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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Slag heaps at Forminière's diamond installations in Kasai, c.1959
Slag heaps at Forminière's diamond installations in Kasai, c.1959

The Société internationale forestière et minière du Congo (French; literally the "International Forestry and Mining Company of the Congo"), known as Forminière, was a lumber and mining company in the Belgian Congo (modern-day Democratic Republic of the Congo). Founded by Jean Jadot [fr; nl] in 1906, the company began diamond mining in Kasai in 1913. At its height, Forminière was involved in gold and silver mining, cotton, palm and rubber cultivation, farming, sawmilling and even owned shops. The Belgian colonial state co-owned 50 percent of the company's capital, the rest being held largely by American shareholders.

For the length of its existence, from 1913 to 1961, Forminière had a monopoly on diamond production in Kasai.[1]

Forminière and its rival, the Société minière de Beceka, dominated the production of diamonds in the Belgian Congo. In 1959, Forminière's production of diamonds rose to 425,234 carats.[2] However, after the 1960 independence of Congo and unrest in the region, company operations soon ceased.[1] Forminière was the principal corporate supporter of the secessionist state of South Kasai and received concessions from its government in exchange for financial support.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Diamonds in Africa: Democratic Republic of Congo". Alluvial Exploration & Mining. Retrieved February 27, 2018. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ Un autre regard sur Tervuren - Guide alternatif de l'exposition Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine, Tony Busselen, International Action for Liberation, 26 mai 2005
  3. ^ Nugent 2004, p. 86.

Bibliography

This page was last edited on 17 April 2021, at 11:15
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