenwriter, best known for her collaborations with her partner and husband Albert Hackett.[1] She received the Pulitzer Prize for Drama with her husband in 1956 for The Diary of Anne Frank which had premiered the previous year.[2]

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Transcription

Early life

Goodrich was born in Belleville, New Jersey, the second daughter of five children,[3] of Madeleine Christy (née Lloyd) and Henry Wickes Goodrich. The family moved to nearby Nutley, New Jersey when Goodrich was two. She attended Collegiate School in Passaic, New Jersey, and graduated from Vassar College in 1912, and attended the New York School of Social Work from 1912 to 1913, but left to become an actress in Henry Miller's productions. In 1924 she appeared in George Kelly's play, The Show Off.[4]

Career

Soon after she left the New York School of Social Work, Goodrich began the acting portion of her career at the Players Club in New York City. From there she went to Northampton, Massachusetts, where she acted in stock theater.[5] Her acting credits on Broadway included Perkins (1918), Daddy Long Legs (1918), Fashions for Men (1922), Queen Victoria (1923), A Good Bad Woman (1925), Skin Deep (1927), and Excess Baggage (1927).[6]

For the summer of 1928, Goodrich joined the summer stock cast at Denver's Elitch Theatre.[7] Goodrich showed Hackett a script she had written, entitled Such A Lady, and they rewrote it together. This was the beginning of their collaboration.[4]

Not long after marrying Hackett, the couple settled in Hollywood in the late 1920s to write the screenplay for their stage success Up Pops the Devil for Paramount Pictures. In 1933, they signed a contract with MGM and remained with them until 1939. Among their early assignments was writing the screenplay for The Thin Man (1934). They were encouraged by director W.S. Van Dyke to use the writing of Dashiell Hammett as a basis only and to concentrate on providing witty exchanges for the principal characters, Nick and Nora Charles (played by William Powell and Myrna Loy). The resulting film was one of the major hits of the year, and the script was considered to show a modern relationship in a realistic manner for the first time.

The couple received Academy Award for Screenplay nominations for The Thin Man, After the Thin Man (1936), Father of the Bride (1950) and Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1955). They won Writers Guild of America awards for Easter Parade (1949), Father's Little Dividend (1951), Seven Brides for Seven Brothers (1954), and The Diary of Anne Frank (1959), as well as nominations for In the Good Old Summertime (1949), Father of the Bride (1950) and The Long, Long Trailer (1954). They also won a Pulitzer Prize for Drama for their play The Diary of Anne Frank. Some of their other films include: Another Thin Man (1939) and It's a Wonderful Life (1946).

Personal life

Albert Hackett and Frances Goodrich met at Elitch Theatre in 1928 when they were both in the summer stock cast.[7][4] Goodrich and Hackett remained married until her death.[8] Goodrich was Jewish.[9]

Muckraking writer Henry Demarest Lloyd was Goodrich's uncle.[5]

References

  1. ^ McGilligan, Patrick (1986). Backstory: Interviews with Screenwriters of Hollywood's Golden Age. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520056893.
  2. ^ McCreadie, Marsha (2002-01-07). "The Real Nick and Nora: Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett, Writers of Stage and Screen Classics". Variety. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
  3. ^ Myers, Victoria (2016-03-14). "7 Women of Theatre History You Should Know". The Interval. Retrieved 2023-04-08.
  4. ^ a b c Fischer, Heinz-Dietrich (1998-12-31), "Introduction. History and Development of the Pulitzer Prize for Drama/Comedy", Part D: Belles-Lettres, Volume 12, Drama / Comedy Awards 1917-1996, DE GRUYTER SAUR, pp. xix–lxxxiv, doi:10.1515/9783110955781.xix, ISBN 978-3-598-30182-7, retrieved 2023-04-07
  5. ^ a b Ware, Susan (2004). Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary Completing the Twentieth Century. Harvard University Press. pp. 240–241. ISBN 978-0-674-01488-6. Retrieved January 10, 2022.
  6. ^ "Frances Goodrich". Internet Broadway Database. The Broadway League. Archived from the original on January 10, 2022. Retrieved January 10, 2022.
  7. ^ a b Parrish, Vicki (1995-01-01). "The American Stage Careers of Fredric March and Florence Eldridge". LSU Historical Dissertations and Theses. doi:10.31390/gradschool_disstheses.6042. S2CID 165391241.https://digitalcommons.lsu.edu/gradschool_disstheses/6042
  8. ^ Lawson, Carol (1984-01-31). "Frances Goodrich, 93, Dead; Wrote for Stage and Screen". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
  9. ^ Erens, Patricia. "Film Industry in the United States". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved January 28, 2020.

External links

This page was last edited on 11 May 2024, at 20:55
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