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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Etterbeek
Municipality
Etterbeek town hall
Etterbeek town hall
Flag of Etterbeek

Flag
Coat of arms of Etterbeek

Coat of arms
Etterbeek is located in Belgium
Etterbeek
Etterbeek
Location in Belgium
Coordinates: 50°50′N 04°23′E / 50.833°N 4.383°E / 50.833; 4.383
Country Belgium
Community Flemish Community
French Community
Region Brussels
Arrondissement Brussels
Government
 • Mayor Vincent De Wolf (MR)
Area
 • Total 3.15 km2 (1.22 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2016)[1]
 • Total 47,180
 • Density 15,000/km2 (39,000/sq mi)
Postal codes 1040
Area codes 02
Website www.etterbeek.be

Etterbeek (French: [ɛtəʁˈbek]; Dutch: [ˈɛtərˌbeːk] (About this sound listen)) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. It neighbours the municipalities of the City of Brussels, Ixelles, Auderghem, Woluwe-Saint-Pierre, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert and Schaerbeek.

The main university campus of Vrije Universiteit Brussel is called Campus Etterbeek, although it is geographically not within Etterbeek but in the adjacent municipality of Ixelles.

History

 Ferraris Map of Etterbeek (Bruxelles) in 1777
Ferraris Map of Etterbeek (Bruxelles) in 1777

Origins and etymology

According to legend, Gertrude, daughter of Pippin of Landen, founded a chapel here in the 8th century. A document by Otto I, dated 966, mentions the church of Iatrebache. The name Ietrebecca – possibly from the Celtic root ett meaning "rapid movement" and the Dutch word beek meaning "stream" – is found for the first time in a document dated 1127. The current spelling appears eleven years later in 1138, around which time a newer and larger church was built.

Middle Ages

In the Middle Ages, Etterbeek was a rural hamlet mostly independent of Brussels, aside from taxation rights on beer given to Brussels around 1300 by John II, Duke of Brabant. The following two centuries counted several grievous moments: in 1489, Albert, Duke of Saxe ravaged Etterbeek in his pursuit of the rebels who fought against Maximilian of Austria; in 1580, the village is destroyed once more, this time by the iconoclasts during the Protestant Reformation wars. Peace came back under the reigns of Archdukes Albert and Isabella.

Barony and municipality

In 1673, Etterbeek gained its independence from neighbouring Sint-Genesius-Rode, when Charles II of Spain promoted it into a barony. The first baron was Don Diego-Henriquez de Castro, general treasurer of the Netherlands armies. The Castro house was sold in 1767 and can still be seen today as Etterbeek's oldest building.

Under the French regime, Etterbeek was made into a commune, within the canton of Sint-Stevens-Woluwe. From then on, and especially after the Belgian Revolution of 1830 and the development of Brussels as a capital city, the population of Etterbeek grew quickly. In 1876, there were more than 10,000 inhabitants, in 1900 more than 20,000, and in 1910 more than 33,000. In the 1900s (decade), under the reign of Leopold II, construction boomed and changed the town's character with the addition of the broad avenues and residential areas that we know today.

Places of interest

  • Two Roman Catholic churches are located in Etterbeek: Saint-Antoine / Sint-Antonius and Notre-Dame-du-Sacré-Coeur / Onze-Lieve-Vrouw van het Heilig Hart). A third church – Sainte-Gertrude / Sint-Gertrude – was demolished in 1993 as it was in danger of collapsing.
  • The Fondation René Carcan, a foundation and museum in René Carcan's old studio, was located in Etterbeek.
  • The Cauchie house was built in 1905 by the Art Nouveau architect, painter, and designer Paul Cauchie. Its façade is remarkable for its allegorical sgraffiti.
  • Of a completely different character, the Barony dates from 1680 and is the oldest building in the municipality.
  • The Avenue de la Chasse / Jachtlaan has since 27 September 2014 featured a series of large scale Le Chat drawings by the Belgian cartoonist Philippe Geluck, who was born and raised in this neighbourhood. The 24 drawings extend over a total length of 120 metres.[2]
  • Etterbeek has a few green areas, including the Jean-Felix Hap garden. The better known Cinquantenaire park lies on the territory of both the City of Brussels and Etterbeek. Leopold Park borders the municipality's territory.

Transportation

 A typical Etterbeek street – "Rue des Boers/Boerenstraat"
A typical Etterbeek street – "Rue des Boers/Boerenstraat"

There is a rail station called Gare d'Etterbeek or Etterbeek-Station but, like the neighbouring campus of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, it is also located in Ixelles or Elsene. Presently, Etterbeek has one rail station (Mérode) and three metro stations (Mérode, Thieffry and Pétillon).

Sports

Proposed redevelopment "Les Jardins de la Chasse"

A project is currently proposed to redevelop an area of Etterbeek near the Avenue des Casernes. This project would result in the town hall and police station being relocated to new buildings in a central administrative centre on this site.[3] The new site is being called the Jardins de la Chasse (French) or Tuinen van de Jacht (Dutch). Demolition of the former CPAS building on the site started in 2014,[4] and building of houses on the site started in 2016, with construction of the new town hall awaiting administrative approval.[5] Municipal offices are forecast to move to the new location in summer 2018. The site of the current town hall may in the future be used for further residential development.[4]

Events

 Etterbeek Medieval Market in 2007
Etterbeek Medieval Market in 2007

Etterbeek hosts an annual medieval market. Previously held at the end of May on the Avenue du 2ème Régiment de Lanciers in the south of the municipality, in recent years it has taken place in Cinquantenaire.

Notable residents

 Etterbeek in the XVI century
Etterbeek in the XVI century

Born in Etterbeek:

Lived part of their life in Etterbeek:

Buried in Etterbeek:

International relations

Etterbeek is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ Population per municipality as of 1 January 2016 (XLS; 397 KB)
  2. ^ "Journal La Vie Etterbeekoise Octobre 2014" (pdf) (in French). 
  3. ^ "Les Jardins de la Chasse" (pdf) (in French). Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  4. ^ a b Julien Thomas (2014-09-22). "Les Jardins de la Chasse verront le jour d'ici 2019" (in French). dh.be. Retrieved 2017-01-23. 
  5. ^ Patrice Leprince (2016-02-01). "Etterbeek: les Jardins de la Chasse se profilent" (in French). Le Soir. Retrieved 2017-01-23. 
  6. ^ "Journal La Vie Etterbeekoise Octobre 2014" (pdf) (in French). 

External links

This page was last edited on 31 December 2017, at 12:22.
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