To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Farringdon, Sunderland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Farringdon
Farringdon2020.jpg

Farringdon in 2020 looking towards the sea
Farringdon is located in Tyne and Wear
Farringdon
Farringdon
Location within Tyne and Wear
Population5,100 
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSUNDERLAND
Postcode districtSR3
PoliceNorthumbria
FireTyne and Wear
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear
54°52′24″N 1°25′26″W / 54.8732°N 1.4238°W / 54.8732; -1.4238

Farringdon is a suburb of Sunderland, Tyne and Wear, England. Originally a Monastic grange and manor estate for hundreds of years, Farringdon was rebuilt as a post-war council housing estate in the 1950s. It is approximately 3 miles south of the city centre along the A690, close to Thorney Close, Silksworth, East Herrington, Gilley Law and Doxford Park. Electorally, the area comes under the St. Chad's ward of the City.

History

Pre-History

Recorded human activity on Farringdon has been dated back to the Neolithic era, with a stone axe being uncovered during construction work in the 1950s.[1]

The Middle Ages

The current settlement has its origin as a block Demesne in the Middle Ages, being a hamlet and estate within the parish of Bishopwearmouth and the township of Silksworth during the late Middle Ages.[2]

In the 14th century the area was associated with the Blakiston family.[3]

The etymology of the name derives from: "Farm or hill of Faer or his sons"[4] although it nevertheless had a variety of spellings throughout this period including Farnton Hall, Farrington Hall, Ffaernton and Ferenton Hall. By the 15th century, it served as a Monastic Grange of the priory of Hexham.[5][6][7]

In the 1420s, the land was represented by Robert Jackson who served as baliff of Sunderland and collected taxes on behalf of the Bishop of Durham.[8][9][10] By 1479 the Black Book of Hexham detailed the area as possessing cottage lands, a Windmill, an oven and brewery[11][12] A New Manor was built on the land in 1597, which had disappeared by the mid 20th century.[13]

Renaissance and Early Modern Period

The estate passed through various landowners throughout the ages, including John Forster (soldier), George Blakiston and the Pepper family of North Yorkshire.[14][15]

Farringdon in 1577, named as "Farnton Hall" on a map by Christopher Saxon which originally belonged to Elizabeth I's secretary of state
Farringdon in 1577, named as "Farnton Hall" on a map by Christopher Saxon which originally belonged to Elizabeth I's secretary of state
The Former route of the Hetton Colliery Railway Through Farringdon
The Former route of the Hetton Colliery Railway Through Farringdon

During the English Civil War the Scottish Army crossed the River Wear at South Hylton and set up their headquarters at Farringdon Hall.[16]

In the mid 19th century, the Hetton Colliery Railway, one of the first operational railways in history and the first of its kind to transport coal, passed through Farringdon and Gilley Law en route to the River Wear. A subsequent walking path remains.

The Modern Estate

The manor and farm existed on the land up until the 20th century. In 1950, Sunderland authorities purchased 208.69 arces of land[17] and set out plans for the creation of a new estate consisting of over 1400 houses,[18] creating Farringdon as it is known today. The last private owners of the estate were Robert Moorhead and George Lee, who were publicly critical of the pace the land was acquired and built on.[19] Herrington Parish Council also sought to resist the creation of the estate, lodging protests with Durham County Planners.[20]

By the end of the 20th century, many of the homes on the estate had been privately purchased through the right to buy scheme.

Facilities and schools in Farringdon

The A690 road runs between Farringdon and Thorney Close
The A690 road runs between Farringdon and Thorney Close

Farringdon contains a large secondary school (Farringdon Community Academy), and a primary school (Farringdon Primary School). The area was originally host to a police station which closed in 2015, the site remains empty. A fire station remains present. The area possesses three shopping arcades and a single pub known as The Dolphin, which has been voted Sunderland's "pub of the year" for five years running.[21] The former Farringdon Social Club closed in 2017 and is now being redeveloped into a business park.[22]

Also in Farringdon is the Jubilee Centre, a community centre offering activities and learning opportunities for people in the area a McDonald's, and two residential homes for the elderly.

In 1998, Sunderland City Council proposed the creation of Farringdon Country Park, a designated recreational and conservation space neighbouring the suburb.[23]

Politics

Farringdon is a component of the St. Chad's Ward in the city alongside parts of Herrington. Presently, the area is represented by two councillors from the Conservative Party (UK) and one from the Labour Party (UK).

Street naming convention

All street names in Farringdon begin with the letter A. The main street running through the centre of the estate is Allendale Road. Other streets include Archer Road, Avonmouth Road, Aldwych Road, Aldwych Square, Abercorn Road, Arbroath Road, Antwerp Road, Arkle Road, Aboyne Square, Archer Square, Andrew Road.

References

  1. ^ Morrison, Jennifer. "Tyne and Wear HER(222): Farringdon, polished axe - Details". Sitelines. Tyne and Wear Archaeology Office. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. ^ Blair, Hunter (2014). The Open Fields of England. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 102. ISBN 9780198702955.
  3. ^ Morrison, Jennifer (18 February 2020). "Rfhugh Deblaykeston". MyHeritage.com. MyHeritage. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ [3]
  7. ^ Blair, Hunter (1939). Archaeologia Aeliana, Or, Miscellaneous Tracts Relating to Antiquity. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. p. 190.
  8. ^ Summers, Jeremiah William (1858). "The History and Antiquities of Sunderland, Bishopwearmouth, Bishopwearmouth Panns, Burdon ...: From the Earliest Authentic Records Down to the Present Time".
  9. ^ [4]
  10. ^ [5]
  11. ^ [6]
  12. ^ Morrison, Jennifer. "Tyne and Wear HER(222): Farringdon monastic grange - Details". Sitelines. Tyne and Wear Archaeology Office. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  13. ^ Echo, Sunderland (6 January 1950). "More Farm Land May go". British Newspaper Archive. Sunderland Echo. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  14. ^ Clarkson, Christopher (1821). "The History of Richmond, in the County of York".
  15. ^ [7]
  16. ^ Meikle, Maureen (2017). "The Scottish Covenanters and the Borough of Sunderland, 1639–1647" (PDF).
  17. ^ Echo, Sunderland Echo (1950). ""Homes" Land: Council To Make Next Move". British Newspaper Archive.
  18. ^ Echo, Sunderland Echo (1950). "Farringdon Hall Scheme". British Newspaper Archive.
  19. ^ Echo, Sunderland Echo (1950). "CATTLE, FARM TOOLS FOR SALE AS BULLDOZERS MOVE IN". British Newspaper Archive.
  20. ^ Echo, Sunderland Echo (1950). "REPLY TO LAND PROTEST". British Newspaper Archive.
  21. ^ Gillan, Tony (3 December 2019). "See inside the Sunderland Echo Pub of the Year 2019 winner". Sunderland Echo. Sunderland Echo. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  22. ^ Binding, Chris (3 December 2019). "Former Sunderland social club set to become business park with cafes, takeaways and shops after housing plans fall through". Sunderland Echo. Sunderland Echo. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  23. ^ "City of Sunderland Unitary Development Plan" (PDF). www.sunderland.gov.uk.

External links

This page was last edited on 16 March 2021, at 20:36
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.