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Family tree of Chinese monarchs (Warring States period)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a family tree of Chinese kings during the Warring States period, from 475 BCE to 251 BCE.

Family tree of Chinese monarchs (ancient)Family tree of Chinese monarchs (Warring States period)Family tree of Chinese monarchs (early)Family tree of Chinese monarchs (middle)Family tree of Chinese monarchs (late)

Warring States period

In 771 BC, a coalition of feudal lords and the Western Rong tribes overthrew King You and drove the Zhou out of the Wei valley. During the following Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods, the major states pursued independent policies and eventually declared full independence claiming the title borne by Zhou rulers. All claimed descent from the Yellow Emperor through cadet lines of the royal houses above, although the historicity of such claims is usually doubted.

Qin

The kings of Qin claimed descent from the Lady Xiu, "the granddaughter" of "a remote descendant" of the Emperor Zhuanxu, the grandson of the Yellow Emperor. Similarly, in the next generation, Lady Hua was said to be descended from Shaodian,[1] the legendary figure who is sometimes the father and sometimes the foster father of the Yellow and Flame Emperors. Although Nüfang (lit. "Lady Fang") is counted as Elai's son, some scholars have claimed the figure was Elai's daughter and, along with the numerous important women in the early pedigree, indicates that early Qin was matriarchal.[note 1] The surname Ying (lit."Abundance") was said to have been bestowed by Shun upon Dafei (the husbandman Yi). If it was ever held by any of his descendants, it had fallen out of use by the time of Feizi, who was granted the name anew by King Xiao of the Zhou.[1]

Qin state
Nüxiu

Lady Xiu
A bird[note 2]
Daye

Ye the Great
Nühua

Lady Hua
Dafei

Fei the Great
fl. 22nd C. BC
Yaoxingzi yunü

jade lady
of the Yao
Dalian

Lian the Great
Ruomu
unknownunknown
unknownunknown
unknownunknown
Mengxi

Xi the Elder
Zhongyan

Yan the Younger
Feichang
unknown
unknown
Xuxuan
Zhongjue[note 3]

Jue the Younger
Feilian
Elai
Jisheng

Sheng the
Youngest
Nüfang
Hengfu
Panggao
a marquis
of Shen

申侯
Zaofu

fl. 950 BC
unknownTaiji

Ji the Great
unknown
(1)Feizi

r. –858 BC
Cheng
(2)Qinhou

Marquis of Qin
r. 857–848 BC
(3)Gongbo

r. 848–845 BC
(4)Qinzhong

Qin the Younger
r. 844–822 BC
(5)Duke Zhuang

r. 821–778 BC
4 other sons
Shifu
(6)Duke Xiang

r. 777–766 BC
another sonMou Ying

m. 777 BC
King of Feng

a Rong leader
(7)Duke Wen

r. 765–716 BC
(-)Duke Jing

d. 718 BC
Lu Ji
(8)Duke Xian
[note 4]
r. 715–704 BC
Wang Ji
(10)Duke Wu

r. 697–678 BC
(11)Duke De

r. 677–676 BC
(9)Duke Chu I

[Chuzi I]
r. 703–698 BC
Duke Xian
of Jin

r. 676–651 BC
Ying Bai
(12)
Duke Xuan

r. 675–664 BC
(13)Duke Cheng

r. 663–660 BC
(14)Duke Mu

Ying Renhao
r. 659–621 BC
Mu Ji
9 sons7 sons
(15)Duke Kang

Ying Ying
r. 620–609 BC
38 other sonsNongyuXiao ShiKing Gong
of Chu

r. 590–560 BC
Qin YingYing Hong
(16)Duke Gong

r. 608–604 BC
Duke Huai
of Jin

r. 637 BC
Huai Ying
Duke Wen
of Jin

r. 636–628 BC
Wen YingJianbi
(17)Duke Huan

r. 603–577 BC
(18)Duke Jing

r. 576–537 BC
(19)Duke Ai

r. 536–501 BC
(-)Duke Yi
Bo Ying
m. 523 BC
King Ping
of Chu
(20)Duke Hui I

r. 500–492 BC
(21)Duke Dao

r. 491–477 BC
(22)Duke Ligong

r. 476–443 BC
(23)Duke Zao

r. 442–429 BC
(24)Duke Huai

r. 428–425BC
Zhaozi
(26)Duke Jian

r. 414–400 BC
(25)Duke Ling

r. 424–415 BC
(27)Duke Hui II

r. 399–387 BC
(29)Duke Xian

Ying Lian
r. 384–362 BC
(28)Duke Chu II

(Chuzi II)
r. 386–385 BC
(30)Duke Xiao

Ying Quliang
r. 361–338 BC
(31)King Huiwen

Ying Si
r. 338–311 BC
Queen XuanKing of Yiqu[5]
義渠
(32)King Wu

Ying Dang
r. 310–307 BC
Lady Yeyang(33)King
Zhaoxiang


Ying Ze
r. 306–251 BC
Lady Tang
<small>Crown Prince</small><br/>Dao
unknown(34)King Xiaowen
Ying Zhu

r. 250 BC
Lady Xia
Prince Xi~20 other sons
Lady Zhao
m. 261 BC
(35)King 
Zhuangxiang


Ying Yiren
r. 249–247 BC
unknown
(36)Shi Huangdi
秦始皇
Ying Zheng
Lord Chang'an
長安
Ying Chengjiao
See: family tree
of the
Qin dynasty

The Three Jins

Han

Han state
Mu of Jin 晉穆侯
Marquis of Jin
812–785 BC
Wen of Jin 晉文侯
Marquis of Jin
780–746 BC
Huan Shu of Quwo
曲沃桓叔
745–731 BC
Zhao of Jin 晉昭侯
Marquis of Jin
745–739 BC
Hán Wàn 韓萬
Wuzi of Han 韩武子
Ruler of Han
Zhuang Bo
of Quwo
曲沃莊伯
731–716 BCE
Qiubo of Han
韓赇伯
Ruler of Han
Hán Jiǎn 韓简
Dingbo 韓定伯
Ruler of Han
Hán Yú 韓輿
Ziyu 子舆
Ruler of Han
Hán Jué 韓厥
Xianzi of Han 韩献子
Ruler of Han
Hán Qǐ 韓起
Xuanzi of Han 韓宣子
Ruler of Han
Hán Xū 韓須
Zhenzi of Han 韓貞子
Ruler of Han
Hán Bùxìn 韓不信
Jianzi of Han 韓簡子
Ruler of Han
Hán Gēng 韓庚
Zhuangzi 韓莊子
Ruler of Han
Hán Hǔ 韓虎
Kangzi of Han 韓康子
Ruler of Han
Hán Qǐzhāng 韓啓章
Wuzi of Han 韓武子
Ruler of Han
424–409 BC
Hán Qián 韓虔
Jing of Han 韩景侯
Marquess of Han
408–400BC
Hán Qǔ 韓取
Lie (Wu) of Han
Marquess of Han
399–387 BC
Wen of Han
Marquess of Han
386–377 BC
Ai of Han 韓哀侯
Marquess of Han
376–374 BC
Hán Ruòshān 韓若山
Gong of Han 韓共侯
Marquess of Han
374–363 BC
Hán Wǔ 韓武
Xi of Han 韓厘侯
Marquess of Han
362 BC–333 BC
Xuanhui of Han
韓宣惠王
King of Han
332–312 BC
Xiang of Han 韓襄王
King of Han
311–296 BC
Hán Jiù 韓咎
Xi of Han 韩釐王
King of Han
295–273 BC
Jǐ shī 虮虱
Huanhui of Han
韩桓惠王
King of Han
272–239 BC
Xin of Han
King of Han
205–196 BC
Hán Ān 韓安
An of Han 韩王安
King of Han
?–238–230–226 BC

Wei

Wei state family tree
Bi Wan 毕万
芒季
Ji Chou 姬犨
Viscount Wu of Wei
魏武子
Wei Ke 魏颗
令狐氏
Wèi Qí 魏锜
吕氏
?–575
Viscount Dao of Wei
魏悼子
Wèi Jié 魏颉
令狐文子
?–570
Wei Xiang 魏相
吕宣子
?–622
Ji Jiang 姬絳
Viscount Zhao of Wei
魏昭子
Ji Shu 姬舒
Viscount Xian of Wei
魏獻子
565–509 BC
魏取
Viscount Jian of Wei
魏简子
Wèi Wù 魏戊
Wei Chi 魏侈
Viscount Xiang of Wei
魏襄子
Viscont Huan of Wei
魏桓 子魏驹
?–446 BC
(1)Wei Si 魏斯
Wen of Wei 魏文侯
Marquess of Wei
?–424–396 BC
Wei Cheng 魏成
(2)Wu of Wei 魏武侯
Marquess of Wei
?–396–370 BC
少子挚
(3)Ji Ying 罃
Hui of Wei 魏惠王
King of Wei
400–370–319 BC
魏緩
Prince Shen 太子申 (4)Ji He 姬赫
Xiang of Wei 魏襄王
King of Wei
?–319–296 BC
Prince Gao 公子高
Prince Zheng
太子政
(5)Ji Chi 魏遫
Zhao of Wei 魏昭王
King of Wei
?–296–277 BC
(6)Ji Yu 姬于
Anxi of Wei 魏安釐王
King of Wei
?–277–243 BC
Wei Wuji 魏無忌
Lord Xinling
信陵君
?–243 BC
(7)Ji Zeng 姬增
Jingmin of Wei
魏景湣王
King of Wei
?–243–228 BC
(8)Ji Jia 姬假
Jia  of Wei 魏王假
King of Wei
?–228–225 BC

Zhao

Zhao state
(1)Shu Dai
叔帶
(4)Duke Ming
公明
(5)耿氏
Zhao Su 趙夙
Zhao Shuai
(6)Viscount Cheng
趙成子 ?–622 BC
Gòng Mèng
共孟
Zhao Dun
(7)Viscount Xuan
of Zhao 趙宣子
?–601 BC
Zhao Tong
趙同 原氏
?–583 BC
(8)Zhao Kuo
趙括 屏氏
?–583 BC
Zhao Yingqi
趙嬰齊 楼氏
Zhao Chuan
趙穿
邯郸氏
赵旃叔父Zhao Shuo
Viscount Zhuang
 of Zhao
赵庄子
?–597 BC
Zhào Zhān
Xiōng
赵旃兄
Zhao Dan 趙旃Zhao Wu
(9)Viscount Wen
of Zhao 趙文子
?–541
Zhao Sheng
趙勝
Zhào Huò
赵获
Ying Cheng
(10)Viscount Jing
of Zhao 趙景子
?–518 BC
Zhao Wu 趙午
?–497
Zhao Yang
(11)Viscount Jian <br/> of Zhao
趙簡子
?–476 BC
Zhào Jì 赵稷Zhào Bólŭ
趙伯魯
趙毋卹
(12)Viscount Xiāng
of Zhao 趙襄子
?–425 BC
Zhào Cháo
赵朝
代成君
Zhào Zhōu 赵周
趙嘉
(13)Viscount Huan
of Zhao 趙桓子
?–424
趙浣
(14)Xian of Zhao
趙獻侯
Marquess of Zhao
?–409 BC
Zhào Jí
(15)Lie of Zhao
趙烈侯
Marquess of Zhao
?–409–400 BC
(16)Duke Wu
of Zhào

趙武公
?–400–387 BC
Zhào Zhāng
(17)Jing of Zhao
趙敬侯
Marquess of Zhao
c. 410–387–375 BC
Ducal Son
Zhao
公子朝
Zhào Zhòng
(18)Cheng
趙成侯
Marquess of Zhao
?–375–350 BC
趙語
(19)Su of Zhao
趙肅侯
Marquess of Zhao
?–350–326 BC
Lord Anping
安平君
Zhao Yong
(20)Wuling
趙武靈王
King of Zhao
340–326–
298
–295 BC
安阳君
Ying Zhang 嬴章
Lord of Anying
安陽君 ?–295
Zhao He
(21)Huiwen
趙惠文王
King of Zhao
310–298–266 BC
Zhao Bao
Lord Yangwen
陽文君
Zhao Sheng
趙勝
Lord Pingyuan
平原君
?–251 BC
Zhao Dan
(22)Xiaocheng
趙孝成王
King of Zhao
?–266–245 BC
Prince
Chang'an
長安君
Lord Luling
廬陵君
Zhao Yan
(23)Daoxiang
趙悼襄王
King of Zhao
?–245–236 BC
Zhao Jia
(25)Prince Jia 
of Dai

代王嘉
250–228–
222
–? BC
Zhao Qian
(24)Youmiu
趙幽繆王
King of Zhao
245–236–
228
–? BC

Qi

House of Jiang

Qi state - House of Jiang
(1)Jiang Ziya
Duke Tai of Qi
齐太公
(2)Lü Ji 呂伋
Ding of Qi 齐丁公
Duke of Qi
c. 10th cent. BC
(3) Lü De 呂得
Yǐ of Qi 齐乙公
Duke of Qi
10th cent. BC
Jìzi 季子
崔氏
(4)Lü Cimu 呂慈母
Gui of Qi 齐癸公
Duke of Qi
10th cent. BC
(5)Lü Buchen 呂不辰
Ai of Qi 齐哀公
Duke of Qi
?–?–878 BC
(6)Lü Jing 呂靜
Hu of Qi 齐胡公
Duke of Qi
?–878–860 BC
(7)Lü Shan 呂山
Xian of Qi 齐献公
Duke of Qi
?–860–851 BC
(8)Lü Shou 呂壽
Wu of Qi 齐武公
Duke of Qi
?–851–825 BC
(9)Lü Wuji 呂無忌
Li of Qi 齐厉公
Duke of Qi
?–825–816 BC
(10)Lü Chi 呂赤
Wen of Qi 齐文公
Duke of Qi
?–816–804 BC
(11)Lü Yue 呂說
Cheng of Qi
齐成公
Duke of Qi
?–804–795 BC
Gāo Shì 高氏
公子高
(12)Lü Gou 呂購
Zhuang I of Qi
齐庄公
Duke of Qi
?–795–731 BC
Dé Chén
得臣
(13)Lü Lufu 呂祿甫
Xi of Qi 齐僖公
Duke of Qi
?–731–698 BC
Yi Zhongnian
夷仲年
?–699
Prince Liào
公子廖
Xí Shì 隰氏
(14)Lü Zhu'er 呂諸兒
Xiang of Qi 齐襄公
Xiang of Qi
?–698–686 BC
Prince Jiu
公子纠
?–685
(16)Lü Xiǎobái 呂小白
Huan of Qi 齐桓公
Duke of Qi
?–685–643 BC
Wen Jiang
文姜
d. 673 BC
Huan of Lu
魯桓公
Duke of Lu
711–694 BC
(15)Lü Wuzhi
呂無知
729–686–685 BC
(17)Lü Wúkuī
呂無虧
Duke of Qi BC
?–643–642 BC
(18)Lü Zhao 呂昭
Xiao of Qi 齐孝公
Duke of Qi
?–642–633 BC
(19)Lü Pan 呂潘
Zhao of Qi 齐昭公
Duke of Qi
?–633–613 BC
(21)Lü Shangren 呂商人
Yì of Qi 齐懿公
Duke of Qi
?–613–609 BC
(22)Lü Yuan 呂元
Hui of Qi 齐惠公
Duke of Qi
?–609–599 BC
Prince Yong
公子雍
Zhuang of Lu
Duke of Lu
693–662 BC
(20)Lü She
呂舍
?–609 BC
(23)Lü Wuye 呂無野
Qing of Qi 齐顷公
Duke of Qi
?–599–582 BC
Luán Shì栾氏
Prince Jiān
公子坚
Gāo Shì 高氏
Prince Qí
公子祁
Prince Jiǎo 公子角(24)Lü Huan 呂環
Ling of Qi 齐灵公
Duke of Qi
?–582–554 BC
Zǐ ChéngZi GòngZi Xiàshèng
(25)Lü Guāng 呂光
Zhuang II of Qi
齐庄公
Duke of Qi
?–554–548 BC
Prince Ya
公子牙
(26)Lü Chujiu 呂杵臼
Jing of Qi 齐景公
Duke of Qi
?–548–490 BC
Prince Qīng
公孙青
Prince Jié
公孙捷
Prince Jia 公子嘉Yàn Jīzi 燕姬子(28)Lü Yangsheng
Dao of Qi 齐悼公
Duke of Qi
?–489–485 BC
(27) Lü Tu 呂荼
An Ruzi 安孺子
Duke of Qi
?–490–489 BC
Prince Qian
公子黔
Prince Chu
公子鉏
Prince Ju
公子驹
(29)Lü Ren 呂壬
Jian of Qi 齐简公
Duke of Qi
?–485–481 BC
(30)Lü Ao 呂驁
Ping of Qi 齐平公
Duke of Qi
?–481–456 BC
(31)Lü Ji 呂積
Xuan of Qi 齐宣公
Duke of Qi
?–456–405 BC
(32)Lü Dai 呂貸
Kang of Qi 齐康公
Duke of Qi
?–405–386–379 BC

House of Tian

Qi state – House of Tian
(1)Chen Wanm 陳完
Tian Jingzhong
田敬仲
(2)Tian Zhi 田穉
Tian Mengyi
田孟夷
(3)Tian Min 田湣
Tian Mengzhuang
田孟莊
(4)Tian Xuwu 田須無
Tian Wenzi
田文子
(5)Tian Wuyu 田無宇
Tian Huanzi
田桓子
(6)Tian Kai 田開
Tian Wuzi 田武子
?–516 BC
(7)Tian Qi 田乞
Tian Xizi 田僖子
Chén Zhāozi
陈昭子
孙书
孙氏
Zi Mén 子亹
陈瓘(8)Tian Heng 田恆
Tian Chengzi
田成子
Zi Zhì 子士Viscount Xuān
宣子
廪邱子Sūn Píng 孙凭Viscount Xiàn
子献
(9)Tian Pan 田盤
Tian Xiangzi
田襄子
Viscount Jiǎn
简子
Viscount Mù
穆子
Viscount Máng
芒子
Viscount Huì
惠子
Sūnwǔ 孙武Zhū Yùyāng
诸御鞅
(10)Tian Bai 田白
Tian Zhuangzi
田莊子
?–411 BC
(11)Tian Daozi
田悼子
410–405 BC
(12)Tian He 田和
Tai of Tian Qi
齐太公
Duke of Tian Qi
?–386–384 BC
(13)Tián Yǎn
田剡
Marquis of Tian
?–383–375 BC
(14)Tian Wu 田午
Huan of Tian Qi
田齊桓公
Duke of Tian Qi
400–374–357 BC
Tian Xi
田喜
(15)Tian Yinqi 田因齊
Wei of Qi 齐威王
King of Qi
?–356–320 BC
(16)Tian Bijiang 田辟疆
Xuan of Qi 齐宣王
King of Qi
?–319–301 BC
Jiāo Shī 郊师Tian Ying
田嬰
(17)Tian Di 田地
Min of Qi 齐湣王
King of Qi
c. 323 –300–284 BC
Tian Wen 田文
Lord Mengchang
孟尝君
(18)Tian Fazhang
Xiang of Qi 齐襄王
King of Qi
?–283–265 BC
(19)Tian Jian 田建
Jian of Qi 齐王建
King of Qi
?–264–221 BC
(20)Tian Jia
田假
King of Qi
?–208205 BC
Tian An 田安

Chu

Chu state
Jilian 季連
Ruler of Chu
Yingbo 𦀚伯
Ruler of Chu
Yuanzhong 遠仲
?
Yuxiong 鬻熊
Ruler of Chu
11th cen. BC
Xiong Li 熊麗
Ruler of Chu
11th cen. BC
Xiong Kuang 熊狂
Ruler of Chu
11th cen. BC
Xiong Yi 熊繹
Viscount of Chu
1042–1006 BC
Xiong Ai 熊艾
Viscount of Chu
1006–981 BC
Xiong Dan 熊䵣
Viscount of Chu
981–970 BC
Xiong Sheng 熊勝
Viscount of Chu
970–946 BC
Xiong Yang 熊楊
Viscount of Chu
Xiong Qu 熊渠
Viscount of Chu
887–877 BC
Xiong Kang 熊康
Viscount of Chu
Xiong Zhi 熊摯
Viscount of Chu
877–876 BC
Xiong Yan 熊延
Viscount of Chu
876–848 BC
Xiong Yong 熊勇
Viscount of Chu
847–838 BC
Xiong Yan 熊嚴
Viscount of Chu
837–828 BC
Xiong Shuang 熊霜
Viscount of Chu
827–822 BC
Xiong Xue 熊雪Xiong Xun 熊徇
Viscount of Chu
821–800 BC
Xiong Kan 熊堪
Xiong E 熊咢
Viscount of Chu
799–791 BC
Xiong Yi 熊儀
Ruo'ao 若敖
Viscount of Chu
790–764 BC
Dou Bobi 鬬伯比Xiong Kan 熊坎
Xiao'ao 霄敖
Viscount of Chu
763–758 BC
Xiong Xuan 熊眴
Fenmao 蚡冒
Viscount of Chu
757–741 BC
Wu of Chu 楚武王
King of Chu
740–690 BC
Qu Xia 屈瑕Wen of Chu
楚文王
King of Chu
689–677 BC
Ziyuan 子元
d. 664 BC
Xiong Jian 熊艱
Du'ao 堵敖
King of Chu
676–672 BC
Xiong Yun 熊惲
Cheng of Chu
楚成王
King of Chu
671–626 BC
Zheng Mao
鄭瞀
Xiong Shangchen
Mu of Chu 楚穆王
King of Chu
625–614 BC
Prince Zhi 王子职
Xiong Lü
Zhuang of Chu
楚莊王
King of Chu
613–591 BC
Xiong Shen 熊審
Gong of Chu
楚共王
King of Chu
600–590–560 BC
Xiong Zhao 熊招
Kang of Chu 楚康王
King of Chu
559–545 BC
Xiong Wei 熊圍
Ling of Chu 楚靈王
King of Chu
540–529 BC
Xiong Bi 熊比
Zi'ao 訾敖
King of Chu
529 BC
ZixiXiong Qiji 熊弃疾
Ping of Chu 楚平王
King of Chu
528–516 BC
Jia'ao 郟敖
King of Chu
544–541 BC
Crown Prince
Lu 太子禄
d. 529 BC
Prince Pidi
公子罢敌
d. 529 BC
Shen 王子申
Zixi 子西
Xiong Zhen 熊珍
King Zhao of Chu
King of Chu
515–489 BC
Jie 王子结
Ziqi 子期
Qi 王子啟
Zilü 子闾
Xiong Pingxia
平夏
d. 541
Xiong Mu 公子慕
d. 541
Xiong Zhang 熊章
Hui of Chu 楚惠王
King of Chu
488–432 BC
Xiong Zhong 熊中
Jian of Chu
King of Chu
431–408 BC
Xiong Dang 熊當
Sheng of Chu 楚聲王
King of Chu
407–402 BC
Xiong Yi 熊疑
Dao of Chu
King of Chu
401–381 BC
Xiong Zang 熊臧
Su of Chu 楚肅王
King of Chu
380–370 BC
Xiong Liangfu 熊良夫
Xuan of Chu 楚宣王
King of Chu
369–340 BC
Xiong Shang 熊商
Wei of Chu
King of Chu
339–329 BC
Xiong Huai 熊槐
Huai of Chu 楚懷王
King of Chu
328–299 BC
Xiong Heng 熊橫
Qingxiang of Chu
King of Chu
298–263 BC
Huang Xie 黃歇
Lord Chunshen
春申君
d. 238 BC
E Jun Qi 鄂君啟
Lord of the
state of E
?
Xiong Yuan 熊元
Kaolie of Chu
楚考烈王
King of Chu
262–238 BC
Xiong Xin
Yi of Chu
208–206 BC
Xiong Han 熊悍
You of Chu 楚幽王
King of Chu
237–228 BC
Xiong You 熊猶
Ai of Chu 楚哀王
King of Chu
228 BC
Xiong Fuchu
熊負芻
King of Chu
227–223 BC
Lord Changping
昌平君
King of Chu
224–223 BC

Yue

Rulers of Yue family tree
(1) Marquis Wuyu of Yue
越侯無餘
(2) Marquis Wuren of Yue
越侯無壬
(3) Marquis Wushen of Yue
越侯無瞫
(4) Marquis Futan of Yue
越侯夫譚
(r. 565─538 BC)
(5) King Yunchang of Yue
越王允常
(d. 497 BC)
(6) King Goujian of Yue
越王勾踐
(496─465 BC)
(7) King Luying of Yue
越王鹿郢
(465─459 BC)
(8) King Bushou of Yue
越王不壽
(459─449 BC)
(9) King Weng of Yue
越王翁
(449─412 BC)
(10) King Yi of Yue
越王翳
(412─376 BC)
(11) King Zhihou of Yue
越王之侯
(376─375 BC)
(12) King Chuwuyu of Yue
越王初無余
(375─365 BC)
(13) King Wuzhuan of Yue
越王無顓
(365─357 BC)
(14) King Wuqiang of Yue
越王無彊
(357─333 BC)

Yan

Notes

  1. ^ E.g., Lao Kan in his commentary on the Records of the Grand Historian,[2] although note Nienhauser's disagreement with that assessment.[1]
  2. ^ Sima Qian calls it a ,[3] where can mean "black"[1] or "mysterious". Lao Kan identified the bird as a swallow.[1]
  3. ^ Not Zhongyu.[1]
  4. ^ Recorded as "Duke Ning of Qin" (秦寧公) in Sima Qian, but inscriptions on excavated bronzeware from the period has shown this to have been a mistranscription of the original "Xian".[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian translated by Nienhauser, William Jr. The Grand Scribe's Records: The Basic Annals of Pre-Han China, pp. 87 ff. Indiana University Press, 1994. Accessed 4 December 2013.
  2. ^ Lao Kan. Shih Chih Chin-chu, p. 106. (in Chinese)
  3. ^ Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian, 《秦本纪第五》 ["The Qin Chronicles, Part Five"]. Guoxie, 2003. Accessed 7 Dec 2013. (in Chinese)
  4. ^ Han Zhaoqi. Annotated Shiji, "Annals of Qin", pp. 353–359. Zhonghua Book Company, 2010. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3. (in Chinese)
  5. ^ Yap, Joseph. Wars with the Xiongnu: A Translation from Zhizhi Tongjian, p. 51. AuthorHouse, 2009. Accessed 8 Dec 2013.
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