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Family tree of English monarchs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is the family tree for monarchs of England (and Wales after 1282) from Alfred the Great to Elizabeth I of England. The House of Wessex family tree precedes this family tree and the family tree of the British royal family follows it.

As to the medieval histories of Scotland and Wales:

For a simplified family tree see family tree of British monarchs (and alternative successions of the English and British crown for unsuccessful claimants' family trees).

Key

  • - The red border indicates the monarchs
  • - The bolded border indicates the close relatives of the monarchs (parents, spouses and children)
  • - The thin border indicates other relatives

Houses of Wessex, Knýtlinga and Godwinson

Houses of Wessex and Knýtlinga
Alfred
the Great

King of Wessex
849–871-899
Ealhswith
d.902
Æthelred
Lord of
the Mercians
?-c.881–911
Æthelflæd
Lady of
the Mercians
c.870-911-d.918
EcgwynnEdward
the Elder

c.874/877–
899–924
Eadgifu
of Kent

903-966
ÆlfflædÆthelweard
d.920.922
Ælfthryth
877–929
Baldwin II
the Bald

Mgve. of Flanders
c.865–879-918
Ælfwynn
Ruler of Mercia
c.888-r. 918-d.?
Æthelstan
King of
the English
c.893/895-
(924–)927–939
Ælfweard
of Wessex
c.902–924
Charles III
the Simple

K. of the Franks
879–898–
922
-929
Eadgifu
of Wessex
902–after955
Herbert III
of Omois
910–980/985
Edwin
d.933
Ælfgifu
of Shaftesbury
Saint Elgiva
d.944
Edmund I
King of the English
921–939-946
Æthelflæd
of Damerham
Eadred
King of
the English
923-946-955
Eadburh
of Winchester
d.960
Eadgyth
of England
910–946
Otto I
the Great

Holy Roman Emp.
912–962–973
Eadhild
d.937
Hugh
the Great

Duke of the Franks
898–956
Sigrid
the Haughty

btwn. 960/972-
d.1014
Sweyn
Forkbeard

King of the English
960–1013–1014
Gunhild
of Wenden
ÆlfgifuEadwig
All-Fair
King of England
?-955-959
ÆthelflædEdgar I
the Peaceful

King of England
c.943–959-975
Ælfthryth
c.945–1000/1001
Harald II
King of Denmark
?-1014–1018
Estrid
Svendsdatter
990/997–
1057/1073
Richard I
Duke of
Normandy
933–942–996
Edward
the Martyr

King of England
c.962–975-978
Edmund
c.966-c.970
Ælfgifu
of York
fl. c.970
-1002
Æthelred
the Unready

K. of the English
c.966–978–1013
/1014–1016
Emma
of Normandy
c.985–1052
Cnut
the Great

King of England
c.985/995–
1016–1035
Ælfgifu
of Northampton
c.990–after1040
Richard II
Duke of
Normandy
963–996–1026
Æthelstan
Ætheling

980s-1014
Edmund II
Ironside

K. of the English
?=1016
Ealdgyth
c.992-after1016
Eadred
Ætheling

d. c.1012
Eadwig
Ætheling

d.1017
Godwin
Earl of Wessex
1001–1053
Harthacnut
Canute III
King of England
c.1018–
1040-1042
Gunhilda
of Denmark
c.1020–1038
Svein
Knutsson

King of Norway
c.1016–
1030–1035
Harold I
Harefoot

King of England
c.1015–
1035-1040
Harold
Godwinson

King of the English
c. 1022–1066
Edith
of Wessex
c.1025–1075
Edward 
the Confessor

K. of the English
1003/1005–
1042–1066
Alfred
Aetheling

d.1036
Godgifu
1004–c.1047
Edmund
Ætheling

c.1015/1017-
before1054
Edward
the Exile

1016–1057
Agatha
before1030–
after1070
Gytha
of Wessex
d.1098/1107
Gunhild
of Wessex
Robert I
Duke of Normandy
1000–1027-1035
Edgar II 
the Ætheling

King of England
c.1051–
1066-1126
Cristina
d. c.1100
Margaret
of Scotland
c.1045–1093
Malcolm III
King of Scots
c.1031-
1058–1093
William I
the Conqueror

King of England
c.1028–
1066–1087
Matilda
of Scotland
c.1080–1118
Henry I
King of England
c.1068–
1100-1135
House
of
Normandy

Houses of Normandy and Blois

Houses of Normandy and Blois
Robert I
Duke of
Normandy

1000–1035
Not Married
Herleva
c. 1003–c. 1050
William I
The Conqueror
c.1028–1087
r.1066–1087
m.1053
Matilda
of Flanders

c.1031–1083
m. c.1100
Sybilla 
of Conversano

1080–1102
Robert II 
of Normandy

c. 1054–1134
Richard 
of Normandy

c. 1054–c. 1070
Adela 
of Normandy

c. 1067–1137
m. c. 1083
Stephen II
Count of Blois

c. 1045–1102
m. 1121
Adeliza
of Louvain

1103–1151
Henry I
Beauclerc
c. 1068–1135
r. 1100–1135
m. 1100
Matilda
of Scotland

c. 1080–1118
Adeliza
of Normandy

c. 1055–
before 1113
Cecilia
of Normandy

c. 1056–1126
William II
Rufus
c. 1056–1100
r. 1087–1100
m. 1123–1124
Sibylla
of Anjou

c. 1112–1165
William
Clito

1102–1128
m. 1127
Joanna
of Montferrat
m. 1125
Matilda 
of Boulogne

c. 1105–1152
Stephen
c. 1092–1154
r. 1135–1141
r. 1141–1154
OthersIllegitimate
Children
Agatha
of Normandy

c. 1064–c. 1080
Constance 
of Normandy

c. 1066–1090
m. 1086
Alan IV
Duke of Brittany

?–1119
Constance
of France

1124–1176
Eustace IV
Count of
Boulogne
c.1129–
1146-1153
Marie I
Countess of
Boulogne
1136–1159–
1170
-1182
Matthew
Count of
Boulogne
c. 1137–
1160–1173
William I
of Blois

Ct. of Boulogne
c.1137–
1153–1159
Isabel
de Warenne
c.1130–1203
m. 1114
Henry V
Holy Roman
Emperor

1086–1125
Matilda
c. 1102–1167
r. 1141
208 Days
Disputed
m. 1128
Geoffrey
Plantagenet
Count of Anjou

1113–1151
William
 Adelin

1103–1120
m. 1119
Isabella 
d'Anjou

c. 1111–1154
House
of
Plantagenet

House of Plantagenet

House of Plantagenet
House
of
Plantagenet
m. 1128
Geoffrey
Plantagenet
Count of Anjou

1113–1151
Matilda
c.1102–1167
r. 1141
208 Days
Disputed
Geoffrey
Count of Nantes

1134–1158
m. 1152
Eleanor
of Aquitaine

c. 1122–1204
Henry II
1133–1189
r. 1154–1189
William X
of Poitou

1136–1163/64
Geoffrey II
Duke of
Brittany

1158–1186
m. 1181
Constance
Duchess of
Brittany

1161–1201
Matilda
of England

1156–1189
m. 1168
Henry III
Duke of Saxony

The Lion
1129–1195
Eleanor
of England

1162–1214
m. 1177
Alfonso VIII
of Castile

1155–1214
m. 1177
William II
of Sicily

1155–1189
Joan 
of England

1165–1199
m. 1197
Raymond VI
Count of
Toulouse

1156–1222
Eleanor
of Brittany

c. 1184–1241
Matilda
of Brittany
1185–before1189
Arthur I
Duke of Brittany

1187–1203
House
of Welf
House of
Burgundy
Bohemond
Duke of Apulia
House of
Rouergue
William IX
Count of Poitiers

1153–1156
Henry
Duke of
Normandy

The Young King
1155–1183
m. 1160
Margaret
of France

1157–1197
Richard I
Lionheart
1157–1199
r. 1189–1199
m. 1191
Berengaria 
of Navarre

c. 1165–1230
m. 1200
Isabella
of Angoulême

1188–1246
John
Lackland
1166–1216
r. 1199–1216
m. 1189–1199
Isabel
Countess of
Gloucester

c. 1173–1217
m. 1236
Eleanor 
of Provence

c. 1223–1291
Henry III
1207–1272
r. 1216–1272
m. 1224
William 
Marshal
2nd Earl
of Pembroke

1190–1231
Eleanor
1215–1275
m. 1238
Simon 
de Montfort

6th Earl of Leicester
1208–1265
m. 1231
Isabel
 Marshal

1200–1240
Richard
1st Earl of
Cornwall

1209–1272
m. 1243
Sanchia 
of Provence

c. 1228–1261
Joan 
of England

1210–1238
m. 1221
Alexander II
of Scotland

1198–1249
Isabella 
of England

1214–1241
m. 1235
Frederick II
Holy Roman
Emperor

1194–1250
Henry 
of Almain

1235–1271
Othersm. 1269
Beatrice
of Falkenburg

c.1254–1277
Edmund
2nd Earl of
Cornwall

1249–1300
Richard
of Cornwall
OthersHouse of
Hohenstaufen
Henry 
de Montfort

1238–1265
Simon
de Montfort
the Younger

1240–1271
Amaury 
de Montfort

1242–1301
Richard
de Montfort
1252–1266
Joanna
de Montfort
1248/1251
Guy de Montfort
Count of Nola
Kingdom of Naples
1244–c. 1288
Margherita
Aldobrandesca
Eleanor
de Montfort

1252–1282
m. 1275
Llywelyn
ap Gruffudd

last sovereign prince of Wales
c.1223–1282
m. 1254
Eleanor 
of Castile

1241–1290
noted children two rows below, to right
Edward I
Longshanks
1239–1307
r.1272–1307
m. 1299
Margaret
of France

1279–1318
Katherine
of England
1253–1257
m. 1269
Aveline
de Forz

1259–1274
Edmund
1st Earl of
Lancaster

Crouchback
1245–1296
m. 1276
Blanche 
of Artois

1248–1302
Beatrice 
of England

1242–1275
m. 1260
John II
Duke of Brittany

1239–1305
Margaret 
of England

1240–1275
m. 1251
Alexander III
of Scotland

1241–1286
Gwenllian
of Wales
(non-self governing principality)

1282–1337
Eleanor
of England
1306–1310
Edmund
of Woodstock
1st Earl
of Kent

1301–1330
m. 1325
Margaret
Wake

c. 1297–1349
m. 1319
Alice
Hayles
Thomas 
of Brotherton
1st Earl of
Norfolk

1300–1338
m. 1335
Mary
Braose
House of
Plantagenet
House of DreuxHouse of
 Dunkeld
Mary 
of England

1279–c. 1332
Plantagenet
Family
Plantagenet
Family
Katherine
of England
c.1261–1264
Joan
of England
1265
John
of England
1266–1271
Henry
1267–1274
Alphonso
Earl of Chester

1273–1284
Berengaria
of England
1276–1278
m. 1308
Isabella
of France

c.1295–1358
Edward II
1284–1327
r.1307–1327
m. 1297
John I
Count of
Holland

1284–1299
Elizabeth
of England

1282–1316
m. 1302
Humphrey 
de Bohun
4th Earl of
Hereford

1276–1322
Eleanor 
of England

1269–1298
m. 1293
Henry III
Count of Bar

1259–1302
m. 1290
Gilbert
de Clare
7th Earl of
Gloucester

1243–1295
Joan 
of England

1272–1307
m. 1297
Ralph
de Monthermer
1st Baron
Monthermer

c. 1270–1325
Margaret
of England

1275–1333
m. 1290
John II
Duke of
Brabant

1275–1312
de Bohun
Family
House of
Montbelliard
de Clare
Family
de
Monthermer

Family
House of
Reginar
m. 1328
Philippa 
of Hainault

1314–1369
Edward III
1312–1377
r. 1327–1377
John 
of Eltham
Earl of Cornwall

1316–1336
Eleanor
of England

1318–1355
m. 1332
Reginald II
Duke of
Guelders

c.1295–1343
Joan 
of England

1321–1362
m. 1328
David II
of Scotland

1324–1371
Joan 
of England

1335–1348
William
of Hatfield
1337
Mary 
of England

1344–1362
m. 1361
John V
Duke of Brittany

1339–1399
Margaret
of England

1346–1361
m. 1359
John
Hastings
2nd Earl of
Pembroke

1347–1375
William
of Windsor
1348
Isabella 
of England

1332–
1379/1382
m. 1365
Enguerrand
VII
Lord of Coucy

1340–1397
Thomas
of Woodstock
1st Duke of
Gloucester

1355–1397
m. 1376
Eleanor
de Bohun

c. 1366–1399
m. 1361
Joan
of Kent

1328–1385
Edward
of Wales

The Black
Prince

1330–1376
m. 1359
Blanche
of Lancaster

c. 1347–1368
John
of Gaunt
1st Duke of
Lancaster

1340–1399
m. 1371
Constance
of Castile

1354–1394
n m. 1396
Katherine
Swynford

1350–1403
Edmund
of Langley
1st Duke
of York

1341–1402
m. 1372
Isabella
of Castile

c.1355–1392
m. 1352
Elizabeth
de Burgh
4th Countess
of Ulster

1332–1363
Lionel
of Antwerp
1st Duke of
Clarence

1338–1368
m. 1368
Violante
Visconti

1354–1386
Edward 
of Angoulême

1365–1372
m. 1382
Anne
of Bohemia

1366–1394
Richard II
1367–1400
r.1377–1399
m. 1396
Isabella
of Valois

1389–1409
House
of
Lancaster
John
of Lancaster
1374–1375
Catherine
of Lancaster

1373–1418
m. 1388
Henry III
of Castile

1379–1406
House
of Beaufort
Philippa
5th Countess
of Ulster

1355–1382
m. 1368
Edmund
Mortimer
3rd Earl
of March

1352–1381
House of
Trastámara
m. 1388
Alianore
Holland

1373–1405
Roger
Mortimer
4th Earl
of March

1374–1398
Others
Othersm. 1406
Richard
of Conisburgh
3rd Earl of
Cambridge

c. 1375–1415
Anne 
de Mortimer

1390–1411
Others
House
of 
York

Houses of Lancaster and York

Houses of Lancaster and York
House
of
York
House
of
Lancaster
m. 1372
Isabella
of Castile

c. 1355–1392
Edmund 
of Langley
1st Duke
of York

1341–1402
m. 1393
Joan
Holland

c. 1380–1434
Edward
of Wales

The Black
Prince

1330–1376
m. 1361
Joan
of Kent

1328–1385
Thomas
Holland
1st Earl
of Kent

c.1314–1360
m. 1359
Blanche
of Lancaster

1342–1368
John
of Gaunt
1st Duke of
Lancaster

1340–1399
m. 1371
Constance
of Castile

1354–1394
m. 1396
Katherine 
Swynford

1350–1403
m. 1380
John
Hastings
3rd Earl of
Pembroke

1372–1389
Edward
of Norwich
2nd Duke
of York

1373–1415
m. c. 1397
Philippa
de Mohun

?–1431
Constance
of York

c.1374–1416
m. 1379
Thomas
le Despenser
1st Earl of
Gloucester

1373–1400
Richard II
1367–1400
r.1377–1399
m. 1386
John Holland
1st Duke
of Exeter

c. 1352–1400
Elizabeth
of Lancaster

1363–1426
m. 1400
John 
Cornwall
1st Baron
Fanhope

c. 1364–1443
Philippa
of Lancaster

1360–1415
m. 1387
John I
of Portugal

1358–1433
m. 1406
Anne 
de Mortimer

1390–1411
Richard 
of Conisburgh
3rd Earl of
Cambridge

c. 1375–1415
m. ?
Matilda
Clifford
le
Despenser

Family
Holland
Family
m. 1381
Mary
de Bohun

c. 1368–1394
Henry IV
1366–1413
r.1399–1413
m. 1403
Joan 
of Navarre

c. 1370–1437
Catherine
of Lancaster

1373–1418
m. 1388
Henry III
of Castile

1379–1406
Henry
of
Cambridge
Louis III
Elector
Palatine
1378–1410
-1436
Blanche
of England
1392–1409
Anne
of Burgundy
1404–1432
John
of Lancaster
1st Duke of
Bedford

1389–1435
Jacquetta
of Luxembourg

1415/1416–
1472
Richard
Woodville
1st Earl Rivers

1405-1469
Henry V
1386–1422
r.1413–1422
m. 1420
Catherine
of Valois

1401–1437
Owen
Tudor

c.1392–1461
Thomas
of Lancaster
1st Duke of
Clarence

1387–1421
Jacqueline
Ctss. of
Hainaut

1401–1436
Humphrey
Duke of
Gloucester
1390–1447
Eleanor
Cobham

c.1400–1452
Philippa
of England
1394–1430
Eric VII
of Pomerania

King of Denmark
1381–1396
–1439
-1459
Henry VI
1421–1471
r.1422–1461
1470–1471
m. 1445
Margaret
of Anjou

1430–1482
Thomas
Beaufort
Duke of
Exeter

c. 1377–1426
Margaret
Neville
of Horneby
m. 1396
Ralph 
de Neville
1st Earl of
Westmorland

c.1364–1425
Joan
Beaufort

c.1379–1440
m. 1391
Robert
Ferrers
5th Baron
Boteler of Wem

c.1373–1396
Henry
Beaufort

c. 1375–1447
m. c. 1399
Margaret
Holland

1385–1439
John
Beaufort
1st Earl of
Somerset

c. 1371–1410
Edward
of Westminster
Prince of Wales

1453–1471
Isabel
of Cambridge

1409–1484
m. Before 1426
Henry
Bourchier
1st Earl
of Essex

c. 1404–1483
Richard
of York
3rd Duke
of York

1411–1460
m. 1429
Cecily
Neville

1415–1495
OthersFerrers
Family
Woodville
Family
OthersJohn 
Beaufort
1st Duke of
Somerset

1403–1444
m. 1439
Margaret
Beauchamp
of Bletso

1405/1406
–1482
m. 1447
Henry
Holland
3rd Duke
of Exeter

1430–1475
Anne
of York

1439–1476
m. 1474
Thomas 
St. Leger

?–1483
Edmund
Earl of
Rutland

1443–1460
Elizabeth
of York

1444–1503
m. 1458
John
de la Pole
2nd Duke of
Suffolk

1442–1491/1492
m. 1464
Elizabeth 
Woodville

c.1437–1492
Edward IV
1442–1483
r.1461–1470
1471–1483
Jasper
Tudor
Duke of
Bedford

1431–1495
Richard III
1452–1485
r.1483–1485
m. 1472
Anne
Neville

1456–1485
m. 1469
Isabella
Neville

1451–1476
George
Plantagenet
1st Duke of
Clarence

1449–1478
Margaret
of York

1446–1503
m. 1468
Charles
the Bold

1433–1477
Margaret
Beaufort

Countess of
Richmond
and Derby
1441/1443–1509
m. 1455
Edmund 
Tudor
1st Earl of
Richmond

1430–1456
Thomas
Kymbe
Edward 
of Middleham
Prince
of Wales

c. 1473–1484
Ralph
Scrope
of Upsall
Cecily
of York

1469–1507
m. 1487
John
Welles
1st Viscount
Welles

c. 1450–1498
Mary
of York

1467–1482
Edward V
1470–?
r.1483
Margaret
of York

1472
Richard
of York

1473–?
m. 1486
Elizabeth
of York

1466–1503
Henry VII
1457–1509
r. 1485–1509
Anne
of York
1470
Edward
Plantagenet
17th Earl of
Warwick

1475-1499
Richard
of York
1476-1477
Welles
Family
George
Plantagenet
1st Duke
of Bedford

1477–1479
m. 1494/1495
Thomas
Howard
3rd Duke of
Norfolk

1473–1554
Anne
of York

1475–1511
Bridget
of York

1480–1517
Catherine
of York

1479–1527
m. 1495
William
Courtenay
1st Earl
of Devon

1475–1511
House
of
Tudor
Richard
Pole

1462-1505
Margaret
Plantagenet

Countess of
Salisbury
1473-1541
Howard
Family
Courtenay
Family
Pole
Family

House of Tudor

See also

References

  • "The Continental Dynasties (1066–1216)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26.
  • "The Plantagenet Dynasties (1216–1485)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-04-26.
  • "The Tudors (1485–1603) and the Stuarts (1603–1714)" (PDF). The official website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 2010-07-30.
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