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Engin de débarquement d'infanterie et de chars

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

EDIC Sabre.JPG
EDIC Sabre
Class overview
Name: Engin de débarquement d'infanterie et de chars (EDIC)
Operators:
Subclasses: EDA
Completed: 17
General characteristics of EDIC III ships
Type: Landing craft utility
Displacement:
  • 330–371 t (325–365 long tons) (standard)
  • 748 t (736 long tons) (full load)
Length: 59 m (193 ft 7 in)
Beam: 11.6 m (38 ft 1 in)
Draught: 1.7 m (5 ft 7 in)
Ramps: 1 bow ramp
Propulsion:
Speed: 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Range: 1,800 nmi (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 12 knots
Capacity: 200 t (200 long tons)
Troops: 180
Complement: 10
Sensors and
processing systems:
Racal Decca 226 radar
Armament:

The EDIC or Engin de débarquement d'infanterie et de chars are large landing craft that operate in the French Navy, Lebanese Navy, Senegalese Navy, and Madagascar Navy. EDICs have the typical landing craft utility design with a bow ramp and have a large aft superstructure compared to the derivative CDIC. The EDIC vessels were constructed in three groups, the first were launched in 1958, the second in 1967–1969 and the third in 1987. A sub class, called the Engin de débarquement ateliers or EDA was constructed between the first and second groups but were fitted out as repair craft. In French service, they predominately were used in the French Pacific territories.

Design and description

The EDIC type landing craft were constructed in three batches and had differences between them. They were designed as tank landing craft for the French Navy. The first and second batches as built had a standard displacement of 297 tonnes (292 long tons) and 652 tonnes (642 long tons) at full load. They were 59.0 metres (193 ft 5 in) long with a beam of 11.9 metres (39 ft 2 in) and a draught of 1.3 metres (4 ft 5 in). They were powered by two MGO diesel engines driving two shafts rated at 750 kilowatts (1,000 bhp). They had a maximum speed of 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) and a complement of 16 including one officer.[1] They could carry eleven trucks or five tracked landing vehicles.[2] They mounted two 20 mm (0.8 in) anti-aircraft (AA) guns.[1]

The third EDIC group were constructed to a modified design with a standard displacement of 330–371 tonnes (325–365 long tons) and 748 tonnes (736 long tons) at full load. The vessels measure 59 m (193 ft 7 in) long with a beam of 11.6 m (38 ft 1 in) and a draught of 59 m (193 ft 7 in). They are powered by two SACM Uni Diesel UD30 V12 M3 diesel engines driving two shafts rated at 1,000 kW (1,400 hp). They have a maximum speed of 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) and a range of 1,800 nautical miles (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 12 knots. The EDIC III type have capacity for 200 t (200 long tons) of vehicles and can carry up to 180 personnel. They landing craft have a complement of ten. They mount a Racal Decca 226 radar, two 20 mm modèle F2 guns for AA defence and two 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine guns.[3]

Lebanese Navy

Two vessels in service with the Lebanese Navy are of EDIC III design.[4] They have a displacement of 680 tonnes (670 long tons) at full load and measure 59 metres (193 ft 7 in) long with a beam of 12 metres (39 ft 4 in) and a draught of 1.3 metres (4 ft 3 in). The two landing craft are powered by two SACM MGO 175 V12 M1 diesel engines turning two shafts rated at 890 kilowatts (1,200 hp). The ships have a maximum speed of 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) and a range of 1,800 nautical miles (3,300 km; 2,100 mi) at 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph). They can carry up to 96 troops and 11 lightweight fighting vehicles such as AML 90, Humvees or M113 armored personnel carrier. The vessels mount two Oerlikon 20 mm cannon, one 81 mm (3.2 in) mortar, two 12.7 mm machine guns and one 7.62 mm (0.3 in) machine gun.[5]

EDA type

Four ships were constructed to similar dimensions and propulsion system to the first two EDIC groups in 1964–1965 and called the Engin de débarquement ateliers or EDA. Instead of being landing craft, they were equipped as repair and logistics ships for service on overseas stations. L 9084 was classified as an auxiliary electrical stores ship.[1][2]

Ships in class

EDIC
Pennant no. Name Launched Commissioned Status
EDIC I[1][6]
<i>L 9091</i> 7 January 1956 3 January 1959
<i>L 9092</i> 21 February 1958 17 February 1959
<i>L 9093</i> 17 April 1958 17 February 1959
<i>L 9094</i> 24 July 1958 12 June 1959
<i>L 9095</i> 11 April 1958 Sold to Senegal in 1974. Renamed La Falence.
<i>L 9096</i> 11 October 1958 15 May 1959
EDA[2][6]
<i>L 9081</i> 1964
<i>L 9082</i> 1964 17 June 1965 Transferred to Madagascar in 1985 and renamed Aine Vao Vao.
<i>L 9083</i> 1964 5 February 1966
<i>L 9084</i> 1964 5 November 1965
EDIC II[1][6]
<i>L 9070</i> 30 October 1967 29 March 1969
<i>L 9071</i> 30 January 1968
<i>L 9072</i> 1968 2 May 1969
<i>L 9073</i> 1968 10 May 1969
<i>L 9074</i> 1969 7 February 1970
EDIC III (Type 700)[3]
L 9051 <i>Sabre</i> 13 June 1987
L 9052 <i>Dague</i> 19 December 1987
Lebanese Navy versions[5]
21 <i>Sour</i> 28 March 1985
22 <i>Damour</i>

Construction and career

The EDIC I and IIs were constructed at various shipyards. Seven were built by Chantier Naval Franco-Belge, three by the Toulon Dockyard and two by La Perrière in France.[6] The EDIC IIIs were built by SFCN at Villeneuve-la-Garenne, France.[3] On 1 July 1974 L 9095 was transferred to Senegal and renamed La Falence. Most of the class was deployed to the French territories in the Pacific.[6] In 1981, L 9082 was paid off. On 28 September 1985, L 9082 was sold to Madagascar and renamed Aina Vao Vao. The ship was repaired in 1996.[7] L 9083 and L 9073 were stricken from the French Navy in 1986, L 9091, L 9093, L 9096 in 1988, L 9094 in 1991 and L 9072 in 1993.[4] Sabre and Dague were given their names on 29 April 1999.[3]

On 7 November 1983, the Lebanese Navy loaned L 9096 from the French Navy and renamed the vessel Sour. The ship was later returned to the French Navy. That year, they ordered two EDIC III vessels from SFCN to be built in Villeneuve-la-Garenne, France.[4] The two ships, named Sour and Damour, were commissioned into the Lebanese Navy on 28 March 1991. Both had been damaged in 1990 and repaired the following year.[5]

See also

Citations

References

  • Blackman, Raymond V. B., ed. (1972). Jane's Fighting Ships 1972–73. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Company. OCLC 28197951.
  • Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen & Budzbon, Przemysław, eds. (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
  • Moore, John, ed. (1980). Jane's Fighting Ships 1980–81. New York: Jane's Publishing Incorporated. ISBN 0-531-03937-4.
  • Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2009). Jane's Fighting Ships 2009–2010 (112 ed.). Alexandria, Virginia: Jane's Information Group Inc. ISBN 0-7106-2888-9.
This page was last edited on 16 June 2021, at 15:36
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