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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Flag of Macau.svg
Name Lotus Flag
Use Civil and state flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted Approved on 31 March 1993 by National People's Congress, used on 20 December 1999
Design Light green with a lotus flower above the stylised Governor Nobre de Carvalho Bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars
Designed by Yahun Bang
Regional flag of the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區區旗
Simplified Chinese 中华人民共和国澳门特别行政区区旗
Portuguese name
Portuguese Bandeira regional da Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China

The Regional flag of the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (Chinese: 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區區旗; Portuguese: Bandeira regional da Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China) is light green with a lotus flower above the stylised Governador Nobre de Carvalho Bridge and water in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars: one large in the centre of the arc and four smaller ones.

The lotus was chosen as the floral emblem of Macau. The Governor Nobre de Carvalho Bridge is a bridge linking the Macau Peninsula and the island of Taipa. The bridge is one of the most recognisable landmarks for the territory. The water beneath the lotus and the bridge symbolise Macau's position as a port and its role played in the territory. The five five-pointed stars echo the design of the flag of the People's Republic of China, symbolising the relationship Macau has with its sovereign state.

According to the Basic Law of Macau, the Macau Regional Flag is a green flag with five stars, lotus flower, bridge and sea water. This law also adopted "Apart from displaying the Flag of the People's Republic of China, the Macao Special Administrative Region may also use a regional flag".[1]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    Views:
    7 487
    3 957
    6 370
  • Flags of Hong Kong and Macau Explained
  • Macau Flag & National Anthem
  • Hong Kong and Macau - Flag Map Speed Art

Transcription

China is a very interesting place. Its sheer vast size, mix of cultures, long history and its unique political system make it seem alien to most westerners. One of Chinas quirks is its two Special administrative regions, which although part of China, practically act like nations in their own right. These two regions are known as Macau and Hong Kong and will definitely feature again in future videos – but for now what we are interested in are there flags! The Regional flag of the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China – try saying that ten times! -is light green flag with a lotus flower above a stylised depiction of the Macau-Taipa Bridge (Governador Nobre de Carvalho Bridge) and water, in white, beneath an arc of five gold, five-pointed stars: one large in the centre of the arc and four smaller ones. At the time, the lotus – a significant flower in eastern culture - was chosen as the floral emblem of Macau. The Macau-Taipa Bridge – as the name suggests - links the Macau Peninsula and the island of Taipa. The bridge is one of the most recognisable landmarks of the territory. The water beneath the lotus and the bridge symbolise Macau's position as a port. The five five-pointed stars echo the design of the flag of the People's Republic of China, symbolising the relationship Macau has with its sovereign state. The flag was designed in 1993 and was adopted in 1999 when the Portuguese handed Macau to china. Prior to the handover of Macau to the People's Republic of China by the Portuguese Republic in 1999, Macau officially used only the Portuguese flag, in contrast to Hong Kong, which, under British rule, used various Blue Ensigns as its flag (alongside the Union Jack). The Portuguese had thought about giving Macau a flag and in 1967, there were proposals to give each overseas province its own flag, consisting of the Portuguese flag with the local coat of arms, but none were ever adopted. Although There was a flag for the Government of Macau, with the colony's coat of arms on a light blue field. There was a flag for the local councils (or Leal Senado) of Macau, with a Portuguese-style coat of arms, which was used at the 1999 handover ceremony. The flag of Hong Kong features a white, stylised, five-petal orchid tree flower in the centre of a red field. The flag of Hong Kong was first officially hoisted in July 1997, at the handover ceremony marking the transfer of sovereignty from the UK to China. The design of the flag comes with cultural, political, and regional meanings. The colour itself is significant; red is a festive colour for the Chinese people, used to convey a sense of celebration and nationalism. and the red colour is identical to that used in the Chinese. The position of red and white on the flag symbolises the "one country two systems" political principle applied to the region. The stylised rendering of the Bauhinia blakeana flower, a flower discovered in Hong Kong, is meant to serve as a harmonising symbol for this union. The five stars of the Chinese national flag, representing the Communist Party are replicated on the petals of the flower. Before the adoption of the flag, the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Basic Law explained the significance of the flag's design to the National People's Congress: The regional flag carries a design of five bauhinia petals, each with a star in the middle, on a red background. The red flag represents the motherland and the bauhinia represents Hong Kong. The design implies that Hong Kong is an inalienable part of China and prospers in the embrace of the motherland. The five stars on the flower symbolise the fact that all Hong Kong compatriots love their motherland, while the red and white colours embody the principle of "one country, two systems" Before the modern flag a flag with a coat of arms was used. A coat of arms for Hong Kong was granted on 21 January 1959 by the College of Arms in London. The Hong Kong flag was revised in the same year to feature the coat of arms in the Blue Ensign flag. This design was used officially from 1959 until Hong Kong's transfer of sovereignty in 1997. Since then, the colonial flag has been used by protestors as a symbol of antagonism towards the mainland and a similar flag is used by those advocating independence.

Contents

1993 proposals

The chosen flag of Macau
The chosen flag of Macau

In 1993, several proposed designs were put forward.[2]

  • Similar to the current flag of Macau, but the lotus is stylised differently and is found in a disc, with the stars inside the flower
  • A tricolour of red-white-red; the middle band has a depiction of St. Paul's Cathedral in Macau
  • A triband with a stylised "M" standing for Macau; a large star above four smaller stars representative of China
  • A vertical bicolour of green and red, resembling the Flag of Portugal, with a stylised lotus flower in the lower fly
  • A red and blue stylised "M" with a large five-pointed star, with a red lotus blossom within the centre of the star, on the upper fly of a white flag with two blue horizontal bands
  • Similar to the current flag of Macau, but the flag colour is red, and the emblem excludes the bridge and water underneath the lotus on the current flag
  • A stylised lotus flower with an arch of yellow stars on a red flag
  • A stylised lotus flower with an arch of yellow stars above the flower on a red flag
  • A depiction of the Guia Fortress Lighthouse, the oldest in Asia, under a golden star; a white halo ring forms around the lighthouse, and two light cones divide the upper fly (red in colour) and lower fly (blue in colour)
  • A vertical bicolour of green and red, resembling the Flag of Portugal, with a white gull in the upper fly and a white depiction of the Gov. Nobre de Carvalho Bridge in the lower fly
  • A stylised lotus flower on a red flag with an arch of yellow stars above the flower
  • A red triangle with base on hoist and apex on the fly edge, filled with the stars from the flag of China
  • A stylised lotus flower, with a red-outlined star within the top petal
  • Another depiction of the Gov. Nobre de Carvalho Bridge in the lower fly on a red flag, with the five yellow stars running parallel to the outline of the bridge

Portuguese rule

Prior to the handover of Macau to the People's Republic of China by the Portuguese Republic in 1999, Macau officially used only the Portuguese flag, in contrast to Hong Kong, which, under British rule, used a defaced Blue Ensign as its flag, alongside the Union Jack. In 1967, there were proposals to give each overseas province its own flag, consisting of the Portuguese flag with the local coat of arms, but none was ever adopted.[3]

There was a flag for the Government of Macau, with the colony's coat of arms on a light blue field.[4]

There was a flag for the municipality or Leal Senado of Macau, with a Portuguese-style coat of arms and two angels as heraldic supporters, which was used at the 1999 handover ceremony.

Macau historical flags

Flag Duration Use Description
Flag of Portugal (1495).svg
1557–1578 Flag of Portugal from 1495 until 1578, used in colonial-era Macau. The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of Portugal (1578).svg
1578–1640 Flag of Portugal from 1495 until 1578, used in colonial-era Macau. The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of Portugal (1640).svg
1640–1667 Flag of Portugal from 1640 until 1667, used in colonial-era Macau. The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of Portugal (1667).svg
1667–1707 Flag of Portugal from 1667 until 1707, used in colonial-era Macau. The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of Portugal (1707).svg
1707–1816 Flag of Portugal from 1707 until 1816, used in colonial-era Macau. The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves.svg
1816–1830 Flag of Portugal from 1816 until 1830, used in colonial-era Macau. The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of Portugal (1830).svg
1830–1910 Flag of Portugal from 1830 until 1910, used in colonial-era Macau. The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Flag of Portugal.svg
1910–1999 Flag of Portugal since 1910, used in colonial-era Macau. The Portuguese flag was used in colonial-era Macau, as there was no territorial flag.
Bandeira do Leal Senado.svg
1975–1999 Flag of the Municipality of Macau, one of two local municipal governments. A light blue field charged with the coat of arms of the Municipality of Macau. This was the flag used at sporting events and at the 1999 handover to China.
Flag of the Government of Portuguese Macau (1976–1999).svg
1975–1999 Flag of Portuguese colonial Government of Macau. A light blue field charged with the official coat of arms of the Portuguese colony of Macau. During the Portuguese administration this flag also represented the territory of Macau in the international forums, although it was not the official flag of the Portuguese colony.
Flag of Portuguese Macau Unofficial.svg
Unofficial Variant flag of Portuguese colonial Government of Macau. Unofficial variant without a mural crown representing the Kingdom of the Algarve castles in the coat of arms and replacing "Government of Macau" with simply "Macau". This flag was found at the University of Macau in a photo of International University sports meeting and it was used in the parade. Although this flag was never used officially, some sports media used it instead of the Portuguese flag to represent the colony.

Gallery

See also

References

External links

This page was last edited on 10 June 2018, at 12:58
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