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Eurovision Song Contest 1975

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eurovision Song Contest 1975
ESC 1975 logo.png
Dates
Final22 March 1975
Host
VenueStockholmsmässan
Stockholm, Sweden
Presenter(s)Karin Falck
ConductorMats Olsson
Directed byBo Billtén
Executive supervisorClifford Brown
Host broadcasterSveriges Radio (SR)
Interval actThe World of John Bauer
Websiteeurovision.tv/event/stockholm-1975 Edit this at Wikidata
Participants
Number of entries19
Debuting countries Turkey
Returning countries
Non-returning countries Greece
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs
Nul pointsNone
Winning song Netherlands
"Ding-a-dong"

The Eurovision Song Contest 1975 was the 20th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Stockholm, Sweden, following ABBA's win at the 1974 contest in Brighton, United Kingdom with the song "Waterloo". It was the first time the contest took place in Sweden, also marking the first time the Scandinavian Peninsula hosted the event. The contest was held at Stockholmsmässan on Saturday 22 March 1975. The show was hosted by Karin Falck.

Nineteen countries participated in the contest, beating the previous record of eighteen, that was first set in the 1965 edition. France and Malta returned after their one-year and two-year absence, respectively. Turkey made its debut, while Greece decided not to enter after its debut the year prior.[1]

The winner was the Netherlands with the song "Ding-a-dong", performed by Teach-In, written by Will Luikinga and Eddy Ouwens, and composed by Dick Bakker. This was the Netherlands' fourth victory in the contest, following their wins in 1957, 1959, and 1969.[1] It would be another 44 years before the Netherlands' next win.[2]

Location

Stockholmsmässan, Stockholm – host venue of the 1975 contest.
Stockholmsmässan, Stockholm – host venue of the 1975 contest.

The contest took place in Stockholm, the capital and largest city of Sweden, which has long been one of the country's cultural, media, political, and economic centres as well as the most populated urban area in Scandinavia.[3][4]

The venue for the contest was Stockholmsmässan (or Stockholm International Fairs in English). The main building is in Älvsjö – a southern suburb of Stockholm Municipality for which the building got its nickname. It was constructed in 1971 and holds 4,000 people.

Format

This year a new scoring system was implemented. Each country would be represented by a jury of 11 members, at least half of whom had to be under the age of 26. Each jury member had to award every song a mark of between 1 and 5 points, but could not vote for their own nation's entry. The votes were cast immediately after the song was performed and collected by the adjudicator straight away. After the last song was performed, the jury secretary added up all the votes cast and awarded 12 points to the song with the highest score, 10 to the second highest score, then 8 to the third, 7 to the fourth, 6 to the fifth and so forth down to 1 point for the song ranked 10th, a points system that remains in use today. The jury spokesperson then announced the ten scores in the order the songs were presented when called upon by the hostess. The hostess Karin Falck several times confused the new system with questions like "How much is seven in France?"

Unlike today, the points were not given in order (from 1 up to 12), but in the order the songs were performed. The current procedure of announcing the scores in ascending order, beginning with 1 point, was not established until 1980. This scoring system remained in use until 1996, although the number of jurors varied (it was 11 from 1975 to 1987, and 16 from 1988 to 1997) and the scores they awarded each song increased to 10 rather than 5. In from 1997, some juries were replaced by televotes and from 1998, all countries were encouraged to televote when possible.

In the 2009 final and the 2010 semi-finals, the juries were reintroduced to provide 50% of the scores. Despite these changes in how the points were decided, the 'douze points' scoring system remained in place from 1975–2015. In 2016 it was altered to each country providing two separate sets of points, however, modelled after the former model.[5]

Participating countries

Teach-In leaving from Amsterdam Airport for the Eurovision Song Contest 1975
Teach-In leaving from Amsterdam Airport for the Eurovision Song Contest 1975

Nineteen countries took part; Greece decided not to enter after its 1974 debut, while Turkey made its debut, and France and Malta returned to the contest.[1]

The Portuguese entry "Madrugada" was an unabashed celebration of the Carnation Revolution, during which the country's 1974 Eurovision entry had played a pivotal practical role. According to author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor in his book The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History, the Portuguese performer had to be dissuaded from wearing his Portuguese army uniform and carrying a gun onto the stage.[6] Some competitors (notably Portugal and Yugoslavia) opted to perform their songs in English for the rehearsals heard by the judges, but in their native tongue at the final. Others, such as Belgium and Germany, opted for a mix of their own language and English.

Conductors

Each performance had a conductor who conducted the orchestra.[7][8]

Returning artists

Norway's Ellen Nikolaysen was one of the only two participants to return to the contest this year. Ellen's previous participation was with the band Bendik Singers in 1973. The second was John Farrar, one of The Shadows member who appeared as a backing guitarist and vocalist for Cliff Richard in 1973.[1]

Results

Draw Country Artist Song Language[9] Place Points
01  Netherlands Teach-In "Ding-a-dong" English 1 152
02  Ireland The Swarbriggs "That's What Friends Are For" English 9 68
03  France Nicole Rieu "Et bonjour à toi l'artiste" French 4 91
04  Germany Joy Fleming "Ein Lied kann eine Brücke sein" German, English 17 15
05  Luxembourg Geraldine "Toi" French 5 84
06  Norway Ellen Nikolaysen "Touch My Life (With Summer)" English 18 11
07   Switzerland Simone Drexel "Mikado" German 6 77
08  Yugoslavia Pepel in kri "Dan ljubezni" Slovene 13 22
09  United Kingdom The Shadows "Let Me Be The One" English 2 138
10  Malta Renato "Singing This Song" English 12 32
11  Belgium Ann Christy "Gelukkig zijn" Dutch, English 15 17
12  Israel Shlomo Artzi "At Va'Ani" (את ואני) Hebrew 11 40
13  Turkey Semiha Yankı "Seninle Bir Dakika" Turkish 19 3
14  Monaco Sophie Hecquet "Une chanson c'est une lettre" French 13 22
15  Finland Pihasoittajat "Old Man Fiddle" English 7 74
16  Portugal Duarte Mendes "Madrugada" Portuguese 16 16
17  Spain Sergio & Estíbaliz "Tú volverás" Spanish 10 53
18  Sweden Lasse Berghagen "Jennie, Jennie" English 8 72
19  Italy Wess & Dori Ghezzi "Era" Italian 3 115

Scoreboard

Results
Total score
Netherlands
Ireland
France
Germany
Luxembourg
Norway
Switzerland
Yugoslavia
United Kingdom
Malta
Belgium
Israel
Turkey
Monaco
Finland
Portugal
Spain
Sweden
Italy
Contestants
Netherlands 152 8 5 8 10 12 6 8 12 12 3 12 4 10 10 7 12 12 1
Ireland 68 6 6 4 7 1 6 4 12 1 4 3 10 4
France 91 8 12 3 8 7 2 7 1 7 12 8 8 8
Germany 15 8 3 4
Luxembourg 84 12 10 3 7 3 5 6 5 5 8 6 4 10
Norway 11 2 2 7
Switzerland 77 7 2 10 6 2 1 5 6 8 7 5 4 2 12
Yugoslavia 22 3 4 2 5 1 7
United Kingdom 138 4 3 12 10 12 7 8 12 8 10 10 12 7 5 10 5 3
Malta 32 1 8 5 2 4 2 7 1 2
Belgium 17 5 7 3 2
Israel 40 10 1 1 1 1 5 2 1 1 6 3 6 2
Turkey 3 3
Monaco 22 3 4 2 1 2 2 3 5
Finland 74 5 12 6 10 12 5 4 8 8 1 3
Portugal 16 2 12 2
Spain 53 7 5 3 5 4 4 4 3 4 8 6
Sweden 72 7 7 8 1 6 7 2 3 8 6 6 6 5
Italy 115 6 4 4 3 6 10 10 10 10 6 5 10 1 12 10 7 1

12 points

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N. Contestant Voting nation
6 Netherlands Israel, Malta, Norway, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom
4 United Kingdom France, Luxembourg, Monaco, Yugoslavia
2 Finland Germany, Switzerland
France Ireland, Portugal
1 Ireland Belgium
Italy Finland
Luxembourg Netherlands
Portugal Turkey
Switzerland Italy

Broadcasters, commentators and spokespersons

Spokespersons

Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1975 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.

  1.  Netherlands – Dick van Bommel
  2.  IrelandBrendan Balfe[10]
  3.  FranceMarc Menant
  4.  Germany – Hans-Joachim Scherbening [de]
  5.  Luxembourg – TBC
  6.  Norway – Sverre Christophersen [no][11]
  7.   Switzerland – Michel Stocker[12]
  8.  Yugoslavia – Dragana Marković
  9.  United KingdomRay Moore[8]
  10.  Malta – TBC
  11.  Belgium – Ward Bogaert [nl]
  12.  Israel – Yitzhak Shim'oni [he][13]
  13.  Turkey – Bülent Osma
  14.  Monaco – Carole Chabrier [fr]
  15.  Finland – Kaarina Pönniö[14]
  16.  Portugal – Ana Zanatti
  17.  SpainJosé María Íñigo
  18.  SwedenSven Lindahl[15]
  19.  Italy – Anna Maria Gambineri [it]

Broadcasters and commentators

Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.[1]

Country Broadcaster(s) Commentator(s) Ref(s)
Participating countries
 Belgium RTB French: Paule Herreman [10]
BRT Dutch: Jan Theys [nl] [10]
RTB La Première Jacques Bauduin [fr]
BRT Radio 1 Nand Baert [nl]
 Finland YLE TV1 Heikki Seppälä [fi] [10][14]
Yleisohjelma Erkki Melakoski [fi]
 France TF1 Georges de Caunes [16][17]
 Germany Deutsches Fernsehen Werner Veigel [10][18]
Deutschlandfunk Wolf Mittler
 Ireland RTÉ Mike Murphy [10]
RTÉ Radio Liam Devally
 Israel Israeli Television No commentator
 Italy Rete 1 Silvio Noto
 Luxembourg RTL Télé Luxembourg Jacques Navadic [10][16]
RTL Camillo Felgen
 Malta MTV Norman Hamilton
 Monaco Télé Monte Carlo Georges de Caunes
 Netherlands Nederland 2 Willem Duys [10][19]
 Norway NRK John Andreassen [10][11]
NRK P1 Erik Heyerdahl [no]
 Portugal I Programa Júlio Isidro [10][20]
Emissora Nacional Programa 1 Amadeu Meireles [pt]
 Spain Primera Cadena José Luis Uribarri [10][21]
 Sweden SR TV1 Åke Strömmer [10][15]
SR P3 Ursula Richter [sv] [15]
  Switzerland TV DRS German: Theodor Haller [de]
TSR French: Georges Hardy [fr] [17]
TSI Italian: Giovanni Bertini
RSR 1 French: Robert Burnier [22]
 Turkey Ankara Television Bülend Özveren [10]
Radyo 1 Şebnem Savaşçı
 United Kingdom BBC1 Pete Murray [10][8][23]
BBC Radio 2 Terry Wogan [8]
BFBS Radio Richard Astbury [8]
 Yugoslavia TVB 1 Serbo-Croatian: Milovan Ilić
TVZ 1 Serbo-Croatian: Oliver Mlakar
TVL 1 Slovene: Tomaž Terček [sl]
Non-participating countries
 Austria FS2 Ernst Grissemann [de] [10]
 Denmark DR TV Claus Toksvig
 Greece EIRT Mako Georgiadou [el]
 Hong Kong TBC Unknown
 Iceland Sjónvarpið Dóra Hafsteinsdóttir [8][24]
 Japan NHK Unknown [8]
 Jordan JRTV Unknown [8]
 South Korea KBS Unknown [8]
 Soviet Union Soviet Central Television Unknown [8]

Notable incidents

Intelligence reports at the time pointed out the festival as a possible target for a terrorist attack by the Red Army Faction which forced the organizers to tighten security considerably. The attack struck the West German embassy in Stockholm instead about a month later (see West German embassy siege).

The Swedish left movement protested against the contest and its commercial aspect. At first the criticism was directed towards SR for the huge amount of money they spent on the contest but soon the protests developed into a movement against commercial music overall. When the Eurovision Song Contest took place an alternative festival was organized in another part of Stockholm where anybody who wanted could perform a song. Most popular became Sillstryparn's entry "Doing the omoralisk schlagerfestival" (Doing the immoral Eurovision festival). In the autumn of 1975 SR informed that Sweden would not participate in the 1976 edition of the Eurovision Song Contest due to the high costs that came with hosting the show. The rules later changed so that the costs were split more equally between the participating broadcasters. In the end, SR did not broadcast the 1976 Contest.

Swedish TV technicians refused to broadcast the festival to Chile, where Canal 13 (an associate member of the EBU) had plans to air it. The refusal was in protest to the military dictatorship that has been ruling the country since the 1973 Chilean coup d'etat led by Augusto Pinochet.[25]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Eurovision Song Contest 1975". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
  2. ^ Eurovision Song Contest 2019
  3. ^ "Tätorter 2010" (PDF) (in Northern Sami). Statistics Sweden. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 June 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2011.
  4. ^ "Byopgørelsen 1. januar 2010" (PDF). Retrieved 3 June 2011.
  5. ^ Dahlander, Gustav. "SVT bakom historisk förändring inför Eurovision Song Contest i Stockholm 2016".
  6. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy. The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History. Carlton Books, UK. 2007 ISBN 978-1-84442-994-3
  7. ^ "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs for Europe: The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest. Volume Two: The 1970s. Prestatyn: Telos Publishing. pp. 180–194. ISBN 978-1-84583-093-9.
  9. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1975". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Eurovision 1975 - Cast and Crew". IMDb. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  11. ^ a b Dyrseth, Seppo (OGAE Norway)
  12. ^ Baumann, Peter Ramón (OGAE Switzerland)
  13. ^ "פורום אירוויזיון". Sf.tapuz.co.il. 13 September 1999. Archived from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  14. ^ a b "Selostajat ja taustalaulajat läpi vuosien? • Viisukuppila". Viisukuppila.fi. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  15. ^ a b c "Infosajten.com". Infosajten.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  16. ^ a b Christian Masson. "1975 – Stockholm". Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  17. ^ a b "Au Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 20 March 1975.
  18. ^ "Eurovision Song Contest 1975". Ecgermany.de. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  19. ^ "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival". Eurovision Artists (in Dutch).
  20. ^ "Comentadores Do ESC – escportugalforum.pt.vu | o forum eurovisivo português". 21595.activeboard.com. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  21. ^ "FORO FESTIVAL DE EUROVISIÓN • Ver Tema – Uribarri comentarista Eurovision 2010". Eurosongcontest.phpbb3.es. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
  22. ^ "Au Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson". Radio TV - Je vois tout. Lausanne, Switzerland: Le Radio SA. 20 March 1975.
  23. ^ "Grand Final: 1975, Eurovision Song Contest". BBC.
  24. ^ Háskólabókasafn, Landsbókasafn Íslands -. "Timarit.is". timarit.is.
  25. ^ "Geopolitics of Eurovision: Chile Edition". CommoditiesControl. 5 May 2015. Retrieved 6 May 2017.

External links

This page was last edited on 6 August 2020, at 09:39
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