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Erastus Corning 2nd

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Erastus Corning 2nd
Erastus Corning 2nd (Mayor of Albany, New York).jpg
Mayor Corning in 1969
72nd Mayor of Albany, New York
In office
January 2, 1942 – May 28, 1983
Preceded byJ. Boyd Thatcher II
Succeeded byThomas M. Whalen III
Member of the New York Senate
from the 30th district
In office
January 1, 1937 – August 1, 1941
Preceded byWilliam T. Byrne
Succeeded byJulian B. Erway
Member of the New York State Assembly from Albany's 1st district
In office
January 1, 1936 – August 1, 1936
Preceded byJohn H. Cahill
Succeeded byGeorge W. Foy
Personal details
Born(1909-10-07)October 7, 1909
Albany, New York, U.S.
DiedMay 28, 1983(1983-05-28) (aged 73)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Norris Platt (m. 1932-1983, his death)
RelationsErastus Corning (great-grandfather)
Amasa J. Parker (great-grandfather)
Parker Corning (uncle)
Edwin Corning Jr. (brother)
ChildrenErastus Corning III
Bettina Corning Dudley
ParentsEdwin Corning
Louise Maxwell
Alma materYale University
ProfessionInsurance broker
Civilian awardsOrder of Orange-Nassau (Officer)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Years of service1944–1945
RankPrivate First Class
Unit38th Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division
Battles/warsWorld War II
Military awardsBronze Star Medal
Combat Infantryman Badge

Erastus Corning 2nd (October 7, 1909 – May 28, 1983) was an American politician. A Democrat, Corning served as mayor of Albany, New York from 1942 to 1983, when Albany County was controlled by one of the last classic urban political machines in the United States.

Corning hailed from a prominent Albany family. His great-grandfather, Erastus Corning, was an industrialist who founded the New York Central Railroad and served in Congress and as Albany's mayor from 1834 to 1837. Another great-grandfather, Amasa J. Parker, was a member of Congress and prominent judge. Corning's father, Edwin Corning, was Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1927 to 1928. His uncle, Parker Corning, served as a member of the United States House of Representatives. His brother, Edwin Corning Jr. served as a member of the New York State Assembly. Corning was educated at The Albany Academy, Groton School, and Yale University (class of 1932). The Corning family was involved in several Albany-area businesses, and Corning started an insurance agency after his college graduation. While he served as mayor, his agency did not do business with the city of Albany, but did do business with Albany County, which Corning argued presented no conflict of interest, since he was not a county official.

Corning's father was one of the leaders of the Democratic Party organization formed by Daniel P. O'Connell, which wrested control of Albany city and county from the Republican organization led by William Barnes Jr. in the early 1920s. The O'Connell machine proved so durable that it still largely controlled Albany County until the early 1980s, one of the last such organizations to remain viable. Corning entered politics at an early age as an affiliate of the O'Connell organization, winning a seat in the New York State Assembly in 1935. After serving in the Assembly during the 1936 legislative session, Corning won election to the New York State Senate, where he served from 1937 to 1941. Corning was elected mayor in 1941. He continued to win election every four years until 1981, and served from 1941 until his death in 1983. Corning was drafted for World War II and served in the United States Army's 2nd Infantry Division during combat in Europe. In 1946, he was the Democratic Party's unsuccessful nominee for lieutenant governor. In the 1970s Corning teamed with Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller to finance construction of the Empire State Plaza, a large state government office complex near Albany's downtown area. The plaza's tallest building, Erastus Corning Tower, was named in Corning's honor.

In the early 1980s, Corning's health began to deteriorate. In January, 1983 he was moved to University Hospital in Boston, where he died on May 28. Corning was buried at Albany Rural Cemetery in Menands. At slightly over 41 years, Corning's tenure makes him Albany's longest-serving mayor, as well as the longest-tenured mayor ever of any large city in the United States.

Early life

Corning was born in Albany, the son of Louise (née Maxwell) and Edwin Corning. Erastus Corning 2nd's mother was born to American parents in Cawnpore, India, where her father was serving as a missionary.[1] He was educated at The Albany Academy and Groton School before attending Yale University.

Early career

After earning his college degree in 1932, Corning started an insurance company and soon entered politics. He was a member of the New York State Assembly (Albany Co., 1st D.) in 1936; and of the New York State Senate (30th D.) from 1937 to 1941, sitting in the 160th, 161st, 162nd and 163rd New York State Legislatures. He resigned his seat on August 1, 1941 to seek the Democratic nomination for Mayor of Albany.[2]

Corning won the first of his 11 terms as mayor in November 1941, easily defeating the Republican candidate, Benjamin R. Hoff, by nearly 46,000 votes. Corning took office on January 1, 1942.

Shortly after his first term began, the newly elected Governor Thomas E. Dewey had the powerful Albany Democratic political machine, run by "Boss" Daniel P. O'Connell, investigated. The investigations proved largely unsuccessful and left Corning and O'Connell unscathed. This political machine proved to be one of the most durable in American history, even outlasting the Daley family machine in Chicago.

Military service

Corning displays his draft notice, February 22, 1944
Corning displays his draft notice, February 22, 1944

After having been previously classified as ineligible for military service during World War II, in 1944, Corning's draft status was changed and he was found eligible. Opting not to apply for an officer's commission or specialty training in a field such as civil affairs, he joined the United States Army as a private.[3] During his absence, Frank Harris, a member of the city council, served as acting mayor.

Corning underwent training as an Infantryman at Fort Dix, New Jersey, and Camp Blanding, Florida.[4] Assigned to the 38th Infantry Regiment, a unit of the 2nd Infantry Division, he arrived in France with his unit in October, 1944.[5] In France, Corning was initially attached to an organization that performed rebuilding duties in towns and villages that had been liberated from German occupation.[6] During late 1944 and early 1945, he took part in the Battle of the Bulge and the Western Allied invasion of Germany and attained the rank of private first class.[7]

In the fall of 1945, Corning was discharged and returned to Albany.[8] His awards included the Combat Infantryman Badge, Bronze Star Medal, European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with two battle stars, World War II Victory Medal, Army Good Conduct Medal, and the Presidential Unit Citation, which was awarded to Corning's battalion.[9]

Post-World War II career

At the New York state election, 1946, Corning ran for Lieutenant Governor of New York on the ticket with James M. Mead for governor, but they were defeated by the incumbent Republicans Dewey and Joe R. Hanley.

Corning served ten full consecutive terms as mayor after his return from the war. His insurance firm profited from being the sole bidder on Albany County insurance contracts for many years. Corning defended this apparent conflict of interest by noting that he himself was not a county official.

Corning was re-elected in landslides for most of his career. The most notable exception was 1973 when a prominent businessman and reform candidate, Carl Touhey, ran a well-financed Republican campaign and came within 3,500 votes of defeating him.[10][11] In 1977, Corning faced a primary election challenge from State Senator Howard C. Nolan Jr.,[12] defeating him by a comfortable margin.[13]

Corning's last mayoral re-election came in 1981, when he defeated Charles Touhey (the son of 1973 mayoral candidate Carl Touhey) by a two-to-one margin. During his final term in office, his health deteriorated. He died in office in 1983.[14]

Personal life

In 1932, Corning married Elizabeth Norris Platt (1912-1993).[15] They were the parents of two children, Erastus Corning III and Bettina Corning Dudley.[16][17]

Corning's extended family was prominent in Albany-area business in politics for several generations. In addition to his father Edwin, who served as lieutenant governor, Corning's family included: Erastus Corning (great-grandfather); Amasa J. Parker (great-grandfather); Parker Corning (uncle); and Edwin Corning Jr. (brother).

Dorothea "Polly" Noonan--a onetime secretary to Corning, a vice chairwoman of the Democratic State Committee, and a longtime president of the Albany Democratic Women’s Club--was Corning's "closest confidante". According to author Paul Grondahl, the lives of Corning and Noonan were "'inextricably linked through politics and personal devotion'". Author William Kennedy recalled in his book “O Albany!” that at Corning's funeral, members of the media were asked not to "'focus undue attention'" on Noonan. According to The New York Times, Corning, "in effect, disinherited his wife and children. He left the Noonan family his insurance business, which generously sold policies to anyone who wanted to do business with the government".[18]

Corning referred to himself as "Erastus Corning 2nd", preferring it to "Erastus Corning II" or "Erastus Corning Jr."[19][20]

On May 28, 1983, following a year-long illness, Corning died of cardio-pulmonary failure at University Hospital in Boston.[14] He is interred at Albany Rural Cemetery.[21]

Legacy

The Erastus Corning Tower, the tallest building in Albany and the tallest in the state outside New York City, is named for him, as is the Corning Riverfront Park, a nature trail and fishing site on the western banks of the Hudson River in Albany. The tower is part of the Empire State Plaza, a 98-acre (400,000 m2), 11-building state government office and cultural complex. Some believe that the building was named after Corning because it has 42 floors (which is the same as the number of years he served as mayor), but the building actually has 44 floors with an observation deck on Floor 42. Completed in 1973, the skyscraper was dedicated to Corning upon his death in 1983.

Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands named Corning an officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau, the country's highest citizen honor, in gratitude for his aid to Nijmegen following World War II.[22]

References

  1. ^ "Kirsten Gillibrand". Rootsweb.com. Archived from the original on 25 May 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2017.
  2. ^ CORNING TO RUN IN ALBANY; State Senator Resigns to Seek the Mayoralty in The New York Times on August 2, 1941 (subscription required)
  3. ^ Grondahl, Paul (2007). Mayor Corning: Albany Icon, Albany Enigma. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-7914-7294-1.
  4. ^ Grondahl, pp. 202-203.
  5. ^ Grondahl, p. 204.
  6. ^ Grondahl, p. 205.
  7. ^ Grondahl, pp. 205-206.
  8. ^ Grondahl, p. 213.
  9. ^ Grondahl, p. 212.
  10. ^ Lynn, Frank (November 1, 1981). "Corning, Albany's Mayor for 40 Years, Is Facing a Stiff Challenge" – via NYTimes.com.
  11. ^ "Troy Times Record Newspaper Archives, Nov 9, 1977, p. 9". newspaperarchive.com.
  12. ^ Meislin, Richard (August 28, 1977). "Albany's Mayor Is in a Primary Fight His First in 36 Years in Office" – via NYTimes.com.
  13. ^ Muslin, Richard J. (September 9, 1977). "Albany Mayor Wins by a 2-1 Margin" – via NYTimes.com.
  14. ^ a b Farber, M. a (May 29, 1983). "Erastus Corning 2d, Albany Mayor Since '42, Dies" – via NYTimes.com.
  15. ^ Associated Press (September 5, 1993). "Elizabeth Corning, 81, Expert in Horticulture". The New York Times. New York, NY. p. 54.
  16. ^ Grondahl, p. 155.
  17. ^ Grondahl, Paul (November 4, 2016). "Bettina Dudley, daughter of Albany Mayor Erastus Corning 2nd, dies at 78: She was the daughter of iconic Albany Mayor Erastus Corning 2nd". Times Union. Albany, NY.
  18. ^ Roberts, Sam (January 31, 2009). "Gillibrand's Grandmother Also Wielded Political Power, but From the Wings" – via NYTimes.com.
  19. ^ O Albany!, by William Kennedy, 1983, page 329
  20. ^ Grondahl, p. 69.
  21. ^ Oreskes, Michael; Times, Special to The New York (June 2, 1983). "Erastus Corning and His Era Are Laid to Rest in Albany" – via NYTimes.com.
  22. ^ "Dutch make royal return". Times Union (Albany, NY). September 4, 2009.

External links

New York State Assembly
Preceded by
John H. Cahill
New York State Assembly
Albany County, 1st District

1936
Succeeded by
George W. Foy
New York State Senate
Preceded by
William T. Byrne
New York State Senate
30th District

1937–1941
Succeeded by
Julian B. Erway
Political offices
Preceded by
Herman F. Hoogkamp
Mayor of Albany, New York
1942–1944
Succeeded by
Frank Salisbury Harris
Acting
Preceded by
Frank Salisbury Harris
Acting
Mayor of Albany, New York
1945–1983
Succeeded by
Thomas Michael Whalen III
Party political offices
Preceded by
Charles Poletti
1942
Democratic Party Nominee for Lieutenant Governor of New York
1946
Succeeded by
Richard H. Balch
1950
This page was last edited on 20 October 2020, at 07:54
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