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Epes the Southerner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Epes the Southerner (Hebrew: אפס הדרומי‎, translit: Efes ha-Daromi) or Rabbi Epes, was a scholar of the 3rd century, secretary to the patriarch Judah haNasi,[1] and one of the last tannaim. After Judah's death, while Efes conducted a college in southern Judea, on account of which he was called "Efes (in Yerushalmi, "Pas") Daromi",[2] he was made head of the academy at Sepphoris, although the dying patriarch had ordered the appointment of Hanina b. Hama to that position. Hanina refused to supersede Efes, who was his senior by two years and a half.[3]

Hoshaiah Rabbah was one of his disciples, and reported in his name several aggadic remarks, among them one bearing on Isaiah 60:3: "Nations shall walk by thy light," from which he argues that Jerusalem will in the future become a torch by the light of which people will walk.[4] Hoshaiah also reported a civil law in Efes' name,[5] and Shimon ben Lakish asked him a question of halacha.[6]

Efes did not survive Judah haNasi by many years. He was succeeded by Hanina ben Hama.


  1. ^ Genesis Rabbah 75:5
  2. ^ Yerushalmi Taanit 4 68a; Ecclesiastes Rabbah 7:7
  3. ^ Shabbat 59b; Ketuvot 103b; compare Yerushalmi l.c.; Ecclesiastes Rabbah l.c.
  4. ^ Pesikta Rabbati 21 144b
  5. ^ Yerushalmi Yoma 5 43a
  6. ^ Eruvin 65b; Yerushalmi Eruvin 4 23c

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSolomon Schechter and S. Mendelsohn (1901–1906). "EFES". In Singer, Isidore; et al. (eds.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. It has the following bibliography:

  • Frankel, Mebo, p. 122a;
  • Halevy, Dorot ha-Rishonim, ii. 133a et seq.;
  • Bacher, Ag. Pal. Amor. i. 91;
  • Heilprin, Seder ḥa-Dorot, ii., s.v.;
  • Weiss, Dor, iii. 44.
This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 01:35
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