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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Erna Sack
Erna Sack.jpg
Erna Sack, 1956
Born
Erna Dorothea Luise Weber

6 February 1898
Spandau, Berlin, German Empire
Died2 March 1972(1972-03-02) (aged 74)
Mainz, West Germany
Burial placeSouth Cemetery Wiesbaden
Other namesThe German Nightingale (German: Die deutsche Nachtigall)
Citizenship
  • German
  • Brazilian
Occupation
  • Operatic soprano
  • actress
Years active1928–1957
Spouse(s)
Hermann Sack
(m. 1921)

Erna Dorothea Luise Sack (née Weber; 6 February 1898 – 2 March 1972) was a German coloratura soprano, known as the German Nightingale for her high vocal range.

Biography

Erna Weber was born in Spandau, Berlin. As a child, her voice attracted attention both at school and in the church choir in which she sang. In 1921, she married Hermann Sack, of Jewish descent.[1][2] She studied at the Prague Conservatory, and later privately in Berlin with Oscar Daniel.[3]

She received her first break aged 30, when the wife of conductor Bruno Walter happened to hear her at one of her lessons and persuaded her husband, who was then the musical director at the Berlin State Opera, to audition her. Subsequently she joined them and between 1928 and 1930 she sang many small roles with this company, including parts in the 1929 local premieres of Wolf-Ferrari's Sly, on 11 May, d'Albert's Die Schwarze Orchidee on 9 June, and Mark Lothar's Tyll on 1 September. At the same time she recorded several small roles in operas for Berlin Radio. But Walter advised her to gain more experience in provincial opera houses and to enlarge her repertory.[citation needed]

Her career accelerated in 1930 when her uncanny ability to sing stratospheric high notes, including "C above high C" (C7), was discovered. Richard Strauss wrote a new cadenza for her high voice, for her to sing as Zerbinetta in Ariadne auf Naxos.[4]

In 1931, she sang Norina in Donizetti's Don Pasquale at Bielefeld Opera, where her voice made a great impression and her gifts were immediately recognised.[5] The Theater Wiesbaden engaged her in 1932, and in that year she also made several radio broadcasts and recordings. In 1934 she was engaged by the Breslau Opera, where her roles included her first Zerbinetta in Ariadne auf Naxos, and the following year arrived at the Semperoper in Dresden, where she attracted the attention of Karl Böhm and, above all, Strauss. In 1934 she also made a spectacular return to Berlin, appearing as Gilda in Verdi's Rigoletto alongside Heinrich Schlusnus as the Jester and Walther Ludwig as the Duke under the baton of Erich Kleiber.

In 1935, Erna Sack made her first series of concert tours, to Austria, the Netherlands, France, and the United Kingdom. During the same year, she signed an exclusive recording contract with Telefunken. She appeared in the world premiere of Strauss's Die schweigsame Frau as Isotta, a role in which her special commitment earned her the gratitude of both Strauss and Karl Böhm. As a result, she was invited to sing the part of Zerbinetta under Strauss's personal direction when the Dresden State Opera visited the Covent Garden Royal Opera House in 1936.[3]

From this point onwards Sack's career took off. She seemed to work tirelessly, at the opera, in concert tours, and touring, including to Rome where she appeared in Mozart's The Magic Flute with a cast that included Tito Schipa and Licia Albanese, Copenhagen, Oslo, and, for the first time, the United States, where she shared a platform at Carnegie Hall with Joseph Schmidt and Richard Tauber (24 October 1937) singing a duet from Lehár's The Merry Widow. She had some difficulty, however, when asked to sing at the Lyric Opera of Chicago, being asked to sing the roles of Rosina and Donizetti's Lucia in the Italian language, because she argued that she had not had sufficient time to re-learn those roles in their original language (throughout Europe at that time operas were largely sung in the tongue of the nation in which they were being performed). During the war, her Jewish husband was imprisoned in a concentration camp.[1][2]

After World War II, Sack toured extensively and was particularly successful in Latin America, especially Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, and Brazil (with the result that she and her husband took Brazilian citizenship). However, it was in Canada that she enjoyed her greatest post-war successes and for a number of years the couple lived in Montreal. She later toured South Africa and South-West Africa, and she returned to West Germany in 1950.[6]

In 1953, she carried out an extended tour of the Federal Republic of Germany and West Berlin, a marathon undertaking involving over 40 concerts that was followed that autumn by a major tour of Australia and New Zealand. In the autumn of 1954 she celebrated her return to the United States which included a triumphant appearance at Carnegie Hall. She ended her concert career with one final tour of West Germany in the autumn of 1954, a concert at Constitution Hall, Washington, D.C. in 1956 and a brief tour of East Germany in 1957, and then withdrew from public life.

Sack also appeared in numerous films produced in Germany such as Flowers from Nice (1936) and Nanon, the latter being one of the most famous operettas produced in this period. Throughout her career Sack recorded profusely, first on acetate, then, starting about 1935, on the new German invention – the AEG Magnetophon. Recording on tape proved to be infinitely superior to disc and very considerable quantities of those recordings were later transferred to long-playing records (LPs).

She died in a Mainz clinic on 2 March 1972 following an operation for cancer. She was buried in South Cemetery Wiesbaden.[7]

Repertoire

Sack's stage repertoire includes the following roles:

Date (debut) Composer Opera Role(s) Location Notes
circa 1930/32 Richard Strauss Der Rosenkavalier Sophie Bielefeld Opera, Bielefeld
circa 1930/32 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Le nozze di Figaro Susanna Bielefeld Opera, Bielefeld
circa 1930/32 Georges Bizet Carmen Micaëla Bielefeld Opera, Bielefeld
1931 Gaetano Donizetti Don Pasquale Norina Bielefeld Opera, Bielefeld
1933 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Die Entführung aus dem Serail Konstanze Wrocław Opera, Wrocław
1934 Richard Strauss Ariadne auf Naxos Zerbinetta Wrocław Opera, Wrocław
1934 Giuseppe Verdi Rigoletto Gilda Staatsoper Unter den Linden, Berlin
1935 Gioachino Rossini Il barbiere di Siviglia Rosina Semperoper, Dresden
1935 Otto Nicolai Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor Frau Fluth Semperoper, Dresden
1935 Richard Strauss Die schweigsame Frau Isotta Semperoper, Dresden world premiere
1936 Gaetano Donizetti La fille du régiment Marie Semperoper, Dresden
1936 Gioachino Rossini La Cenerentola Angelina Semperoper, Dresden
1936 Richard Strauss Ariadne auf Naxos Zerbinetta Royal Opera House, London
1937 Gaetano Donizetti Lucia di Lammermoor Lucia Semperoper, Dresden
1937 Gaetano Donizetti Lucia di Lammermoor Lucia Civic Opera House, Chicago
1937 Gioachino Rossini Il barbiere di Siviglia Rosina Civic Opera House, Chicago
1937 Othmar Schoeck Massimilla Doni Isotta Semperoper, Dresden world premiere
1937 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Die Zauberflöte (in Italian) The Queen of the Night Teatro dell'Opera di Roma, Rome with Tito Schipa and Licia Albanese

Selected filmography

References

  • Principal references are a variety of old late 1950s and early 1960s LP record cover biographies. Telefunken has also provided some information.
  1. ^ a b Widerstand gegen den Nationalsozialismus: Perspektiven der Vermittlung : Tagung vom 17.–18.03.2007 in Frankfurt am Main, p. 221
  2. ^ a b Neue Sammlung – Volume 37, p. 83[full citation needed]
  3. ^ a b "Erna Sack: The German Nightingale CD Booklet" (PDF). Chandos Records. p. 2. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  4. ^ "Erna Sack, Soprano, Dies at 69; Known for Her Effortless High C". The New York Times. 1972-03-06. Retrieved 2019-05-12.
  5. ^ "Erna Sack Biografie". Steffi-line.de (in German). Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  6. ^ "Erna Sack". Fembio.org (in German). Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  7. ^ "Erna Dorothea Luise Weber Sack". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2019-05-12.

External links

This page was last edited on 21 September 2021, at 09:18
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