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Eurovision Song Contest 2004

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eurovision Song Contest 2004
Under The Same Sky
Eurovision Song Contest 2004.svg
Dates
Semi-final12 May 2004 (2004-05-12)
Final15 May 2004 (2004-05-15)
Host
VenueAbdi İpekçi Arena
Istanbul, Turkey
Presenter(s)
Directed bySven Stojanovic
Executive supervisorSvante Stockselius
Executive producerBülent Osma
Host broadcasterTurkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT)
Opening actSertab Erener
Interval act
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/istanbul-2004 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries36
Debuting countries
Returning countries
Non-returning countriesNone
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points
Winning song

The Eurovision Song Contest 2004 was the 49th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Istanbul, Turkey, following Sertab Erener's win at the 2003 contest in Riga, Latvia with the song "Everyway That I Can". It was the first time Turkey had hosted the contest - 29 years after the country made its debut. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT), the contest was held at the Abdi İpekçi Arena, and (for the first time) consisted of a semi-final on 12 May, and the final on 15 May 2004.[1] The two live shows were hosted by Korhan Abay and Meltem Cumbul.

It was the first Eurovision Song Contest held in a transcontinental country and city, in a Muslims-majority country and in Turkic language-speaking country.

Thirty-six countries participated in the contest, beating the record of twenty-six in the previous edition. Albania, Andorra, Belarus and Serbia and Montenegro took part for the first time this year. The old relegation system was replaced with a semi-final format. This was done in order to accommodate the increasing number of countries who wished to participate. The new format allowed all countries to participate every year, rather than being forced to sit out per the relegation rules, which had been the standard since 1994. Because of this, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Macedonia, Monaco and Switzerland all returned to the contest.

The winner was Ukraine with the song "Wild Dances", performed by Ruslana who wrote it with Oleksandr Ksenofontov (her husband). This was Ukraine's first victory in the contest, after only 1 year of participation. Serbia and Montenegro, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus rounded out the top five.

This year was the first time in which a non-winning entry scored over 200 points. Prior to this contest, only the winning entries in 1994 and 1997 had passed this mark. In this contest, the top 3 songs all got over 200 points.

Location

Abdi İpekçi Arena, Istanbul – host venue of the 2004 contest.
Abdi İpekçi Arena, Istanbul – host venue of the 2004 contest.

The contest was held in Istanbul following Turkey's victory in the 2003 contest in Riga, Latvia with Sertab Erener's "Everyway That I Can". Originally the Mydonose Showland was chosen by TRT to host the event, but was changed to the Abdi İpekçi Arena as the contest approached due to its bigger capacity.[1] Korhan Abay and Meltem Cumbul were presenters of the show.

In the semi-final and the final, Meltem Cumbul warmed up the audience with a sing-a-long of Eurovision classic "Nel blu dipinto di blu (Volare)", originally by Domenico Modugno. Sertab Erener returned to the stage in the final to perform "Everyway That I Can", the 2003 winning song, and one of her new songs called "Leave". Sertab also interviewed contestants in the green room. The Turkish dance ensemble Fire of Anatolia performed as the interval act.[1] An official CD was released and, for the first time, the entire contest was released on DVD which included the Semi-final and the Grand Final.

Format

Firsts

The contest's new official generic logo was used for the first time this year, with the heart-shaped flag in the centre due to be changed for future contests. The slogan for Istanbul's contest was "Under The Same Sky", which communicated the importance of a united Europe and Turkish integration.

This year was also notable as it was the first year that Turkey voted for Cyprus and the second year in a row that Cyprus voted for Turkey. Nevertheless, in a move that angered some Cypriots, when the country presented its votes no map of the island was shown (all other presenters were preceded with their country being highlighted on a map). This was due to Turkey's recognition of the northern half of the island as an independent republic (not recognised by any other state). It is likely Turkey pulled out of showing the map because it would have only highlighted the southern portion of the island, and thus angered the international community.[1]

This was also the first year that the scores were only re-read by the hosts in one language. Before 2004 every point was repeated in French and English, but due to 36 countries voting, and more in years to come, in 2004 to save time the hosts only re-read each score in one language. This was in the opposite of the original country representative spoke in.

Voting structure

Every country in the competition, including those who did not qualify for the final, were allowed to vote for other countries. After all performances were completed, each country opened their phone lines to allow their viewers to vote for their favourite song. Voting for the country in which you are situated is not allowed, however. Each country awarded points based on the number of votes cast for each song: the song which received the most viewer votes was awarded 12 points, the second 10 points, the third 8 points and then 7, 6, 5, etc. down to 1.

In the event of a tie, the number of countries to vote for the tying songs would be counted, and the song having the most countries awarding points to it, would be the winner. In the event of a further tie, then the previously used method of counting back on the number of 12 points, 10 points etc., would be used to find an eventual winner.

Incidents

Just before the Slovenian entry was about to be performed, the Turkish broadcaster accidentally took a commercial break which meant the Slovenian song was not heard by Turkish viewers and consequently, Turkey gave no votes for the song.[1] There were technical problems when in a short hiatus halfway through the songs, (used for the advertising break), the hosts tried to contact various parties in Europe. They tried contacting Germany, Spain and Turkey, but in the end were only able to get a response from Germany. During the Romanian postcard introduction, the information for the Romanian entry appeared on the screen, but was quickly taken away. A final minor hiccup occurred when, on her way to present the winner the trophy, Sertab Erener got her shoe stuck in a speaker grill by the side of the stage and had to be freed by stagehands. However this did not delay proceedings, and other than the above the show ran smoothly.

An hour after the semi-final had been aired, the European Broadcasting Union discovered that there had been problems with the vote counting in Monaco and Croatia. Digame, an affiliate of Deutsche Telekom, who had been responsible for processing all the votes (from 2004), reported that they had encountered problems with their calculation software, and there was a problem with text message voting in Croatia. When the votes were counted, results showed that Croatia had awarded themselves 4 points, which is against Eurovision rules. Later, an official EBU statement read that there had been technical problems at the side of the Croatian mobile service provider, who neglected to delete the illegal votes from the results. Consequently, some votes were not counted in the results announced at the end of the broadcast of the semi-final. When the results were corrected to include these additional votes, they were found not to have affected which countries had qualified for the Final.[1]

Participating countries

This year's Eurovision contest was the first to be a two-day event, with one qualifying round held on a Wednesday and the grand final held on the following Saturday. Under this new format, byes into the final were given to the 'Big 4'; France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom (as the largest financial contributors to the European Broadcasting Union) and the ten highest placed finishers in the 2003 contest.

Andorra, Albania, Belarus and Serbia and Montenegro participated in the Contest for the first time, with Monaco returning after a 25-year absence. Luxembourg were due to return after an absence of 11 years, but later pulled out after money issues arose between RTL and the EBU.

All participating countries had the right to vote in both the qualifying round and the grand final. This was the first year in which all 36 participating countries voted based on a public phone vote. However France, Poland and Russia did not broadcast the semi-final (as they were not participating in it) and therefore did not give votes for it like the other thirty-three countries. In Belgium, the French-language RTBF did not broadcast the semi-final, but the Dutch-language VRT did.

Results

Semi-final

The semi-final was held on 12 May 2004 at 21:00 (CET). 22 countries performed and all participants voted except France, Poland and Russia. This was the first ever semi-final in Eurovision history.

Shaded countries qualified for the Eurovision Final

Draw Country Artist Song Language[2] Place Points
01  Finland Jari Sillanpää "Takes 2 to Tango" English 14 51
02  Belarus Aleksandra and Konstantin "My Galileo" English 19 10
03   Switzerland Piero Esteriore & The MusicStars "Celebrate" English 22 0
04  Latvia Fomins and Kleins "Dziesma par laimi" Latvian 17 23
05  Israel David D'Or "Leha'amin" (להאמין) Hebrew, English 11 57
06  Andorra Marta Roure "Jugarem a estimar-nos" Catalan 18 12
07  Portugal Sofia Vitória "Foi magia" Portuguese 15 38
08  Malta Julie and Ludwig "On Again... Off Again" English 8 74
09  Monaco Maryon "Notre planète" French 19 10
10  Greece Sakis Rouvas "Shake It" English 3 238
11  Ukraine Ruslana "Wild Dances" English, Ukrainian 2 256
12  Lithuania Linas and Simona "What's Happened to Your Love?" English 16 26
13  Albania Anjeza Shahini "The Image of You" English 4 167
14  Cyprus Lisa Andreas "Stronger Every Minute" English 5 149
15  Macedonia Toše Proeski "Life" English 10 71
16  Slovenia Platin "Stay Forever" English 21 5
17  Estonia Neiokõsõ "Tii" Võro 11 57
18  Croatia Ivan Mikulić "You Are the Only One" English 9 72
19  Denmark Tomas Thordarson "Shame on You" English 13 56
20  Serbia and Montenegro Željko Joksimović & Ad-Hoc Orchestra "Lane moje" (Лане моје) Serbian 1 263
21  Bosnia and Herzegovina Deen "In the Disco" English 7 133
22  Netherlands Re-Union "Without You" English 6 146

A new ABBA video was shown in the semi-final, briefly outlining how ABBA started and what the response was of the first record company they approached. It featured small puppets of the band performing snippets of their songs (the voices being the ones of the band) and featured Rik Mayall as the record company manager.[1] This was cut from the Eurovision Song Contest DVD and released separately. References to the video that were made running up to the showing of it were also cut.

Final

The finalists were:

  • the four automatic qualifiers France, Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom;
  • the top 10 countries from the 2003 contest (other than the automatic qualifiers);
  • the top 10 countries from the 2004 semi-final.

The final was held on 15 May 2004 at 21:00 (CET) and was won by Ukraine.

Countries in bold automatically qualified for the Eurovision Song Contest 2005 Final.

Draw Country Artist Song Language[2] Place Points
01  Spain Ramón "Para llenarme de ti" Spanish 10 87
02  Austria Tie Break "Du bist" German 21 9
03  Norway Knut Anders Sørum "High" English 24 3
04  France Jonatan Cerrada "À chaque pas" French, Spanish 15 40
05  Serbia and Montenegro Željko Joksimović & Ad-Hoc Orchestra "Lane moje" (Лане моје) Serbian 2 263
06  Malta Julie and Ludwig "On Again... Off Again" English 12 50
07  Netherlands Re-Union "Without You" English 20 11
08  Germany Max "Can't Wait Until Tonight" English, Turkish 8 93
09  Albania Anjeza Shahini "The Image of You" English 7 106
10  Ukraine Ruslana "Wild Dances" English, Ukrainian 1 280
11  Croatia Ivan Mikulić "You Are the Only One" English 12 50
12  Bosnia and Herzegovina Deen "In the Disco" English 9 91
13  Belgium Xandee "1 Life" English 22 7
14  Russia Julia Savicheva "Believe Me" English 11 67
15  Macedonia Toše Proeski "Life" English 14 47
16  Greece Sakis Rouvas "Shake It" English 3 252
17  Iceland Jónsi "Heaven" English 19 16
18  Ireland Chris Doran "If My World Stopped Turning" English 22 7
19  Poland Blue Café "Love Song" English, Spanish 17 27
20  United Kingdom James Fox "Hold On to Our Love" English 16 29
21  Cyprus Lisa Andreas "Stronger Every Minute" English 5 170
22  Turkey Athena "For Real" English 4 195
23  Romania Sanda "I Admit" English 18 18
24  Sweden Lena Philipsson "It Hurts" English 5 170

Scoreboard

Semi-final

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Televoting results
Total score
Andorra
Albania
Austria
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Belgium
Belarus
Switzerland
Serbia and Montenegro
Cyprus
Germany
Denmark
Estonia
Spain
Finland
United Kingdom
Greece
Croatia
Ireland
Israel
Iceland
Lithuania
Latvia
Monaco
Macedonia
Malta
Netherlands
Norway
Portugal
Romania
Sweden
Slovenia
Turkey
Ukraine
Contestants
Finland 51 7 1 6 7 3 5 3 6 2 3 8
Belarus 10 2 1 2 5
Switzerland 0
Latvia 23 4 5 4 2 6 2
Israel 57 3 5 1 2 3 3 2 1 2 4 2 2 3 6 2 7 5 4
Andorra 12 12
Portugal 38 12 4 7 6 1 8
Malta 74 5 6 4 1 4 10 5 1 1 1 6 2 7 7 4 3 4 1 2
Monaco 10 4 2 4
Greece 238 8 12 5 5 10 8 3 10 12 10 3 4 7 5 12 6 2 12 6 8 6 4 7 12 6 5 8 12 4 4 12 10
Ukraine 256 10 3 4 7 8 12 2 8 8 6 6 12 10 8 7 7 8 10 10 10 12 10 5 8 10 7 7 12 7 6 8 8
Lithuania 26 2 7 2 3 1 8 3
Albania 167 6 7 6 5 10 6 1 8 7 1 2 6 6 8 7 5 4 4 5 3 12 8 5 8 2 6 7 5 6 1
Cyprus 149 2 6 6 6 1 2 4 5 6 1 7 10 12 2 8 3 8 4 3 12 5 10 4 3 1 3 3 5 7
Macedonia 71 8 2 8 5 12 3 1 4 5 1 1 4 2 6 3 6
Slovenia 5 1 3 1
Estonia 57 1 4 12 1 7 10 12 1 5 1 3
Croatia 72 8 10 7 6 5 5 1 3 1 6 4 1 7 8
Denmark 56 3 3 3 4 5 12 10 2 6 2 5 1
Serbia and Montenegro 263 1 4 12 12 7 10 12 10 12 10 8 10 8 10 12 6 8 1 4 7 10 4 12 10 10 10 12 12 7 12
Bosnia and Herzegovina 133 10 10 3 8 7 7 12 4 10 7 5 8 12 10 10 10
Netherlands 146 7 3 2 12 5 4 1 5 2 8 8 5 3 3 6 4 12 7 5 5 2 8 3 7 2 6 3 2 2 4
Rows are ordered by appearance, columns are ordered by voting order.

12 points

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the semi-final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
9 Serbia and Montenegro Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Germany, Netherlands, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine
7 Greece Albania, Cyprus, Israel, Malta, Romania, Turkey, United Kingdom
4 Ukraine Belarus, Estonia, Lithuania, Portugal
2
Bosnia and Herzegovina Denmark, Norway
Cyprus Greece, Monaco
Estonia Finland, Latvia
Netherlands Belgium, Ireland
1
Albania Macedonia
Andorra Spain
Denmark Iceland
Macedonia Serbia and Montenegro
Portugal Andorra

Final

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
Televoting results
Total score
Andorra
Albania
Austria
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Belgium
Belarus
Switzerland
Serbia and Montenegro
Cyprus
Germany
Denmark
Estonia
Spain
Finland
France
United Kingdom
Greece
Croatia
Ireland
Israel
Iceland
Lithuania
Latvia
Monaco
Macedonia
Malta
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
Sweden
Slovenia
Turkey
Ukraine
Contestants
Spain 87 12 7 2 6 7 2 8 3 8 1 3 1 3 4 1 12 5 2
Austria 9 4 5
Norway 3 3
France 40 7 1 10 4 12 2 4
Serbia and Montenegro 263 2 7 12 12 3 7 12 10 10 7 1 6 10 10 3 8 12 3 7 7 2 5 1 10 6 10 6 5 7 8 10 12 12 8 12
Malta 50 6 3 1 1 6 2 1 2 6 4 4 6 3 3 1 1
Netherlands 11 6 3 2
Germany 93 2 10 3 10 2 12 7 4 1 4 1 7 3 1 6 8 4 3 5
Albania 106 5 4 1 7 8 5 4 3 1 1 10 6 2 4 1 12 10 1 3 1 7 4 6
Ukraine 280 10 5 4 6 5 10 10 8 6 5 12 8 8 2 5 7 8 7 12 12 12 12 6 8 8 7 7 12 10 6 12 10 8 12
Croatia 50 3 10 5 3 5 1 1 5 5 5 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina 91 10 7 5 6 8 10 4 4 2 10 8 10 7
Belgium 7 1 1 5
Russia 67 12 1 6 8 4 2 6 8 10 10
Macedonia 47 6 8 1 12 5 1 7 4 3
Greece 252 8 12 2 5 8 6 4 7 12 7 3 5 7 6 6 12 7 5 10 6 10 7 10 7 12 6 2 7 6 12 7 4 6 10 8
Iceland 16 2 2 5 5 2
Ireland 7 7
Poland 27 2 4 1 4 3 7 1 5
United Kingdom 29 1 4 8 2 3 4 2 2 1 2
Cyprus 170 4 6 4 8 2 3 8 6 7 3 7 5 10 12 4 10 3 10 5 4 2 7 8 4 4 3 3 6 6 1 1 4
Turkey 195 3 8 8 7 12 3 8 2 4 12 10 2 5 12 6 6 3 1 2 5 3 2 8 6 12 8 8 10 8 5 6
Romania 18 3 10 1 4
Sweden 170 5 4 1 2 2 4 4 5 3 12 10 5 12 3 8 12 5 8 6 8 2 5 12 10 5 7 3 2 3 2
Rows are ordered by appearance, columns are ordered by voting order.

12 points

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
8 Ukraine Estonia, Israel, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Turkey
7 Serbia and Montenegro Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Sweden, Switzerland, Slovenia, Ukraine
5 Greece Albania, Cyprus, Malta, Romania, United Kingdom
4 Sweden Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway
Turkey Belgium, Germany, France, Netherlands
2 Spain Andorra, Portugal
1 Albania Macedonia
Cyprus Greece
France Monaco
Germany Spain
Macedonia Serbia and Montenegro
Russia Belarus

Other awards

AP Awards

Category Country Song Performer(s) Result Points
Artist Award  Macedonia "Life" Toše Proeski 14 47
Composer Award  United Kingdom "Hold Onto Our Love" James Fox 16 29
Performance Award  Ukraine "Wild Dances" Ruslana 1 280
Song Award  Portugal "Foi Magia" Sofia Vitória 15 SF 38 SF

Marcel Bezençon Awards

The Marcel Bezençon Awards were first handed out during the Eurovision Song Contest 2002 in Tallinn, Estonia honoring the best competing songs in the final. Founded by Christer Björkman (Sweden's representative in the 1992 Eurovision Song Contest and current Head of Delegation for Sweden) and Richard Herrey (member of the Herreys, Eurovision Song Contest 1984 winner from Sweden), the awards are named after the creator of the annual competition, Marcel Bezençon.[3] The awards are divided into 3 categories: Press Award, Artistic Award, and Composer Award.[4]

Category Country Song Performer(s) Composer(s) Final Points
Artistic Award[a]  Ukraine "Wild Dances" Ruslana Oleksandr Ksenofontov
Ruslana Lyzhychko
1 280
Composer Award  Cyprus "Stronger Every Minute" Lisa Andreas Mike Konnaris (m & l) 5 170
Press Award  Serbia and Montenegro "Lane moje" (Лане моје) Željko Joksimović Željko Joksimović 2 263

Commentators and spokespersons

Commentators

Participating countries

Non-participating countries

Spokespersons

Each country appointed a spokesperson to announce their respective country's points.[31]

  1.  Andorra – Pati Molné
  2.  Albania – Zhani Ciko
  3.  Austria – Dodo Roščić
  4.  Bosnia and HerzegovinaMija Martina (Bosnian representative in the 2003 contest)
  5.  Belgium – Martine Prenen
  6.  BelarusDenis Kurian
  7.   SwitzerlandEmel Aykanat
  8.  Serbia and Montenegro – Nataša Miljković
  9.  Cyprus – Loukas Hamatsos
  10.  GermanyThomas Anders
  11.  DenmarkCamilla Ottesen
  12.  EstoniaMaarja-Liis Ilus (Estonian representative in the 1996 and 1997 contests)
  13.  SpainAnne Igartiburu
  14.  Finland – Anna Stenlund
  15.  France – Alex Taylor
  16.  United KingdomLorraine Kelly
  17.  Greece – Alexis Kostalas
  18.  CroatiaBarbara Kolar
  19.  IrelandJohnny Logan (winner of the 1980 and 1987 contests, winning composer in the 1992 contest)
  20.  IsraelMerav Miller
  21.  Iceland – Sigrún Ósk Kristjánsdóttir
  22.  Lithuania – Rolandas Vilkončius
  23.  LatviaLauris Reiniks (Latvian representative in the 2003 contest as a part of F.L.Y.)
  24.  Monaco – Anne Allegrini
  25.  Malta – Claire Agius
  26.  Macedonia – Karolina Petkovska
  27.  NetherlandsEsther Hart (Dutch representative in the 2003 contest)
  28.  NorwayIngvild Helljesen
  29.  Poland – Maciej Orłoś
  30.  Portugal – Isabel Angelino
  31.  RomaniaAndreea Marin
  32.  RussiaYana Churikova
  33.  SwedenJovan Radomir
  34.  SloveniaPeter Poles
  35.  Turkey – Meltem Ersan Yazgan
  36.  UkrainePavlo Shylko (DJ Pascha) (Later co-presenter of the 2005 contest)

Official album

Eurovision Song Contest: Istanbul 2004
ESC 2004 album cover.jpg
Compilation album by
Released26 April 2004
GenrePop
Length
  • 54:03 (CD 1)
  • 54:18 (CD 2)
LabelEMI / CMC
Eurovision Song Contest chronology
Eurovision Song Contest: Riga 2003
(2003)
Eurovision Song Contest: Istanbul 2004
(2004)
Eurovision Song Contest: Kyiv 2005
(2005)

Eurovision Song Contest: Istanbul 2004 was the official compilation album of the 2004 Contest, put together by the European Broadcasting Union and released by EMI Records and CMC International on 26 April 2004. The album featured all 36 songs that entered in the 2004 contest, including the semi-finalists that failed to qualify into the grand final.[32]

Charts

Chart (2004) Peak
position
German Compilation Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[33] 3

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ Voted by previous winners.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Bakker, Sietse (25 December 2009). "The end of a decade: Istanbul 2004". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 25 December 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Eurovision Song Contest 2004". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  3. ^ "Marcel Bezençon Award – an introduction". Poplight. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2009.
  4. ^ "Winners of the Marcel Bezençon Awards 2012 | Eurovision Song Contest – Baku 2012". Eurovision Song Contest. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  5. ^ "Bart Peeters co-commentator op songfestival : showbizz". Mijnnieuws.skynetblogs.be. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  6. ^ a b Christian Masson. "2004 – Istanbul". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  7. ^ "• Pogledaj temu – Prijedlog – Eurosong večer(i) na HRT-u!". Forum.hrt.hr. 27 March 2011. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  8. ^ Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
  9. ^ "Forside". esconnet.dk. Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  10. ^ [1] Archived 2 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ [2] Archived 30 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Julkaistu To, 29 April 2010 – 10:19 (29 April 2010). "YLE Radio Suomen kommentaattorit | yle.fi | Arkistoitu". yle.fi. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  13. ^ "Dr. Peter Urban kommentiert – Düsseldorf 2011". Duesseldorf2011.de. Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  14. ^ "Thomas Mohr: Mit Dschinghis Khan im Garten". Eurovision.de. 14 May 2011. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  15. ^ "Η Δάφνη Μπόκοτα και η EUROVISION (1987–2004)". Retromaniax.gr. Archived from the original on 12 September 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  16. ^ "Fréttablaðið, 15 May 2004". Timarit.is. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  17. ^ "RTE so lonely after loss of Gerry – Marty". 20 May 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2010. He has been providing commentary for Irish viewers since 2000 and maintains great enthusiasm for the much lampooned contest.
  18. ^ [3] Archived 12 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  20. ^ "Alt du trenger å vite om MGP – Melodi Grand Prix – Melodi Grand Prix". NRK. 27 May 2003. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  21. ^ "Pliki użytkownika Eurowizja". Chomikuj.pl. Retrieved 9 August 2012.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ "Comentadores Do ESC – escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  23. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema – Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  24. ^ "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  25. ^ "Swedes stay at home with Eurovision fever". The Local. 16 May 2009. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  26. ^ "Marco Fritsche kommentiert 'Eurovision Song Contest'". persoenlich.com. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  27. ^ "2004 semi-final Meltem Cumbul and Korhan Abay". Retrieved 9 August 2012 – via YouTube.
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External links

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