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Eurovision Song Contest 1994

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eurovision Song Contest 1994
ESC 1994 logo.png
Dates
Final30 April 1994
Host
VenuePoint Theatre
Dublin, Ireland
Presenter(s)Cynthia Ní Mhurchú
Gerry Ryan
ConductorNoel Kelehan
Directed byPatrick Cowap
Executive supervisorChristian Clausen
Executive producerMoya Doherty
Host broadcasterRaidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)
Interval actRiverdance
Participants
Number of entries25
Debuting countries Estonia
 Hungary
 Lithuania
 Poland
 Romania
 Russia
 Slovakia
Returning countriesNone
Withdrawing countries Belgium
 Denmark
 Israel
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Slovenia
 Turkey
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points Lithuania
Winning song Ireland
"Rock 'n' Roll Kids"

The Eurovision Song Contest 1994 was the 39th Eurovision Song Contest and was held on 30 April 1994 in the Point Theatre in Dublin, Ireland. As of 2019, it was the last time the contest was held in April. The presenters were Cynthia Ní Mhurchú and Gerry Ryan. The pair hosted the evening in French, English and Irish. Ireland won the contest for the third time in a row, when Paul Harrington and Charlie McGettigan were the winners with a song written by Brendan Graham, "Rock 'N' Roll Kids". This was a record sixth victory for Ireland, giving it the outright record number of victories at the Eurovision Song Contest, and also the second time Ireland won on home soil. It was also the first time — and to date the only time — that the contest had been won by the same country in three consecutive years.

For the first time in Eurovision history, voting was done via satellite instead of by telephone, and as a result, viewers could see the spokespersons onscreen.[1]

The interval act was the first-ever performance of the Irish dancing spectacular Riverdance, featuring Michael Flatley and Jean Butler.

Location

The Point Theatre, Dublin – host venue of the 1994 contest.
The Point Theatre, Dublin – host venue of the 1994 contest.

Ireland hosted the contest for the fifth time after winning the 1993 contest in Millstreet, County Cork. Dublin was chosen to be the host city, making it the fourth time that the Eurovision Song Contest was staged in the Irish capital. For the first time, the venue for the contest was the Point Theatre located on the North Wall Quay of the River Liffey, amongst the Dublin Docklands.

Contest overview

The contest opened with a brief film of stars floating in water, fireworks and caricatures dancing around, drinking coffee and biking. The cameras then went live to the venue itself, where dancers dressed in white and wearing caricatured heads of well-known Irish figures, arrived on stage carrying European countries’ flags. The presenters entered the stage spectacularly from a bridge which descended from the roof of the theatre. This year’s video postcards had a literary theme, showing contestants reading, fishing and doing other activities around Ireland. The stage, by Paula Farrell, was four times larger than the Millstreet stage, and its design which included a city scene of skyscrapers and video screens plus a backdrop of an ever-changing night sky was based upon the concept of what a futuristic Dublin might look like with one remaining constant being the river Liffey. The floor was painted with a dark blue reflective paint to give a watery effect.

To cope with the increasing number of countries wishing to participate in the contest, for 1994 the European Broadcasting Union ruled that the seven lowest-placed countries from the preceding year's contest would not participate. Because Italy and Luxembourg withdrew voluntarily, the bottom 5 of the 1993 Contest were relegated. This meant that Belgium, Denmark, Israel, Slovenia and Turkey did not participate this year opening spaces for the new countries. This contest also saw Luxembourg withdraw from Eurovision indefinitely. [2]

Poland took part for the first time and caused a scandal when Edyta Górniak broke the rules by singing her song in English during the dress rehearsal (which is shown to the juries who selected the winner until 1997). Only six countries demanded that Poland should be disqualified, though the rules required 13 countries to complain before Poland could be removed from the competition. The proposed removal did not occur and Poland went on to come 2nd in the contest, the highest placing that any country's debut song had ever achieved until 2007 (the winner in 1956 was Switzerland's second song of the night).[3][4]

When the voting started, Hungary took the lead from the first six juries and were well ahead of all the other countries. However, Ireland powered their way through the score board ending up the winners with a 60-point lead over second-placed Poland.

Participating countries

Returning artists

Artist Country Previous Year(s)
Evridiki  Cyprus 1992
Sigga  Iceland 1990 (part of Stjórnin), 1992 (part of Heart 2 Heart)
Elisabeth Andreassen  Norway 1982 (for Sweden, part of Chips)
1985 (part of Bobbysocks!, winner)
Marie Bergman  Sweden 1971 & 1972 (part of Family Four)

Conductors

Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra. Eurovision veteran, Ireland's Noel Kelehan (who was the musical director) conducted the songs from three countries, but did not conduct the song from his home country.

Results

Draw Country Artist Song Language[5] Place Points
01  Sweden Marie Bergman & Roger Pontare "Stjärnorna" Swedish 13 48
02  Finland CatCat "Bye Bye Baby" Finnish, English 22 11
03  Ireland Paul Harrington & Charlie McGettigan "Rock 'n' Roll Kids" English 1 226
04  Cyprus Evridiki "Ime anthropos ki ego" (Είμαι άνθρωπος κι εγώ) Greek 11 51
05  Iceland Sigga "Nætur" Icelandic 12 49
06  United Kingdom Frances Ruffelle "We Will Be Free (Lonely Symphony)" English 10 63
07  Croatia Tony Cetinski "Nek' ti bude ljubav sva" Croatian 16 27
08  Portugal Sara Tavares "Chamar a música" Portuguese 8 73
09   Switzerland Duilio "Sto pregando" Italian 19 15
10  Estonia Silvi Vrait "Nagu merelaine" Estonian 24 2
11  Romania Dan Bittman "Dincolo de nori" Romanian 21 14
12  Malta Chris and Moira "More than Love" English 5 97
13  Netherlands Willeke Alberti "Waar is de zon" Dutch 23 4
14  Germany MeKaDo "Wir geben 'ne Party" German1 3 128
15  Slovakia Tublatanka "Nekonečná pieseň" Slovak 19 15
16  Lithuania Ovidijus Vyšniauskas "Lopšinė mylimai" Lithuanian 25 0
17  Norway Elisabeth Andreassen & Jan Werner Danielsen "Duett" Norwegian 6 76
18  Bosnia and Herzegovina Alma & Dejan "Ostani kraj mene" Bosnian 15 39
19  Greece Kostas Bigalis & The Sea Lovers "To trehandiri" (Το τρεχαντήρι) Greek 14 44
20  Austria Petra Frey "Für den Frieden der Welt" German 17 19
21  Spain Alejandro Abad "Ella no es ella" Spanish 18 17
22  Hungary Friderika Bayer "Kinek mondjam el vétkeimet?" Hungarian 4 122
23  Russia Youddiph "Vechny strannik" (Вечный странник) Russian 9 70
24  Poland Edyta Górniak "To nie ja!" Polish 2 166
25  France Nina Morato "Je suis un vrai garçon" French 7 74

Notes

1. ^ Contains some words in English.

Voting structure

Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs.

With advances in technology, this was the first contest in which the spokesperson for each national jury appeared on-screen, live from their own countries.

In the early stages of the voting it looked as if Hungary was surging to victory in its first-ever Eurovision appearance, winning the maximum twelve points from the first three juries. However, this turned out to be completely deceptive, as from that point on it was virtually one-way traffic for Ireland, which became the first country to win the contest for a third year in succession.

Score sheet

Results
Total Score
Sweden
Finland
Ireland
Cyprus
Iceland
United Kingdom
Croatia
Portugal
Switzerland
Estonia
Romania
Malta
Netherlands
Germany
Slovakia
Lithuania
Norway
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Greece
Austria
Spain
Hungary
Russia
Poland
France
Contestants
Sweden 48 2 7 2 3 6 5 5 10 5 1 2
Finland 11 1 10
Ireland 226 10 7 8 12 10 12 12 12 10 8 5 12 12 6 10 12 10 10 10 10 12 8 8
Cyprus 51 10 3 5 2 5 12 4 2 5 3
Iceland 49 8 1 6 6 3 3 1 3 3 6 1 4 4
United Kingdom 63 1 5 6 8 8 5 2 4 3 2 4 1 3 3 5 3
Croatia 27 10 12 5
Portugal 73 5 5 8 8 8 5 1 3 12 7 4 1 6
Switzerland 15 8 2 5
Estonia 2 2
Romania 14 6 2 6
Malta 97 4 6 10 2 1 7 4 6 7 10 1 3 10 7 12 7
Netherlands 4 4
Germany 128 6 3 5 6 7 7 10 10 3 12 4 7 4 1 7 2 8 12 7 7
Slovakia 15 12 3
Lithuania 0
Norway 76 7 3 10 1 4 3 1 8 4 7 2 1 6 1 5 5 8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 39 2 4 7 8 7 1 10
Greece 44 2 4 12 6 4 1 5 4 4 2
Austria 19 1 7 3 2 1 5
Spain 17 5 2 8 2
Hungary 122 12 12 12 10 2 5 1 4 4 2 10 7 8 3 8 3 12 7
Russia 70 4 3 4 5 1 2 1 3 5 6 6 3 4 6 6 10 1
Poland 166 8 7 1 6 12 8 7 10 12 7 2 8 10 4 12 6 8 12 8 6 12
France 74 3 2 4 5 6 6 8 8 7 2 7 10 6

12 points

Below is a summary of all 12 point in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
8 Ireland Croatia, Germany, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Switzerland
5 Poland Austria, Estonia, France, Lithuania, United Kingdom
4 Hungary Ireland, Finland, Poland, Sweden
2 Germany Hungary, Romania
1 Croatia Slovakia
Cyprus Greece
Greece Cyprus
Malta Bosnia and Herzegovina
Portugal Spain
Slovakia Malta

International broadcasting

Other involved countries

 FR Yugoslavia
After the breakup of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was last participated in 1992. Third channel of Radio Television of Serbia broadcast the show, although Yugoslavia did not participate.

Commentators

Television

Radio

Some participating countries didn't provide radio broadcasts for the event, the ones who did are listed below.

Spokespersons

National jury members

  •  Greece – Evangelos Alexandropoulos, Nikolaos Tsolakis, Giorgos Vrouvas, Giorgos Kleftogiorgos, Kosmas Athousis, Maria Alefanti, Eleftherios Apostolopoulos, Christos Venetidis, Georgia Giannopoulou, Anna Gliati, Rozy Kasparian, Evgenia Koutsoulieri, Ekaterini Lygoni, Stamatis Panagiotaras, Ourania Papakonstantopoulou, Archontia Harismidou
  •  Netherlands – Arnold Mühren
  •  Poland – Anna Maria Jopek (future Polish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1997), Maciej Chmiel, Marek Niedźwiecki, Irena Santor, Marek Gaszyński, Włodzimierz Korcz, Tadeusz Woźniak, Szymon Majewski, Tomasz Justyński, Małgorzata Szniak, Anna Rutkowska, Jacek Olechowski, Agnieszka Gach, Ilona Skrętna, Maria Teodorowicz, Elżbieta Chełstowska
  •  Slovakia – Silvia Rigová, Zlatica Bírová, Martina Lišková, Iveta Lábska, Gabriela Husková, Augustín Rebro, Ján Pavúr, Tibor Horniak, Jozef Martiš, Dagmar Martišová, Daniela Mintálová, Štefan Ondek, Pavol Zelenay, Mária Slováková, Ivan Popelár, Július Ebers
  •  Spain – Belén Casla (economist), Daniel Santos (Eurovision Network delegate), Purificación Blanco (journalist at El Semanal TV), Àlex Sisteré (actor), Susana García (actress), Andrés Vázquez (bullfighter), Alejandra Botto (actress), Serafín Zubiri (singer, Spanish entrant at Eurovision Song Contest 1992 and 2000), Elena Benarroch (fashion designer), Francisco (singer), Dora Dora (TV hostess), Francisco Herrera (director of Cadena Dial), Victoria Rodríguez (student), Manuel Liétor (businessman), Sofía Balseiro (bank branch manager), Javier de la Vega (student)[30]

References

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  2. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest history". Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1994 facts". eurovision-contest.eu. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  4. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1994". Eurovision.tv. Retrieved 9 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1994". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  6. ^ a b "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
  7. ^ "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  8. ^ Itä-Eurooppa rynnii Euroviisuihin, Helsingin Sanomat, 30 April 1994
  9. ^ a b Savvidis, Christos (OGAE Cyprus)
  10. ^ "Morgunblaðið, 28.04.1994". Timarit.is. Retrieved 2012-08-10.
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  12. ^ a b "Comentadores Do ESC - escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  13. ^ "Welkom op de site van Eurovision Artists". Eurovisionartists.nl. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  14. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1994". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  15. ^ "Alt du trenger å vite om MGP - Melodi Grand Prix - Melodi Grand Prix - NRK". Nrk.no. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  16. ^ "Η Δάφνη Μπόκοτα και η EUROVISION (1987-2004)". Retromaniax.gr. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  17. ^ [1] Archived October 24, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema - Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 2012-03-17. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  19. ^ "Zobacz temat - Eurowizyjna gra". Eurowizja.Com.Pl. Archived from the original on 2012-03-23. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  20. ^ a b "1994 - Dublin". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  21. ^ "Hasselt 2005: Jarige André Vermeulen verzorgt commentaar met Ilse Van Hoecke –". Eurosong.be. 2005-10-25. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  22. ^ "Danske kommentatorer og pointsoplæsere". Esconnet.dk. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  23. ^ "Nostalgični RTV press clipping". rtvforum.net. Archived from the original on 2015-09-29. Retrieved 2015-09-02.
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  25. ^ "Pogledajte temu - SPOKESPERSONS". forum.hrt.hr. Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  26. ^ [2] Archived August 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  27. ^ "Εκφωνητές της ΕΡΤ για τις ψήφους της Ελλάδας στην EUROVISION - Page 3". Retromaniax.gr. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
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External links

This page was last edited on 25 February 2019, at 09:32
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