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Formula 3 Euro Series

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Formula 3 Euro Series
CategorySingle seaters
Inaugural season2003
Engine suppliersMercedes
Tyre suppliersHankook[1]
Last Drivers' championSpain Daniel Juncadella
Last Teams' championItaly Prema Powerteam

The Formula 3 Euro Series was a European-based junior single seater formula for Formula Three chassis that was launched (in its current form) in 2003 as a merger of the French Formula Three Championship and German Formula Three Championship. The Formula Three category, including this championship, is part of the established career ladder up which European drivers progress to the Formula One world championship, the highest form of single seater racing defined by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA), motorsport's world governing body.

6-time Formula One champion Lewis Hamilton, won the Euro Series drivers' title in 2005. EuroSeries champions Paul di Resta (2006 champion), Romain Grosjean (2007) and Nico Hülkenberg (2008) have driven in Formula 1. Other Formula One drivers who also raced in the series include 4-time world champion Sebastian Vettel, Adrian Sutil, Kamui Kobayashi and Nico Rosberg. In 2012, the FIA announced that the series would be discontinued and incorporated into the FIA Formula 3 European Championship in 2013.


The concept of a European Formula Three Championship dates back to 1975, with a five-race series known as the F3 European Cup. Races were held at Monaco, the Nürburgring in Germany, Anderstorp in Sweden, Monza in Italy and Croix-en-Ternois in France. The series title was won by Australian Larry Perkins driving a Ralt-Ford run by Team Cowangie.[2]

In 1976, the Cup evolved into a full-scale, ten-round European F3 Championship, which ran until 1984.[3] Among its champions were notable future Formula One drivers, such as Riccardo Patrese (champion in 1976) Alain Prost (1979), and the late Michele Alboreto (1980).[4]

Modern era

The modern-day Formula 3 Euro Series was inaugurated in 2003 in a collaboration between two of Europe's national governing bodies for motorsport – the Fédération Française du Sport Automobile (FFSA) in France and the Deutscher Motor Sport Bund (DMSB) in Germany.[5]

The new partnership between the FFSA and DMSB spelled the end of national Formula Three in France with the closure of the French Formula Three Championship, but Germany's national championship was effectively supplanted by the creation of the Recaro Formel 3 Cup, though the DMSB initially attempted to block its creation.[6] This lower-status series was formed by ADAC, the F3V (Germany's Formula Three Association) and a few key German teams (such as Bertram Schäfer Racing) that chose not to participate in the new Euro Series. BSR's owner Bertram Schäfer acts as the series' promoter.[7]

The FFSA and DMSB hold joint responsibility for determining the sporting regulations of the Euro Series. The organisation and promotion of the championship is handled by ITR, which performs the same role for the DTM touring car championship.[8]


Spa-Francorchamps, Belgium
Spa-Francorchamps, Belgium

The championship consists of ten events, each comprising two races, held at a variety of European circuits. Approximately 50–60% of these events occur at circuits in Germany, while the other events are held in various countries, including Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Italy, Belgium and Spain. Most rounds are shared with the Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters. Notable venues have included Pau and Le Mans in France; Brands Hatch in Britain; Circuit de Catalunya in Spain; Estoril in Portugal; Adria in Italy; and Spa-Francorchamps in Belgium.

From 2004 onwards, the Masters of Formula 3, held at Zandvoort in the Netherlands, was included as a round of the championship. In 2005, the series visited Monaco as a Grand Prix support event, which was the first Formula Three event at Monaco since 1997.[9] This famous motor-racing venue has long-standing associations with Formula Three.

Technical and sporting regulations

The FFSA and DMSB created the new championship around the FIA-sanctioned[10] F3 formula of multiple chassis builders and production-based 4-cylinder 2-litre engines with control supplies of tyres and fuel. As in most F3 championships, the Italian company Dallara is the dominant chassis supplier. It was originally planned to restrict entry to two-car teams,[11] but this requirement was later relaxed. In most Formula Three championships, multiple and single-car entries are common.

Some Formula Three championships, such as the British Formula Three Championship, use a two-tier system to provide an opportunity for low-budget teams and drivers to compete with out-dated chassis specifications. In an effort to minimise costs, Formula Three chassis regulations permit major updates only periodically, with annual updates restricted to minor improvements.[10]

When the Euro Series was launched, restrictions were effectively placed on the teams' choice of chassis specification by opting not to create a lower-tier championship class, and all entrants used the two most recent available specifications.

There is a rookie classification system with a Rookie of the Year title for drivers who have not previously competed in this championship. The Drivers' Trophy was introduced in 2006 to provide a classification system and class title for drivers using chassis of between two and four years old. Eligibility for this "B class" was restricted to drivers who were not more than 22 years old at the start of the season.[12] This class is no longer in use in 2007.[13]

In 2006, testing was restricted to a maximum of 10 days per driver/car, with no testing at race venues, Consequently, teams and drivers have to make the most of the test sessions during race weekends, which had already been reduced from 90 to 60 minutes in 2005.

Tyre usage is restricted to three sets per car for the entire race weekend. There is no limit on the use of wet-weather tyres, but only when they are deemed necessary by race officials. As is the case with most racing disciplines outside Formula One, tyre warming devices are not permitted.[14]

An unauthorised engine change during the course of a race weekend invokes a ten-place penalty on the starting grid.[15]

Event schedule

Each race weekend begins on Friday, with one 60-minute practice session and a qualifying session that decides the starting grid for the first race. There are two races; one of approximately 100–110 km on Saturday and one of approximately 70–80 km on Sunday.[13] The starting times of each session/race vary slightly according to the event schedule at each venue.

With just one qualifying session, the grid for the second race is determined by the results of Race 1. The top eight positions are reversed, giving pole position to the 8th-placed finisher. The single qualifying session and results-based reverse grid system were introduced for the 2006 season: prior to that, the second race had its own qualifying session (with a bonus point for pole position).[16] Drivers who fail to finish the first race occupy the remaining grid positions for Race 2 in the order in which they retired.

Scoring system

In the first race of the weekend, points are awarded to the top eight finishers, with 10 points for a win. One bonus point is awarded for the fastest qualifying time. In addition to the change to a single qualifying session, the points system for the shorter second race was revised in 2006: rather than award full points, it now awards points to the top six finishers, with only six points for a win.[17]

F3 Euro Series points system (2006–2010)
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th 
Race 1 10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1
Race 2 6 5 4 3 2 1

Chassis and engines

Three engine suppliers joined the new championship at its inception: Mercedes-Benz, produced by HWA; Opel, produced by Spiess; and Toyota, produced by TOM's. A limited number of teams have competed with Renault and Mugen-Honda powerplants. In the series' first year, HWA-Mercedes supplied engines for seven entrants from three teams.[18] They included ASM Formule 3, with which it subsequently developed a very successful partnership. Since its first Formula Three championship win with ASM in 2004, Mercedes' success has been influential in its growth in popularity among the Euro Series' teams, and has left Spiess-Opel as the only remaining competition. The 2007 season was the latest season to contain an entry with Opel engines, during that season Volkswagen entered the series.[19]

When the series began, all entrants took a conservative approach to their choice of chassis supplier and opted for the established Dallara F302/F303.[20] Alternative chassis have been tested and/or raced on occasions, but for a variety of reasons, they have failed to become established. In the opening round of 2004, a pair of Anglo-Japanese Lola-Dome F106/03 chassis were entered by Coloni Motorsport before the team returned to the Italian F3 Championship.[21] The two chassis builders later parted company, with Lola developing the B05/30 and Dome continuing with the F106. Dome announced its intention to promote its product to Euro Series teams in 2005,[22] though it has not been raced in the series to date. In February 2005, AM-Holzer Rennsport announced its intention to enter a new F3 chassis from the French constructor Mygale – the 05F3.[23] However, Holzer returned to the Dallara F305 by the start of the season.

Meanwhile, the experienced French team Signature branched out into chassis design and developed the SLC. A single SLC-Opel was driven by Fabio Carbone alongside three Dallara F305s in Signature's four-car line-up, but it was not quite as competitive as the team had expected and it returned to an all-Dallara line-up in 2006.[24]

Updated versions of the Lola, Mygale and SLC have since competed in the ATS F3 Cup.[25]

A F3 Euroseries car driven by Carlo van Dam at Hockenheimring.
A F3 Euroseries car driven by Carlo van Dam at Hockenheimring.

Drivers and teams

Sebastian Vettel at an F3 Euro Series promotional event in March 2006
Sebastian Vettel at an F3 Euro Series promotional event in March 2006

The profile of the F3 Euroseries has fostered a very multi-national entry list, with approximately 12 to 15 countries regularly represented.[vague] It also attracts the best junior single-seater teams from European countries that include France, Germany, Britain, Italy and Switzerland.

Many Euro Series drivers have graduated to the DTM touring car series and GP2 F1 support series, as well as racing and testing roles in Formula One. Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg have gained their places in Formula One via championship-winning seasons in GP2. Hamilton's former Euroseries team-mate, All-Japan F3 champion Adrian Sutil, races for Force India, Sebastian Vettel with Red Bull Renault, and Kazuki Nakajima with Williams and Romain Grosjean Race for Renault F1 for 2009. Others, such as Alexandre Prémat, Jamie Green, Bruno Spengler, and Alexandros Margaritis compete in the DTM;[citation needed]

Championship seasons

2003 season

The inaugural season attracted a strong entry list, comprising the best teams from the merged French and German championships. The first Euro Series drivers' champion was Ryan Briscoe of Australia, driving a Dallara-Opel F303 run by Prema Powerteam, based in Italy. It was a closely fought season, in which race wins were shared between eight drivers, six teams, and three engine manufacturers.[26] Briscoe was, at that time, a protégé of Toyota's driver development program and had already tested one of its Formula One cars at the age of 20.[27] Three of the drivers in the 2003 championship – Robert Kubica, Timo Glock and Nico Rosberg – have competed in Formula One.

2004 season

Briscoe's would be the only championship title to date for a driver using an Opel-powered car, as the Mercedes-backed ASM Formule 3 rose to prominence in 2004. Its first drivers' title was provided by Jamie Green of Great Britain. He began to dominate the championship as the season progressed, eventually achieving seven race wins and a further seven podium finishes. He graduated to the DTM with the backing of Mercedes, and has since established himself in its factory team.

2005 season

ASM and Mercedes further improved on their performances of the previous season. The championship was dominated by Britain's Lewis Hamilton, who had been a protégé of the McLaren-Mercedes Formula One team. He achieved a record-setting 15 race wins from 20 starts, thirteen pole positions and ten fastest laps. Hamilton graduated to GP2, winning that championship in his rookie year. He subsequently went on to become the youngest ever F1 world champion in 2008 with McLaren, winning the title in his second season.[28] Also competing in 2005 was Red Bull Racing driver Sebastian Vettel, who finished the season as the highest-placed rookie.

2006 season

The status quo remained unchanged in the 2006 championship. For the third year in succession, the teams' title was won by ASM and the champion driver – Paul di Resta – was using one of its Mercedes-powered Dallaras. Sebastian Vettel joined di Resta and two other drivers in ASM's expanded line-up, and finished the year as the championship's runner-up. The use of the reverse-grid system contributed to a much closer championship and a record number of winners, with eleven different drivers reaching the top step of the podium. Mercedes gave di Resta a placement in the DTM[29] and went on to race for Force India Formula One Team.

2007 season

The 2007 drivers' championship was won by Romain Grosjean, with his closest challenger Sébastien Buemi.

2008 season

2009 season

2010 season

2011 season

2012 season



Season Driver Team Engine Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points Clinched Margin
2003 Australia Ryan Briscoe Italy Prema Powerteam Opel 4 8 10 5 110 Race 17 of 20 31
2004 United Kingdom Jamie Green France ASM Formule 3 Mercedes 5 7 14 8 139 Race 15 of 20 51
2005 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton France ASM Formule 3 Mercedes 4 8 10 5 172 Race 15 of 20 78
2006 United Kingdom Paul di Resta France ASM Formule 3 Mercedes 5 5 9 1 86 Race 19 of 20 11
2007 France Romain Grosjean France ASM Formule 3 Mercedes 4 6 12 7 106 Race 19 of 20 11
2008 Germany Nico Hülkenberg France ART Grand Prix Mercedes 6 7 8 6 85 Race 17 of 20 35.5
2009 France Jules Bianchi France ART Grand Prix Mercedes 6 9 12 7 114 Race 17 of 20 39
2010 Italy Edoardo Mortara France Signature Volkswagen 5 7 11 6 101 Race 15 of 18 25
2011 Spain Roberto Merhi Italy Prema Powerteam Mercedes 8 11 10 10 406 Race 23 of 27 121
2012 Spain Daniel Juncadella Italy Prema Powerteam Mercedes 5 4 9 5 240 Race 24 of 24 14


Season Team Engine Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points Clinched Margin
2005 France ASM Formule 3 Mercedes 14 17 22 13 261 Race 15 of 20 158
2006 France ASM Formule 3 Mercedes 8 10 25 7 197 Race 18 of 20 50
2007 France ASM Formule 3 Mercedes 7 11 30 10 229 Race 15 of 20 110
2008 France ART Grand Prix Mercedes 9 11 18 12 159 Race 17 of 20 48.5
2009 France ART Grand Prix Mercedes 8 9 20 8 183 Race 19 of 20 20
2010 France Signature Volkswagen 7 8 25 8 193 Race 16 of 18 45
2011 Italy Prema Powerteam Mercedes 12 15 23 13 693 Race 25 of 27 123
2012 Italy Prema Powerteam Mercedes 9 13 30 14 609.5 Race 21 of 24 168


From 2003 to 2008 the result of the championship was decided by different standings wins and points of the rookie standings are present in brackets, from 2009 to 2012 the result of best rookie was decided by the highest place in the overall driver standings.

Season Driver Team Engine Poles Wins (Rookie) Podiums Fastest laps Points (Rookie) Clinched Margin
2003 Austria Christian Klien Germany Mücke Motorsport Mercedes 6 3 (8) 8 3 89 (134) Race 17 of 20 132
2004 France Franck Perera Italy Prema Powerteam Opel 0 0 (6) 4 0 48 (147) Race 19 of 20 17
2005 Germany Sebastian Vettel Germany ASL Mücke Motorsport Mercedes 0 0 (8) 6 1 63 (157) Race 18 of 20 25
2006 Japan Kamui Kobayashi France ASM Formule 3 Mercedes 0 0 (11) 3 1 34 (119) Race 15 of 20 22
2007 Italy Edoardo Mortara France Signature-Plus Volkswagen 0 2 (7) 4 2 37 (99) Race 19 of 20 6
2008 Czech Republic Erik Janiš Germany Mücke Motorsport Mercedes 0 0 (2) 0 0 5 (78) Race 20 of 20 1.5
2009 Finland Valtteri Bottas France ART Grand Prix Mercedes 2 0 3 1 62 Race 19 of 20 8
2010 Portugal António Félix da Costa Germany Motopark Academy Volkswagen 0 3 4 2 40 Race 17 of 18 5
2011 Netherlands Nigel Melker Germany Mücke Motorsport Mercedes 2 2 9 4 251 Race 22 of 27 22
2012 Germany Pascal Wehrlein Germany Mücke Motorsport Mercedes 1 1 10 1 226 Race 22 of 24 54


Season Nation Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points Clinched Margin
2003  France 6 1 12 2 166 Race 18 of 20 38
2004  France 10 9 24 8 256 Race 19 of 20 45
2005  Great Britain 16 16 14 12 237 Race 18 of 20 67
2006  Japan 0 2 12 6 124 Race 18 of 20 24
2007  France 4 7 18 10 176 Race 16 of 20 83
2008  France 2 3 16 3 140 Race 19 of 20 21
2009  France 6 11 16 9 155 Race 19 of 20 47
2010  Italy 5 7 11 6 96 Race 17 of 18 6
2011  Spain 12 15 24 13 686 Race 22 of 27 251
2012  Germany 3 2 15 2 423 Race 24 of 24 40

Drivers' Trophy

Season Driver Team Engine Poles Wins Podiums Fastest laps Points Clinched Margin
2006 Germany Julian Theobald Germany SMS Seyffarth Motorsport Mercedes 2 6 10 5 73 Race 19 of 20 6

See also


  1. ^ "Hankook the new Formula 3 Euro Series tyre partner". Formula 3 Euro Series. ITR e.V. 4 April 2012. Archived from the original on 17 May 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
  2. ^ "European Formula 3 Championship Archive". Archived from the original on 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  3. ^ European F3 Champions Retrieved on January 25, 2007.
  4. ^ 1976 Results Archived 2012-03-16 at WebCite Retrieved on January 25, 2007.
  5. ^ "Merging of German and French F3". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  6. ^ "DMSB blocks standalone German F3 series". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  7. ^ "German F3 Cup on schedule for 2004". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  8. ^ "Increased co-operation between Euro F3 and the DTM". Archived from the original on 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  9. ^ "F3 returns to Monaco for 2005". Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  10. ^ a b "FIA Formula 3 Technical Regulations – PDF" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-03-30. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  11. ^ "F3 Euroseries takes shape". Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  12. ^ "Comprehensive regulation changes for 2006". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  13. ^ a b "Sporting regulations". Archived from the original on 2008-03-05. Retrieved 2007-09-07.
  14. ^ "Technical Regulations". Archived from the original on 2007-10-12. Retrieved 2007-09-07.
  15. ^ "". Archived from the original on 2012-03-16. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  16. ^ "2003 regulations". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  17. ^ "Interesting changes for fourth season". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  18. ^ "Mercedes increases its F3 attack". Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  19. ^ "Volkswagen to return to F3 this year". Autosport. Retrieved 2008-06-12.
  20. ^ 2003 Entry List Retrieved on January 25, 2007.
  21. ^ Vilander denied Italian title Retrieved on January 25, 2007.
  22. ^ "Dome looks to Europe in 2005". Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  23. ^ "Holzer chooses Mygale". Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  24. ^ "Four car Signature line-up". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  25. ^ "Record entries for 2006 Recaro Cup". Archived from the original on 2007-06-25. Retrieved 2007-01-10.
  26. ^ "2003 Championship Results". Autosport. Retrieved 2007-01-19.
  27. ^ "Young Australian Tests for Toyota". Retrieved 2007-01-19.
  28. ^ "Hamilton will surprise in 2007". Autosport. Retrieved 2007-01-19.
  29. ^ Champion makes it to the DTM Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine, April 3, 2007. Retrieved on April 7, 2007.

External links

This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 17:09
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