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Euphorbia grantii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Euphorbia grantii
SynadeniumGrantii.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Euphorbia
Species:
E. grantii
Binomial name
Euphorbia grantii
Synonyms[1]

Euphorbia grantii is a species of succulent plant in the family Euphorbiaceae.

Name

The specific epithet is in honour of explorer James Augustus Grant.[2] It was originally described by Daniel Oliver in 1875.[3] The plant has the common name of African milk bush. The synonym Synadenium grantii is in circulation, too.

Distribution

The plant is native in the African tropics, in particular in Malawi, Kenya and Uganda.[4] It grows at altitudes of 500–2100 meters. It has been introduced in many other tropical regions.

Usage

It is often grown as a hedge plant and as a traditional grave marker among the peoples of central Kenya (Agĩkũyũ, Akamba, etc.).[5]

In 1952 during the Mau Mau Uprising, the poisonous latex of the plant was used to kill cattle in incidents of biological warfare.[6]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on the Internet; http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-79947 (accessed 28 September 2017).
  2. ^ Oliver, Daniel. 1875. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 29(3): 144.
  3. ^ "Euphorbia grantii". International Plant Names Index (IPNI). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  4. ^ Synadenium grantii Hook.f., The Encyclopedia of Succulents. http://www.llifle.com/Encyclopedia/SUCCULENTS/Family/Euphorbiaceae/23048/Synadenium_grantii
  5. ^ (Book) Trees of Kenya, by Tim C. Noad and Ann Birnie, p.109, Self-Published in Nairobi, Kenya 1989
  6. ^ Bernard Verdourt, E.C. Trump and M.E. Church (1969). Common poisonous plants of East Africa. London: Collins. p. 254.

External links


This page was last edited on 3 October 2019, at 22:55
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