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Florida National Guard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Florida National Guard
Seal of the United States National Guard.svg
Seal of the National Guard
Active1861-present
CountryUnited States
Allegiance United States
 Florida
Branch United States Army
 United States Air Force
Seal of the National Guard Bureau (US).svg
National Guard of the United States
TypeJoint
RoleFederal Reserve Force
State Militia (Militia Act of 1903)
Size9,600 Soldiers & Airmen
Garrison/HQSt. Augustine, Florida
Commanders
Commander in Chief (Title 10 USC)President of the United States (Federalized)
Commander in Chief (Title 32 USC)Commander in Chief Union
Adjutant GeneralMG James O. Eifert[1]
Headquarters
Headquarters

The Florida National Guard is the National Guard force of the U.S. state of Florida. It comprises the Florida Army National Guard and the Florida Air National Guard.

The United States Constitution charges the National Guard with dual federal and state missions. Ordinarily under the control of the state government (in which the governor is the commander-in-chief) pursuant to Title 32 of the United States Code, National Guard troops may also be called into active federal service with the United States Army or the United States Air Force (in which the president serves as commander-in-chief) and deployed worldwide with their active duty Army and Air Force counterparts.

The Florida National Guard, like those of other states, provides trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization in case of war or national emergency. Guardsmen may take part in functions ranging from limited actions in non-emergency situations to full-scale law enforcement (martial law) in cases when the governor determines that ordinary law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is "to provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law."

The Florida National Guard serves as the state's "defense force."

Florida currently has no State Defense Force (SDF). The State Defense Force is a military entity described by the Florida Statutes as a state-authorized militia prepared to assume the state mission of the Florida National Guard in the event that all of Florida's National Guard units are federally mobilized and authorized by executive order when the situation requires. If needed, the SDF would be recruited, trained, organized, equipped and deployed, under direction of the Adjutant General of Florida and the cadre of full-time state military officers within the Florida Department of Military Affairs at the department's joint training center at Camp Blanding, Florida. It is unlikely that a SDF would be created in the near future.[citation needed] During World War II, the Florida State Guard served as the official state defense force of Florida, and was organized as a stateside replacement for the Florida National Guard and executed the stateside duties of the National Guard for the duration of the war.[2]

National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.

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  • ✪ UCF Hosts Florida National Guard

Transcription

(inspiring music) - I'm Richard Beary, Chief of Police. What you see here at the Spectrum Stadium is you see the staging of National Guard units not only from Florida but from other states that are using us a logistical center point for their operations, relief and recovery operations, for the State of Florida. (inspiring music) - Well bein' here at UCF, it's super important that we were here. It's a central location, so we can get people out to all places around the state. - The governor's office reached out to UCF, and President Hitt gave us the direction whatever way we needed to help in the recovery efforts, so we expected either the National Guard or utility companies to stage here, and as you can see, we've got a lotta National Guard troops that have been here since yesterday and will remain here on campus until the recovery efforts are completed. - Hello, I'm Colonel Grant Slayden, the commander of the 164th Air Defense Artillery Brigade, Florida Army National Guard, and we're extremely pleased and excited to be given these wonderful facilities to use in our response for Hurricane Irma Disaster Relief. President Hitt here has just done a great job giving us access to everything we need, food and lodging and facilities, space to park our equipment, and a place to lay down and rest between missions. And we've been almost nonstop in missions, but when you get some time to rest for a few hours, you need to take advantage of it, and this is a great place to do that. So we just really appreciate the generosity of the University of Central Florida community and family here. So just thank you very much on behalf of all the members of the Florida Army National Guard. - Bein' able to be here is just somethin' that not every National Guard soldier gets. Usually they'll be out sleeping in their trucks or out sleeping in the wind and the rain. Usin' that rest and relaxation period here has made the mission so much easier. - We're glad we're able to assist them. We have the right facility. We have showers, bathrooms, feeding facilities, you name it. Again, we're glad UCF could be a part of the recovery, and we'll assist and continue to assist until everything is secure here in the State of Florida. (inspiring music)

Contents

Commanders

Army units

Air Force units

Duties

National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve and Air Force Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary Duty Assignments TDA), but only as part of their respective units. However, since September 11, 2001 there have been a significant number of individual activations under Title 10 USC to support military operations (2001–Present); the legality of this policy has been a major issue within the National Guard.

Active duty callups

A young boy says a last goodbye to Dad before deployment.
A young boy says a last goodbye to Dad before deployment.

For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity as either Active Guard and Reserve (AGR), Army Reserve Technicians or Air Reserve Technicians (ART). This changed dramatically during the 1990-91 Gulf War, and continued on to present day, with both the Federal Reserve Components and the National Guard increasingly utilized as an "operational" force for worldwide deployment.

The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical Army National Guard unit (or Army National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. The US Air Force applies a similar utilization model for Air National Guard units (and Air National Guardsmen).

More specifically, previous Department of Defense policy was that no National Guardsman would be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six-year period. This policy has changed 1 August 2007, with the new policy stating that National Guard soldiers and airmen will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months; individual states have differing policies but remain subordinate to DoD policy).

As of July 2007, the Florida National Guard was composed of approximately 9,600 soldiers and airmen.[5]

See also

References

Sources

Notes

  1. ^ "Major General James O. Eifert". Florida National Guard. Retrieved 7 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Civil Defense: Florida Defense Force". Palm Beach County History Online. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  3. ^ http://condocommunicator.blogspot.com/2010/06/major-general-douglas-burnett-retires.html
  4. ^ http://www.fl.ang.af.mil/resources/biographies/bio.asp?id=13651
  5. ^ Florida Army National Guard

External links

This page was last edited on 24 April 2019, at 09:35
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.