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Encounter Bay
Encounter bay pt elliot.jpg
Encounter Bay from Port Elliot, South Australia
Encounter Bay is located in South Australia
Encounter Bay
Encounter Bay
Location in South Australia
LocationFleurieu and Sir Richard Peninsulas, South Australia
Coordinates35°34′40″S 138°35′35″E / 35.57778°S 138.59306°E / -35.57778; 138.59306[1]
Primary inflowsRiver Murray
Basin countriesAustralia
IslandsGranite Island, Pullen Island, Seal Island, Wright Island
SettlementsVictor Harbor
Goolwa, Middleton & Port Elliot

Encounter Bay, once known as Ramong to the Ramindjeri people, is a bay in the Australian state of South Australia located on the state's south central coast about 100 kilometres (62 mi) south of the state capital of Adelaide. It was named by Matthew Flinders after his encounter on 8 April 1802 with Nicolas Baudin, the commander of the Baudin expedition of 1800–03. It is the site of both the mouth of the River Murray and the regional city of Victor Harbor. It is one of four "historic bays" located on the South Australian coast.


There are at least two definitions of the bay’s extent:


Aboriginal occupation

Although traditional ownership has long been ascribed to the Ramindjeri clan of the Ngarrindjeri people,[6] linguist Rob Amery of the University of Adelaide suggested in a 1998 paper that Kaurna traditional lands "may have extended as far eastward as Encounter Bay and that the occupation of Encounter Bay by the Ramindjeri in the late 1830s may have been a response to the activities of whalers in the area". He also notes that the "Encounter Bay people" mentioned in 1836 by Colonel Light and his party at Rapid Bay in 1836 spoke the Kaurna language.[7]

The Ramindjeri language name for Encounter Bay was Ramong,[8][9] although some sources ascribe this name to The Bluff only.[10]

European arrival

Encounter Bay was named by Matthew Flinders on 8 April 1802 after his encounter with Nicolas Baudin, both of whom were charting the Australian coastline for their respective countries (Britain and France). The encounter between the scientists was peaceful, even though they believed their countries were at war at the time. (Both parties were unaware that the Treaty of Amiens, ceasing hostilities, had been signed on 25 March 1802.)[11]

After British colonisation of South Australia, shore-based bay whaling stations operated on the coast of Encounter Bay from June 1837 at Police Point, Granite Island and Rosetta Head.[12] The last of these closed down in 1855. They were the most successful and longest lasting whaling stations in South Australia.[13] An attempt was made to re-establish the fishery in 1871–72.[14]


The bay's coastline is the site for the following settlements: Victor Harbor, Port Elliot, Middleton and Goolwa.[15]

The Murray, Inman and Hindmarsh Rivers drain into the bay.[15]

Islands located within Encounter Bay include (from west to east): Wright Island, Granite Island, Seal Island (also known as Seal Rock) and Pullen Island.[15]

Protected areas

The following protected areas exist within the bay’s waters: the Granite Island Recreation Park, the Pullen Island Conservation Park and the West Island Conservation Park, while the bay’s waters are within the boundaries of the Encounter Marine Park. The following protected areas adjoin the shores of the bay: the Coorong National Park.[16][17][18][19]

See also


  1. ^ "Encounter Bay (SA)". Gazetteer of Australia online. Geoscience Australia, Australian Government.
  2. ^ Sailing Directions (Enroute), Pub. 175: North, West, and South Coasts of Australia (PDF). Sailing Directions. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2017. p. 227.
  3. ^ "Seas and Submerged Lands (Historic Bays) Proclamation 2006". Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  4. ^ "Seas and Submerged Lands (Historic Bays) Proclamation 2006". Commonwealth of Australia. 15 February 2006. Retrieved 29 July 2014.
  5. ^ "Seas and Submerged Lands (Historic Bays) Proclamation 2016". Commonwealth of Australia. 10 March 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Map of Indigenous Australia". AIATSIS. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  7. ^ Amery, Rob (2016). Warraparna Kaurna!: Reclaiming an Australian language (PDF). University of Adelaide Press. p. 5. doi:10.20851/kaurna. ISBN 978-1-925261-25-7. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Ramindjeri". Mobile Language Team. 17 November 2020. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Ramindjeri (SA)". South Australian Museum. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Encounter Bay (1840-1848)". German Missionaries in Australia. Griffith University. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  11. ^ Flinders, Matthew (1966) [1814]. A Voyage to Terra Australis : undertaken for the purpose of completing the discovery of that vast country, and prosecuted in the years 1801, 1802, and 1803 in His Majesty's ship the Investigator, and subsequently in the armed vessel Porpoise and Cumberland Schooner; with an account of the shipwreck of the Porpoise, arrival of the Cumberland at Mauritius, and imprisonment of the commander during six years and a half in that island (Facsimile ed.). Adelaide; Facsimile reprint of: London : G. and W. Nicol, 1814 ed. In two volumes, with an Atlas (3 volumes): Libraries Board of South Australia. p. 263. Retrieved 3 January 2014.CS1 maint: location (link)
  12. ^ "South Australian Company". South Australian Gazette And Colonial Register. I (2). South Australia. 3 June 1837. p. 4. Retrieved 9 September 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ Kostoglou, Parry; McCarthy, Justin; Paay, Jeni; South Australia. State Heritage Branch; Australasian Institute for Maritime Archaeology (1991), Whaling and sealing sites in South Australia, State Heritage Branch, Dept. of Environment and Planning, pp. 41–44, ISBN 978-0-646-06723-0
  14. ^ Encounter Bay Region, Victor Harbor, SA, Australia, Website Department of the Environment and Energy Australian Government, 27/03/2001
  15. ^ a b c "South Australian Property and Planning Atlas". SAPPA. Retrieved 17 November 2020.
  16. ^ "Island Conservation Parks of Backstairs Passage and Encounter Bay". Department of Environment Water & Natural Resources. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  17. ^ "Encounter Marine park". Department of Environment Water & Natural Resources. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  18. ^ "Coorong National Park". Department of Environment Water & Natural Resources. Retrieved 23 January 2014.
  19. ^ "Granite Island Recreation Park". Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 27 July 2014.

Further reading

  • Hodge, Charles Reynolds (1932). Encounter Bay, the miniature Naples of Australia : a short history of the romantic south coast of South Australia (Reprinted 1979 ed.). Hampstead Gardens, Adelaide, S.A.: Austaprint. ISBN 0-85872-320-4.
This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 04:09
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