To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Epigraphia Carnatica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Epigraphia Carnatica is a set of books on epigraphy of the Old Mysore region of India, compiled by Benjamin Lewis Rice, the Director of the Mysore Archaeological Department.[1] Over a period of about ten years between 1894 and 1905, Rice published the books in a set of twelve volumes. The books contain the study of about 9000 inscriptions from lithic surfaces and copper plates, which were found in the region.[1] Apart from the original inscription, an English translation and a Roman transliteration are also provided.

History

Benjamin Lewis Rice was born in Bangalore in 1837. His father was a Christian missionary and head of the Bangalore parish.[2] After completing his education in England, Rice returned to serve as the principal of Central School in Bangalore. He was also appointed as a secretary of the education commission. When he toured the countryside as an education inspector, he came across various inscriptions. He was interested in epigraphy and he took the help of his assistants to edit, translate and transliterate about 9000 inscriptions.[2] When in 1886, the British made him the head of the Department of Archaeology, he started work towards publishing his epigraphical study and brought out a series of twelve volumes entitled Epigraphia Carnatica.[2] Rice also wrote a book called The History of Mysore and Coorg from Inscriptions which is based on Epigraphia Carnatica.[citation needed]

Compilation

Epigraphia Carnatica contains a study of inscriptions from 3rd century AD until the 19th century. These inscriptions belonged to different dynasties that ruled this region such as Cholas, Kadambas, Western Chalukyas, Hoysalas, Vijayanagar kings, Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan and the Mysore Wodeyars.[1] The inscriptions found were mainly written in Kannada language but some have been found to be written in languages like Tamil, Sanskrit, Telugu, Urdu and even Persian.[1]

Publishing

After the set of twelve volumes had been published by Rice, R. Narsimhachar, who succeeded Rice as the head of the archaeological department, found another 4000 inscriptions. M.H. Krishna, after his excavations at Chandravalli and Brahmagiri, discovered 2000 inscriptions and published these discoveries as the volumes 13, 14 and 15 of Epigraphia Carnatica.[3] However, by 1950, the volumes were out of print. In 1972, the Department of Kannada at Mysore University undertook the task of reprinting the volumes, but could bring out only six volumes. The Southern Regional Centre of the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) under the chairmanship of Professor S. Settar wanted to create a digitized version of the volumes. Settar donated his personal copies of Epigraphia Carnatica, which were scanned and released as a CD-ROM in 2005.[1]

Volumes

In the preface of each volume is found a description about the publication and its contents, persons involved, and/or struggles, some of which owing to a change of staff,[4] a post-war retrenchment,[5] etc.

From 1886 to 1905 [19 years], B. Lewis Rice published the first twelve volumes in multiple parts as fourteen books, followed by a revision of Vol. I in 1914 with 75 additional inscriptions, bringing to light nearly 5,000 inscriptions of the 8,869 he collected over the course of 22 years.[6][7]

In 1923, R. Narasimhachar published a revised and enlarged edition of Rice's Vol. II, which contains 356 new inscriptions (500 total) with translations ranging from AD 600 to 1889.[8]

Rice's intention was to publish Vol. XIII as an index to his publications, so in 1934, Dr. M. H. Krishna, with the help of K. Rama Rao, M. C. Srinivasa Iyengar, and R. Narasimhachar, published part one of Vol. XIII: General Index, covering letters 'A' to 'K' of Rice's 1st editions.[4]

In 1943, Dr. M. H. Krishna published a Vol. XIV supplement for Rice's Vol. V, which contains texts and translations of about 750 inscriptions, new and revised, collected between 1906 and 1914 in the old Mysore District which included the present Mandya District.[5]

In 1955, Prof. K. A. Nilakanta Sastri published a Vol. XVI supplement for Rice's Vol. XII, which contains new inscriptions collected by Mr. R. Narasimhachar between 1906 and 1922 in the Tumkur District and has transliteration of about 270 inscriptions.[9]

In 1965, Dr. M. Seshadri published a Vol. XVII supplement for Rice's Vol. X.[10] In 1970, he also published a Vol. XVIII supplement, which revised and added a few new additions to Rice's Vol. VII and Vol. VIII.[11]

In 1972, a 3rd revised edition to Rice's Vol. I, 2nd ed. was published, which contains 32 new inscriptions.[7]

In 1987, R. Narasimhachar published the second part of Vol. XIII: General Index, covering letters 'L' to 'Z' of the first twelve volumes.[12]

Volumes 1 to 12:

Volumes 13 to 19:

  • Vol. XIII: General Index, Part I [A–K for Vols. I–XII, 1st ed.]. (Krishna, 1934).[4]
  • Vol. XIII: General Index, Part II [L–Z for Vols. I–XII, 1st ed.]. (Narasimhachar, 1987).[12]
  • Vol. XIV: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Mysore and Mandya Districts. (Krishna, 1943).[5]
  • Vol. XV: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Hassan District [Vol. V]. (Krishna, 1943).[27]
  • Vol. XVI: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Tumkur District [Vol. XII]. (Sastri, 1955).[9]
  • Vol. XVII: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Kolar District [Vol. X]. (Seshadri, 1965).[10]
  • Vol. XVIII: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Shimoga District [Vols. VII and VIII]. (Seshadri, 1970).[11]
  • Vol. ?: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Bangalore District [Vol. IX]. (Planned).[5][27]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Parvathi Menon. "Preserving inscriptions digitally". The Frontline, Volume 22 - Issue 23, Nov. 05 - 18, 2005. Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2008.
  2. ^ a b c "B.L. Rice - Father of Kannada Epigraphy". Kamat.com. Retrieved 7 March 2008.
  3. ^ "Introduction". Directorate of Archaeology and Museums, Government of Karnataka. Retrieved 7 March 2008.
  4. ^ a b c Krishna, Dr. M. H. (1934). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. XIII: General Index, Part I [A–K for Vols. I–XII, 1st ed.] Bangalore: Government Press. p. Preface.
  5. ^ a b c d Krishna, Dr. M. H. (1943). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. XIV: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Mysore and Mandya Districts. Mysore: Government Branch Press. pp. 1-2 (Preface).
  6. ^ a b Rice, B. Lewis (1914) [1st ed. 1886]. Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. I: Coorg Inscriptions (2nd ed.). Madras: Government Press. p. Preface.
  7. ^ a b c Rice, B. Lewis (1972) [1st ed. 1886]. Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. I: Coorg District (3rd ed.). Manasa Gangotri: Mysore University Printing Press. pp. 11-14 (Preface).
  8. ^ a b Narasimhachar, R. (1923) [1st ed. 1889]. Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. II: Inscriptions at Sravana Belgola (2nd ed.). Bangalore: Mysore Government Central Press. pp. i-iii (Preface).
  9. ^ a b Sastri, Prof. K. A. Nilakanta (1955). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. XVI: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Tumkur District [Vol. XII]. Mysore: Government Branch Press. p. Preface.
  10. ^ a b Seshadri, Dr. M (1965). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. XVII: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Kolar District [Vol. X]. Mysore: Government Text Book Press. p. Preface.
  11. ^ a b Seshadri, Dr. M (1970). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. XVII: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Shimoga District [Vols. VII and VIII]. Mysore: Government Text Book Press. p. Preface.
  12. ^ a b Narasimhachar, R. (1987). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. XIII: General Index, Part II [L–Z for Vols. I–XII, 1st ed.] (Rev. ed.). Bangalore: Mysore Government Central Press. p. Preface.
  13. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1886). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. I: Coorg Inscriptions. p. Preface.
  14. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1889). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. II: Inscriptions at Sravana Belgola, a chief seat of the Jains. Bangalore: Mysore Government Central Press. p. Preface.
  15. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1894). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. III: Inscriptions in the Mysore District, Part I. Bangalore: Mysore Government Press. p. Preface.
  16. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1898). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. IV: Inscriptions in the Mysore District, Part II. Bangalore: Mysore Government Press. p. Preface.
  17. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1902). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. V: Inscriptions in the Hassan District, Part I. Mangalore: Basel Mission Press. p. Preface.
  18. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1902). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. V: Inscriptions in the Hassan District, Part II. Mangalore: Basel Mission Press.
  19. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1901). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. VI: Inscriptions in the Kadur District. Bangalore: Mysore Government Central Press. p. Preface.
  20. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1902). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. VII: Inscriptions in the Shimoga District, Part I. Bangalore: Mysore Government Central Press. p. Preface.
  21. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1904). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. VIII: Inscriptions in the Shimoga District, Part II. Bangalore: Mysore Government Central Press. p. Preface.
  22. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1905). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. IX: Inscriptions in the Bangalore District. Bangalore: Mysore Government Central Press. p. Preface.
  23. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1905). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. X: Inscriptions in the Kolar District. Mangalore: Basel Mission Press. p. Preface.
  24. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1905). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. X: Inscriptions in the Kolar District, Part II. Bangalore: Mysore Government Central Press.
  25. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1903). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. XI: Inscriptions in the Chitaldroog District. Bangalore: Mysore Government Central Press. p. Preface.
  26. ^ Rice, B. Lewis (1904). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. XII: Inscriptions in the Tumkur District. Bangalore: Mysore Government Central Press. p. Preface.
  27. ^ a b Krishna, Dr. M. H. (1943). Epigraphia Carnatica. Mysore Archaeology Survey. Vol. XV: Supplementary Inscriptions in the Hassan District [Vol. V]. Mysore: Government Branch Press. pp. 1-2 (Preface).

External links

This page was last edited on 8 July 2020, at 14:22
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.