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Ford I4 DOHC engine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ford logo.svg
I4 DOHC
Ford-I4DOHC-cylhead-shafts.jpg
The cylinder head with camshafts
Overview
ManufacturerFord Motor Company
Production1989-2006
Layout
ConfigurationNaturally aspirated Inline-4
Displacement2.0–2.3 L (1,998–2,295 cc)
Cylinder bore86 mm (3.39 in)
89.6 mm (3.53 in)
Piston stroke86 mm (3.39 in)
91 mm (3.58 in)
ValvetrainDOHC 2 & 4 valves x cyl.
Compression ratio9.8:1, 10.0:1, 10.3:1
RPM range
Redline6050
Combustion
Fuel systemCarbureted (on N8A)
Multi-point fuel injection
Fuel typePetrol
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output107–150 hp (80–112 kW)
Torque output171–210 N⋅m (126–155 lb⋅ft)
Emissions
Emissions control technologyCatalytic converter (on N9C/N9E/NSE/N9D)

The Ford I4 DOHC engine is a 4-cylinder inline internal combustion engine with twin overhead camshafts, produced by the Ford Motor Company at Dagenham Engine Plant. It was initially available as a 2.0 litre 8-valve version, and later in 2.0 and 2.3 litre 16-valve versions from 1989 to the end of production of the MK2 Ford Galaxy in 2006. It powered various Ford models during this time, but was most well known in the rear-wheel drive "Twin Cam" variants of the Ford Sierra and Ford Scorpio. Despite being built for the company's larger RWD models, Ford also employed the engine in the front-wheel drive Galaxy and the Escort RS 2000 16v.

History

The engine was originally designed to replace the 2.0 L OHC Pinto engine, derivatives of which had powered most of Ford's four-cylinder rear-wheel drive cars since the early 1970s, and which was by that time lagging behind the competition in terms of power output, efficiency and refinement. Equipped with a newly designed twin-cam cylinder head but still only 8 valves, and a "square" 86 mm × 86 mm (3.39 in × 3.39 in) bore and stroke, the new I4 was launched in the Ford Sierra and Scorpio, mated to either the also new all-synchromesh MT-75 5-speed manual transmission or the existing A4LD four-speed automatic. The engine received mixed reviews, being seen as an improvement over the Pinto, but not the leap forward one might have expected.[according to whom?]

Transverse installation

Although front-wheel drive and already powered by a separate range of engines, the Escort received the next major incarnation of the I4. In 1990, the MkV Escort had been launched to disappointing press reviews, and Ford were looking to boost the image of this critically important range and steal sales from arch rivals Vauxhall and VW who were doing very well with big bore GTE/GTI badged versions of their family hatches.

Ford's strategy was to introduce two high-performance versions of the Escort to compete in the hot hatch market, using the well known XR3i and RS2000 badges. The Zetec engine being developed for the new Mondeo was a still a year away, so rather than wait for the new engine to become available Ford opted to use this engine with a new multivalve cylinder head and tubular exhaust manifold, and mount it transversely in a FWD application. Designated N7A, critics[who?] remarked on its similarity in both specification and appearance to the Astra GTE's C20XE "Redtop" unit which itself was widely regarded[according to whom?] as the top hot hatch engine of the time.

With the discontinuation of the Sierra in 1993 and the RS2000 in 1996, the I4 engine continued in more workaday applications, appearing in the Ford Galaxy MPV launched in 1995. By this time, a longer-stroked 2.3 litre 16-valve version of the engine was available alongside the original 2.0 which was still available in both 8-valve and 16-valve versions. This 2.3 litre unit also appeared in the Ford Scorpio and the Ford Transit van. The I4 remained the main petrol unit for the original Galaxy until its 2006 redesign.

8v engine Specifications

N8A

  • Carbureted
  • Power: 107 hp (80 kW) at 5600 rpm.
  • Torque: 180 N⋅m (133 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm.
  • Redline: 6050 rpm

N9A

N9C/N9E/NSE/N9D

  • Electronic fuel injection (Batched multi-point)
  • Catalytic converter
  • Power: 118 hp (88 kW) at 5500 rpm
  • Torque: 171 N⋅m (126 lb⋅ft) at 2500 rpm.
  • Redline: 5950 rpm

16-valve engines

N7A

  • Capacity: 2.0 L (1,998 cc)
  • Bore x Stroke: 86 mm × 86 mm (3.39 in × 3.39 in)
  • Compression: 10.3:1
  • Valvegear: Chain driven DOHC. 16 valves. Hydraulic tappets.
  • Fuelling: EEC-IV controlled multi-point fuel injection
  • Power: 150 hp (112 kW) @ 6000 rpm
  • Torque: 190 N⋅m (140 lb⋅ft) @ 4500 rpm

N3A

  • Capacity: 2.0 L (1,998 cc)
  • Bore x Stroke: 86 mm × 86 mm (3.39 in × 3.39 in)
  • Compression: 9.8:1
  • Valvegear: Chain driven DOHC. 16 valves. Hydraulic tappets.
  • Fuelling: EEC-V controlled multi-point fuel injection
  • Power: 136 hp (101 kW) @ 6300 rpm
  • Torque: 175 N⋅m (129 lb⋅ft) @ 4200 rpm

Y5A/Y5B

  • Capacity: 2.3 L (2,295 cc)
  • Bore x Stroke: 89.6 mm × 91 mm (3.53 in × 3.58 in)
  • Compression: 10.0:1
  • Valvegear: Chain driven DOHC. 16 valves. Hydraulic tappets.
  • Fuelling: EEC-V controlled multi-point fuel injection
  • Power: 145 hp (108 kW) @ 5600 rpm
  • Torque: 210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft) @ 4500 rpm.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ [1] Maximum continuous engine speed: 5950rpm
This page was last edited on 30 September 2019, at 07:29
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