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Exhibition Square

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Exhibition Square, seen from Bootham Bar
Exhibition Square, seen from Bootham Bar

Exhibition Square is an open space in the city centre of York, in England.

History

The area covered by the square lay immediately outside the walls of Roman Eboracum and the Mediaeval York city walls, but within the walls of neighbouring St Mary's Abbey. By the 19th-century, the site was being used as a nursery by a Mr Bearpark. In 1833, the section of the city walls was demolished, to enable the construction of St Leonard's Place.[1][2]

An Art and Industrial Exhibition was held on Bootham, in York, in 1866, and in 1876 it was decided to hold a further exhibition. Bearpark's nursery was leased, while a house and the Bird in Hand pub were demolished, to clear the site. In 1879, Exhibition Square was built on the south-eastern part of the land, with the exhibition hall to its north-west, part of which survives as the York Art Gallery.[1][2]

The square is now the main location for the start of bus tours of the city, and also of walking tours run by the Association of Voluntary Guides to the City of York.[3][4]

Layout and architecture

Looking north-east across the square
Looking north-east across the square

The square lies to the west of the northernmost section of St Leonard's Place, where it meets Bootham. Bootham Bar, on the city walls, is opposite. On the north-eastern side of the square is part of the abbey boundary wall, including Bootham Tower and Queen Margaret's Arch, which leads to Bootham's junction with Gillygate. York Art Gallery lies on the north-western side, and King's Manor on the south-western side. The railings in front of King's Manor were originally built in 1726 for York Mansion House.[5][2]

In 1911, a statue of William Etty was placed in the centre of the square, to a design by G. W. Milburn.[6] In 1971, the square was pedestrianised, and the York Civic Trust constructed a fountain in front of the statue of Etty.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b A History of the County of York: the City of York. London: Victoria County History. 1961. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Exhibition Square". York Civic Trust. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Free Walking Tour of York". Association of Voluntary Guides to the City of York. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  4. ^ Lewis, Haydn (12 September 2020). "Special resident discount on city sightseeing tours". The Press. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  5. ^ An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in City of York, Volume 5, Central. London: HMSO. 1981. Retrieved 7 August 2020.
  6. ^ Historic England. "STATUE OF WILLIAM ETTY (1257854)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  7. ^ "1971: welcoming the fountain, Exhibition Square". York Stories. Retrieved 20 September 2020.

This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 18:56
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