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File:COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Houten masker TMnr 6372-2.jpg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Nederlands: MaskerNederlands: Houten maskerLocal name: Kanaga
Nederlands: Masker
Nederlands: Houten masker

Local name: Kanaga
Nederlands: The so-called Kanaga mask is one of the many mask types known to the Dogon. Much more than other masks, it is highly abstracted. There are many different interpretations of the meaning: it is regarded as a female ghost, a (crane) bird, a lizard, or a hand.

Most masks are now seen as part of dualistic opposites. For example, the kanaga mask is seen as the female counterpart of the male sirige mask.

Usually a few kanaga masks dance in a row in which a huge sweep of the head is made rhythmically so that the masks scrape the ground, probably that can be seen as a communication with earth spirits. Dogon masks, and therefore kanaga masks as well, traditionally dance especially at large collective funeral rituals called dama. It lasts six days and is held once in a fixed number of years, every 13 years on average. The dama festival is in fact a kind of farewell ritual, in which the spirits of the people who have died in the previous years take leave of the community of people and pass into the community of ancestors.

Het zogenaamde kanaga masker is een van de vele maskertypen die de Dogon kennen. Veel meer dan andere maskers is het sterk geabstraheerd. Over de betekenis bestaan veel verschillende interpretaties: het wordt beschouwd als een vrouwelijke geest, een (kraan-)vogel, een hagedis, of een hand.

De meeste maskers worden tegenwordig gezien als onderdeel van dualistische tegenstellingen. Zo wordt het kanaga masker gezien als vrouwelijke pendant van het mannelijke sirige masker.

Meestal dansen enkele kanaga-maskers op een rij waarin ritmisch een enorme zwaai wordt gemaakt met het hoofd zodat de maskers over de grond schampen, waarschijnlijk kan dat gezien worden als een communicaties met aarde-geesten. Dogon-maskers, en dus ook kanaga-maskers dansen vanouds vooral bij grote collectieve begrafenisritelen die dama worden genoemd. Het duurt zes dagen en wordt eens in een vast aantal jaren gehouden, gemiddeld om de 13 jaar. Het dama feest is in feite een soort afscheidsritueel, waarbij de geesten van de mensen die in de voorafgaande jaren zijn overleden afscheid nemen van de gemeenschap van mensen en overgaan in de gemeenschap van voorouders.
Date before 1980
date QS:P571,+1980-00-00T00:00:00Z/7,P1326,+1980-00-00T00:00:00Z/9
Dimensions 88 x 60,2 x 19,5cm (34 5/8 x 23 11/16 x 7 11/16in.)
Accession number
Culturele Herkomst: Dagom, Dogon, Habe, Kado, Makbe, Toro -West-Sudanees
Functionele categorie: maskers, acteursparafernalia, masks and actor attributes
Geografische Herkomst: Mali
Materiaal - hoofd: hout
Materiaal - overig: kleurstof, pigment, vezels en vezelprodukten
Objecttrefwoord: kanaga maskers
Techniek: doorboord, Gesneden
Source/Photographer Collectie Stichting Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen


This file was provided to Wikimedia Commons by the National Museum of World Cultures as part of a cooperation project. The museum brings together the collections of the Tropenmuseum, Afrika Museum and the Museum of Ethnology. It exclusively provides images that are either made by its own staff, or that are otherwise free of copyright.

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attribution share alike

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
Attribution: Tropenmuseum, part of the National Museum of World Cultures
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This file by Tropenmuseum was uploaded as part of the Share Your Knowledge project developed within WikiAfrica. WikiAfrica


A Kanaga mask of the Dogon people

Items portrayed in this file


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