To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Elizabeth, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elizabeth, New Jersey
Elizabeth skyline in October 2015
Elizabeth skyline in October 2015
Flag of Elizabeth, New Jersey
Official seal of Elizabeth, New Jersey
Elizabeth is located in Union County, New Jersey
Location of Elizabeth in Union County
Elizabeth is located in New Jersey
Location in New Jersey
Elizabeth is located in the United States
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°39′47″N 74°12′50″W / 40.663°N 74.214°W / 40.663; -74.214[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
IncorporatedMarch 13, 1855
Named forElizabeth, wife of Sir George Carteret
 • TypeFaulkner Act (mayor–council)
 • BodyCity Council
 • MayorJ. Christian "Chris" Bollwage (D)[3][4]
 • AdministratorBridget S. Anderson[5]
 • Municipal clerkYolanda Roberts[6]
 • Total13.64 sq mi (35.32 km2)
 • Land12.32 sq mi (31.91 km2)
 • Water1.32 sq mi (3.42 km2)  9.78%
 • Rank180th of 565 in state
1st of 21 in county[1]
Elevation16 ft (5 m)
 • Total137,298
 • Estimate 134,283
 • Rank210th in country (as of 2022)[12]
4th of 565 in state
1st of 21 in county[14]
 • Density11,145.22/sq mi (4,303.27/km2)
  • Rank32nd of 565 in state
2nd of 21 in county[14]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
07201 – Union Square station
07202 – Bayway station
07206 – Elizabethport station
07207 – P.O. Boxes
07208 – Elmora station[15][16]
Area code908[17]
FIPS code3403921000[1][18][19]
GNIS feature ID0885205[1][20]
View Near Elizabethtown, N. J., oil painting by Régis François Gignoux, Honolulu Museum of Art
View Near Elizabethtown, N. J., oil painting by Régis François Gignoux, Honolulu Museum of Art

Elizabeth is a city and the county seat of Union County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey.[21] As of the 2020 United States census, the city retained its ranking as the state's fourth-most-populous city (behind neighboring Newark, Jersey City, and Paterson),[22][23] with a population of 137,298,[10][11] an increase of 12,329 (+9.9%) from the 2010 census count of 124,969,[24][25] which in turn reflected an increase of 4,401 (3.7%) from the 120,568 counted in the 2000 census.[26] The Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program calculated that the city's population was 134,283 in 2022,[13] ranking the city the 210th-most populous in the country, making it the fifth-most populous municipality of any type in the state, falling behind Lakewood Township, where the population was estimated to be 139,506, as of that year.[12]

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/5
    2 086
    57 110
    39 093
    25 718
    25 889
  • Elizabeth - New Jersey - 4K Downtown Drive
  • Elizabeth NJ
  • La pequeña Colombia 🇨🇴 Elizabeth - New Jersey



Elizabeth, originally called "Elizabethtown" and part of the Elizabethtown Tract, was founded in 1664 by English settlers. The town was not named for Queen Elizabeth I as many people may assume, but rather for Elizabeth, wife of Sir George Carteret,[27] one of the two original Proprietors of the colony of New Jersey.[28][29][30] She was the daughter of Philippe de Carteret II, 3rd Seigneur de Sark and Anne Dowse. The town served as the first capital of New Jersey.[31] During the American Revolutionary War, Elizabethtown was continually attacked by British forces based on Manhattan and Staten Island, culminating in the Battle of Springfield which decisively defeated British attempts to gain New Jersey. After independence, it was from Elizabethtown that George Washington embarked by boat to Manhattan for his 1789 inauguration.[32] There are numerous memorials and monuments of the American Revolution in Elizabeth.[33]

On March 13, 1855, the City of Elizabeth was created by an act of the New Jersey Legislature, combining and replacing both Elizabeth Borough (which dated back to 1740) and Elizabeth Township (which had been formed in 1693), subject to the results of a referendum held on March 27, 1855. On March 19, 1857, the city became part of the newly created Union County. Portions of the city were taken to form Linden Township on March 4, 1861.[34]

The Singer Sewing Machine Company's factory at Elizabethport, c. 1876
The Singer Sewing Machine Company's factory at Elizabethport, c. 1876

The first major industry, the Singer Sewing Machine Company came to Elizabeth and employed as many as 2,000 people. In 1895, it saw one of the first car companies, when Electric Carriage and Wagon Company was founded to manufacture the Electrobat, joined soon by another electric car builder, Andrew L. Riker. The Electric Boat Company got its start building submarines for the United States Navy in Elizabeth, New Jersey, beginning with the launch of USS Holland (SS-1) in 1897. These pioneering naval craft [known as A-Class] were developed at Lewis Nixon's Crescent Shipyard in Elizabeth between the years 1896–1903.[35] Elizabeth grew in parallel to its sister city of Newark for many years, but has been more successful in retaining a middle-class presence and was mostly spared riots in the 1960s.[36]

On September 18, 2016, a backpack holding five bombs was discovered outside NJ Transit's Elizabeth train station. One bomb detonated accidentally when a bomb squad robot failed to disarm the contents of the backpack; no one was hurt. Police were initially unsure if this event was related to bombs in Seaside Park, New Jersey and Manhattan that had exploded the previous day.[37] On September 19, police arrested Ahmad Khan Rahami, a 28-year-old Afghan-born naturalized U.S. citizen, for questioning in connection with all three incidents; the FBI considered Rahami, whose last known address was within 0.5 miles (0.8 km) of the train station, to be armed and dangerous.[38][39]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 13.66 square miles (35.37 km2), including 12.32 square miles (31.91 km2) of land and 1.34 square miles (3.46 km2) of water (9.78%).[1][2]

Elizabeth is bordered to the southwest by Linden, to the west by Roselle and Roselle Park, to the northwest by Union and Hillside, to the north by Newark (in Essex County). To the east the city is across Newark Bay from Bayonne in Hudson County and the Arthur Kill from Staten Island, New York.[40][41][42]

The borders of Elizabeth, Bayonne, and Staten Island meet at one point on Shooters Island, of which 7.5 acres (3.0 ha) of the island is owned by Elizabeth, though the island is managed by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation.[43]

The Elizabeth River is a waterway that courses through the city for 4.2 miles (6.8 km) and is largely channelized, before draining into the Arthur Kill.[44]

Districts and neighborhoods

Midtown / Uptown

Midtown, also occasionally known as Uptown, is the main commercial district and a historic section as well. It includes the First Presbyterian Church[27] and St. John's Episcopal Church, and its St. John's Episcopal Churchyard. The First Presbyterian Church was a battleground for the American Revolution. Located here are also the 1931 Art Deco Hersh Tower,[45] the Thomas Jefferson Arts Academy, and the Ritz Theatre which has been operating since 1926. Midtown/Uptown includes the area once known as "Brittanville" which contained many English type gardens.


Bayway is located in the southern part of the city and borders the City of Linden. From US 1&9 and Allen Street, between the Elizabeth River and the Arthur Kill, it has maintained a strong Polish community for years. Developed at the turn of the 20th century, many of the area residents once worked at the refinery which straddles both Elizabeth and Linden. There are unique ethnic restaurants, bars, and stores along Bayway, and a variety of houses of worship. Housing styles are older and well maintained. There are many affordable two to four-family housing units, and multiple apartment complexes. The western terminus of the Goethals Bridge, which spans the Arthur Kill to Staten Island can be found here. A small section of the neighborhood was isolated with both the completion of the Goethals Bridge in 1928 and the construction of the New Jersey Turnpike in the 1950s.

Downtown / Elizabethport

School # 1 can be seen in the distance from the park on Court Street.
School # 1 can be seen in the distance from the park on Court Street.

Downtown / E-Port (a.k.a. The Port and Elizabethport) is the oldest neighborhood and perhaps the most diverse place in Elizabeth. It consists of a collection of old world Elizabethan, new American colonial-style houses and apartment buildings that stretch east of 7th Street to its shores. The name is derived from its dependence on businesses catering to seagoing ventures. It was a thriving center of commerce between the 1660s through the middle of the 20th century. This area has had a great deal of improvement since 2000. Many homes have been renovated or been replaced with new, more ornate structures. Federal housing projects that stood for decades along First Street have been demolished and replaced with low to moderate income housing. The waterfront is home to new town homes and two-family homes (duplexes).

The area was once three distinct neighborhoods: Buckeye, Diamondville and New Mexico. It was the US home of the Singer Manufacturing Company, makers of Singer sewing machines, which constructed a 1,400,000-square-foot (130,000 m2) facility on a 32-acre (13 ha) site in 1873. Shortly after it opened, the factory manufactured the majority of all sewing machines worldwide. With 6,000 employees working there in the 1870s, it employed the largest number of workers at a single facility in 1873. The company moved out of Elizabeth in 1982.[46]

Elizabeth Marina, which was once filled with trash and debris along its walkway, was also restored. It is the site of year-round celebrations from a Hispanic festival in late spring to the lighting of a Christmas tree in winter. Living conditions in this area continue to improve year after year. Historically, there were immigrant communities centered around Christian churches. The Slavic community was centered by Sts. Peter and Paul Byzantine, the Lithuanian community attended Sts. Peter and Paul Roman Catholic and the Polish community attended St. Adalbert Roman Catholic Church which still stands. St. Patrick Church, originally Irish, dominates the 'Port; the cornerstone for the second and current building was laid in 1887.[47]

Elmora and The West End

Warinanco Park, Elmora
Warinanco Park, Elmora

Elmora is a middle/working-class neighborhood in the western part of Elizabeth. The main thoroughfare, Elmora Avenue, offers restaurants, shops and boutiques. Several high-rise building complexes, affording views of the New York City skyline, dot the edge of this neighborhood and are accessible to the Elizabeth station. The neighborhood area forms a "V" from its approximate borders of the Central Railroad tracks to Rahway Avenue.

St. Patrick's Church, Elizabethport
St. Patrick's Church, Elizabethport

Modern Orthodox community in Elmora

The Elmora section of Elizabeth is home to a large Modern Orthodox community. The Jewish Educational Center of Elizabeth was founded in 1941 by a Latvian-born rabbi, Pinchas Mordechai Teitz, who arrived to lecture in to the city's then-small Orthodox community in the 1930s.[48][49]

Elmora Hills

The northwestern part of Elmora is known as Elmora Hills. It is a strongly middle- to upper-middle-class neighborhood. Originally called Shearerville, the name Elmora came from the developers of the area, the El Mora Land Company. This area was annexed from Union Township, returning to Elizabeth in the early part of the 20th century. This was done to increase the city's tax base as major improvements to infrastructure were necessary at the time.

Frog Hollow

Frog Hollow is a small community of homes east of Atlantic Street, west of the Arthur Kill, and south of Elizabeth Avenue. Its name is derived from the frogs that could be caught in its marshes as well as the oyster and fishing of the past. The area expanded east and includes the area formerly known as Helltown. Helltown included many of the docks and shipyards, as well as several drydocks. The area's developer was Edward N. Kellogg, who also laid out the neighborhood in Keighry Head. Frog Hollow contains older-style, more affordable homes, rentals, and some quality restaurants in a working-class community. The statue honoring former Mayor Mack on Elizabeth Avenue is a landmark in the community. Frog Hollow is also convenient to the Veteran's Memorial Waterfront Park.

Keighry Head

Its name is attributed to James Keighry of the Isle of Kerry, Ireland. He owned a business facing the square formed at the junction of Jackson, Madison, Chestnut and Magnolia Avenues. The approximate borders of this neighborhood extended north from East Grand Street to Flora Street and from Walnut to Division Street. Developed by Edward N. Kellogg, many of the streets were named after family and friends. Keighry Head is located close to Midtown, containing affordable one and two-family homes, and apartment houses, convenient to the Midtown shopping district, and transportation.

War monument; north Elizabeth
War monument; north Elizabeth

North End / North Elizabeth

The North End, also known as "North Elizabeth", is a diverse working-class neighborhood. The borders are approximately the Arch north to the city line between North Broad Street and US 1&9. It was developed mostly in the 1920s for workers in the Duesenberg automobile plant (later Durant Auto, Burry Biscuits and Interbake Foods). The area was heavily settled by the Irish and then Portuguese. The North End has easy access to New York and Newark via its own NJ Transit train station, Routes 1&9 and the NJ Turnpike. The neighborhood also has Crane Square, the Historic Nugents Tavern, and Kellogg Park and its proximity to Newark Liberty International Airport. There is currently a plan in place to develop the former Interbake Foods facility into shopping and residential townhouses and condominiums. This community contains many larger one and two-family homes that have been rebuilt over the past decade. North Elizabeth also features many well-kept apartment houses and condominium units on and around North Avenue that are home to professionals who work in New York or the area. The only Benedictine women's community in New Jersey is located at Saint Walburga Monastery on North Broad Street.


War memorial in Union Square
War memorial in Union Square

Peterstown (also known as "The Burg") is a middle/working-class neighborhood in the southeastern part of the city. Its borders run west of Atlantic Street to South Spring Street from 1st Avenue to the Elizabeth River. Its name is derived from John Peters, who owned most of the land with George Peters. They divided the land and developed it during the end of the 19th century. The area was once predominantly occupied by its earliest settlers, who were German, and during the 1920s was gentrified by newly immigrated Italians. Peterstown has clean, quiet streets and has many affordable housing opportunities with a "village" feel. The area contains the historic Union Square, which is home to produce stands, meat markets, fresh fish and poultry stores. Peterstown is also home of the DeCavalcante crime family, one of the most infamous Mafia families in the United States.

The Point / the Crossroads

The Point, formally known as the Crossroads, is centrally located and defined by New Point Road and Division Street. It is close to Midtown and contains many new affordable two-family homes, apartment houses and is undergoing a transformation. The former Elizabeth General Hospital site is currently being demolished and awaiting a new development.

Quality Hill

Home to St. Mary's and the "Hilltoppers", this area once was lined with mansions. Its approximate borders were South Broad Street to Grier Avenue and Pearl Street to what is now US 1&9. During its development in the 1860s it was the most fashionable area of the city to live. It is now a quiet middle class community experiencing a re-development with many new condominiums.


Developed by Edward J. Grassman, Westminster got its name from the city's largest residential estates of the Tudor style and was inhabited by many residents who traced their ancestry to England. This neighborhood borders Hillside with the Elizabeth River running its border creating a dramatic splash of greenery and rolling hills off of North Avenue, near Liberty Hall. Residents use this area for recreation, whether it is at the newly christened Phil Rizzuto Park area, or for bird watching or for sunbathing by the river. It is one of the more affluent areas of Elizabeth.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and cool to cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elizabeth straddles the boundary between a humid subtropical climate and a hot-summer humid continental climate.[50]


Historical population
2022 (est.)134,283[10][12][13]−2.2%
Population sources: 1810–1970[51]
1810–1920[52] 1810[53] 1820[54]
1830[55] 1840[56] 1850–1870[57]
1850[58] 1870[59] 1880–1890[60]
1890–1910[61] 1860–1930[62]
1940–2000[63] 2000[64][65]
2010[24][25][66] 2020[10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[34]

In 2019, the foreign-born population in the city was 46.6% of the total population, and the Latino population was 65%.[67]

2010 census

The 2010 United States census counted 124,969 people, 41,596 households, and 29,325 families in the city. The population density was 10,144.1 per square mile (3,916.7/km2). There were 45,516 housing units at an average density of 3,694.7 per square mile (1,426.5/km2). The racial makeup was 54.65% (68,292) White, 21.08% (26,343) Black or African American, 0.83% (1,036) Native American, 2.08% (2,604) Asian, 0.04% (52) Pacific Islander, 16.72% (20,901) from other races, and 4.59% (5,741) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59.50% (74,353) of the population.[24] The city's Hispanic population was the tenth-highest percentage among municipalities in New Jersey as of the 2010 Census.[68]

Of the 41,596 households, 37.0% had children under the age of 18; 39.2% were married couples living together; 22.0% had a female householder with no husband present and 29.5% were non-families. Of all households, 23.5% were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.43.[24]

25.6% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 9.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.2 years. For every 100 females, the population had 98.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 96.8 males.[24]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $43,770 (with a margin of error of +/− $1,488) and the median family income was $46,891 (+/− $1,873). Males had a median income of $32,268 (+/− $1,205) versus $27,228 (+/− $1,427) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $19,196 (+/− $604). About 14.7% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over.[69]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States census[18] there were 120,568 people, 40,482 households, and 28,175 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,865.5 inhabitants per square mile (3,809.1/km2). There were 42,838 housing units at an average density of 3,505.2 per square mile (1,353.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 55.78% White, 19.98% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 2.35% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 15.51% from other races, and 5.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.46% of the population.[64][65]

Colombia is the nation of birth for the highest number of foreign-born inhabitants of Elizabeth: it was the birthplace of 8,731 Elizabeth residents as of the 2000 Census. This exceeded the combined total of 8,214 for Mexican and Central American immigrants. It also far exceeded the next highest single nation count of Cuba at 5,812. The highest number for a non-Spanish speaking country and third highest overall was Portugal, whose native-born immigrants numbered 4,544. The next largest groups were Salvadoran immigrants numbering 4,043, Peruvians at 3,591 and Dominican immigrants, of whom there were 3,492.[70]

There were 40,482 households, out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.45.[64][65]

In the city the population was spread out, with 26.3% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.[64][65]

The median income for a household in the city was $35,175, and the median income for a family was $38,370. Males had a median income of $30,757 versus $23,931 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,114. About 15.6% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 17.2% of those age 65 or over.[64][65]


Industrial "backyard" east of Elizabeth, New Jersey
Industrial "backyard" east of Elizabeth, New Jersey

Since World War II, Elizabeth has seen its transportation facilities grow; the Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal is one of the busiest ports in the world, as is Newark Liberty International Airport, located in both Newark and Elizabeth. Elizabeth also features Little Jimmy's Italian Ices (since 1932), The Mills At Jersey Gardens outlet mall, Loews Theater, and the Elizabeth Center, which generate millions of dollars in revenue. Companies based in Elizabeth included New England Motor Freight.

Together with Linden, Elizabeth is home to the Bayway Refinery, a Phillips 66 refining facility that supplies petroleum-based products to the New York/New Jersey area, producing approximately 230,000 barrels (37,000 m3) per day.[71]

Celadon, a mixed-use development containing 14 glass skyscrapers, offices, retail, a hotel, boardwalk and many other amenities is proposed to border the east side of The Mills at Jersey Gardens, directly on the Port Newark Bay. Groundbreaking was scheduled for the summer of 2008 on the ferry, roads and parking, and construction was planned to continue for at least twelve years. As of 2021 this project has not started construction and there is no recent news about Celadon, so it is assumed that this project has been canceled[72]

Portions of the city are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Elizabeth was selected in 1983 as one of the initial group of 10 zones chosen to participate in the program.[73] In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[74] Established in November 1992, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in November 2023.[75]


City Hall, Eggers & Higgins, architects, 1940.[76]
City Hall, Eggers & Higgins, architects, 1940.[76]

Local government

The City of Elizabeth is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government. The city is one of 71 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form of government.[77] The governing body is comprised of the Mayor and the City Council. The Elizabeth City Council is comprised of nine members, who are elected to serve four-year terms of office on a staggered basis with elections held in even-numbered years. The mayor and the three council members elected at-large come up for election together in leap years and two years later the six members who are elected from each of Elizabeth's six wards are all up for election.[7]

As of 2022, the city's Mayor is Democrat Chris Bollwage, a lifelong resident of Elizabeth who is serving his eighth term as Mayor, serving a term of office that ends December 31, 2024.[3] City Council members are Council President Patricia Perkins-Auguste (at-large; D, 2024), Carlos Cedeño (Fourth Ward; D, 2022), Frank J. Cuesta (at-large; D, 2024), William Gallman Jr. (Fifth Ward; D, 2022), Nelson Gonzalez (Second Ward; D, 2022), Manny Grova Jr. (at-large; D, 2024), Kevin Kiniery (Third Ward; D, 2022), Frank O. Mazza (Sixth Ward; D, 2022), and Carlos L. Torres (First Ward; D, 2022).[78][79][80][81][82]

Bollwage, who has served as mayor of Elizabeth since 1992, was paid an annual salary of $152,564 in 2016, placing him among the three highest-paid mayors in the state and the only mayor in Union County to earn annual compensation in excess of $100,000.[83][84]

Federal, state and county representation

Elizabeth is located in the 8th Congressional District[85] and is part of New Jersey's 20th state legislative district.[86][87][88] Prior to the 2010 Census, Elizabeth had been split between the 10th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[89]

For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Rob Menendez (D, Jersey City).[90][91] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[92] and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).[93][94]

For the 2022–2023 session, the 20th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Joseph Cryan (D, Union Township, Union County) and in the General Assembly by Reginald Atkins (D, Roselle) and Annette Quijano (D, Elizabeth).[95]

Union County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chair and Vice Chair from among its members.[96] As of 2022, Union County's County Commissioners are Chair Rebecca Williams (D, Plainfield, term as commissioner and as chair ends December 31, 2022),[97] Vice Chair Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term as commissioner ends 2023; term as vice chair ends 2022),[98] James E. Baker Jr. (D, Rahway, 2024),[99] Angela R. Garretson (D, Hillside, 2023),[100] Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2022),[101] Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2022),[102] Lourdes M. Leon (D, Elizabeth, 2023),[103] Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2024)[104] and Kimberly Palmieri-Mouded (D, Westfield, 2024).[105][106] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union Township, 2025),[107][108] Sheriff Peter Corvelli (D, Kenilworth, 2023)[109][110] and Surrogate Susan Dinardo (acting).[111][112] The County Manager is Edward Oatman.[113]


As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 44,415 registered voters in Elizabeth, of which 24,988 (56.3% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,430 (5.5% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 16,985 (38.2% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 12 voters registered to other parties.[114] Among the city's 2010 Census population, 35.5% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 47.8% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).[114][115]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 24,751 votes (80.8% vs. 66.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 5,213 votes (17.0% vs. 32.3%) and other candidates with 166 votes (0.5% vs. 0.8%), among the 30,640 ballots cast by the city's 50,715 registered voters, for a turnout of 60.4% (vs. 68.8% in Union County).[116][117] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 23,524 votes (74.3% vs. 63.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 7,559 votes (23.9% vs. 35.2%) and other candidates with 202 votes (0.6% vs. 0.9%), among the 31,677 ballots cast by the city's 48,294 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.6% (vs. 74.7% in Union County).[118] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 18,363 votes (67.2% vs. 58.3% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 8,486 votes (31.0% vs. 40.3%) and other candidates with 144 votes (0.5% vs. 0.7%), among the 27,334 ballots cast by the city's 45,882 registered voters, for a turnout of 59.6% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).[119]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 63.2% of the vote (7,804 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 35.5% (4,379 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (163 votes), among the 13,592 ballots cast by the city's 49,515 registered voters (1,246 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 27.5%.[120][121] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 10,258 ballots cast (66.8% vs. 50.6% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 4,386 votes (28.6% vs. 41.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 376 votes (2.4% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 131 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 15,355 ballots cast by the city's 46,219 registered voters, yielding a 33.2% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).[122]

Police department

The Elizabeth Police Department was established in May 1858.

The current Police Director is Earl Graves and the Chief of Police is Giacomo Sacca.[123]

The Table of Organization authorizes 365 officers,[124] including 9 captains, 21 lieutenants and 39 sergeants.[125]

Fire department

Elizabeth Fire Department (EFD)
Operational area
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
Agency overview
EstablishedJanuary 1, 1902
Fire chiefThomas McNamara
EMS levelBLS
Facilities and equipment
Light and air1

The Elizabeth Fire Department provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city of Elizabeth.[126] The Elizabeth Fire Department was established as a volunteer organization in 1837 when Engine Company # 1 was organized. In 1901, the volunteer department was no longer adequate and the department reorganized into a paid department on January 1, 1902.[127] There are 7 Engine Companies, 3 Ladder Companies, 1 Rescue Company, and several Special Units. These companies and units are under the command of both a Deputy Chief and two Battalion Chiefs.

The department is part of the Metro USAR Strike Team, which consists of nine North Jersey fire departments and other emergency services divisions working to address major emergency rescue situations.[128]

Fire station locations and apparatus

Engine company Ladder company Special unit Command unit Address
Engine 1 Air Cascade Unit 24 South Broad Street
Engine 2 651 South Broad Street
Engine 3 Ladder 2 (Tiller) Haz-Mat Unit 1, Haz-Mat Decon Trailer Battalion 1 442 Trumbull Street
Engine 5 QRV 1 (Quick Attack Response Vehicle), Foam Unit, Fire Boat 1 (docked at the port) 147 Elizabeth Avenue
Engine 6 Tower Ladder 3 472 Catherine Street
Engine 7 Ladder 1 Rescue 1, Rescue 2 – (Metro USAR Collapse Rescue Strike Team Unit), Special Operations Vehicle 1 (USAR Support) Car 42 (Deputy Chief), Battalion 2 411 Irvington Avenue
Engine 8 Tactical Support Unit 1 524 West Grand Street

Emergency medical services

Emergency medical services are provided by the Elizabeth Fire Department's Division of Emergency Medical Services. This is a civilian division of the fire department and handles approximately 20,000 calls a year. The division is made up of an EMS chief, 5 supervisors, 28 full-time emergency medical technicians, and approximately 12 per-diem EMTs. The division, at its maximum staffing, aims to operate five ambulances and a supervisor on days (7am–7pm) and three ambulances and a supervisor on nights (7pm–7am). They also operate the NJ EMS Task Force Medical Ambulance Bus #1.[129]

Hatzalah of Union County provides EMS primarily to the Elmora Hills neighborhood of Elizabeth, and certain sections of Hillside, Union and Roselle Park.[130]


The John E. Dwyer Technology Academy and Dunn Sports Center
The John E. Dwyer Technology Academy and Dunn Sports Center

The city's public schools are operated by Elizabeth Public Schools, serving students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide that were established pursuant to the decision by the New Jersey Supreme Court in Abbott v. Burke[131] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[132][133] Administration and operation of the district is overseen by a nine-member board of education. The board appoints a superintendent to oversee the district's day-to-day operations and a business administrator to supervise the business functions of the district.[134]

As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of 36 schools, had an enrollment of 28,712 students and 2,173.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.2:1.[135] High schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[136]) are Elizabeth High School Frank J. Cicarell Aacdemy[137] (1,152; 9–12), J. Christian Bollwage Finance Academy[138] (420; 9–12), John E. Dwyer Technology Academy[139] (1,340; 9–12), Thomas A. Edison Career and Technical Academy[140] (872; 9–12), Admiral William F. Halsey Jr. Health and Public Safety Academy[141] (1,111; 9–12), Alexander Hamilton Preparatory Academy[142] (1,014; 9–12) and Thomas Jefferson Arts Academy[143] (1,122; 9–12).[144][145]

With 5,300 students, Elizabeth High School had been the largest high school in the state of New Jersey and one of the largest in the United States, and underwent a split that created five new academies and a smaller Elizabeth High School under a transformation program that began in the 2009–2010 school year.[146] The school was the 294th-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 322 schools statewide, in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2010 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 302nd in 2008 out of 316 schools.[147] Before the 2008–2009 school year, all of the district's schools (except high schools) became K–8 schools, replacing the middle schools and elementary schools. ranked Elizabeth 449th of 558 districts evaluated in New Jersey.[148]

These and other indicators reveal a seriously declining performance standard in the city's schools. Data reported by the state Department of Education showed that a majority of students in a majority of the Elizabeth public schools failed basic skills tests.[149]

In the 2008–09 school year, Victor Mravlag Elementary School No. 21 was recognized with the Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education,[150] the highest award an American school can receive.[151][152] For the 2006–2007 school year, William F. Halloran Alternative School #22 was one of four schools in New Jersey recognized with the Blue Ribbon Award.[153] William F. Halloran Alternative School #22 earned a second award when it was one of 11 in the state to be recognized in 2014 by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program.[154][155][156] Terence C. Reilly School No. 7 was honored by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program in 2019, one of nine schools in the state recognized as Exemplary High Performing Schools;[157] the school had previously won the honor in 2013.

Private schools

Elizabeth is also home to several private schools. The coeducational St. Mary of the Assumption High School, which was established 1930,[158] and the all-girls Benedictine Academy, which is run by the Benedictine Sisters of Saint Walburga Monastery,[159] both operate under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[160] The Newark Archdiocese also operates the K–8 schools Our Lady of Guadalupe Academy and St. Genevieve School, which was founded in 1926.[161]

Saint Patrick High School was closed by the Newark Archdiocese in June 2012 due to increasing costs and declining enrollment. Administrators and parents affiliated with the defunct school came together to open an independent non-denominational school on Morris Avenue called "The Patrick School" in September 2012.[162][163][164]

The Benedictine Preschool, operated by the Benedictine Sisters, is housed at Saint Walburga Monastery.[165]

The Jewish Educational Center comprises the Yeshiva of Elizabeth (nursery through sixth grades), the Rav Teitz Mesivta Academy (for boys in grades 6–12) and Bruriah High School (for girls in grades 7–12).[166]

Princeton University was founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey.[167]


The Elizabeth Public Library, the free public library with a main library, originally a Carnegie library, and three branches[168] had a collection of 384,000 volumes and annual circulation of about 115,000 in 2016.[168][169]


Roads and highways

Northbound Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike in Elizabeth
Northbound Interstate 95/New Jersey Turnpike in Elizabeth

Elizabeth is a hub of several major roadways including the New Jersey Turnpike / Interstate 95, Interstate 278 (including the Goethals Bridge, which carries Interstate 278 over the Arthur Kill between Elizabeth and Howland Hook, Staten Island), U.S. Route 1/9, Route 27, Route 28, and Route 439. Elizabeth's own street plan, in contrast to the more usual grid plan, is to a large degree circular, with circumferential and radial streets centered on the central railroad station.

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 153.78 miles (247.48 km) of roadways, of which 123.75 miles (199.16 km) were maintained by the municipality, 12.27 miles (19.75 km) by Union County, 11.80 miles (18.99 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 5.96 miles (9.59 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[170]

There are numerous crossings of the Elizabeth River. The city was once home to several smaller bascule bridges. The South First Street Bridge over the river, originally built in 1908, was replaced by a fixed span. The South Front Street Bridge, built in 1922, has been left in the open position since March 2011.[171] A study is underway to determine if the bridge can be rehabilitated.[172] The bridge is notable in that it is the only remaining movable road bridge in Union County (movable railroad bridges still exist).

Public transportation

CNJ's former Elizabeth Broad Street train station, completed in 1893 or 1894, with the current NJT station in the background
CNJ's former Elizabeth Broad Street train station, completed in 1893 or 1894, with the current NJT station in the background

Elizabeth is among the U.S. cities with the highest train ridership. It is served by NJ Transit on Amtrak's Northeast Corridor Line. There are two active stations in Elizabeth. Elizabeth station, also called Broad Street Elizabeth or Midtown Station, is the southern station in Midtown Elizabeth.[173] The other train station in Elizabeth is North Elizabeth station.[174]

NJ Transit has planned a segment of the Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link (NERL), designated as the Union County Light Rail (UCLR). The UCLR was planned to connect Elizabeth station with Newark Liberty International Airport and have seven or eight other stations in between within Elizabeth city limits.[175][176] A possible extension of this future line to Plainfield would link the city of Elizabeth with the Raritan Valley Line.

NJ Transit provides bus service on the 111, 112, 113 and 115 routes to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the , 40, 48, 59 and 62 routes to Newark, New Jersey, with local service available on the 26, 52, 56, 57 and 58 routes.[177] ONE Bus provides service between Elizabeth and Newark on the 24 route.

Local media

WJDM at 1530 AM signed-on March 11, 1970 with studios at 9 Caldwell Place in Elizabeth. The station signed-off on January 30, 2019.[178]

News 12 New Jersey offers weather and news channels with coverage of the city.

The Daily Journal was published in Elizabeth from 1779 to 1992, ending publication as circulation plummeted from a peak of 60,000.[179]

Public-access channel

Residents of Elizabeth can tune into the public-access television cable-TV channel at any time to view public information, the city bulletin board, live meetings, important health information and tips. This service is provided by Optimum on channel 18. The channel also features the top ten ranked television shows, educational facts, quote of the day, gas price statistics, and tips for keeping the city safe and clean.

In popular culture

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Elizabeth include:

Sister cities


  1. ^ a b c d e 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Our Mayor, City of Elizabeth. Accessed January 23, 2022.
  4. ^ 2023 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, updated February 8, 2023. Accessed February 10, 2023.
  5. ^ Business Administrator, City of Elizabeth. Accessed August 16, 2022.
  6. ^ City Clerk, City of Elizabeth. Accessed August 16, 2022.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 90.
  8. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 11, 2022.
  9. ^ "City of Elizabeth". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved March 5, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d e QuickFacts Elizabeth city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 20, 2022.
  11. ^ a b c Total Population: Census 2010 - Census 2020 New Jersey Municipalities, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 1, 2022.
  12. ^ a b c d Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2022 Population: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022, United States Census Bureau, released May 2023. Accessed May 18, 2023.
  13. ^ a b c Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2022, United States Census Bureau, released May 2023. Accessed May 18, 2023.
  14. ^ a b Population Density by County and Municipality: New Jersey, 2020 and 2021, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 1, 2023.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Elizabeth, NJ Archived June 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 21, 2011.
  16. ^ Zip Codes Archived June 17, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  17. ^ Area Code Lookup – NPA NXX for Elizabeth, NJ Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Accessed November 1, 2013.
  18. ^ a b U.S. Census website, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed April 1, 2022.
  20. ^ US Board on Geographic Names Archived February 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  21. ^ New Jersey County Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed December 1, 2022.
  22. ^ Table 1.  New Jersey Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships: 2020 and 2010 Censuses, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 19, 2022.
  23. ^ The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 21, 2016.
  24. ^ a b c d e DP-1 – Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Elizabeth city, Union County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 21, 2011.
  25. ^ a b Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Elizabeth city Archived July 19, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 20, 2011.
  26. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  27. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Elizabeth" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 287.
  28. ^ DePalma, Anthony. "If You're Thinking of Living in: Elizabeth" Archived December 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, August 28, 1983. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Elizabethtown, as it was originally called, missed the Elizabethan era by just 60 years and, in any event, the Elizabeth for whom it was named was not the queen but the wife of Sir George Carteret, who had received all the land between the Hudson and Delaware Rivers as a gift."
  29. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names Archived November 15, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed August 30, 2015.
  30. ^ Gannett, Henry. The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 116. United States Government Printing Office, 1905. Accessed August 30, 2015.
  31. ^ Turner, Jean-Rae; and Koles, Richard T. Elizabeth: The First Capital of New Jersey Archived October 31, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Arcadia Publishing, 2003. ISBN 0-7385-2393-3. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Elizabeth, New Jersey is a city of firsts: first English-speaking colony in the state, first state capital, first home of Princeton University, and the site of the first shots fired after the Declaration of Independence."
  32. ^ Staff. "Permanent Revolution; A tour of tea-party New York—the spirit of '76 kind." Archived April 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New York, September 2, 2012. Accessed September 28, 2014.
  33. ^ Revolutionary War Sites in Elizabeth, New Jersey Archived June 21, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Revolutionary War New Jersey. Accessed September 28, 2014.
  34. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968 Archived June 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 238. Accessed July 9, 2012.
  35. ^ G.N. Georgano Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886–1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985).
  36. ^ Staff. "2 New Jersey Cities Racked by Race Riots" Archived November 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Chicago Tribune, August 13, 1964. Accessed November 2, 2016.
  37. ^ Schweber, Nate; and Bromwich, Jonah Engel. "Pipe Bombs Found Near Train Station in Elizabeth, N.J., Official Says" Archived September 26, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, September 19, 2016. Accessed September 19, 2016. The bomb drama rattling the New York region arrived here Sunday night when two men walked out of Hector's Place Restaurant near the city's train station and found a backpack containing five explosives resting atop a municipal garbage can, Mayor J. Christian Bollwage said.... It was not yet known whether the backpack found here had any connection to a bomb that injured 29 people in Manhattan on Saturday night, or to a bomb nearby that failed to detonate, or to a bomb that went off Saturday morning in Seaside Park, N.J., without injuring anybody."
  38. ^ Ahmad Khan Rahami Archived September 19, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Federal Bureau of Investigation, September 17, 2016. Accessed September 19, 2016.
  39. ^ a b Santora, Marc; Rashbaum, William K.; Baker, Al; and Goldman, Adam. "Ahmad Khan Rahami Is Arrested in Manhattan and New Jersey Bombings" Archived September 19, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, September 19, 2016. Accessed September 25, 2016. "The frenzied end came on a rain-soaked street in Linden, N.J., four hours after the police issued an unprecedented cellphone alert to millions of people in the area telling them to be on the lookout for Ahmad Khan Rahami, 28, who was described as 'armed and dangerous'.... Mayor J. Christian Bollwage of Elizabeth, N.J., outside an apartment on Monday where Mr. Rahami was believed to have lived."
  40. ^ Areas touching Elizabeth, MapIt. Accessed March 30, 2020.
  41. ^ Union County Municipal Profiles, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed March 30, 2020.
  42. ^ New Jersey Municipal Boundaries, New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 15, 2019.
  43. ^ Shooters Island Archived February 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Nine of the island's 43 acres belong to New Jersey (Bayonne owns 7.5 acres, Elizabeth owns 1.5 acres)."
  44. ^ Report of the Chief of Engineers U.S. Army (Report). U.S. Government Printing Office. 1972. Archived from the original on February 6, 2018. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  45. ^ a b Goodnough, Abby. "New Jersey & Co.; In Elizabeth, Dusting Off an Art Deco Treasure" Archived April 14, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, August 6, 1995. Accessed September 28, 2014. "Hersh Tower was the tallest building in Elizabeth when Louis Hersh, an Elizabeth businessman, built it in 1931. (These days, only the Union County Court building is taller.)"
  46. ^ Hatala, Greg. "Made in Jersey: Singer sewing machines had the market sewn up" Archived April 15, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Star-Ledger, November 18, 2013. Accessed September 19, 2016. "In 1873, the Singer Sewing Machine Manufacturing Co. purchased 32 acres of land in Elizabeth and established its first factory in the United States (the company also had a plant in Kilbowie, Clydebank, Scotland).... In 1982, the last 560 workers at the 1,400,000 square foot Elizabeth factory were laid off and the facility closed."
  47. ^ Elizabeth, NJ – A Concise Historical Overview Archived May 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Visit Historical Elizabeth, NJ. Accessed September 19, 2016. "St. Patrick's Church, a Roman Catholic parish since 1858, laid the cornerstone of its present church in 1887. The imposing twin-spired structure, designed by William Shickel imitating the Cologne Cathedral, took thirteen years to complete and used Maine granite."
  48. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (December 29, 1995). "Rabbi Pinchas M. Teitz, 87, Founder of Schools". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 23, 2016.
  49. ^ "The Builders". March 24, 2020.
  50. ^ Climate Summary for Elizabeth, New Jersey Archived June 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Accessed August 14, 2014.
  51. ^ Staff. 1970 Census of Population: Characteristics of the Population – Volume I, Part I, Section I  Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 1-119. United States Census Bureau, 1970. Accessed July 9, 2012.
  52. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905 Archived February 3, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  53. ^ Table 4. Population of the 46 Urban Places: 1810 Archived July 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau, June 15, 1998. Accessed December 21, 2011.
  54. ^ Table 5. Population of the 61 Urban Places: 1820 Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau, June 15, 1998. Accessed December 21, 2011.
  55. ^ Table 6. Population of the 90 Urban Places: 1830 Archived July 23, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau, June 15, 1998. Accessed December 21, 2011.
  56. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843 Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  57. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1 Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 281, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed August 15, 2013. "Elizabeth is comprised in eight wards. Its population in 1860 was 11,567, and in 1870, 20,832, nearly doubling itself in ten years "
  58. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850 Archived January 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 138. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  59. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870 Archived January 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 261. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  60. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III – 51 to 75 Archived January 2, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  61. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890 Archived January 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  62. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 – Population Volume I Archived January 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed December 20, 2011.
  63. ^ Table 6: New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1940 - 2000, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, August 2001. Accessed May 1, 2023.
  64. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Elizabeth city Archived June 1, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012.
  65. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 – Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Elizabeth city, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012.
  66. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Jersey's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting" Archived February 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau, February 3, 2011. Accessed September 28, 2014.
  67. ^ QuickFacts Elizabeth city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 2, 2022.
  68. ^ Mascarenhas, Rohan. "Census data shows Hispanics as the largest minority in N.J." Archived August 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, The Star-Ledger, February 3, 2011. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  69. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Elizabeth city, Union County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2012.
  70. ^ PCT019 – Place Of Birth For The Foreign-Born Population Universe: Foreign-born population from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) – Sample Data for Elizabeth city, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  71. ^ "Phillips 66 Bayway Refinery; Providing Energy – Improving Lives", New Jersey Business, November 24, 2020. Accessed January 6, 2022. "Named after a nearby neighborhood spanning the cities of Linden and Elizabeth, the Bayway Refinery has been providing residents and businesses in the region with a variety of products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, home heating oil, propane, butane, plastics and other products which have been improving people's lives for more than a century."
  72. ^ Harrison, Brianne. "$2B MXD Planned for Elizabeth Waterfront" Archived June 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine,, February 11, 2008. Accessed February 28, 2008.
  73. ^ Urban Enterprise Zone Tax Questions and Answers Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, May 2009. Accessed October 28, 2019. "The Urban Enterprise Zone Program (UEZ) was enacted in 1983. It authorized the designation of ten zones by the New Jersey Urban Enterprise Zone Authority: Camden, Newark, Bridgeton, Trenton, Plainfield, Elizabeth, Jersey City, Kearny, Orange and Millville/Vineland (joint zone)."
  74. ^ Urban Enterprise Zone Program Archived July 21, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed October 27, 2019. "Businesses participating in the UEZ Program can charge half the standard sales tax rate on certain purchases, currently 3.3125% effective 1/1/2018"
  75. ^ Urban Enterprise Zone Effective and Expiration Dates Archived September 23, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed January 8, 2018.
  76. ^ American City 1941: 23.
  77. ^ Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed June 1, 2023.
  78. ^ City Council, City of Elizabeth. Accessed January 23, 2022.
  79. ^ 2022 Municipal Data Sheet, City of Elizabeth. Accessed November 20, 2022.
  80. ^ Union County Elected Officials, Union County, New Jersey Clerk. Accessed March 30, 2020.
  81. ^ General Election November 3, 2020 Official Results, Union County, New Jersey, updated December 14, 2020. Accessed January 23, 2022.
  82. ^ General Election November 6, 2018 Official Results, Union County, New Jersey, updated November 16, 2018. Accessed January 1, 2019.
  83. ^ Cervenka, Susanne. "These NJ mayors make 6-figure salaries from taxpayers. Is yours one of them?", Asbury Park Press, July 31, 2017. Accessed October 11, 2017. "3. Elizabeth Mayor J. Christian Bollwage, $160,086.... Bollwage collected $152,564 last year from Elizabeth, a 125,000-population city where he's been mayor since 1992."
  84. ^ Haydon, Tom; and Lannan, Katie. "How much are Union County mayors paid?" Archived October 11, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Advance Media for, May 12, 2015. Accessed October 11, 2017. "A review of mayors' salaries across Union County shows the numbers range from a low of zero to high of $148,060 for Mayor J. Christian Bollwage, the top elected official in the city of 125,800 residents, the fourth largest municipality in the state. He is the only municipal chief executive in the county making six figures."
  85. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  86. ^ Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  87. ^ 2019 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed October 30, 2019.
  88. ^ Districts by Number for 2011–2020 Archived July 14, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  89. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government Archived June 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, p. 57, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  90. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
  91. ^ Biography, Congressman Albio Sires. Accessed January 3, 2019. "Congressman Sires resides in West New York with his wife, Adrienne."
  92. ^ U.S. Sen. Cory Booker cruises past Republican challenger Rik Mehta in New Jersey, PhillyVoice. Accessed April 30, 2021. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  93. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "Menendez, who started his political career in Union City, moved in September from Paramus to one of Harrison's new apartment buildings near the town's PATH station.."
  94. ^ Home, sweet home: Bob Menendez back in Hudson County. Accessed April 30, 2021. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  95. ^ Legislative Roster for District 20, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2022.
  96. ^ Home Page, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  97. ^ Chair Rebecca Williams, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  98. ^ Vice Chair Christopher Hudak, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  99. ^ Commissioner James E. Baker Jr., Union County, New er the Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  100. ^ Commissioner Angela R. Garretson, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  101. ^ Commissioner Sergio Granados, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  102. ^ Commissioner Bette Jane Kowalski, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  103. ^ Commissioner Lourdes M. Leon, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  104. ^ Commissioner Alexander Mirabella, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  105. ^ Commissioner Kimberly Palmieri-Mouded, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  106. ^ 2022 County Data Sheet, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  107. ^ County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi, Union County Votes. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  108. ^ Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  109. ^ Sheriff Peter Corvelli, Union County Sheriff's Office. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  110. ^ Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  111. ^ Office of the Union County Surrogate, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  112. ^ Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  113. ^ County Manager, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 20, 2022.
  114. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary – Union Archived July 15, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed May 6, 2013.
  115. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 – State – County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 6, 2013.
  116. ^ Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results – Union County Archived February 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 6, 2013.
  117. ^ Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results – Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 6, 2013.
  118. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Union County Archived February 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed May 6, 2013.
  119. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Union County Archived February 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed May 6, 2013.
  120. ^ "Governor – Union County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  121. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast – November 5, 2013 – General Election Results – Union County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
  122. ^ 2009 Governor: Union County Archived October 17, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed May 6, 2013.
  123. ^ "Elizabeth Police Department". Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  124. ^ "10 recruits, 3 officers join divided Elizabeth police department". January 6, 2017. Archived from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  125. ^ "Request for Reconsideration" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on December 6, 2018. Retrieved December 5, 2018.
  126. ^ Elizabeth Fire Department Archived February 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Fire Department Network. Accessed March 22, 2012.
  127. ^ Home page Archived March 27, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Elizabeth Fire Department. Accessed March 22, 2012.
  128. ^ Steadman, Andrew. "Bayonne firefighters participate in mock disaster drills in Newark" Archived August 8, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Jersey Journal, May 1, 2012. Accessed June 6, 2016. "According to the press release, the Metro USAR Strike Team is made up of nine fire departments from Bayonne, Elizabeth, Hackensack, Hoboken, Jersey City, Newark, Paterson, Morristown as well as the five-municipality North Hudson Regional Fire and Rescue Agency."
  129. ^ EMS, Elizabeth Fire Department. Accessed March 26, 2022.
  130. ^ About Us, Hatzalah of Union County. Accessed March 26, 2022. "Hatzalah of Union County is a voluntary, not-for-profit emergency medical response team. Its primary goal is to provide rapid response, rapid treatment and rapid transport when called to medical emergencies in its primary response area encompassing parts of Elizabeth, Hillside, Roselle Park and Union Township."
  131. ^ What We Do: History, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed March 1, 2022. "In 1998, the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled in the Abbott v. Burke case that the State must provide 100 percent funding for all school renovation and construction projects in special-needs school districts. According to the Court, aging, unsafe and overcrowded buildings prevented children from receiving the "thorough and efficient" education required under the New Jersey Constitution.... Full funding for approved projects was authorized for the 31 special-needs districts, known as 'Abbott Districts'."
  132. ^ What We Do, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed March 1, 2022.
  133. ^ SDA Districts, New Jersey Schools Development Authority. Accessed March 1, 2022.
  134. ^ Board of Education, Elizabeth Public Schools. Accessed March 30, 2020. "The Board of Education shall be comprised of nine (9) members serving terms of three (3) years, as required by law."
  135. ^ District information for Elizabeth Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
  136. ^ School Data for the Elizabeth Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed April 1, 2020.
  137. ^ Elizabeth High School Frank J. Cicarell Academy, Elizabeth Public Schools. Accessed August 11, 2020.
  138. ^ J. Christian Bollwage Finance Academy, Elizabeth Public Schools. Accessed August 11, 2020.
  139. ^ John E. Dwyer Technology Academy, Elizabeth Public Schools. Accessed August 11, 2020.
  140. ^ Thomas A. Edison Career and Technical Academy, Elizabeth Public Schools. Accessed March 1, 2018.
  141. ^ Admiral William F. Halsey Jr. Health and Public Safety Academy, Elizabeth Public Schools. Accessed August 11, 2020.
  142. ^ Alexander Hamilton Preparatory Academy, Elizabeth Public Schools. Accessed August 11, 2020.
  143. ^ Thomas Jefferson Arts Academy, Elizabeth Public Schools. Accessed August 11, 2020.
  144. ^ District & School Buildings Directory, Elizabeth Public Schools. Accessed August 11, 2020.
  145. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Elizabeth School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  146. ^ Kwoh, Leslie. "Elizabeth High School to split into six different schools in September" Archived June 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, The Star-Ledger, January 15, 2009. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Elizabeth High School's 5,300 students will be divided into six schools in September to alleviate overcrowding in the biggest school in New Jersey."
  147. ^ Staff. "2010 Top High Schools" Archived February 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Monthly, August 16, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2011.
  148. ^ "Schooldigger New Jersey District Ranking" Archived December 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Accessed August 14, 2014.
  149. ^ "New Jersey's statewide assessment program" Archived January 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed January 10, 2011.
  150. ^ U.S. Department of Education Blue Ribbon Schools Program: 2008 Schools Archived January 11, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, United States Department of Education. Accessed April 13, 2011.
  151. ^ "CIBA cited as one of the best by Education Department", Journal Inquirer, November 16, 2006. "The Blue Ribbon award is given only to schools that reach the top 10 percent of their state's testing scores over several years or show significant gains in student achievement. It is considered the highest honor a school can achieve."
  152. ^ "Viers Mill School Wins Blue Ribbon; School Scored High on Statewide Test", The Washington Post. September 29, 2005. "For their accomplishments, all three schools this month earned the status of Blue Ribbon School, the highest honor the U.S. Education Department can bestow upon a school."
  153. ^ No Child Left Behind-Blue Ribbon Schools in 2006 Archived December 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, United States Department of Education. Accessed April 13, 2011.
  154. ^ Goldman, Jeff. "Which N.J. schools were named to national 'Blue Ribbon' list?" Archived December 20, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Advance Media for, October 2, 2014. Accessed December 31, 2014. "Eleven New Jersey schools have been named to the annual National Blue Ribbon list, the U.S. Department of Education announced Tuesday."
  155. ^ 2014 National Blue Ribbon Schools All Public and Private Archived December 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, United States Department of Education. Accessed December 31, 2014.
  156. ^ Lannan, Aktie. "Elizabeth gifted and talented school earns National Blue Ribbon School designation" Archived January 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Advance Media for, October 1, 2014. Accessed December 31, 2014. "Federal education officials designated the William F. Halloran Gifted and Talented School No. 22 as a National Blue Ribbon School, one of 337 selected nationwide based on academic excellence and progress in closing the achievement gap. This is the second time School 22 has received the honor in the past 10 years, according to the school department. It was first named a National Blue Ribbon School in 2006."
  157. ^ 2019 National Blue Ribbon Schools Exemplary High Performing Schools Archived November 12, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, National Blue Ribbon Schools Program. Accessed September 26, 2019.
  158. ^ About Us Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, St. Mary of the Assumption High School. Accessed August 23, 2015. "In 1930 extensive renovation was made. A third story was added, the auditorium converted into a gymnasium and Saint Mary's High School was born."
  159. ^ Home Page Archived August 23, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Benedictine Academy. Accessed August 23, 2015.
  160. ^ Union County Catholic High Schools Archived August 14, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed August 23, 2015.
  161. ^ Union County Catholic Elementary Schools Archived August 13, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed August 23, 2015.
  162. ^ History and Tradition  Archived June 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, The Patrick School. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  163. ^ Stanmyre, Matthew. "Recently closed St. Patrick High closing in on new location" Archived February 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, The Star-Ledger, July 20, 2012. Accessed August 15, 2013. "The Archdiocese of Newark—which had provided oversight for St. Patrick—decided to close the school June 30 because of dwindling enrollment and serious financial struggles. The Patrick School will re-open in the fall as a private school out of the Archdiocese's oversight. The new school has commitments from about 150 students, Picaro said."
  164. ^ Araton, Harvey. "A Faith Is Tested, and Then Renewed" Archived March 30, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, February 27, 2013. Accessed August 15, 2013. "To mark the one-year anniversary of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark's announcement that it would close St. Patrick—forcing it to soldier on as the nondenominational, grades 7-to-12 Patrick School—Picaro's beloved boys' basketball team will begin state tournament play on Friday, a triumph in itself."
  165. ^ About Archived August 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Benedictine Preschool. Accessed August 23, 2015.
  166. ^ Home Page Archived September 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Jewish Educational Center. Accessed September 19, 2017. "The Jewish Educational Center of Elizabeth, NJ provides Torah and Secular education to students from Nursery through 12th grade. Our three divisions include Yeshiva of Elizabeth, Bruriah High School for Girls, and Rav Teitz Mesivta Academy."
  167. ^ Princeton's History Archived April 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Princeton University. Accessed December 21, 2011.
  168. ^ a b Libraries Archived August 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, City of Elizabeth. Accessed September 28, 2014.
  169. ^ Elizabeth Public Library Archived November 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Accessed November 2, 2016.
  170. ^ Union County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction Archived November 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  171. ^ South Front Street Bridge Archived October 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, BridgesNYC, December 20, 2011. Accessed March 16, 2015.
  172. ^ about the project Archived January 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, South Front Street Bridge LCD Study. Accessed March 16, 2015.
  173. ^ Elizabeth station Archived October 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed August 14, 2014.
  174. ^ North Elizabeth station Archived October 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit. Accessed August 14, 2014.
  175. ^ Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link (A New Jersey Urban Core Project) Archived May 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, November 1998. Accessed December 21, 2011.
  176. ^ Union County Light Rail Proposal Takes A Step Forward: NJ Transit Board Approves Contract for Preparatory and Design Work of Newark-Elizabeth Rail Link's Elizabeth Segment Archived October 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Transit, July 11, 2001. Accessed December 21, 2011.
  177. ^ Union County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2011.
  178. ^ WJDM-AM 1530 kHz Archived October 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Radio-Locator. Accessed August 23, 2015.
  179. ^ Strum, Charles. "With Local News and Memories, a Paper Ends Its Run" Archived October 14, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, January 4, 1992. Accessed October 13, 1992. "The oldest newspaper in New Jersey, founded by a group of Revolutionary patriots in 1779, has died, and for the first time in 212 years, Elizabeth is without its own newspaper. The paper has had a series of owners and had a peak circulation of just over 60,000."
  180. ^ The Sopranos: Behind the Scenes – Inside the Opening Credits Archived September 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, HBO. Accessed September 19, 2016.
  181. ^ Hyman, Vicki. "How three planes crashed in three months in Elizabeth in '50s" Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Advance Media for, May 29, 2015. Accessed December 27, 2015. "One plane crash is a tragedy. Two in the same city is a catastrophe. And three is simply unfathomable. But that is just what happened in Elizabeth over a 58-day period in the early 1950s, a turbulent time for the historic city in the shadow of Newark Airport, and one that serves as the backdrop for Judy Blume's new novel In the Unlikely Event."
  182. ^ Roth, Philip. American Pastoral Archived December 30, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 408. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1997. ISBN 9780547415970. Accessed September 19, 2016. "I'm Mary Dawn Dwyer of Elizabeth, New Jersey. I'm twenty-two years old. I love your son. That is why I'm here."
  183. ^ Moran, Malcolm. "Minnesota keeps its cool with Abdul-Khaliq" Archived November 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, USA Today, October 6, 2003. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Abdul-Khaliq, a senior from Elizabeth, N.J., and Fork Union (Va.) Military Academy, has started 29 games."
  184. ^ Lou Abell, Olympedia. Accessed July 13, 2022. "Born 21 July 1884 in Elizabeth, New Jersey (USA)"
  185. ^ Hoffman, Jascha. "Bernard Ackerman, 72, Dies; Expert at Skin Diagnosis" Archived April 9, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, December 11, 2008. Accessed May 4, 2015. "Albert Bernard Ackerman was born on Nov. 22, 1936, in Elizabeth, N.J. He earned his undergraduate degree at Princeton and his medical degree at Columbia."
  186. ^ Americans Playing Abroad Archived October 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Soccer Times, as of September 15, 2013. Accessed November 1, 2013. "Ryan Adeleye – defender – Hapoel Ashkelon – Elizabeth, N.J."
  187. ^ Calkins, Wolcott. Memorial of Matthias W. Baldwin Archived August 26, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 12. Accessed May 4, 2015. "He was born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, the tenth day of December, A. D. 1795."
  188. ^ "Judge John D. Bates: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know" Archived August 14, 2018, at the Wayback Machine,, August 3, 2018. Accessed August 13, 2018. "Bates was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey in 1946. He graduated from Wesleyan University in 1968 and got his law degree from the University of Maryland in 1976."
  189. ^ Bramley, Bob. "Bedell takes pride in progress in Keansburg during past year",The Daily Register, September 12, 1975. Accessed December 5, 2022,via "The borough manager, Eugene J. Bedell, moved here from Elizabeth during his boyhood in 1941."
  190. ^ Devine, James. "City Mourns Former Mayor & Judge; Steve Bercik Meant Business For Elizabeth" Archived May 4, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, News Record, June 25, 2003. Accessed May 4, 2015. "As mayor of Elizabeth from 1956 through 1964, Judge Bercik established the Elizabeth Human Relations Commission and led an unprecedented initiative to attract business to the city."
  191. ^ Harvey, Cornelius Burnham. Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 127. New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Company, 1900. Accessed May 4, 2015. "Benjamin Blackledge was born at Elizabethtown, N.J., August 25, 1743. While still a young man he went on foot from Elizabethtown to Closter and taught school there the first one in the northern part of Bergen County."
  192. ^ Goldblatt, Jennifer. "Blume's Day" Archived May 28, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, November 14, 2004. Accessed December 21, 2011. "And looking back at a childhood spent in the Elmora section of Elizabeth, Ms. Blume sees many signs that point toward a literary career: all her neighborhood streets were named for writers like Byron and Browning, her house on Shelley Avenue was stuffed with books, and she constantly conjured stories inside her head."
  193. ^ Elias Boudinot Archived August 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed April 22, 2007.
  194. ^ Knight, Joey. "A closer look at new Bucs head coach Todd Bowles",Tampa Bay Times, March 30, 2022. Accessed December 29, 2022. "Hometown: Elizabeth, N.J."
  195. ^ Inventory of the David Brody Papers D-163 Archived May 4, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Online Archive of California. Accessed May 4, 2015. "Dr. David Brody is Emeritus Professor of History at the University of California, Davis and a renowned scholar in American labor history and industrial relations. Dr. Brody was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey to Ira and Barnet Brody on June 5th, 1930."
  196. ^ "Knicks' New Chief Executive And Their Coach" Archived July 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, May 21, 1982. Accessed December 21, 2011. "When Hubie Brown, the new coach of the Knicks, was growing up in Elizabeth, N.J., he learned about poverty."
  197. ^ "Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa Brown (20 May 1825-5 Nov. 1921)" Archived March 3, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, American National Biography. Accessed May 4, 2015. "After she resettled in New Jersey, she worked with Unitarians in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and made a grant of land for a house of worship. In 1908 the Elizabeth Society recognized her as minister emeritus of All Souls Church."
  198. ^ Fox, Margalit. "Robert N. Buck Dies at 93. Was Record-Setting Aviator." Archived May 13, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, May 20, 2007. Accessed November 28, 2007. "Robert Nietzel Buck was born on Jan. 29, 1914, in Elizabethport, N.J., and reared in Westfield, N.J."
  199. ^ Mason-Draffen, Carrie via Newsday. "What's in a name? At work, an initial reaction" Archived February 3, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, February 11, 2008. Accessed January 23, 2015. "Newton Jones Burkett III, a correspondent for New York's WABC-TV news station, became N.J. Burkett in a sort of Hollywood moment almost 19 years ago.... Mr. Burkett, who did grow up in Elizabeth, N.J., said he looked at the person dumbfounded and said, 'That's right – my mother named her son New Jersey.'"
  200. ^ William Burnet Archived May 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 23, 2007.
  201. ^ Submarine Pioneers Archived February 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, United States Navy Submarine Warfare Division. Accessed January 28, 2011.
  202. ^ Genzlinger, Neil. "Deidre Davis Butler, Who Fought for Disability Rights, Dies at 64; A wheelchair user herself, she helped draft a landmark law and held government posts championing people with disabilities, especially those of color.", The New York Times, August 21, 2020. Accessed August 23, 2020. "Deidre Ann Davis was born on Sept. 26, 1955, in Elizabeth, N.J., to Hilton and Bernice (Jones) Davis and grew up in nearby Linden."
  203. ^ Nelson, Valerie J. "James Butler, 84; Groundbreaking Lawyer, Activist, Art Collector" Archived December 31, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Los Angeles Times, June 4, 2005. Accessed May 4, 2015. "James Girard Butler was born Sept. 26, 1920, in Elizabeth, N.J."
  204. ^ Nicholas Murray Butler: The Nobel Peace Prize 1931 Archived March 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Nobel Prize Organization. Accessed June 10, 2007. "Born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, this son of Henry L. Butler, a manufacturer, and Mary Murray Butler, daughter of Nicholas Murray, a clergyman and author, began his career with a brilliant record as a student."
  205. ^ Perry, James R. The Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789–1800: pt. 1. Appointments and proceedings Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, p. 163. Columbia University Press, 1985. ISBN 9780231088671. "Born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, on April 3, 1776, Elias Boudinot Caldwell was the son of the Reverend James and Hannah (Ogden) Caldwell."
  206. ^ Rodney Carter Archived January 18, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, City of Elizabeth. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Rodey Carter grew up in the Port of Elizabeth and graduated from Elizabeth High School in 1982."
  207. ^ Alcides Catanho Archived March 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Accessed September 19, 2017.
  208. ^ From History of Dane County, Wisconsin, publ. 1880, page 519-521 Archived January 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Accessed December 22, 2011.
  209. ^ Staff. "Michigan Downs Mich. State, 10–0; Chapman Caps Scoring With 58-Yard Touchdown Run" Archived December 22, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, October 15, 1972. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Gil Chapman, a sophomore wingback, raced 58 yards down the left side on a reverse for a touchdown with less than nine minutes to play today to pad a precarious 3‐0 lead and give fifth‐ranked Michigan 10‐0 Big Ten football victory over Michigan State.... The 5‐foot‐9‐inch, 185‐pound speedster from Elizabeth, N.J. got a key block from Paul Seymour, which sent him loose for the final 45 yards."
  210. ^ Profile: Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff Archived July 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, ABC News, February 15, 2005. Accessed June 23, 2007. "Chertoff, who was born in Elizabeth, N.J., on Nov. 28, 1953, received his bachelor's degree from Harvard University in 1975 and his law degree from Harvard University in 1978."
  211. ^ Hasan, Khalid. "Bush nominee a rabbi's son", Daily Times, January 13, 2005, backed up as of July 29, 2012. Accessed September 19, 2017. "According to JTA, a Jewish news service, 'Chertoff has strong ties to the Jewish community. Born and raised in Elizabeth, N.J., Chertoff is the son of a rabbi, his two children have attended Jewish day schools and his wife, Meryl, was a co-chairwoman of the regional Anti-Defamation League's civil rights committee when he was the U.S. attorney in New Jersey in the mid 1990s.'"
  212. ^ Miller, Jonathan. "Worth Noting; The Prostitute's Son Begets the Rabbi's Son" Archived January 10, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, January 16, 2005. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Michael Chertoff, the 51-year-old rabbi's son from Elizabeth who most recently has been a judge for the Third Circuit Court of Appeals was nominated by President Bush last week for the top security post."
  213. ^ "Hiram E. Chodosh, Claremont McKenna College's President-Elect", Claremont McKenna College, December 6, 2012. Accessed April 28, 2020. "Chodosh was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and attended Hillside High School in Hillside, New Jersey."
  214. ^ Abraham Clark Archived October 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed April 22, 2007.
  215. ^ Amos Clark Jr. Archived July 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 23, 2007.
  216. ^ Staff. "Freddie (Red) Cochrane, Boxer, 77" Archived July 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, January 19, 1993. Accessed August 15, 2013. "He was born in Elizabeth and won a New Jersey Golden Gloves lightweight title before winning the world welterweight championship in July 1941 with a 15-round decision over Fritzie Zivic in Newark."
  217. ^ Jim Colbert Archived August 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine PGA Tour. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  218. ^ DeHaven, Judy. "Under pressure, Conn. casinos go big" Archived October 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, The Star-Ledger, May 19, 2008. Accessed June 1, 2008. "...Elizabeth native Tom Colicchio is opening a Craftsteak, and the landmark Junior's Cheesecake also will open an outlet..."
  219. ^ Coughlin, Kevin. "Tom Coyne, Grammy-winning music engineer for Adele and Beyoncé, dies at 62" Archived September 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine,, April 15, 2017. Accessed September 24, 2017. "Born in Elizabeth and raised in Union, Coyne graduated from Roselle Catholic High School and earned a B.A. from Kean University."
  220. ^ Joseph Halsey Crane Archived June 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 6, 2007.
  221. ^ Elias Dayton Archived July 7, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed December 6, 2007.
  222. ^ a b The Founding Fathers: New Jersey Archived May 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, National Archives and Records Administration. Accessed April 21, 2007.
  223. ^ John De Hart Archived May 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed June 10, 2007.
  224. ^ Staff. "Sam The Plumber Shows Other Side; Sicilian Town Knows Him as Orphans' Benefactor" Archived July 22, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, June 29, 1969. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Many of the Riberese who emigrated to the United States settled in Elizabeth, where DeCavalcante had his base of operations before he moved to Princeton."
  225. ^ Halbfinger, David M. "How a Fan of Comic Books Transformed Himself Into a Hollywood Player" Archived July 5, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, June 30, 2007. Accessed July 14, 2012. "Mr. DeSanto, 38, has come a long way from Elizabeth, N.J., where his father was a police officer."
  226. ^ Smothers, Ronald. "Thomas Dunn, 76, Longtime Elizabeth Mayor" Archived July 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, February 13, 1998. Accessed July 15, 2010.
  227. ^ Kratch, James. "A well-timed homecoming for N.J. native, Sunday Night Football director Drew Esocoff", NJ Advance Media for, October 9, 2015. Accessed October 24, 2015. "'We've never had a high school reunion,' said Esocoff, who grew up in Elizabeth and graduated from Jefferson High in 1975."
  228. ^ Martin, Douglas. "John J. Fay Jr., 76, Ombudsman For the Elderly of New Jersey" Archived June 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, October 29, 2003. Accessed July 7, 2010.
  229. ^ Dwyer, Jim. "'James Bond of Philanthropy' Gives Away the Last of His Fortune" Archived January 10, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, January 5, 2017. Accessed January 6, 2017. "Raised in Elizabeth, N.J., Mr. Feeney served as a radio operator in the Air Force and attended Cornell University on the G.I. Bill."
  230. ^ Charles Newell Fowler Archived January 21, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 9, 2007.
  231. ^ Haley, John. "South Plainfield's Muse rushes, but wins gold medal" Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Home News Tribune, June 2, 2007. Accessed July 24, 2007. "As for Freeman, the son of former U.S. Olympian Ron Freeman out of Elizabeth, he thought he should have won."
  232. ^ Statement by Stanton T. Freidman Archived July 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Accessed May 6, 2013.
  233. ^ "Our Gallery of Players: Minna K. Gale" The Illustrated American (April 16, 1892): 420.
  234. ^ Reel, Ursula. "Gat's Dagger Ex-Tra Painful" Archived July 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, New York Post, March 27, 2000. Accessed January 28, 2011.
  235. ^ Tom Glassic Stats, Accessed January 26, 2020. "Born: April 17, 1954 (Age: 65-284d) in Elizabeth, NJ... High School: Watchung Hills Regional (NJ)"
  236. ^ Staff. "Fleet Admiral Halsey Dies; Leader in Defeat of Japan; Third Fleet Commander Fought a 'Hit Hard, Hit Fast, Hit Often' War Fleet Admiral William F. Halsey, World War II Naval Leader in Pacific, Dies Head Of 3d Fleet Fought Daringly Commander of First Major Attack on Japanese Aided in Battle of Leyte Gulf" Archived July 22, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, August 17, 1959. Accessed July 9, 2012. "The son of the late Capt. Brewster Halsey, he was born in Elizabeth, NJ, on Oct. 30, 1882."
  237. ^ Major General Alexander Hamilton Archived May 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Historic Valley Forge, accessed April 21, 2007. "He started school in Elizabethtown NJ, but by 1773 was entered at Kings College (Now Columbia)."
  238. ^ Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, Volume 203, Part 2, p. 242. Accessed January 22, 2022. "Mr. Hendrickson was born Jan. 30, 1923, in Elizabeth."
  239. ^ Joseph J. Higgins Obituary, Sun-Sentinel, August 15, 2007. Accessed December 13, 2021. "Born and raised in Elizabeth, NJ he attended St. Patrick's High School and was recognized as one of the top baseball pitchers in the state of New Jersey."
  240. ^ Davis, Seth. "Postcard: Stacked Blue Devils boast burgeoning star in freshman Irving", Sports Illustrated, November 2, 2010. Accessed March 17, 2012. "It's not often that a team boasts two returning seniors from a championship team – one of whom is a leading candidate for national player of the year – and neither is the most talented player on his team. By my lights, that is Kyrie Irving, a 6-foot-2 freshman point guard from Elizabeth, N.J., who was named a Parade and McDonald's All-American last year."
  241. ^ Raghib Ismail profile Archived October 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, ESPN. Accessed July 19, 2013.
  242. ^ Horace Jenkins Jr. Archived July 1, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, City of Elizabeth. Accessed August 15, 2013.
  243. ^ Idec, Keith. "NBA dream fulfilled, Jenkins hungry for more", Herald News, January 12, 2005. "The Elizabeth native's athletic ability and scoring skills were obvious to Billups, but he has been more impressed recently with Jenkins' understanding of what Brown expects from his point guards."
  244. ^ Session 1989 House Joint Resolution 459 - A Joint Resolution Honoring The Life And Memory Of Dr. Leo Warren Jenkins, Former Chancellor Of East Carolina University, North Carolina General Assembly, March 6, 1989. Accessed June 12, 2020. "Whereas, Leo Warren Jenkins was born on May 28, 1913, in Succasunna, New Jersey and was raised in Elizabeth, New Jersey"
  245. ^ Greenblatt, Leah. "A pioneering trans activist gets her due in The Death and Life of Marsha P. Johnson: EW review" Archived 2018-08-26 at the Wayback Machine, Entertainment Weekly, October 6, 2017. Accessed August 26, 2018. "A fixture on New York's queer scene whose friends dubbed her alternately the mayor and the queen of the West Village, Johnson, born Malcolm Michaels in Elizabeth, New Jersey in 1945, wasn't hard to see coming—her John-Waters-meets-Steel-Magnolia style, wild headpieces and mile-wide smile were both personal expression sort of living performance art."
  246. ^ "I. Stanford Jolley, Actor, Dies; Former Morristown Resident", Daily Record, December 8, 1978. Accessed March 6, 2022, via "Born in Elizabeth, N.J., he had lived In Morristown, N.J., before coming to Hollywood in 1935."
  247. ^ Phineas Jones Archived July 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 13, 2007.
  248. ^ Stewart-Winter, Timothy. Interview with Arnie Kantrowitz, Queer Newark Oral History Project, June 1, 2015. Accessed January 24, 2022. "During this time—I was born in Newark, lived in the Weequahic section, at several addresses over the years my parents divorced and my mother and my brother and I moved to Elizabeth, New Jersey, and it was from there that I commuted to downtown Newark to go to Rutgers."
  249. ^ McClure, Donald S. Biographical Memories: Michael Kasha 1930-2013 Archived December 1, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, National Academy of Sciences. Accessed February 12, 2018. "Michael 'Mike' Kasha was born on December 6, 1920, into a working-class family of Ukrainian immigrants in Elizabeth, New Jersey."
  250. ^ John Kean Archived June 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 29, 2007.
  251. ^ Staff. "James Kellogg 3d, 65, Once Headed Port Authority; Senior Member of Port Unit Served Williams College" Archived July 23, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, December 30, 1980. Accessed February 11, 2011.
  252. ^ Kleiner, Dick. "Hugh-Kelly Offers Advice On Lights" Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Ocala Star-Banner, October 15, 1983. Accessed January 28, 2011. "About that hyphenated last name: Daniel Hugh-Kelly is really plain old Daniel Hugh Kelly from Elizabeth, NJ."
  253. ^ Kroloff, Rabbi Charles A. "The president-elect and a renewed alliance" Archived May 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Jewish News, November 13, 2008. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Perhaps we grew more comfortable with Obama because his Middle East advisers include men like Daniel Kurtzer, a native of Elizabeth and former ambassador to Israel."
  254. ^ "Thomas Lanigan-Schmidt", Invisible Culture, May 2, 2023. Accessed May 14, 2023. "Thomas Lanigan-Schmidt has spent the last forty years breaking rules and tearing down barriers. His glittering mixed-media constructions speak directly to the kinds of experiences and issues most people prefer not to talk about at dinner parties – sex, class and religion. Born and raised in the multi-ethnic Catholic enclaves of Elizabeth and Linden, New Jersey, Lanigan-Schmidt’s work reveals a subtly articulated gay and working-class consciousness as well as an encyclopedic understanding of theological, philosophical and aesthetic ideas/ideals."
  255. ^ Staff. A Community Of Scholars: The Institute for Advanced Study Faculty and Members 1930–1980 Archived November 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, p. 257. Institute for Advanced Study, 1980. Accessed November 22, 2015. "Leake, Chauncey Depew 50s, 52s HS, History of Science & Medicine Born 1896 Elizabeth, NJ."
  256. ^ Milner, John M. "Jay Lethal" Archived August 29, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Slam! Sports. Accessed August 23, 2015.
  257. ^ Connor, Olga. "Homenaje a la pianista Zenaida Manfugás" Archived April 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, El Nuevo Herald, November 24, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2011. "'La cantidad de libros que le compro a [Juan Manuel] Salvat se los pago a plazos', dijo pícaramente desde Elizabeth, Nueva Jersey, donde reside."
  258. ^ Emilie Norton Martin, MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. Accessed November 20, 2022. "Born 30 December 1869 Elizabeth, New Jersey, USA"
  259. ^ Conte, Annemarie. "His Name is Earl", New Jersey Monthly, February 6, 2008. Accessed September 6, 2020. "McDonnell was born in Elizabeth and grew up in Edison."
  260. ^ Guzda, Henry P. "James P. Mitchell: social conscience of the Cabinet" Archived October 9, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Monthly Labor Review, August 1991. Accessed June 20, 2008.
  261. ^ via United Press International. "Thomas Mitchell, Actor, Dead; Star of Stage and Screen, 70; Actor's Career in the Movies and in Theater Spanned a Half Century Appeared in Many Films" Archived July 22, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, December 18, 1962. Accessed January 28, 2011.
  262. ^ Hendrickson, Tad. "Close-Up on Elizabeth, New Jersey", The Village Voice, July 8, 2003. Accessed June 28, 2008. "Jazz saxophonist Hank Mobley was raised here."
  263. ^ Sandomir, Richard. "John Morris, Composer for Mel Brooks's Films, Dies at 91" Archived February 1, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, January 28, 2018. Accessed February 1, 2018. "John Leonard Morris was born on Oct 18, 1926, in Elizabeth, N.J."
  264. ^ Union County Baseball Hall of Fame Will Induct Three New Members, Feb. 11 Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Union County, New Jersey press release dated December 27, 2006. Accessed July 3, 2007. "Over the years, the awards dinner has honored many local and national baseball luminaries – including Joe Collins of Union, Phil Rizzuto of Hillside, Don Newcombe of Elizabeth, Jeff Torborg of Mountainside, Willie Wilson of Summit, Jake Wood of Elizabeth, and Elliott Maddox of Union."
  265. ^ Schroeder, Audra. "A Brief Conversation With Screaming Females' Marissa Paternoster" Archived December 22, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, Dallas Observer, May 2, 2012. Accessed December 13, 2015 "[Q] Where did you grow up? [A] I grew up in Elizabeth, New Jersey, with Mike."
  266. ^ Staff. "Actor Pena was Grateful to Meet DEA Agent's Wife" Archived October 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, The Miami Herald, January 9, 1990. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Pena was born in Elizabeth, NJ, which became her namesake."
  267. ^ Fernando Perez, Accessed April 24, 2023. "Born: April 23, 1983 (Age: 40-001d) in Elizabeth, NJ"
  268. ^ Gans, Andrew. "Blum, Dean, Jones and Zelno Set for Reading of Broadway-Bound Lorenzo", Playbill, November 1, 2007. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Lorenzo Da Ponte began life as a poor, Italian, Jewish poet and ended up as a professor at Columbia University. Along the way he.... became a grocer in Elizabeth, New Jersey."
  269. ^ Interview of Stephanie Pogue by Sharon Patton, October 18, 1987, written by Stephanie Pogue, 1944-2004 (1987); edited by James V. Hatch, 1928- and Leo Hamalian, 1920-2003; in Artist and Influence, Vol. 8, Artist and Influence, 8:1-127 (1989) (New York, NY: Hatch-Billops Collection, 1989), 79-86
  270. ^ "Death Of Franklin L. Pope; Killed at His Home by an Electric Shock of 3,000 Volts. Found Dead In His Cellar A Famous Electrician Known as an Expert All Over the World – Had Lived for a Year in Great Barrington, Mass." Archived July 22, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, October 14, 1895. Accessed June 10, 2007. "Franklin Leonard Pope, the famous electrician, a resident of Elizabeth, N.J., for twenty-five years, was killed accidentally to-day by electricity at his home in this place, where he had lived for the last year."
  271. ^ Levine, Yitzchok. "Master Builder: Rav Teitz and the Elizabeth Kehilla",The Jewish Press, December 22, 2004. Accessed July 26, 2022. "Basya was the daughter of Elizabeth's previous rav, Rabbi Elazar Mayer Preil, who had passed away in 1933. Rav Preil had written in his will that the position of rav of Elizabeth should go to the man who married Basya, provided he was qualified."
  272. ^ Staff. "Falcons Notes: Changes up front top secret" Archived October 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, September 28, 2000. Accessed January 28, 2011. "Defensive end Patrick Kerney grew up chiefly in Trenton, NJ, and running back Ron Rivers is from Elizabeth City, NJ – both near Philadelphia."
  273. ^ Iati, Marisa. "'Hamilton' star talks Broadway and his N.J. roots" Archived August 29, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, NJ Advance Media for, July 13, 2016. Accessed August 29, 2017. "Rua chatted with a full house in Elizabeth last week about how his childhood in Union County inspires and shapes his push to create theater, music and dance that strike audience members at their core. Rua, now 32, was born in Elizabeth and grew up in Linden."
  274. ^ "Saint-Dic, Adams among 5 players benched for Champ Sports Bowl"[permanent dead link], ESPN, December 24, 2007. Accessed June 28, 2008. "'I only took two classes this semester, a sociology class for three credits and a math class for five credits,' Saint-Dic said by phone from his hometown of Elizabeth, N.J."
  275. ^ Fuchs, Mary. "Former N.J. Supreme Court Justice Sidney Schreiber dies at age 94" Archived November 18, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The Star-Ledger, August 5, 2009. Accessed November 17, 2017."Born in New York City, Schreiber grew up in Elizabeth, where he attended public school."
  276. ^ Bittan, Dave. "Debralee Scott" Archived July 11, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, Philadelphia Daily News, November 30, 1984. Accessed December 28, 2007.
  277. ^ Martin J. Silverstein; Ambassador, Uruguay; Term of Appointment: 10/11/2001 to 08/01/2005 Archived November 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, United States Department of State, May 2, 2004. Accessed November 18, 2017. "Born in 1954 in New York, raised in Elizabeth, NJ and Merion, PA, the Ambassador is a first generation American."
  278. ^ Kreiser, John. "Mystery Writer Mickey Spillane Dies" Archived November 16, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, CBS News, July 17, 2006. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Spillane was born Frank Morrison Spillane on March 9, 1918, in the New York borough of Brooklyn. He grew up in Elizabeth, N.J., and attended Fort Hayes State College in Kansas where he was a standout swimmer before beginning his career writing for magazines."
  279. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang. "Joseph Howard Stamler, 86, Influential New Jersey Judge" Archived January 25, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, October 23, 1998. Accessed January 24, 2018. "He was born in Elizabeth, N.J., and graduated from Cornell University in 1933 and Harvard Law School in 1935."
  280. ^ Miller, Bryan. "Leo Steiner, 48, Owner of a Deli; Known for Wit" Archived March 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, January 1, 1988. Accessed April 30, 2013. "Leo Steiner was born in Newark and grew up in Elizabeth, N.J., where he worked in his parents' grocery."
  281. ^ Organizational History Archived March 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Stratemeyer Syndicate. Accessed December 27, 2006.
  282. ^ Sulzer, William (1863–1941) Archived June 29, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 28, 2014.
  283. ^ Anderson, Lisa. "A Widow Enters Politics To Heal The 'Unbelievable'", Chicago Tribune, November 15, 1988. AccessedApril 27, 2020. "A small, trim woman with a thick blond bob and clean, snub-nosed all-American looks, Tarantelli was born in Elizabeth, N.J., and was graduated from Wellesley College and then Brandeis University, with a doctorate in English."
  284. ^ Coscarelli, Joe. "Tay-K Was a 17-Year-Old ‘Violent Fugitive.' Then His Song Went Viral.", The New York Times, August 22, 2017. Accessed December 17, 2019. "That same night, the Marshals Service announced that it had arrested Tay-K in Elizabeth, N.J., citing 'dozens of tips' that had 'poured in from the entire country.'"
  285. ^ Craig Taylor Archived July 13, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Accessed September 19, 2017.
  286. ^ Sandomir, Richard. "Hal Tulchin, Who Documented a ‘Black Woodstock,' Dies at 90", The New York Times, September 14, 2017. Accessed January 6, 2022. "Harold Monroe Tulchin was born to Jewish immigrants from Ukraine in Elizabeth, N.J., on Dec. 23, 1926."
  287. ^ Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, 2009, p.264. ISBN 9781577413233. Accessed November 19, 2022. "Assemblyman Van Pelt was born in Elizabeth on Sept. 4, 1964. He graduated from Toms River High School East in 1982."
  288. ^ "New Air Chief in Vietnam John William Vogt Jr.", The New York Times, April 18, 1972. Accessed September 11, 2020. "Gen. John William Vogt Jr., who is directing the intensified bombardment of North Vietnamese forces in South and North Vietnam, is holding down his first command since he led a fighter squadron over the beaches of Normandy in World War II.... General Vogt was born on March 18, 1920, in Elizabeth, N. J., and graduated from Thomas Jefferson High School there in 1938."
  289. ^ Staff. "Dick Vosburgh: Comedy writer, lyricist, broadcaster and film buff with clients ranging from Bob Hope to Ronnie Corbett" Archived April 22, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, The Independent, April 20, 2007. Accessed July 24, 2007. "Born Richard Kennedy Vosburgh in Elizabeth, New Jersey, in 1929, he moved to Washington when his father, Frederick, a reporter for Reuters news agency, was offered a job with the National Geographic Magazine."
  290. ^ Staff. "Dick Vosburgh" Archived December 3, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The Daily Telegraph, April 23, 2007. Accessed September 19, 2017. "Richard Kennedy Vosburgh was born on August 27, 1929, at Elizabeth, New Jersey."
  291. ^ Newsletter, Transportation Communications Newsletter September 1, 2006. "1956 **50th anniversary** – Transportation Communications Newsletter editor Bernie Wagenblast is born in Elizabeth, New Jersey."
  292. ^ Bill Walczak 2013 Mayoral Candidate Questionnaire Archived October 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Dorchester Reporter. Accessed January 30, 2018. "What is your name, age, place of birth and presentaddress?Bill Walczak, Age 59, Born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and currently reside at 20 Rockmere St. in Dorchester."
  293. ^ The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures Archived March 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Sports Illustrated, December 27, 1999.
  294. ^ "Three Tort Actions In 20 Cases Diposed of In District Court", Courier News, October 5, 2016. Accessed November 25, 2020. "Mabel Madison Watson of Elizabeth was given judgment for $100 in her action in tort against Louis and Doris Leibowitz of Roselle, for damages to an iron fence on her property which was broken by the plaintiffs automobile Oct. 27, 1927."
  295. ^ Wind, Barbara. "In Person; The Poet as Working Stiff" Archived July 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, December 6, 1998. Accessed December 21, 2011. "Joe Weil is Elizabeth: working-class, irreverent, modest, but open to the world and filled with a wealth of possibilities."
  296. ^ Wauth, Charles. Haunted New England: Classic Tales of the Strange and Supernatural, p. 287. Rodale, Inc., 1991. ISBN 9780899093390.Accessed November 25, 2020. "Born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, Henry S. Whitehead (1882–1932) graduated from Harvard University and Berkeley Divinity School."
  297. ^ Sullivan, John. "A Tip Yields Fresh Clues To a Killer", The New York Times, October 25, 1995. Accessed May 28, 2023. "The crime shocked the region in the spring of 1966. Seven-year-old Wendy Sue Wolin, walking down an Elizabeth, N.J., street to meet her mother, was attacked by a man who seemed to come out of nowhere..... She thought she had been punched, but within minutes she bled to death."
  298. ^ Sam Woodyard at AllMusic
  299. ^ Fitzpatrick, John W. "In Memoriam: Glen Everett Woolfenden, 1930–2007", The Auk, Volume 126, Issue 2, April 1, 2009, Pages 460–462. Accessed December 17, 2020. "Glen was born in 1930 in Elizabeth, New Jersey, and fell in love with birds as an 11-year-old after his parents (Lester and Ethyl Woolfenden) moved to Westfield, New Jersey."
  300. ^ "Rev. Albert C. Wyckoff" Archived October 29, 2019, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times, January 13, 1953. Accessed October 29, 2019. "Elizabeth, N. J., Jan. 12--The Rev. Albert Capwell Wyckoff, formerly of this city who served the Presbyterian Church in the South for more than two decades as missionary and pastor died Saturday at Columbia, Ky., after a brief illness... Born in near-by Plainfield, he was ordained in 1928."
  301. ^ City Council Regular Meeting Minutes for May 10, 2011 Archived July 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, City of Elizabeth. Accessed May 6, 2013. "Hon. Carmelo Pace, Mayor, Sister City of Ribera, Italy"
  302. ^ "Sister Cities in Hokkaido and New Jersey Celebrate Fifty-Year Relationship", United States Embassy in Japan, July 5, 2019. Accessed February 1, 2020. "Although Kitami, Hokkaido, and Elizabeth, New Jersey, have been sister cities for about 50 years, their ties go back to the early 1900s when two American missionaries settled in the town.... Kitami has shared historical and spiritual ties with Elizabeth since the time the Piersons settled there. On June 12, 1969, they became sister-cities to deepen their friendship and mutual understanding."

External links

This page was last edited on 1 June 2023, at 19:07
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.