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Erast Garin 2.jpg

Erast Pavlovich Garin (Russian: Эра́ст Па́влович Га́рин; 10 November [O.S. 28 October] 1902 – 4 September 1980) was a Soviet and Russian actor, director and screenwriter. He was, together with Igor Ilyinsky and Sergey Martinson, one of the leading comic actors of Vsevolod Meyerhold's company and of the Soviet cinema. He was named People's Artist of the USSR in 1977.

Garin was born in Ryazan as Erast Gerasimov. He started his acting career in 1919 in an amateur theatre of the Ryazan military district. In 1926 he finished his education in the experimental theatrical workshops of the People's Commissariat for Education. He always looked up upon Meyerhold and Michael Chekhov as his mentors, rejecting naturalistic acting techniques propagated by Konstantin Stanislavski and paying utmost importance to voice and gesture.[1]

Garin worked with Meyerhold in his theatre until its dissolution in 1936. Among his triumphs was the part of Khlestakov in the 1926 production of The Government Inspector. The trance-like quality of his "grotesquely anxious" performances in Meyerhold's productions could be attributed to an expressionistic acting style.[2]

Nikolay Akimov's Theatre of Comedy was the next theatre he worked in. In 1946 he gave up stage performances and concentrated on film acting. In 1941, he was awarded the Stalin Prize for the role of Tarakanov in the film Musical Story. Half-blindness prevented him from playing any major roles in the 1960s and 1970s.[3]

Together with his wife Khesya Lokshina he was director of several films, for which he also contributed scripts. They adapted Mikhail Zoshchenko's novel Respected Comrade in 1930. Garin's memoirs, entitled With Meyerhold, appeared in 1974.


As actor

  • Lieutenant Kijé (Поручик Киже, 1934) - Adjutant
  • Marriage (Женитьба, 1936) - Podkolesin
  • Bezhin Meadow (Бежин луг, 1937)
  • On the Frontier (На границе, 1938) - Volkov - Saboteur
  • Musical story (Музыкальная история, 1940) - Cabbie Tarahkanov
  • Boyevoy kinosbornik 7 (1941) - German soldier (segment "Eleksir bodrosti")
  • Shveik readies for Battle (Швейк готовится к бою, 1942) - Francua
  • The Wedding (Свадьба, 1944) - Epaminond Maksimovich Aplombov - the fiance
  • Ivan Nikulin, Russian Sailor (Иван Никулин — русский матрос, 1945) - Tikhon Spiridonovich
  • Blue Mountain Land (Синегория, 1946)
  • Cinderella (Золушка, 1947) - King
  • Encounter at the Elbe (Встреча на Эльбе, 1949) - Tommy, a captain
  • The Inspector-General (Ревизор, 1952) - Postmaster Ivan Kuzmich Shpekin
  • Dzhambul (1953)
  • Nesterka (1955) - Skolyar Samokhvalskiy
  • Unfinished Story (Неоконченная повесть, 1955) - Koloskov
  • The Enchanted Boy (Заколдованный мальчик (озвучивание), 1955, Short) - Martin (voice)
  • The Twelve Months (1956) - The Professor (voice, uncredited)
  • The Girl Without an Address (Девушка без адреса, 1958) - Grandfather
  • Soldiers Were Going (Шли солдаты, 1958)
  • The Witch (Ведьма, 1958)
  • Beloved Beauty (Краса ненаглядная, 1959) - Tsar (voice)
  • The Adventures of Buratino (1959) - Toad Feldsher (uncredited)
  • Russian Souvenir (Русский сувенир, 1960) - John Peebles, American philosopher
  • Aquatic (Водяной, 1961)
  • Alyonka (Аленка, 1962) - Konstantin Venyaminovich
  • Dikie lebedi (Аленка, 1962) - The Bishop (voice)
  • Neobyknovennyy gorod (1963)
  • An Optimistic Tragedy (Оптимистическая трагедия, 1963) - Vozhachok
  • Kain XVIII (Каин XVIII, 1963) - King Kain XVIII
  • A Little Frog Is looking for His Father (Лягушонок ищет папу (озвучивание), 1965, Short) - (voice)
  • The Ordinary Miracle (Обыкновенное чудо, 1965) - King
  • Rasplyuev's Days of Fun (Весёлые расплюевские дни, 1966) - Kandid Tarelkin
  • Two Days of Miracles (Два дня чудес, 1970)
  • The Twelve Chairs (1971)
  • Gentlemen of Fortune (Джентльмены удачи, 1971) - Nikolai Grigorevich Maltsev, archeologist
  • If you are a Man (Если ты мужчина..., 1971)
  • Yesli ty muzhchina... (1972) - Ulyanych
  • Winnie-the-Pooh and a Busy Day (Винни-Пух и день забот (озвучивание), 1972, Short) - Eeyore (voice)
  • Much Ado About Nothing (Много шума из ничего, 1973) - Verges
  • Nylon 100% (Нейлон 100%, 1973) - Tamer
  • Trading a Dog for a Steam Locomotive (Меняю собаку на паровоз, 1975)
  • Olden times of Poshekhon (Пошехонская старина, 1975)
  • Poshekhonskaya starina (1977)
  • Tayna Dalekogo Ostrova, 1958 - Professor

As director

As script writer

  • Marriage (Женитьба, 1936)
  • An Ordinary Miracle (Обыкновенное чудо, 1964)
  • Rasplyuev's Days of Fun (Весёлые расплюевские дни, 1966)


  1. ^ Эраст Гарин на сайте Театра-студии Киноактёра Archived 2016-04-19 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Julia Listengarten. Russian Tragifarce: Its Cultural and Political Roots. Susquehanna University Press, 2000. ISBN 1-57591-033-0. Page 137.
  3. ^ Ученик чародея

External links

This page was last edited on 20 September 2021, at 14:10
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