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File:Garotte - Excerpt from Pedro Berruguete - Saint Dominic Presiding over an Auto-da-fe.jpg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Pedro Berruguete: Saint Dominic Presiding over an Auto-da-fe  wikidata:Q5712368 
artist QS:P170,Q561783
Pedro Berruguete: Saint Dominic Presiding over an Auto-da-fe
Spanish: Auto de Fe presidido por Santo Domingo de Guzmán
Saint Dominic Presiding over an Auto-da-fe
label QS:Len,"Saint Dominic Presiding over an Auto-da-fe"
Object type painting
Genre religious art
Español: La obra representa un auto de fe presidido por Santo Domingo de Guzmán, fundador de la Orden de los dominicos.
English: Saint Dominic presiding over an Auto-da-fe. From the sacristy of the Santo Tomás church in Ávila.
Depicted people Saint Dominic
Date between circa 1493 and circa 1499
date QS:P571,+1493-00-00T00:00:00Z/8,P1319,+1493-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P1326,+1499-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P1480,Q5727902
Medium oil on panel
medium QS:P186,Q296955;P186,Q287,P518,Q861259
Dimensions Height: 154 cm (60.6 ″); Width: 92 cm (36.2 ″)
dimensions QS:P2048,154U174728;P2049,92U174728
institution QS:P195,Q160112
Current location
Sala 057B
Accession number
English: Representations of an auto da fe often depict torture or someone being burnt at the stake. The two victims in the lower right, tied to the two posts are resting on two stakes driven horizontally into the posts behind them, meant to prolong their deaths by staving off suffocation by the ropes or garrotes wrapped around their necks. Another likely purpose of these stakes was possibly a means of further shaming and humiliating the victims, due to their apparently intentional resemblance to the human male anatomy. The two victims on the posts await their deaths as the pile of ignited firewood before them is fed and fueled sufficiently to attain the desired result. The two victims standing in line await their own turns next on the posts. All of these victims are Cathars, allegedly St. Dominic's primary targets. Some defenders of St. Dominic dispute the likelihood that the saint ever acted as an inquisitor. Painted in the late 1400's, it depicts an episode in the life of St. Dominic from nearly 300 years earlier. In Pedro Berruguete's 15th century Spain, auto da fe's were still a fairly routine and commonplace event and thus many elements of the painting most probably portray one or more real life events as directly witnessed by the artist himself. It is of interest to note what may have been some subtle but distinct forms of protest incorporated into the painting by the artist: first in the artist's decision to place a few sleeping or drowsy attendants in the work, secondly one can note the only figure in the entire painting who was portrayed with a "fully open mouth" while speaking happens to be the one Cathar who is next in line for execution! Later, during the Protestant Reformation, this painting was used for anti-Catholic propaganda. A very high definition file of the painting is available at the Prado site. Also, by clicking on the file it will enlarge significantly.
References [1]
Source/Photographer [2]
(Reusing this file)
This is a faithful photographic reproduction of a two-dimensional, public domain work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason:
Public domain

This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 100 years or fewer.

Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States.

The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that "faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain".
This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain in the United States. In other jurisdictions, re-use of this content may be restricted; see Reuse of PD-Art photographs for details.
image extraction process This file has been extracted from another file: Pedro Berruguete Saint Dominic Presiding over an Auto-da-fe 1495.jpg
original file
This is a retouched picture, which means that it has been digitally altered from its original version. Modifications: cropped. The original can be viewed here: Pedro Berruguete Saint Dominic Presiding over an Auto-da-fe 1495.jpg. Modifications made by GDK.

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