To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Exotic figures in Jules Migonney's Venus mauresque
Exotic figures in Jules Migonney's Venus mauresque

Exoticism (from 'exotic') is a trend in European art and design, whereby artists became fascinated with ideas and styles from distant regions, and drew inspiration from them. This often involved surrounding foreign cultures with mystique and fantasy which owed more to European culture than to the exotic cultures themselves: this process of glamorisation and stereotyping is called 'exoticization'.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    Views:
    514
    13 541
    481
  • Exotic Oriental Paintings and Art by Art Lovers Online
  • History of Impressionism with Philippe de Montebello at The MET (1994)
  • METRO PICTURES - Group Show

Transcription

Contents

History of exoticism

First stimulated by Eastern trade in the 16th and 17th centuries, interest in non-western (particularly "Oriental", i.e. Middle Eastern or Asian) art by Europeans became more and more popular following European colonialism.[1]

The influences of Exoticism can be seen through numerous genres of this period, notably in music, painting, and decorative art. In music, exoticism is a genre in which the rhythms, melodies, or instrumentation are designed to evoke the atmosphere of far-off lands or ancient times (e.g. Ravel's Daphnis et Chloé and Tzigane for Violin and Orchestra, Debussy's Syrinx for Flute Solo or Rimsky-Korsakov's Capriccio espagnol). Like orientalist subjects in 19th-century painting, exoticism in the decorative arts and interior decoration was associated with fantasies of opulence.

Exoticism, by one definition, is "the charm of the unfamiliar". Scholar Alden Jones defines exoticism in art and literature as the representation of one culture for consumption by another.[2] Victor Segalen's important "Essay on Exoticism" reveals Exoticism as born of the age of imperialism, possessing both aesthetic and ontological value, while using it to uncover a significant cultural "otherness".[3] An important and archetypical exoticist is the artist and writer Paul Gauguin, whose visual representations of Tahitian people and landscapes were targeted at a French audience. While exoticism is closely linked to Orientalism, it is not a movement necessarily associated with a particular time period or culture. Exoticism may take the form of primitivism, ethnocentrism, or humanism.

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (29 August 1780 – 14 January 1867) was a French Neoclassical painter. The revival of ancient Greek and Roman art left behind the Academy’s emphasis on naturalism, and incorporated a new found idealism not seen since the Renaissance.[4] As classicism progressed, Ingres identified a newfound idealism and exoticism in his work. The Grand Odalisque, finished in 1814, was created to arouse the male view.[5] The notion of the exotic figure furthers Ingres’ use of symmetry and line by enabling the eye to cohesively move across the canvas.[6] Although Ingres’ intention was to make the woman beautiful in his work, his model was a courtesan, which arouse debate.

Édouard Manet’s Olympia, finished in 1863, was based on Titian’s Venus of Urbino.[7] Olympia was a popular play about a courtesan called Olympia. This subject was extremely controversial for an artist to portray a woman like this because of traditional vision of the Academy. Manet was being very different from the accepted academic style by outlining and flattening space that created a distortion of classical elements. Olympia is provocative in her nudity that implies she is naked, not nude.[8] She is looking out in a very confrontational way, and setting the viewer as a man coming to the prostitute, although Olympia’s hand suggests she is not ready to engage with the customer.[9] The African servant calls on racism and slavery in France, because showing someone of color participating in French life was unheard of, furthering the work's exotic nature.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Oshinsky, Sara J. "Exoticism in the Decorative Arts". The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  2. ^ Alden Jones (August 6, 2007). "This Is Not a Cruise". The Smart Set.
  3. ^ Segalen, Victor (2002). Essay on Exoticism: An Aesthetics of Diversity. Durham: Duke University Press.
  4. ^ Herbert, Robert (1990). "Art, Leisure, and Parisian Society". Art Journal. 49 (1): 65.
  5. ^ Carter, Karen (2012). "The Spectatorship of the Affiche Illustrée and the Modern City of Paris, 1880-1900". Journal of Design History. 25 (1): 24. doi:10.1093/jdh/epr044.
  6. ^ Chu, Petra (2011). Nineteenth-Century European Art. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. p. 87.
  7. ^ Chu, Petra (2011). Nineteenth Century European Art. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. p. 233.
  8. ^ Chu, Petra (2011). Nineteenth Century European Art. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. p. 235.
  9. ^ Chu, Petra (2011). Nineteenth Century European Art. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. p. 236.

References

External links

This page was last edited on 4 November 2018, at 09:58
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.