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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Fähnrich
HD H 31a Fähnrich Pi.svg
LD B 31a Fähnrich.svg
Heer and Luftwaffe shoulder insignia
Country Germany
Service branch German Army
 German Air Force
AbbreviationFähnr
RankGerman NCO rank
NATO rank codeOR-6
Non-NATO rankE-6
Formation1956
Next higher rankOberfähnrich
Next lower rankFahnenjunker
Equivalent ranksFähnrich zur See

Fähnrich (German pronunciation: [ˈfɛːnʁɪç]) is an officer candidate rank in the Austrian Bundesheer and German Bundeswehr. The word Fähnrich comes from an older German military title, Fahnenträger (flag bearer), and first became a distinct military rank in Germany on 1 January 1899. However, Fähnrich ranks are often incorrectly compared with the rank of ensign,[citation needed] which shares a similar etymology but is a full-fledged (albeit junior) commissioned officer rank.

In the German Landsknecht armies, recorded from ca. 1480, the equivalent rank of a Cornet existed. The cornet carried the troop standard, known as a "cornet".

The rank also exists in a few other European military organizations, often with historical ties to the German system. Examples are the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Finland (see Fänrik). The French Army has a similar position called an Aspirant.

In the Finnish landforces and airforce, Vänrikki (Fänrik) is the lowest commissioned officer rank, which is granted to the soldiers in the national service on the day they are released from their 347-day service. Finnish Vänrikki are thus of equal rank to the German lieutenant (also a platoon leader).

Germany

Bundeswehr

A Fähnrich of the Bundeswehr is a soldier who serves in the ranks, first as Fahnenjunker (OR-5, comparable to the junior non-commissioned officer rank Unteroffizier), then in subsequent grades: Fähnrich (OR-6, equivalent to Feldwebel), and Oberfähnrich (OR-7 equivalent to Hauptfeldwebel).

In the German Bundeswehr, an officer candidate (German: Offiziersanwärter) can reach the rank of Fähnrich after 21 months of service. The German Navy equivalent is Ensign at sea" (German: Fähnrich zur See).

An officer candidate's career is indicated by the enlisted rank with a thin silver cord on the shoulder strap.

from
1956
Bundeswehr Logo Heer with lettering.svg Bundeswehr Logo Luftwaffe with lettering.svg
German Navy
Flag of Germany.svg
DH154-Oberfähnrich.png
HD H 31a Fähnrich Pi.svg
HD H 21a Fahnenjunker FJg.svg
LD B 33a Oberfähnrich.svg
LD B 31a Fähnrich.svg
LD B 21a Fahnenjunker.svg
MDS 33a Oberfähnrich zur See Trp.svg
MDJA 33a Oberfähnrich zur See Trp Lu.svg
MDS 31a Fähnrich zur See Trp.svg
MDJA 31a Fähnrich zur See Trp Lu.svg
MDS 21a Seekadett Trp.svg
MDJA 21a Seekadett Trp Lo.svg
HA OS5 33a Oberfähnrich PzGren.svg
HA OS5 31a Fähnrich HLog.svg
HA OS5 21a Fahnenjunker PzGren.svg
LA OS5 33a Oberfähnrich.svg
LA OS5 31a Fähnrich.svg
LA OS5 21a Fahnenjunker.svg
MA OG5 33a Oberfähnrich zur See.svg
MA OG5 31a Fähnrich zur See.svg
MA OG5 21a Seekadett.svg
Distinction Oberfähnrich
(Senior cadet sergeant)
Fähnrich
(Cadet sergeant)
Fahnenjunker
(Officer cadet
senior grade)
Oberfähnrich
(Senior aviation cadet)
Fähnrich
(Aviation cadet)
Fahnenjunker
(Officer cadet
senior grade)
Oberfähnrich zur See
(Senior midshipman)
Fähnrich zur See
(Midshipman)
Seekadett[1]


(Naval cadet)

Rangcode (OR-7) (OR-6) (OR-5) (OR-7) (OR-6) (OR-5) (OR-7) (OR-6) (OR-5)
NATO Cadet sergeant Midshipman
USAF Aviation cadet auch Warrant Officer
RAF Acting pilot officer

National People's Army

Fähnrich (NPA)
Fähnrich (NPA)

The rank name Fähnrich was in use in East Germany NPA as a direct counterpart from the Soviet Praporshchik rank.

Fahnenjunker until 1945

The status of an officer aspirant career (de: Offizier-Anwärter - OA) in the Wehrmacht (Heer and Luftwaffe), as well as Waffen-SS, was indicated by additional two parallel silver braids as on the appropriate rank shoulder board.

Wehrmacht (Heer, Luftwaffe)

In Heer and Luftwaffe there were five appropriate officer dedicated ranks:

  • Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier, equivalent to Unteroffizier (OR5b), additionally with two parallel braids
  • Fahnenjunker-Unterfeldwebel, equivalent to Unterfeldwebel (OR5a), additionally with two parallel braids
  • Fahnenjunker-Feldwebel, equivalent to Feldwebel (OR6), additionally with two parallel braids
  • Fahnenjunker-Oberfedwebel, equivalent to Oberfeldwebel (OR7), additionally with two parallel braids
  • Fahnenjunker-Strabsfedwebel, equivalent to Stabsfeldwebel (OR8), additionally with two parallel braids
Wehrmacht (Kriegsmarine)

Until 1945 in the Kriegsmarine there were two appropriate officer dedicated ranks:

Both officer aspirant ranks wore additionally on the lower end of the sleeves of the uniform jacket the golden five-pointed naval star, typically to navy officers.

Waffen-SS

Officer aspirant of the Waffen-SS were called Führer-Anwärter (short: FA). There were four appropriate ranks.

  • SS-Junker, equivalent to SS-Unterscharführer (OR5b), additionally with two parallel braids
  • SS-Oberjunker, equivalent to SS-Scharführer (OR5a), additionally with two parallel braids
  • SS-Standartenjunker, equivalent to SS-Oberscharführer (OR6), additionally with two parallel braids
  • SS-Oberstandartenjunker, equivalent to SS-Hauptscharführer (OR7), additionally with two parallel braids

Table

to
1945
Heer
Heer - decal for helmet 1942.svg
 and 
Luftwaffe eagle.svg
Luftwaffe
Kriegsmarine insignia casco.svg
Kriegsmarine
Waffen-SS
War Ensign of Germany (1938–1945).svg
Heer-Fahnenjunker-Stabsfeldwebel.svg
Heer-Fahnenjunker-Oberfeldwebel.svg
Heer-Fahnenjunker-Feldwebel.svg
Heer-Fahnenjunker-Unterfeldwebel.svg
Heer-Fahnenjunker-Unteroffizier.svg
Kriegsmarine-Oberfähnrich zur See.svg
WMacht KM OR7 OFähnr zS.png
WMacht KM OR6 Fähnr zS.png
Junkerschule-Braunschweig.JPG
SS-Standartenoberjunker.svg
SS-Standartenjunker.svg
SS-Oberjunker.svg
SS-Junker.svg
Distinction Fahnenjunker-
Stabsfeldwebel

(Cadet Stabsfeldwebel)
Fahnenjunker-
Oberfeldwebel

(Cadet Oberfeldwebel)
Fahnenjunker-
Feldwebel

(Cadet Feldwebel)
Fahnenjunker-
Unterfeldwebel

(Cadet Unterfeldwebel)
Fahnenjunker-
Unteroffizier

(Cadet Unteroffizier)
Sleeve insignia
Oberfähnrich zur See
Fähnrich zur See
Oberfähnrich
zur See

(Senior midshipman)
Fähnrich
zur See

(Midshipman)
collar insignia
to all
FA ranks
SS-Standarten-
oberjunker
SS-Standarten-
junker
SS-Oberjunker SS-Junker

Austria

Austrian Bundesheer

Fähnrich in Austria
Schulterstück
Schulterstück
Tellerkappe
Rank insignia Austrian Bundesheer
Introduction ca. 1955
Rank group Officers
Army / Air Force Fähnrich
Navy no equivalent
Lower:
Higher:
Vizeleutnant
Leutnant
NATO
equivalent
OF-1c[2]

Fähnrich, short Fhr, is the lowest rank of the commissioned officers CO rank group (also rank group: Officers) in the Austrian Bundesheer.

Austria-Hungaria (until 1918)

Fähnrich was the lowest officer rank in the k.u.k. Common Army. In 1838 it was renamed to Unterleutnant 2. Gebürnisklasse, from 1849 to Unterleutnant 2. Klasse, since 1868 to Unterleutnant, and finally approximately from 1868 to Leutnant. In 1908 Fähnrich was re-introduced as lowest cadet-officer rank in order to replace the 1869 rank designation Kadett-Offiziersstellvertreter. Fähnrich, Kadett-Offiziersstellvertreter respectively completed training and education on the less famous so-called k.u.k. Kadettenschule. As the Kadett-Offiziersstellvertreter was the highest NCO-rank, became Fähnrich a separate rank-class. However, graduates from the much more famous Militärakademie became the officer patent for Leutnant.

In the k.u. Royal Hungarian Honvéd army Zászlós was the equivalent to the Fähnrich rank. It accounted immediately to the officer corps.

Designation Cadet officer-deputy until 1908 Fähnrich 1908-1918
K.u.k. Kadett-Offziersstellvertreter bis 1908.png
Kadett-Offiziersstellvertreter k.k. Gebirgstruppe 1907-08.png
K.u.k. Fähnrich 1908-18.png
Fähnrich der k.k. Gebirgstruppe 1908-18.png
Paroli
Rank description Kadett-Offizierstellvertreter Fähnrich
(Hungarian) (Hadapród-Tiszthelyettes) (Zászlós)

References

  1. ^ Langenscheidt´s Encyclopaedic Dictionary of the English and German language: „Der Große Muret-Sander“, Part II German-English, Second Volume L–Z, 8th edition 1999, ISBN 3-468-01126-1; p. 1.381
  2. ^ The abbreviation "OF" stands for de: "Offizier / en: officer / fr: officier / ru: офицер"
This page was last edited on 20 July 2021, at 08:26
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