To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

François-Marie, marquis de Barthélemy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

François Barthélemy
Member of the French Chamber of Peers
In office
6 April 1814 – 3 April 1830
MonarchsLouis XVIII
Charles X
Member of the French Conservative Senate
In office
27 December 1799 – 14 April 1814
MonarchNapoleon I
Director of the French Directory
In office
26 May 1797 – 5 September 1797
PresidentPaul Barras
Preceded byÉtienne-François Letourneur
Succeeded byFrançois de Neufchâteau
France Ambassador to Switzerland
In office
3 September 1791 – 2 November 1795
Personal details
Born(1747-10-20)20 October 1747
Aubagne, France
Died3 April 1830(1830-04-03) (aged 82)
Paris, France
Resting placePère Lachaise Cemetery
Political partyIndependent (1791–1795)
Clichyen (1795–1797)

François-Marie, Marquess of Barthélemy (20 October 1747, Aubagne – 3 April 1830 Paris) was a French politician and diplomat, active at the time of the French Revolution.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    4 241
    1 403
    12 689
    171 959
  • Crisis of The Ancien Regime in France
  • Crisis of The Ancient Regime in France and Enlightned in France
  • Maximilien de Robespierre
  • Gerard Vaughan - lecture - Love, sex and death at the court of Versailles
  • Robespierre - Fatal Revolutionary Terror Documentary



Diplomat and member of the Directory

Born in Aubagne, he was educated by his uncle the abbé Jean-Jacques Barthélemy for a diplomatic career. After serving as secretary of legation in Sweden, in Switzerland and in the Kingdom of Great Britain, he was appointed Minister Plenipotentiary in Switzerland, in which capacity he negotiated the treaties of Basel with Prussia and Spain (1795).[1]

Elected a member of the Directory in May 1797, through Royalist influence, he was arrested after General Augereau's anti-Royalist coup d'état of the 18 Fructidor (17 September 1797), and deported to French Guiana, but escaped and made his way to Suriname, then to the United States, and finally to Britain.[1]


Barthélemy returned to France after Napoleon Bonaparte's 18 Brumaire coup, entered the Senate in February 1800 and contributed to the establishment of the Consulship for life and the First French Empire.[1]

In 1814 he abandoned Napoleon, voted the Acte de déchéance de l'Empereur and took part in the drawing up of King Louis XVIII's Constitutional Charter and was named Peer of France. During the Hundred Days he lived in concealment, and after the Second Restoration obtained the title marquis, and in 1819 introduced a motion in the chamber of Peers tending to render the electoral law more aristocratic.[1]


The Rue François Barthélémy in Héricy is named after him.


  1. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Barthélemy, François, Marquis de". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 448. This, in turn, cites as references:
    • Marquis de Barthélemy, Papiers, published by Jean Kaulek, 4 vols. (Paris, 1886–1888)
    • Albert Sorel, L'Europe et la Révolution française, iv. (Paris, 1892)
    • Ludovic Sciout, Le Directoire (Paris, 1895)

This page was last edited on 30 June 2024, at 23:24
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.