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Emma of France

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Depiction of two kings, Emma's husband Rudolph of France (right, enthroned) and Charles the Simple (left centre)
Depiction of two kings, Emma's husband Rudolph of France (right, enthroned) and Charles the Simple (left centre)

Emma of France (died 935)[1] was a French princess by birth and queen by marriage. She was also variously known as Emma Capet, Emma of Burgundy, and Emma of Neustria.[2] She was the daughter of Robert I of France and either Aelis of Maine[3] or Béatrice of Vermandois. Her family is known as the Robertians.

In c. 921, she married Duke Rudolph of Burgundy.[4] Her spouse was crowned king of Western Francia on 13 July 923 at Saint-Médard de Soissons, thereby making her queen.

She defended her husband's right to the throne against the Carolingian claimant, Charles III "The Simple", and her brother-in-law, Herbert II of Vermandois. Emma captured Avalon in 931, and in 933 led the siege of Château Thierry against Herbert II with King Rudolph's army.[2]

Emma was the first Frankish queen who is known to have been crowned: she was crowned in Reims, by the bishop of Reims called Séulf, the same year but a little later than her spouse, a fact mentioned in contemporary chronicles.

It seems Emma bore only one child, a son named Louis.[5][6] There is a possibility that Emma also had a daughter, and (if so) that she was named Judith.[7]

References

  1. ^ Pennington, Reina, ed. (2003). Amazons to Fighter Pilots: A Biographical Dictionary of Military Women. 2. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 538. ISBN 0-313-29197-7.
  2. ^ a b Pennington, Reina, ed. (2003). Amazons to Fighter Pilots - A Biographical Dictionary of Military Women. 1. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 152. ISBN 0-313-32707-6.
  3. ^ Detlev Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln: Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der Europäischen Staaten
  4. ^ France, J., Bulst, N. and Reynolds, P. 1989. Rodulfi Glabri Historiarum Libri Quinque, Rodulfus Glaber Opera (Oxford).
  5. ^ Rodulfo rege… filius eius Ludovicus… ex Emma regina
  6. ^ Abbé E. Bougaud. 1875. Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Bénigne de Dijon (Chronicle St-Bénigne de Dijon), str. 126.
  7. ^ RICHARD 890-921, RAOUL 921-936
Preceded by
Béatrice of Vermandois
Queen of Western Francia
923–934
Succeeded by
Gerberga of Saxony
This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 01:13
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