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Essex County, New York

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Essex County
Lake Placid, in Essex County
Lake Placid, in Essex County
Flag of Essex County
Official seal of Essex County
Map of New York highlighting Essex County
Location within the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 44°07′N 73°46′W / 44.11°N 73.77°W / 44.11; -73.77
Country United States
State New York
Founded1799
Named forEssex
SeatElizabethtown
Largest CDPTiconderoga
Area
 • Total1,916 sq mi (4,960 km2)
 • Land1,794 sq mi (4,650 km2)
 • Water122 sq mi (320 km2)  6.4%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total37,381[1]
 • Density20.8/sq mi (8.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district21st
Websiteessexcountyny.gov

Essex County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2020 census, the population was 37,381.[2] Its county seat is the hamlet of Elizabethtown.[3] Its name is from the English county of Essex. Essex is one of only 2 counties that are entirely within the Adirondack Park, the other being Hamilton County.

History

When counties were established in the state of New York in 1683, the present Essex County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York state as well as all of the present state of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont. On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Charlotte County, contained the eastern portion.

In 1784, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War general and later President of the United States of America.

In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including several other counties or county parts of the present New York state (near Clunes).

Essex County was split from Clinton County in 1799.

Geography

Essex County, NY. 1858 map.
Essex County, NY. 1858 map.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,916 square miles (4,960 km2), of which 1,794 square miles (4,650 km2) is land and 122 square miles (320 km2) (6.4%) is water.[4] It is the second-largest county in New York by land area and third-largest by total area.

Essex County is in the northeastern part of New York state, just west of Vermont along the eastern boundary of the state. The eastern boundary of Essex County is Lake Champlain, which serves as the New YorkVermont border at an elevation of just under 100 feet (30.5 m). The highest natural point in New York, Mount Marcy at 5,344 feet (1,629 m), is in the town of Keene.

The Ausable River forms a partial northern boundary for the county.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18109,477
182012,81135.2%
183019,28750.6%
184023,63422.5%
185031,14831.8%
186028,214−9.4%
187029,0422.9%
188034,51518.8%
189033,052−4.2%
190030,707−7.1%
191033,4589.0%
192031,871−4.7%
193033,9596.6%
194034,1780.6%
195035,0862.7%
196035,3000.6%
197034,631−1.9%
198036,1764.5%
199037,1522.7%
200038,8514.6%
201039,3701.3%
202037,381−5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2020[2]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 38,851 people, 15,028 households, and 9,828 families residing in the county. The population density was 22 inhabitants per square mile (8.5/km2). There were 23,115 housing units at an average density of 13/sq mi (5.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.84% White, 2.81% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races; 2.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the population, 22.0% were of French, 16.3% Irish, 13.0% English, 8.6% German, 7.1% American and 6.2% Italian ancestry; 95.2% spoke English, 2.2% Spanish, and 1.3% French as their first language.

There were 15,028 households, out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.60% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.80% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 107.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,823, and the median income for a family was $41,927. Males had a median income of $30,952 versus $22,205 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,194. Of the population, 11.60% of individuals, 7.80% of families, 14.50% of those under the age of 18, and 8.60% of those 65 and older, were living below the poverty line.

Education

Private schools

Higher education

Transportation

Harris Lake in Newcomb
Harris Lake in Newcomb

Airports

The following public use airports are located in the county:[10]

Bus

Essex County Public Transportation operates several accessible bus routes connecting the county's major communities. Between scheduled stops, riders may flag down buses or request to be let off almost anywhere. Riders may also request minor route deviations for a small fee with advanced notice. Fares generally cost a few dollars or less.[11]

In 2020 and 2021, bus service was disrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Routes

The Champlain North route operates from Elizabethtown north to Wadhams, Whallonsburg, Essex, Willsboro, and to Keeseville, where riders may connect to Clinton County Public Transit bus routes.

The Champlain South route operates from Elizabethtown south to Westport, Mineville, Witherbee, Port Henry, Crown Point, and Ticonderoga. The service partially follows New York State Route 9N. Riders can connect to Amtrak's Adirondack train at Westport station for service to New York City and Montreal.

The Mountain Valley Shuttle operates from Elizabethtown west to Keene, Jay, Au Sable, Wilmington, and Lake Placid. Riders may connect to Clinton County Public Transit bus routes in Au Sable.

The Cascade Express route operates from Elizabethtown west to Keene, North Elba, Lake Placid, and Saranac Lake.

The Lake Placid XPRSS route operates within the village of Lake Placid. The bus is fare-free and supports tourism.

Communities

Larger Settlements

# Location Population Type Sector
1 Saranac Lake 5,406 Village Northwest
2 Ticonderoga 3,382 CDP Southeast
3 Lake Placid 2,521 Village Northwest
4 Keeseville 1,815 CDP Northeast
5 Mineville 1,269 CDP Southeast
6 Port Henry 1,194 CDP Southeast
7 Elizabethtown 1,163 CDP Northeast
8 Wilmington 937 CDP Northwest
9 Schroon Lake 833 CDP Southeast
10 Willsboro 753 CDP Northeast
11 Westport 518 CDP Northeast
12 Witherbee 347 CDP Southeast
- Willsboro Point N/A CDP Northeast

† - County Seat

‡ - Not Wholly in this County

Towns

Hamlets

Politics

Essex County is a swing county. It voted for George W. Bush in the 2000 and 2004 elections, switched to Barack Obama in 2008 and 2012 and then flipped to Donald Trump in 2016, then to Joe Biden in 2020. Before 1996, however, Essex, like most of the North Country, was powerfully Republican. Until Bill Clinton won it in 1996, it had voted for a Democratic presidential candidate only once since the Civil War, when Barry Goldwater lost every county in New York State in 1964.

United States presidential election results for Essex County, New York[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 8,976 46.58% 9,947 51.62% 348 1.81%
2016 7,958 46.22% 7,762 45.08% 1,498 8.70%
2012 6,647 39.76% 9,784 58.53% 286 1.71%
2008 7,913 42.55% 10,390 55.88% 292 1.57%
2004 9,869 51.72% 8,768 45.95% 445 2.33%
2000 8,822 49.18% 7,927 44.19% 1,189 6.63%
1996 6,379 37.55% 7,893 46.47% 2,714 15.98%
1992 8,278 43.63% 6,717 35.40% 3,978 20.97%
1988 10,350 60.48% 6,623 38.70% 140 0.82%
1984 12,114 69.94% 5,119 29.56% 87 0.50%
1980 9,025 53.16% 6,443 37.95% 1,510 8.89%
1976 10,194 60.59% 6,556 38.97% 74 0.44%
1972 11,763 70.22% 4,955 29.58% 34 0.20%
1968 9,377 61.07% 5,218 33.98% 760 4.95%
1964 5,837 35.19% 10,739 64.75% 9 0.05%
1960 11,557 64.56% 6,334 35.38% 10 0.06%
1956 13,930 82.11% 3,035 17.89% 0 0.00%
1952 12,800 75.53% 4,130 24.37% 16 0.09%
1948 10,287 69.90% 4,088 27.78% 342 2.32%
1944 10,128 68.44% 4,637 31.34% 33 0.22%
1940 11,868 68.01% 5,545 31.77% 38 0.22%
1936 11,599 67.88% 5,447 31.88% 42 0.25%
1932 10,062 63.74% 5,597 35.46% 127 0.80%
1928 10,462 66.34% 5,291 33.55% 17 0.11%
1924 8,553 73.96% 2,639 22.82% 373 3.23%
1920 8,042 77.48% 2,218 21.37% 119 1.15%
1916 4,643 65.39% 2,373 33.42% 84 1.18%
1912 3,127 44.20% 2,070 29.26% 1,878 26.54%
1908 5,167 69.09% 2,033 27.18% 279 3.73%
1904 5,385 70.88% 2,028 26.69% 184 2.42%
1900 5,064 70.31% 1,994 27.69% 144 2.00%
1896 5,356 74.24% 1,760 24.40% 98 1.36%
1892 4,636 60.39% 2,710 35.30% 331 4.31%
1888 5,043 62.28% 2,930 36.19% 124 1.53%
1884 4,551 61.06% 2,776 37.25% 126 1.69%


Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "US Census 2020 Population Dataset Tables for New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Essex County, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2022.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  10. ^ Essex County Public and Private Airports, New York. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  11. ^ "Transportation". Essex County, New York. Retrieved April 19, 2021.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 26, 2018.

External links

This page was last edited on 23 June 2022, at 11:33
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