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Eparchy of Budimlja and Nikšić

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eparchy of Budimlja and Nikšić
Berane manastir.jpg
Location
TerritoryParts of Montenegro
HeadquartersBerane, Montenegro
Information
DenominationEastern Orthodox
Sui iuris churchSerbian Orthodox Church
LanguageChurch Slavonic
Serbian
Current leadership
BishopJoanikije Mićović
Map
Map of Eparchies of Serbian Orthodox Church (including Orthodox Ohrid Archbishopric)-en.svg
Website
http://www.eparhija.me

Eparchy of Budimlja and Nikšić or Budimlja–Nikšić (Serbian: Епархија будимљанско-никшићка / Eparhija budimljansko-nikšićka) is an eparchy (diocese) of the Serbian Orthodox Church, covering eastern, central, and western parts of modern Montenegro. The ecclesiastical seat of the eparchy is the Monastery of Đurđevi Stupovi in Berane. Since 2002 it has been headed by Joanikije Mićović, bishop of Budimlja and Nikšić.[1]

History

Jurisdiction of Serbian Patriarchate of Peć  during the 16th and 17th century, including the Eparchy of Budimlja, centered in Đurđevi Stupovi monastery
Jurisdiction of Serbian Patriarchate of Peć during the 16th and 17th century, including the Eparchy of Budimlja, centered in Đurđevi Stupovi monastery

In 1219, the autocephaly of the Eastern Orthodox Church in medieval Serbia was established by Saint Sava who was consecrated as first Serbian archbishop by Patriarch Manuel I of Constantinople, who was residing at that time in Nicaea. On that occasion, region of Budimlja in the upper Lim valley was detached from the old Eparchy of Raška, and on that territory new Eparchy of Budimlja was created, centered in the Monastery of Đurđevi Stupovi, previously founded by Stefan Prvoslav, cousin of Saint Sava.[2][3]

In 1346, Serbian Archbishopric was raised to the rank of Patriarchate, and on the same occasion the Eparchy of Budimlja was raised to the titular (honorary) rank of Metropolitanate.[2] In the middle of the 15th century, during the Turkish invasion and conquest, several dioceses of the Serbian Orthodox Church suffered great devastation, including the Eparchy of Budimlja. Serbian Patriarchate was renewed in 1557 by patriarch Makarije Sokolović,[4] with Eparchy of Budimlja remaining under its jurisdiction.[5]

During the Austro-Turkish war (1683–1699) relations between Ottoman authorities and their Serbian subjects deteriorated further. As a result of Ottoman oppression and destruction of churches and monasteries, Serbian Christians and their church leaders headed by Serbian Patriarch Arsenije III sided with Austrians in 1689 and again in 1737 under Serbian Patriarch Arsenije IV.[6] In the following punitive campaigns, Ottoman armies conducted systematic atrocities against local Christian population in Serbian regions, including the region of Budimlja in the upper Lim valley, resulting in Great Migrations of the Serbs.[7]

By that time, the Eparchy of Budimlja was abolished, and its territory incorporated into neighboring eparchies. In 1938, historical title of bishops of Budimlja was renewed for auxiliary bishops, and the diocese itself was renewed in 1947, as Eparchy of Budimlja and Polimlje, and reorganized in 2001 as Eparchy of Budimlja and Nikšić.[8]

Territory

Today's Eparchy of Budimlja-Nikšić contains 10 municipalities of Montenegro: Andrijevica, Berane, Bijelo Polje, Žabljak, Mojkovac, Nikšić, Plav, Plužine, Rožaje, and Šavnik.

Heads

Metropolitans of Budimlja:

  • Basil
  • Macarius I
  • Macarius II
  • Gennadius
  • Sabbas
  • Gerasim
  • Gregory
  • Efthymius
  • Paisius (1648 - ?)

Modern bishops:

  • Nikolaj Jovanović, titular bishop of Budimlja (22 June 1938 - 8 December 1939)
  • Joanikije Lipovac, titular bishop of Budimlja (8 December 1939 - 23 February 1941)
  • Makarije Đorđević, diocesan bishop of Budimlja and Polimlje (1947 - 1956)
  • Joanikije Mićović, titular bishop of Budimlja (3 June 1999), diocesan bishop of Budimlja and Nikšić (2002–Present)

Monasteries

Monasteries in the Budimlja-Nikšić diocese are:[9]

See also

References

Bibliography

  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Јанковић, Марија (1985). Епископије и митрополије Српске цркве у средњем веку (Bishoprics and Metropolitanates of Serbian Church in Middle Ages). Београд: Историјски институт САНУ.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Pavlovich, Paul (1989). The History of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Serbian Heritage Books.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Pavlowitch, Stevan K. (2002). Serbia: The History Behind the Name. London: Hurst & Company.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Popović, Svetlana (2002). "The Serbian Episcopal sees in the thirteenth century". Старинар (51: 2001): 171–184.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Вуковић, Сава (1996). Српски јерарси од деветог до двадесетог века (Serbian Hierarchs from the 9th to the 20th Century). Евро, Унирекс, Каленић.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links


This page was last edited on 15 May 2020, at 16:34
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