To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

First Battle of Polotsk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

First Battle of Polotsk
Part of the French invasion of Russia (1812)
Połacak. Полацак (16-18.08.1812).jpg
Date17–18 August 1812
Location
Result French victory
Belligerents

France French Empire

Russia Russian Empire
Commanders and leaders
France Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr
France Nicolas Oudinot (WIA)
Russia Peter Wittgenstein
Strength
18,000–44,000 men[1][2][3]
150 guns[4][1]
20,000–22,000 men[1][2][3]
98 guns[4][1]
Casualties and losses
2,500–6,000[4][1][3]

3,000–6,000[4][1][3]


1,800–4,000 killed and wounded[4][3]
1,200–1,500 captured[4][3]
14 guns[4][3]

In the First Battle of Polotsk, which took place on 17–18 August 1812, Russian troops under the command of Peter Wittgenstein fought French and Bavarian troops led by Nicolas Oudinot near the city of Polotsk, halting Oudinot's advance toward Saint Petersburg.[5] The First Battle of Polotsk should be distinguished from the Second Battle of Polotsk which took place during the same campaign two months later.[6]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    6 583
    10 304
    101 622
    3 574
    686
  • ✪ Napoleon bloodiest Campaign. part 1- Russia hell
  • ✪ Napoleon bloodiest Campaign. part 5- Retreat of Russia
  • ✪ Maria Bochkareva and the 1st Russian Women's Battalion of Death I WHO DID WHAT IN WW1?
  • ✪ Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of Belarus
  • ✪ The Life And Death Of Yaroslav the Wise

Transcription

Contents

Events

After the battle of Klyastitsy and several minor losses, Oudinot's Corps retreated to Polotsk. In the early morning of 17 August, the 1st Infantry Corps led by Wittgenstein attacked the French positions near the village of Spas, forcing the French to retreat. Oudinot transported additional units to the sector of the attack and also counterattacked in the centre. By the night both the French and the Russians managed to keep their positions. Oudinot was wounded and had to hand over the command to Gouvion Saint-Cyr.

The next morning Gouvion Saint-Cyr undertook a major offensive. He managed to mislead Wittgenstein about the area of the offensive, regroup his troops and suddenly attack the left flank and centre of the Russian positions. In the beginning the offensive was a major success, the French troops crushed the Russians and captured seven cannons.

When defeat seemed imminent, Wittgenstein organized a cavalry counterattack. It caused a scare among the French, who ceased the offensive and retreated. Wittgenstein retreated to the Drissa. For the next two months both the French and the Russians did not attempt to upset the balance of powers.

French-Bavarian losses numbered 6,000 killed, wounded. The Russians lost 5,500. Bavarian general officer losses were heavy. General of Infantry Bernhard Erasmus von Deroy was mortally wounded and General-Major Siebein was killed. General-Majors Vincenti and Raglovitch were both wounded. Among the French, both Oudinot and General of Brigade François Valentin were wounded. Russian Generals Berg, Hamen, and Kazatchkowski suffered wounds.[7]

See also

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e f Bodart 1908, p. 435.
  2. ^ a b Nafziger 1988, p. 146.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Clodfelter 2017, p. 162.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Nafziger 1988, p. 157.
  5. ^ Wittgenstein,  Peter  Khristianovich Napoleon.org
  6. ^ Hugh Seton-Watson (1967). The Russian Empire, 1801-1917: 1801-1917. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-822152-5.
  7. ^ Smith, Digby. The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill, 1998. ISBN 1-85367-276-9, 386–387

References

  • Bodart, G. (1908). Militär-historisches Kriegs-Lexikon (1618-1905).
  • Clodfelter, M. (2017). Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492-2015 (4th ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 978-0786474707.
  • Nafziger, George (1988). Napoleon's Invasion of Russia. Presidio Press. ISBN 0-89141-322-7.

This page was last edited on 20 October 2018, at 19:57
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.