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Flandreau, South Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flandreau
Flandreau, South Dakota
Motto(s): 
"The Heart Of South Dakota"
Location in Moody County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Moody County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 44°2′52″N 96°35′47″W / 44.04778°N 96.59639°W / 44.04778; -96.59639
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
CountyMoody
Incorporated1902[1]
Government
 • MayorDan Sutton
Area
 • Total1.93 sq mi (4.99 km2)
 • Land1.86 sq mi (4.81 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)
Elevation
1,565 ft (477 m)
Population
 • Total2,341
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
2,316
 • Density1,245.83/sq mi (481.09/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
57028
Area code(s)605
FIPS code46-21540[5]
GNIS feature ID1255073[6]
Websitewww.cityofflandreau.com

Flandreau /ˈflændr/ FLAN-droo[7] is a city in and county seat of Moody County, South Dakota, United States.[8] The population was 2,341 at the 2010 census. It was named in honor of Charles Eugene Flandrau, a judge in the territory and state of Minnesota. He is credited with saving the community of New Ulm, Minnesota, from destruction during conflict with the Sioux tribe in 1862.

In 2015, the nearby federally recognized Flandreau Indian Reservation of Santee Sioux had planned to open the nation's first recreational marijuana lounge in a former bowling alley, close to its existing Royal River Casino and Hotel. Any tourists or non-tribal members using marijuana on tribal land risked state prosecution, so they abandoned the plan.[9][10]

Geography

Flandreau is located at 44°2′52″N 96°35′47″W / 44.04778°N 96.59639°W / 44.04778; -96.59639 (44.047855, −96.596417),[11] along the Big Sioux River.[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.93 square miles (5.00 km2), of which 1.86 square miles (4.82 km2) is land and 0.07 square miles (0.18 km2) is water.[13]

Flandreau has been assigned the ZIP code 57028 and the FIPS place code 21540.

Climate

Climate data for Flandreau, South Dakota (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1893−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
70
(21)
87
(31)
94
(34)
106
(41)
105
(41)
112
(44)
108
(42)
104
(40)
94
(34)
79
(26)
65
(18)
112
(44)
Average high °F (°C) 22.6
(−5.2)
27.6
(−2.4)
39.7
(4.3)
54.4
(12.4)
67.0
(19.4)
76.8
(24.9)
81.3
(27.4)
79.0
(26.1)
72.3
(22.4)
58.2
(14.6)
41.4
(5.2)
27.5
(−2.5)
54.0
(12.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 13.1
(−10.5)
17.3
(−8.2)
29.5
(−1.4)
42.9
(6.1)
55.8
(13.2)
66.4
(19.1)
70.6
(21.4)
68.1
(20.1)
60.0
(15.6)
46.2
(7.9)
31.2
(−0.4)
18.6
(−7.4)
43.3
(6.3)
Average low °F (°C) 3.5
(−15.8)
7.0
(−13.9)
19.3
(−7.1)
31.4
(−0.3)
44.7
(7.1)
56.1
(13.4)
59.9
(15.5)
57.2
(14.0)
47.8
(8.8)
34.2
(1.2)
21.1
(−6.1)
9.6
(−12.4)
32.7
(0.4)
Record low °F (°C) −40
(−40)
−38
(−39)
−24
(−31)
−2
(−19)
16
(−9)
29
(−2)
35
(2)
32
(0)
15
(−9)
−12
(−24)
−20
(−29)
−35
(−37)
−40
(−40)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.54
(14)
0.76
(19)
1.32
(34)
2.67
(68)
4.12
(105)
4.53
(115)
3.81
(97)
3.60
(91)
3.07
(78)
2.21
(56)
1.01
(26)
0.85
(22)
28.49
(724)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.8
(15)
8.2
(21)
6.2
(16)
4.8
(12)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.2
(3.0)
5.6
(14)
8.5
(22)
40.4
(103)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.4 5.6 5.9 7.9 10.0 9.8 7.5 7.1 6.3 5.9 4.5 5.7 81.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.9 5.0 3.1 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.9 2.5 5.1 23.6
Source: NOAA[14][15]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880471
189056920.8%
19001,244118.6%
19101,48419.3%
19201,92930.0%
19301,9340.3%
19402,21214.4%
19502,193−0.9%
19602,129−2.9%
19702,027−4.8%
19802,1144.3%
19902,3119.3%
20002,3762.8%
20102,341−1.5%
20202,3580.7%
2019 (est.)2,316[4]−1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
2019 Estimate[4]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 2,341 people, 973 households, and 583 families living in the city. The population density was 1,258.6 inhabitants per square mile (485.9/km2). There were 1,091 housing units at an average density of 586.6 per square mile (226.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 64.2% White, 0.5% African American, 27.7% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 1.5% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population.

There were 973 households, of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.1% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 38.4 years. 25.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 2,376 people, 986 households, and 605 families living in the city. The population density was 1,370.9 people per square mile (530.3/km2). There were 1,090 housing units at an average density of 628.9 per square mile (243.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.62% White, 0.46% African American, 24.92% Native American, 1.22% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 2.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.05% of the population.

There were 986 households, out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 26.4% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $31,090, and the median income for a family was $40,272. Males had a median income of $26,369 versus $19,738 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,895. About 9.8% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.2% of those under age 18 and 10.9% of those age 65 or over.

Early history

1883 illustration of Flandreau
1883 illustration of Flandreau

The British established a Hudson's Bay Company trading post in 1763 in this area. Present-day Flandreau developed near there, with people attracted to the community because of trading business.[17]

The town of Flandreau was originally settled in 1857, and named for U.S Indian Agent Charles E. Flandrau. (In the early years, it was sometimes spelled as 'Flandrau'.)[18] Like other settlements in the region, it was abandoned within a year, as a result of threatening activities of the Yankton Sioux during the Indian Wars. They were trying to expel European Americans from their territory.

In 1869, following the American Civil War, the area was resettled by twenty-five families of Christianized Sioux from the Santee reservation. White settlement resumed in 1872. When Moody County was organized in 1873, Flandreau was designated as the county seat.

Richard F. Pettigrew of Sioux Falls, South Dakota, a relative of Pettigrew settlers in Flandreau, promoted establishing an Indian School at Flandreau as part of what was his successful 1889 campaign in the state legislature to be elected for the U.S. Senate. The federal government authorized a school here, and what was first known as the Riggs Institute was opened in 1892. The Bureau of Indian Affairs took over a former Presbyterian Church mission school for the facility.

It has been known as the Flandreau Indian School, an off-reservation Indian boarding school operated by the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) (an agency established in 2006).

Landmarks

The Flandreau Indian Reservation of the Santee Sioux is in the area.

Education

Flandreau School District 50-3 is the local public school district operated by the state.[19]

Flandreau Indian School is in the area.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2010-02-12.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  4. ^ a b c "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "Broadcast Pronunciation Guide and South Dakota Pronunciations". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2011-06-14. Retrieved 2009-11-10.
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  9. ^ "'Marijuana resort' budding in South Dakota, set to open by year's..." The Fargo Forum. October 11, 2015.
  10. ^ Noble, Andrea (2015-12-30). "Santee Sioux torch marijuana crop over fears of government raid". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  12. ^ DeLorme (2001). South Dakota Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-330-3
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  14. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
  15. ^ "Station: Flandreau, SD". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 16, 2021.
  16. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 8, 2014.
  17. ^ Hogan, Edward Patrick; Fouberg, Erin Hogan (2001). The Geography of South Dakota (Third ed.). Sioux Falls, SD: The Center for Western Studies – Augustana College. ISBN 0-931170-79-6.
  18. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 37. Archived from the original on 2016-09-16.
  19. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Moody County, SD" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-07-10.

External links

This page was last edited on 1 November 2021, at 17:07
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