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Eurasian pygmy shrew

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eurasian pygmy shrew[1]
Temporal range: Early Middle Pleistocene–Recent
Sorex minutus.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Eulipotyphla
Family: Soricidae
Genus: Sorex
Species:
S. minutus
Binomial name
Sorex minutus
Linnaeus, 1766
Eurasian Pygmy Shrew area.png
Eurasian pygmy shrew range

The Eurasian pygmy shrew (Sorex minutus), often known simply as the pygmy shrew, is a widespread shrew of northern Eurasia.

Behaviour

Active throughout the day and night, the Eurasian pygmy shrew lives in undergrowth and leaf litter and lives off small insects and invertebrates.[3] It has an average weight of 4 grams, and has one of the highest metabolic rates of any animal; to maintain homeostasis, it must eat every two hours.[4][5]

Breeding

The breeding season lasts from April through to August. Females usually produce between two and eight young per litter and care for the young in an underground nest. Since the gestation period is just over three weeks, they can have up to five litters in one year, though the life span of a pygmy shrew is a little over 15 months.[3]

Common and Eurasian pygmy shrews (genus Sorex), size comparison
Common and Eurasian pygmy shrews (genus Sorex), size comparison

References

  1. ^ Hutterer, R. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 292. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Insectivore Specialist Group (1996). "Sorex minutus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1996. Retrieved 2006-05-12.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
  3. ^ a b "UK safari on Pygmy shrews". Retrieved 2007-12-27.
  4. ^ "Phibius-log.blogspot.com — Sorex minutus". Retrieved 2007-12-27.
  5. ^ Burton, Robert; Burton, Maurice (1970). The international wildlife encyclopedia. Marshall Cavendish. pp. 2358–2359. ISBN 0-7614-7266-5. Retrieved 22 December 2010.

External links

This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 02:48
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