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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elsie Howey
Elsie Howey.jpg
Born Rose Elsie Neville Howey
(1884-12-01)1 December 1884
Finningley, England
Died 13 March 1963(1963-03-13) (aged 78)
Malvern, Worcestershire, England
Nationality English
Occupation Suffragette

Rose Elsie Neville Howey (1 December 1884 – 13 March 1963), known as Elsie Howey, was an English suffragette.[1] She was a militant activist with the Women's Social and Political Union and was jailed at least six times between 1908 and 1912.

Early life

Elsie Howey was born in Finningley in 1884 to Thomas Howey, the parish's rector, and Emily Gertrude (née Oldfield). When her father died in 1887, the family moved to Malvern, Worcestershire. In 1902 Howey began studying English, French and German at the University of St Andrews. She left the university in 1904 so that she could travel to Germany, where she first came into contact with the women's rights movement.[1]

Activism

 In 1909 Howey was invited to, Eagle House, the home of Mary Blathwayt to plant a Nordmann Fir. The honour was given to leading suffragettes
In 1909 Howey was invited to, Eagle House, the home of Mary Blathwayt to plant a Nordmann Fir. The honour was given to leading suffragettes

Howey joined the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU), a militant suffrage organisation, in 1907. In February 1908, she and her sister, Mary Gertrude Howey, were arrested alongside other WSPU members after hiding in a pantechnicon van that was driven into the House of Commons. After her release, she joined Annie Kenney and Mary Blathwayt to campaign at a by-election in Shropshire in May 1908. Soon afterwards, she was imprisoned again for three months for protesting outside the home of then-Prime Minister H. H. Asquith.[1] She was sentenced to six weeks in jail. Her demonstrations became more militant when, on 5 September 1910, she and two other suffragettes, Vera Wentworth and Jessie Kenney, assaulted Prime Minister Asquith and Herbert Gladstone while the men were playing golf. Her violent tactics were criticised by some other members of the WSPU who called for her removal from the union.[2] The actions proved too much for Mary Blathwayt's family. Her mother, Emily, resigned from the WSPU and her father, Linley, wrote letters of protest to Christabel Pankhurst, Howey and Wentworth. Pankhurst was told that Howey and Wentworth could not visit their house again. Wentworth sent them a long reply expressing regret at their reaction but noting that "if Mr. Asquith will not receive deputation they will pummel him again".[3]

In January 1910, Lady Constance Bulwer-Lytton was imprisoned and forcibly fed at Walton Gaol. In response, Howey broke the gaol governor's windows so that she too would be jailed in support of Lytton. Lytton in turn called Howey the "most dear one of our members".[1] In April 1910,[2] she received national attention after leading "a WSPU demonstration through London dressed as Joan of Arc, in a full set of armour" on horseback.[1] In July she was arrested again for demonstrating in Penzance. She was imprisoned for seven days, during which time she undertook a hunger strike and fasted for 144 hours.[2] During 1910 Howey worked to introduce the suffrage movement to Plymouth and Torquay.[1]

Howey was jailed at least six times in her career as a suffragette.[1][4] She often took hunger strikes in prison and endured forcible feeding;[1] on one such occasion it took her four months to recover from the resultant throat injuries.[5] Her last arrest was in December 1912[1] after setting off a fire alarm. She was sentenced to four months' imprisonment[2] but was released early after a prolonged hunger strike that resulted in the breakage of almost all of her teeth from forcible feeding.[1]

Later life

Howey retired from public life when the militant suffrage movement ended in 1914. She lived in Malvern for the rest of her life and died there in 1963 from chronic pyloric stenosis. The condition is very rare in adults.[6] It was probably caused by her multiple episodes of forcible feeding.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Howey, (Rose) Elsie Neville". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/56239.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ a b c d Simkin, John (September 1997). "Elsie Howey". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  3. ^ "Vera Wentworth". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 2017-10-27. 
  4. ^ Dixon, Kevin (8 June 2014). "Jailed six times: Torquay's Suffragette Organiser Elsie Howey". The People's Republic of South Devon. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "Votes For Women; Miss Elsie Howey". Museum of London. Retrieved 3 May 2016. 
  6. ^ Hellan, M; Lee, T; Lerner, T (February 2006). "Diagnosis and therapy of primary hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in adults: case report and review of literature". Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract. 10 (2): 265–9. doi:10.1016/j.gassur.2005.06.003. PMID 16455460. 


This page was last edited on 2 April 2018, at 13:22.
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