To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

English-based creole language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Part of a series on the
British
African-Caribbean
community
Community and subgroups
History
Languages
Culture
People

An English-based creole language (often shortened to English creole) is a creole language derived from the English language, for which English is the lexifier. Most English creoles were formed in British colonies, following the great expansion of British naval military power and trade in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. The main categories of English-based creoles are Atlantic (the Americas and Africa) and Pacific (Asia and Oceania).

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    Views:
    60 268
    54 018
    230 092
    208 085
    940 774
  • ✪ Tok Pisin: The English-Based Creole of Papua New Guinea
  • ✪ Bahamian English Creole and Language Learning
  • ✪ Haitian Creole - The World's Most Widely Spoken Creole Language
  • ✪ What are Creoles and Pidgins? And What`s the Difference?
  • ✪ Is English Really a Germanic Language?

Transcription

Contents

Origin

It is disputed to what extent the various English-based creoles of the world share a common origin. The monogenesis hypothesis[1][2] posits that a single language, commonly called proto–Pidgin English, spoken along the West African coast in the early sixteenth century, was ancestral to most or all of the Atlantic creoles (the English creoles of both West Africa and the Americas).

Table of creole languages

Name Country Number of speakers[3] Notes

Atlantic

Western Caribbean

Bahamian Creole  Bahamas 309,000 (2014)
Turks and Caicos Creole English  Turks and Caicos 10,700 (1995)
Jamaican Patois  Jamaica 2,670,000 (2001)~3,035,000
Belizean Creole  Belize L1 Users: 170,000 (2014) L2 Users: 300,000 (2014)
Miskito Coast Creole  Nicaragua 18,400 Dialect: Rama Cay Creole
Limonese Creole  Costa Rica 55,100 (1986)
Panamanian Creole English  Panama 268,000 (2000)
San Andrés–Providencia Creole  Colombia 33,000 (1995)

Eastern Caribbean

Virgin Islands Creole  US Virgin Islands

 British Virgin Islands

 Sint Maarten

 Saint-Martin

 Sint Eustatius

 Saba

52,300 (1980)~76,500
Anguillan Creole  Anguilla 11,500 (2001)
Antiguan Creole  Antigua and Barbuda 67,000 (2001)~147,520
Saint Kitts Creole  Saint Kitts and Nevis 39,000 (1998)
Montserrat Creole  Montserrat 3,820 (2011)
Vincentian Creole  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 138,000 (1989)
Grenadian Creole  Grenada 89,200 (2001)
Tobagonian Creole  Trinidad and Tobago 300,000 (2011)
Trinidadian Creole  Trinidad and Tobago 1,000,000 (2011)
Bajan Creole  Barbados 256,000 (1999)
Guyanese Creole  Guyana 650,000~682,000
Sranan Tongo  Suriname L1 users: 67,300 (2013)~410,700 L2 users: 300,000
Saramaccan  Suriname 14,100 (2013)~17,100
Ndyuka  Suriname 21,700 (2013)~39,700. Dialects: Aluku, Paramaccan
Kwinti  Suriname 200 (2005)

United States

Afro-Seminole Creole  United States 200 (1990) Ethnic population: 500 (2007)
Gullah  United States 350 (2010) Ethnic population: 250,000

Africa

Krio  Sierra Leone 692,000~716,110 L2 users: 4,000,000 (1987)
Kreyol  Liberia 1,500,000 (L2; 1984)
Ghanaian Pidgin  Ghana 5,000,000 (2011) L2 users: 2,000 (1990)
Nigerian Pidgin  Nigeria 30,000,000 (2005)
Cameroonian Pidgin  Cameroon 2,000,000 (L2; 1989)
Equatorial Guinean Pidgin  Equatorial Guinea 6,000 (2011) L2 users: 70,000 (2011)

Pacific

Hawaiian Creole  Hawaii 600,000 (2012) 100,000 on the US mainland. L2 users: 400,000
Ngatikese Creole  Micronesia 700
Tok Pisin  Papua New Guinea 122,000 (2004) L2 users: 4,000,000
Pijin  Solomon Islands 24,400 (1999) L2 users: 307,000 (1999)
Bislama  Vanuatu 10,000 (2011) L2 users
Pitcairn-Norfolk  Pitcairn

 Norfolk Island

430 (2011)~532
Australian Kriol  Australia 4,200 (2006) L2 users: 10,000 (1991)
Torres Strait Creole  Australia 6,040 (2006)
Singlish  Singapore 2,000,000–3,000,000

Marginal

Other

Not strictly creoles, but sometimes called thus:

External links

See also

References

  1. ^ Hancock, I. F. (1969). "A provisional comparison of the English-based Atlantic creoles". African Language Review. 8: 7–72.
  2. ^ Gilman, Charles (1978). "A Comparison of Jamaican Creole and Cameroon Pidgin English". English Studies. 59: 57–65.
  3. ^ Simons, Gary F; Fennig, Charles D, eds. (2017). Ethnologue: Languages of the World (20th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.

Further reading

This page was last edited on 7 February 2019, at 23:33
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.